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Encyclopedia > Devil's Peak (Cape Town)
 Devil's Peak and Table Mountain from roughly the north. Lion's Head is just out of frame to the right
Devil's Peak and Table Mountain from roughly the north. Lion's Head is just out of frame to the right

Devil's Peak (Afrikaans Duiwelspiek) is part of the mountainous backdrop to Cape Town. When looking westwards at the mountain from the harbour, or when looking at the standard picture postcard view of the mountain, the skyline is from left to right (south to north): the spire of Devil's Peak, the flat mesa of Table Mountain, the dome of Lion's Head and then Signal Hill. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4048x3040, 2435 KB)Devils Peak from the shores of Table Bay near Paarden Island. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4048x3040, 2435 KB)Devils Peak from the shores of Table Bay near Paarden Island. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Province Western Cape Mayor Nomaindia Mfeketo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain in South Africa that overlooks Cape Town. ... Lions Head is a famous hill located in Cape Town, next to Table Mountain and Signal Hill. ... Signal Hill could refer to: Signal Hill, California Signal Hill, a famous hill in Cape Town, South Africa Signal Hill, a hill near Saint Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The central districts of Cape Town are nestled within this natural amphitheatre. The city grew out of a settlement founded on the shore below the mountains in 1652 by Jan van Riebeeck, for the Dutch East India Company. // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Johan Anthoniszoon Jan van Riebeeck (21 April 1619–18 January 1677), was a Dutch colonial administrator. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ...


The upper, rocky parts of Devil's Peak, Table Mountain and Lion's Head consist of a hard, uniform and resistant sandstone commonly known as the Table Mountain sandstone or TMS. (This is, however, no longer used as a formal geological name). The tough sandstone rests comfortably upon a basal shale that in turn lies uncomfortably upon a basement of older (Late Precambrian) rocks (Malmesbury shale/slate and the Cape Granite). The basal shale and the older rocks below it weather much faster than the TMS and for this reason the lower slopes are everywhere smoother, with few outcrops and deeper soil. Millions of years of erosion have stripped all of the TMS from Signal Hill and that is why it looks very rounded compared to its sister peaks. There is a road that runs almost on the contour from the lower cable station on Table Mountain along the mountain to Devil's Peak. As it turns east around the bulk of Devil's Peak the road cuttings expose a few famous geological unconformities, which illustrate very clearly that the Malmesbury rocks were folded, baked, intruded by granite and planed down by millions of years of erosion before the area sank below the ocean and a new sequence of sediments, including the TMS, began to accumulate. Sandstone near Stadtroda, Germany Sandstone is an sedimentary rock composed mainly of feldspar and quartz and varies in colour (in a similar way to sand), through grey, yellow, red, and white. ... In phylogenetics, basal members of a group are subgroups that diverged very early from the others. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... The Precambrian is an informal name for the eons of the geologic timescale that came before the current Phanerozoic eon. ... Signal Hill could refer to: Signal Hill, California Signal Hill, a famous hill in Cape Town, South Africa Signal Hill, a hill near Saint Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ...


Devil's Peak stands 1000 meters (3821 feet) high, less than Table Mountain's 1087 meters. One can walk to the top (western slopes provide the easiest approach) but the ascent is nicer and safer outside of the cold, wet, winter months of May - August. The vegetation on the slopes is typical Cape fynbos. Fynbos (Afrikaans for fine bush) is the natural vegetation occurring in a small belt of South Africa, mainly in the South-western Cape. ...


On the southern slopes of Devil's Peak you will find the Rhodes memorial, to Cecil Rhodes and the University of Cape Town. From these vantages one can gaze down upon the Southern Suburbs of Cape Town and over the sandy Cape Flats towards Stellenbosch, Somerset West and the distant Hottentot's Holland mountains. Cecil John Rhodes (July 5, 1853 – March 26, 1902) was an English businessman and the effective founder of the state of Rhodesia (which was named after him). ... The University of Cape Town is a major tertiary education institution in Cape Town, South Africa, located on the Rhodes Estate on the slopes of Devils Peak. ... Cape Flats is a large, flat area of housing projects built in Cape Town, South Africa to house the Coloured community during the apartheid era. ... Stellenbosch is the second oldest European settlement in South Africa after Cape Town, and is located in the Western Cape Province. ... Somerset West is a town in the Western Cape province in the Republic of South Africa. ...


Visitors will often hear it said that Devil's Peak supposedly gets its name from the folk-tale about a Dutch man called Jan van Hunks, a prodigious pipe smoker who lived at the foot of the mountain circa 1700. He was forced by his wife to leave the house whenever he smoked his pipe. One day, while smoking on the slopes of the peak, he met a mysterious stranger who also smoked. They each bragged of how much they smoked and so they fell into a pipe-smoking contest. To cut a long story short, the stranger turned out to be the Devil. Van Hunks eventually won but not before the smoke that they had made had covered the mountain, forming the table cloth cloud. This is a lovely tale but the fact of the matter is that the original name of the peak was (in Dutch) "Dove's peak" i.e, the peak where the doves live. (They still do). In Dutch the words for devil and dove are relatively close in sound and at some point (not well documented but long ago) the name became corrupted from Dove's Peak to Devil's Peak. The English term Devil's Peak is of course a 19th century translation from Dutch. Prior to 1806 almost nobody at the Cape spoke English. Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... The Devil is the name given to a supernatural entity who, in most Western religions, is the central embodiment of evil. ... A table cloth is a cloth used to cover a table to protect it from being stained or scratched. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
DEVILS PEAK, Cape Town (328 words)
Devil’s Peak is one of the major landmarks of Cape Town and forms part of the mountainous backdrop to the city.
One can walk to the summit of this 1000 metre peak, originally known as Windberg - the peak is exposed to a great deal of wind and dust, making it easier to climb during the wet, winter months - and there are a number of easy walks on the lower slopes of the mountain.
Living in this beautiful part of Cape Town might mean that your cell phone reception leaves a little to be desired, but access to the heart of the city is excellent, the views alone are worth it, and the stillness at night might mean, furthermore, that you could do without the disturbance.
Encyclopedia: Cape Town (6770 words)
Cape Town was soon no longer the single dominant metropolis in the country, but as a major port it too was a beneficiary of the mineral wealth that laid the foundation for an industrial society.
Cape Town is the meeting point of three South African national roads: the N1 to Pretoria and ultimately the Zimbabwean border, the N2 to Durban and the N7 to Namibia.
Cape Town International Airport is the second biggest airport in South Africa and a major gateway for travellers to the Cape region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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