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Encyclopedia > Devi
For other uses see Devi (disambiguation).

Devi (Devanagari: देवी) is the Sanskrit word for Goddess. In India, "Devi" is also sometimes used as an honorific, as with "Sunity Devi," the late maharani of Cooch Behar, now modern-day Bangladesh. The goddess Devi is synonymous with Shakti, the female aspect of the divine, as conceptualized by the Shakta tradition of Hinduism. She is the female counterpart without whom the male aspect, which represents consciousness or discrimination, remains impotent and void. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Devi. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... The name Devi refers, probably among other things, to: Devi the Hindu Goddess, Devi, the 1960 film directed by Satyajit Ray. ... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ... A Shakta, pronounced shaakt, is a follower of a sect of Hinduism which worships the Mother Goddess, or Shakti, in any of her various manifestations. ...


In Sanskrit grammar, the Devi inflection is named after the Goddess Devi. The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... In Vedic Sanskrit, the Devi inflection is one of the two types of inflection of ī-stems. ...

Contents

Aspects

Devi is, quintessentially, the core form of every Hindu Goddess. As the female manifestation of the supreme lord, she is also called Prakriti or Maya, as she balances out the male aspect of the divine addressed Purusha.


First come the consorts of the Holy trinity, Brahma with Goddess Saraswati, Vishnu with Goddess Lakshmi and Shiva with his consort Parvati also called Uma. They are usually worshiped alongside their divine spouses, thus giving females equal standing in all holy rituals and ceremonies. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In Hinduism, Saraswati (Sanskrit ) is one of the goddesses, the other two being Lakshmi and Durga, that form the female counterpart of the Trimurti. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being or Ultimate Reality for Vaishnavas and a manifestation of Brahman in the Advaita or Smarta traditions. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Shiva (also spelled Siva; Sanskrit ) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... UMA or Uma is a name or a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: // Ukrainian Museum-Archives, a museum in Cleveland, Ohio dedicated to Ukrainian culture Unidentified Mysterious Animal, in cryptozoology Unified Memory Architecture, a computer memory architecture that allows the graphics processing unit to share system...


Though they have separate festivals dedicated solely to them as well, Lakshmi, the goddness of spiritual and material wealth is worshipped on Diwali,a new moon night, to symbolize that her presence is enough to dispel all the darkness from the hearts of her devotees. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Diwali, also called Deepavali, is a major Indian festival that is very significant in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ...


Saraswati, the Goddess of knowledge and wisdom is worshipped on the first day of the spring according to Hindu calendar, called the Basant Panchami. She brings forth a spring of divine knowledge and wisdom in hearts of every human being. In Hinduism, Saraswati (Sanskrit ) is one of the goddesses, the other two being Lakshmi and Durga, that form the female counterpart of the Trimurti. ...


This is closely followed by the Navadurga or the nine aspects of Goddess Durga, the strong one (from Durg which means fort in Hindi). Goddess Durga was created with the joint energies of the Holy Trinity, Brahma- the Creator, Vishu- the Sustainer, and Shiva- the Destroyer, to fight the demon Mahishasura. Her nine various aspects are famously worshipped during the Autumn Navaratri or the Nine, New days, initiating the devotees into a period of festivities according to Hindu calendar. Navadurga, which literally means nine Durgas, constitute, according to Hindu mythology, the manifestation of Durga in nine different forms. ... In Hinduism, Durga (Sanskrit: , Bengali: ) is a form of Devi, the supreme goddess. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A traditional vishu kanni setting Vishu (Malayalam:വിഷു)-(American Vjéshu) is a festival held in the state of Kerala (and adjoining areas of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) in India around the first day in the Malayalam month of Medam (April – May). ... Shiva (also spelled Siva; Sanskrit ) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... A statue of Mahishasura in Chamundi Hills, Mysore In Hindu mythology, Mahishasura was an asura (demon). ...

  • Shailputri
  • Brahampuri
  • Chandraghanta
  • Kushmanda
  • Skandamaata
  • Kaatyayani
  • Kaalratri
  • Mahagauri
  • Siddhidaatri

Another important aspects of the Female divine are the various Shakti Peethas spread all across the nation. Where over 51 body parts of Devi Sati, first wife of Lord Shiva fell after being broken apart by the Sudarshan Chakra of Lord Vishnu. The Shakti Peethas (places of strength) are places of worship consecrated to the goddess Shakti, the female principal of Hinduism and the main deity of the Shakta sect. ... Sati may refer to any of the following: The Hindu Goddess Sati, daughter of Daksha and wife of Shiva A social practise in some parts of India in past centuries, often spelt Suttee The Buddhist Sati; see mindfulness. ... Shiva (also spelled Siva; Sanskrit ) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being or Ultimate Reality for Vaishnavas and a manifestation of Brahman in the Advaita or Smarta traditions. ...


Goddess Sati had earlier performed self-immolation at the ceremonial feast of her father king Daksha and an enraged and inconsolable Lord Shiva was wandering all over the Creation, with her dead body, threatening its very existence. Each point on the earth where her body parts fell is now venerated as a Shakti Peetha - the seat of Shakti or female power. It forms a major part of pilgrimage circuit after the famed Char Dham pilgrimages. Sati may refer to any of the following: The Hindu Goddess Sati, daughter of Daksha and wife of Shiva A social practise in some parts of India in past centuries, often spelt Suttee The Buddhist Sati; see mindfulness. ... In Hinduism, Daksha, the skilled one, is an ancient creator god, one of the Prajapatis, the Rishis and the Adityas, and a son of Aditi and Brahma. ... Shiva (also spelled Siva; Sanskrit ) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... The Shakti Peethas (places of strength) are places of worship consecrated to the goddess Shakti, the female principal of Hinduism and the main deity of the Shakta sect. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ... The Char Dham (the four abodes/seats) is the most important Hindu pilgrimage circuit in the Indian Himalayas. ...


Other prominent Devis are:

Apart from these there are many forms of Devi which are worshipped locally throughout the nation, supported by their own elaborate mythology and special power in manifestation. For example Kali is worshipped, when the devotees want to overcome the fierce form of Shiva, Rudra - the Destroyer amongst the Holy Trinity. In Hinduism, Chamunda or Camunda is an aspect of Devi, the supreme mother goddess. ... This 14th century statue depicts Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right}. It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. In Hinduism, Gowri or Dakshayani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity, who is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Maya, in Hinduism, is many things. ... In Hinduism, the ten mahavidyas (Great Wisdoms) are aspects of Devi. ... In Hinduism, Nirrith is one of the Ashta-Dikpalas, representing the southwest. ... In Hinduism, Prithvi (pṛthvī) is an Earth Mother or Prithvi Mata, wife of Dyaus Pita, mother of Indra and Agni. ... A Rajastani style painting of Sri Radha Radha (Devanagari: राधा) is a famous female personality from Hindu, (Vedic) tradition, also known as Radharani, prefixed with the respectful term Srimati by devout followers. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... // Tara, Queensland, a place in Queensland Tara Shire Council, the Local Government Area based around Tara Tara, Ontario, a village in Canada Tara, Ethiopia, a village in the Oromia Region The Hill of Tara, home of the ancient High Kings of Ireland Tara, Australia, a large gully in the Blue... Ambika (अम्‍बिका) was the daughter of King of Kashi and wife of Vichitravirya, King of Hastinapur. ... Bhavani is a ferocious aspect of Hindu goddess Shakti or Devi. ... In Hinduism, Bhutamata is a terrible and malevolent goddess, a form of Devi. ... In Hinduism, Brahmani is a kind and benevolent mother goddess, and an aspect of Devi. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Rudra (Sanskrit: रुद्रः) (Howler) is a Rigvedic God of the storm, the hunt, death, Nature and the Wind. ...


List of Devi temples

  • Durga parameshwari temple , Kateel
  • Shri Durga temple at Talapady
  • Mangala devi Temple atMangalore
  • Kamakhya Temple at Guwahati, Assam
  • Chottanikkara Devi Temple, Chottanikkara, Kochi
  • Paramara Devi Temple, North, Ernakulam, Kochi
  • Attukal Temple, Attukal, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Paramekkavu Temple, Trissur
  • Madurai Meenakshi Temple, Madurai
  • Kadampuzha Devi Temple, Kadampuzha, Kerala
  • Malayalappuzha Devi Temple, Malayalappuzha, Kerala
  • Pattazhy Devi Temple, Pattazhy, Kerala
  • Mannady Devi Temple, Mannady, Kerala
  • Ezhumanthuruthu Poonkavil Devi Temple, Kerala

Kateel is a Holy city in Hinduism. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... , Mangalore (Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalooru; Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ, Kudla; Konkani: ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್, Kodial; Beary: ಮೈಕಲ, Maikala)   is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... Image:Kamakhya. ... , Guwahati (Assamese: গুৱাহাটী) is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Poonkavil Sri. ...

See also

All the below goddesses are considered to be the different aspects of Devi - Durga. Each of them has her own speciality and functions: In Vajrayana Buddhism, a dharmapāla (Tibetan drag-gshed) is a type of wrathful deity. ... Within Hinduism a large number of personalities, or forms, are worshipped as deities or murtis. ... This is a List of Hindu deities. ... The following is a list of articles on Hindu subjects. ... Shiva and Shakti as One Shaktism is a denomination of Hinduism that worships Shakti, or Devi Mata -- the Hindu name for the Great Divine Mother -- in all of her forms whilst not rejecting the importance of masculine and neuter divinity (which are however deemed to be inactive in the absence... Devi (The Goddess) is a 1960 film by Bengali director Satyajit Ray, starring Soumitra Chatterjee and Sharmila Tagore. ...   (Bengali: সত্যজিত্ রায় Shottojit Rae) (May 2, 1921–April 23, 1992) was an Indian filmmaker who is widely regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of 20th century cinema. ... Sri Thakur Gadadhar Chattopadhyaya Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Bangla: শ্রীরামকৄষ্ঞ পরমহংস) (February 18, 1836 - August 16, 1886) was a Bengali saint. ... A Shakta, pronounced shaakt, is a follower of a sect of Hinduism which worships the Mother Goddess, or Shakti, in any of her various manifestations. ... Ramprasad Sen (Bangla: রামপ্রসাদ সেন) (1720-1781) was a Bengali song-writer and singer of Hindu devotional songs, specially Shyamasangit (Songs devoted to the goddess Kali). ... A Shakta, pronounced shaakt, is a follower of a sect of Hinduism which worships the Mother Goddess, or Shakti, in any of her various manifestations. ...

  • Brahmani the consort of Brahma
  • Chandraghanta
  • Kaalratri - the goddess of war, death and justice believed to be the incarnation of Kali
  • Kalyani the goddess of victory and success
  • Kumari (Kumari Devi) - the living goddess of Nepal
  • Maheshwari goddess of death, judgement and evil destruction, consort of Shiva
  • Shailaputri
  • Siddhidhatri
  • Vaishnavi the consort of Vishnu

In Hinduism, Brahmani is a kind and benevolent mother goddess, and an aspect of Devi. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Kalyani may refer to: Kalyani (rāga), a rāga in the Carnatic music of South India Kalyani (well), a type of ancient Hindu bathing well Kalyani, West Bengal, a town in the Nadia District of West Bengal Basavakalyan, a town formerly called Kalyani, in Karnataka state of India Western... Star Trek: Enterprise starship, see Kumari (Star Trek). ... Maheshwaris are a Vaishnava business community in India originating from Khandela, Rajasthan. ... Shiva (also spelled Siva; Sanskrit ) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... Vaishnavi (died 17 April 2006) was an Indian television actress who committed suicide at age 20. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being or Ultimate Reality for Vaishnavas and a manifestation of Brahman in the Advaita or Smarta traditions. ...

Popular Culture

Virgin Comics has produced a modern-style comic book, Devi, featuring her incarnated on present-day Earth to prevent the rise of an ancient evil deity that her earlier manifestations defeated in eons past. Devi Snakewoman The Sadhu Ramayana Reborn Seven Brothers End of Story Five upcoming titles Promotional poster Virgin Comics LLC is a comic book company, which produces Indian-related comics for an international audience. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Devi is the fictional character created by Virgin Comics, as part of their debut Shakti line, which focuses on Indian settings. ... Look up incarnation, incarnate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Further reading

  • Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions (ISBN 81-208-0379-5) by David Kinsley
  • Grace and Mercy in Her Wild Hair : Selected Poems to the Mother Goddess, Ramprasad Sen (1720-1781). (ISBN 0-934252-94-7)
  • Devi, The Mother Goddess: An Introduction by Devdutt Pattanaik (ISBN 81-871-1145-3)

Ramprasad Sen (Bangla: রামপ্রসাদ সেন) (1720-1781) was a Bengali song-writer and singer of Hindu devotional songs, specially Shyamasangit (Songs devoted to the goddess Kali). ...

External links



Hinduism | Hindu mythology | Indian epic poetry
Female Deities: Devi | Saraswati | Lakshmi | Sati | Parvati | Durga | Shakti | Kali | Gayatri | Sita | Radha | Mahavidya | more...
Male Deities: Deva | Brahma | Vishnu | Shiva | Rama | Krishna | Ganesha | Murugan | Hanuman | Indra | Surya | more...
Texts: Vedas | Upanishads | Puranas | Ramayana | Mahabharata | Bhagavad Gita
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Devi (244 words)
Devi is the Divine Mother of the Hindu culture.
Devi is the "Mother Goddess," meaning she is the mother of all.
Lakshmi, wife of Vishnu is an incarnation of Devi.
Devi: The Great Goddess (175 words)
The site offers additional information on the contemporary and historical worship of Devi, activities for children and families, and a list of resources on South Asian arts and cultures.
This exhibition is made possible by generous grants from Enron/Enron Oil & Gas International, the Rockefeller Foundation, The Starr Foundation, Hughes Network Systems, and the ILA Foundation, Chicago.
The Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560.
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