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Encyclopedia > Deventer
Deventer
Country Netherlands
Province Overijssel
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 134.37 km²  (51.9 sq mi)
 - Land 131.31 km² (50.7 sq mi)
 - Water 3.07 km² (1.2 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 - Municipality 96,596
 - Density 736/km² (1,906.2/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Image:Ltspkr.pngDeventer is a municipality and city in the Salland region of the Dutch province of Overijssel. Deventer is largely situated on the east bank of river IJssel, but also has a small part of its territory on the west bank. In 2005 the municipality of Bathmen (pop. 5,000) was merged with Deventer as part of a national effort to reduce bureaucracy in the country. Location of Deventer. ... Flag of Overijssel Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The location of Salland (red) within Overijssel (dark grey) and the Netherlands (light grey), showing the area now generally considered to be part of Twente. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Flag of Overijssel Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. ... Satellite image of the IJssel basin River IJssel, sometimes called Gelderse IJssel (Gelderland IJssel) to avoid confusion with its Holland counterpart, is a 120 km long branch of the Rhine in the Dutch provinces of Gelderland and Overijssel. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Bureaucracy. ...


Deventer has a railway station on the important line Amsterdam / Utrecht - Amersfoort - Osnabrück - Berlin / Hamburg, crossing here the line Groningen - Zwolle - Arnhem - Nijmegen. It is also situated along the motorway A1 ( Amsterdam {90 km/ 56 miles west} - Berlin - Moscow). Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ... Utrecht refers to various cities and areas: Utrecht (province), of the Netherlands Utrecht (city), Netherlands, and capital of the province of the same name Utrecht (municipality), includes the city of Utrecht and two neighbouring villages (Vleuten / de Meern) Utrecht (agglomeration), in the Netherlands, includes the city of Utrecht Diocese of... Amersfoort is a municipality and the second largest city of the province of Utrecht in central Netherlands. ... Osnabrück is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due west of Hanover. ... Location of Berlin within Germany / EU Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE3 City subdivisions 12 boroughs Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD) Governing parties SPD / Left. ... Location Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE6 First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  755 km² (292 sq mi) Population 1,754,317 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 2,324 /km² (6,018... Boroughs of Groningen Groningen is the capital city of the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. ... Country: Netherlands Province: Overijssel Coordinates: 52°30′ N 6°5′ E Area - Land - Water 119. ... Arnhem is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine, and the capital of the Gelderland province. ... Country Netherlands Province Gelderland Area (2006)  - Municipality 57. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...

Contents

Population centres

  • Deventer ( see below)
  • Colmschate ( small railroad station 4 km east of the city centre; ice skating hall; surrounded by residential quarters of Deventer)
  • Diepenveen, a picturesque village 4 km to the north with beautiful surroundings
  • Lettele, in a forest area
  • Okkenbroek
  • Oxe
  • Schalkhaar
  • Apenhuizen
  • Bathmen
  • Dortherhoek
  • Loo
  • Pieriksmars
  • Zuidloo

Bathmen is a town in the eastern Netherlands. ...

Deventer (city)

Deventer was probably founded by the English missionary Lebuinus around 768, who built a wooden church on the right bank of River IJssel. This was not the first human settlement at the location: from the Bronze Age to about 400 A.D. there was at Colmschate, 4 km east of the city centre, a settlement; remains of it were excavated between 1981 and 2006. The story, telling that in the Roman age there probably was a stronghold called Daventria in place, proved to be a fantasy. The favorable location has probably seen habitation ever since. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... A missionary is traditionally defined as a propagator of religion who works to convert those outside that community; someone who proselytizes. ... Saint Lebuinus (also known as Lebwin or Liafwin), Apostle of the Frisians and patron of Deventer (b in England of Anglo-Saxon parents, date unknown; d at Deventer c 775). ... // Death of Pepin the Short (714 - 768), king of the Franks since 751. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Sights and events

  • The Waag (Weighing-house) on the edge of the Brink square, built in 1550, restored in 2003-2004. Inside the Waag the Deventer City Museum is housed (collection: industrial and trading history; paintings, e.g. by Gerard Terborch and Han van Meegeren; silver objects; prehistoric findings). Thea Beckman's novel Het wonder van Frieswijck ("The Frieswijck Miracle") features the Waag. On the outer wall of the Waag hangs an over 500 years old kettle; it is said, that it was used for a public execution in the late Middle Ages: a man, who had produced false coins, was cooked to death in it.
  • The Lebuïnuskerk (St. Lebuin's Church) in Gothic style, with remarkable ceiling paintings and a beautiful organ. Its tower can be climbed in summer (beautiful panorama).
  • The Brink ( market square) with houses, shops and cafes dating from 1575-1900. Here also the Deventer nightlife takes place. Alongside this square there is the Bussink "Koekhuisje", where you can buy the famous Deventer Koek (honey-cake). Markets take place every Friday ( including a very big one on Good Friday, following a Medieval tradition) and Saturday.
  • The Speelgoedmuseum (Toy Museum) behind the Waag, housed in one of the most picturesque old houses of the city.
  • The medieval Bergkerk (Mountain Church), on top of a small hill, now a museum for modern art.
  • A walk through the picturesque old streets around this Bergkerk (information available at the VVV, the Tourist Office) is something, every visitor to Deventer should do.
  • The city hosts three events of national and even international fame:
    • In the first week-end of July, the city centre is the scene of the spectacular open air festival "Deventer op stelten" (Deventer on Stilts). Actors and other artist give free performances in the streets and on the Brink square. All actors must use stilts during their acts.
    • In August there is a book-fair, attracting some 125,000 visitors and being the largest in Europe.
    • In December there is the Dickens Festival, which sees some of the oldest streets and alleys in the city dressed up in the style of the Victorian era, as per Dickens' writings. The latter attracted 135,000 visitors in 2004 and 2006.

Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The letter by Gerard ter Borch (c. ... Han van Meegeren (10 October 1889 in Deventer in the Netherlands province of Overijssel – 30 December 1947 in Amsterdam), born Henricus Antonius van Meegeren, was a Dutch painter, art-restorer, and art forger. ... Thea Beckman (23 July 1923, Rotterdam – 5 May 2004, Bunnik) was a famous Dutch author of childrens books. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Gothic architecture characterizes any of the styles of European architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, in use throughout Europe during the high and late medieval period, from the 12th century onwards. ... A teddy bear A Toy is an object used in play. ... A stiltwalker participates in a parade dressed as a court jester Stilts are poles, posts or pillars used to allow a person or structure to stand at a certain distance above the ground. ... Charles Dickens Charles John Huffam Dickens (February 7, 1812 – June 9, 1870), pen-name “Boz”, was an English novelist of the Victorian era. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ...

History

City Rights and Medieval Times

Deventer, with the Lebuinus Church
Deventer, with the Lebuinus Church

The village of Deventer, already being important because of a trading road crossing the river IJssel, was looted and burnt down by the Vikings in 882. It was immediately rebuilt and fortified with an earthen wall (in the street Stenen Wal remains of this have been excavated and restored). Deventer received city rights in 956. From this date fortifications were built or replaced by stone walls around the city for defense. Between 1000 and 1500, Deventer grew to be a flourishing trade city because of its harbour on the river IJssel, which was reachable for large ships. The city was a member of the Hanseatic League In the 15th century, the city had a common mint, where coins for the 3 IJssel cities Deventer, Zwolle and Kampen were made. City of Deventer. ... City of Deventer. ... Satellite image of the IJssel basin River IJssel, sometimes called Gelderse IJssel (Gelderland IJssel) to avoid confusion with its Holland counterpart, is a 120 km long branch of the Rhine in the Dutch provinces of Gelderland and Overijssel. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. ... Deaths April 8 - Gilbert of Chalon, Duke of Burgundy Categories: 956 ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... Country: Netherlands Province: Overijssel Coordinates: 52°30′ N 6°5′ E Area - Land - Water 119. ... Kampen may refer: Kampen, Germany on the island Sylt Kampen, Netherlands a town a city district in Oslo, Norway a city district (in Finnish: Kamppi) in Helsingfors (Helsinki), Finland This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Deventer is the place of birth of Geert Groote and home to his Brethren of the Common Life, a school of religious thought that was of great influence on Thomas a Kempis and Erasmus in later times. It had book printing shops as early as from 1477 on, and an internationally famous Latin School, where the famous scholar Desiderius Erasmus went, when he was a boy. Geert Groote (1340 – 20 August 1384), otherwise Gerrit or Gerhard Groet, in Latin Gerardus Magnus,was a preacher and founder of the Brethren of the Common Life. ... The Brethren of the Common Life was a religious community founded in the 14th century by Geert Groote, formerly a successful and worldly educator who had had a religious experience and preached a life of simple devotion. ... Thomas à Kempis (1380 - 1471) was a medieval Christian monk and author of Imitation of Christ, one of the most well-known Christian books on devotion. ... Desiderius Erasmus in 1523 Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (also Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam) (October 27, probably 1466 – July 12, 1536) was a Dutch humanist and theologian. ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... Desiderius Erasmus in 1523 Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (sometimes known as Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam) (October 27, probably 1466 – July 12, 1536) was a Dutch humanist and theologian. ...


16th- 20th century

Because of the circumstance, that between 1500 and 1800 the mass of water flowing through the IJssel decreased, the harbour of Deventer lost its importance. The competition of trade centres in Holland, as well as the religious war between 1568 and 1648, brought a decline in the city's economy. In the 18th century, some iron industry came to Deventer. East of it, so-called "oer", a kind of sand containing iron, was found from about 900 A.D. on. From this material, ore was produced and brought to town. The main road of the villages Okkenbroek, Lettele and Schalkhaar is still named: Oerdijk (Ore Dyke). In the 19th century, Deventer became an industrial town. Bicycles, carpets, tins and cans for foods and drinks, cigars, books, machinery, mattresses were produced until between 1920 and 1970. Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands with 6. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... See also Mattresses, a race in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy A pillowtop queen-size mattress. ...


World War II

In its long history, Deventer has seen few military engagements ( although it was a garrison city of the Dutch cavalry) but her industrial area and harbour were bombed heavily during World War II. Luckily, her city centre was largely spared and the city has a scenery which has remained largely unchanged for the past few centuries. For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... French Republican Guard - May 8, 2005 celebrations Cavalry (from French cavalerie) were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback in combat. ...


A female Jewish poet and writer, Etty Hillesum, lived in Deventer during the war before being deported to Auschwitz. Ester Etty Hillesum (b. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ...


In Schalkhaar, a village only 2 km north-east of the city centre, a barracks was used by the German occupying forces to train Nazi policemen. The compound is now a centre for asylum seekers.


Deventer has been somewhat popular with the film industry; the famous film A Bridge Too Far shot all of her scenes taking place in nearby Arnhem in Deventer as Arnhem itself no longer had a historic center. A Bridge Too Far is a 1977 film based on the 1974 book of the same name. ... Arnhem is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine, and the capital of the Gelderland province. ...


Modern Times

Deventer Logo

The city's trade and industry is still of some importance. In Deventer is, among others, a factory producing central heating systems, as well as an important editor and publisher named Kluwer. Also the famous Deventer honey cake (Deventer Koek), with a history of over 500 years, is still produced and sold all over the Netherlands. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the Grand Central Records albums, see Central Heating (Grand Central album) and Central Heating 2. ...


Notable people associated with Deventer

Jan Arend Bultman (born May 26, 1942 in Deventer, Overijssel) is a former water polo player from The Netherlands, who was a member of the Dutch Mens National Team that finished in eighth position at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. ... Ronald (Ron) Dekker (born June 30, 1966 in Deventer) is a former swimmer from The Netherlands on the breaststroke. ... Desiderius Erasmus in 1523 Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (also Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam) (October 27, probably 1466 – July 12, 1536) was a Dutch humanist and theologian. ... Geert Groote (1340 – 20 August 1384), otherwise Gerrit or Gerhard Groet, in Latin Gerardus Magnus,was a preacher and founder of the Brethren of the Common Life. ... Alexander Hegius von Heek (c. ... Ester Etty Hillesum (b. ... Jomanda is a Dutch new-age guru. ... Bert (Lambertus) van Marwijk (19 May 1952, Deventer, Netherlands) is a Dutch former football (soccer) player, and nowayadys a coach. ... Han van Meegeren (10 October 1889 in Deventer in the Netherlands province of Overijssel – 30 December 1947 in Amsterdam), born Henricus Antonius van Meegeren, was a Dutch painter, art-restorer, and art forger. ... Saint Radbod or Radboud (before 850 - 917) was bishop of Utrecht from 900 to 917. ... Hubert J. P. Schoemaker (born March 23, 1950 in Deventer, Netherlands; died January 1, 2006 in Paoli, Pennsylvania) was a Dutch-American chemist and biotechnological pioneer. ... Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck (Deventer, 31 October 1761 - Amsterdam, 15 February 1825) was a Dutch politician of the Batavian Republic. ... Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (1562–October 16, 1621) was a Dutch composer, organist, and pedagogue whose work straddled the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. ...

External links


 
Overijssel Province

Almelo | Borne | Dalfsen | Deventer | Dinkelland | Enschede | Haaksbergen | Hardenberg | Hellendoorn | Hengelo | Hof van Twente | Kampen | Losser | Oldenzaal | Olst-Wijhe | Ommen | Raalte | Rijssen-Holten | Staphorst | Steenwijkerland | Tubbergen | Twenterand | Wierden | Zwartewaterland | Zwolle Flag of Overijssel Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_Overijssel. ... Almelo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Borne is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Dalfsen is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Dinkelland is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Raadhuisstraat in Enschede, with the Grote Kerk in the background Enschede or Eanske in the local dialect (Twents) is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel, in the Twente region. ... Haaksbergen is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel, in the Twente region. ... Hardenberg is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. ... Hellendoorn is a municipality and a town in the centre of the Dutch province of Overijssel. ... This article is about the city in Overijssel, Netherlands. ... Hof van Twente is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Kampen is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Losser is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Oldenzaal is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, near the border with Germany. ... Olst-Wijhe is a municipality in the province of Overijssel, eastern Netherlands. ... Country Netherlands Province Overijssel Area (2006)  - Municipality 181. ... Raalte is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Rijssen-Holten is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, the result of a merger in 2001, but until 2003 just called Rijssen. ... Staphorst is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Steenwijkerland (before 2003 called Steenwijk) is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Tubbergen is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Twenterand is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Wierden is a town and a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. ... Zwartewaterland is a municipality in the province Overijssel in the eastern Netherlands. ... Country: Netherlands Province: Overijssel Coordinates: 52°30′ N 6°5′ E Area - Land - Water 119. ...

Netherlands | Provinces | Municipalities| map

Coordinates: 52°15′N, 6°12′E The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the... All provinces of the Netherlands are divided into municipalities (gemeenten), together 467 (2005); among these we can distinguish: those comprising one main city, town or village with the same name as the municipality, and possibly some additional villages; for example Utrecht, comprising the city Utrecht and the villages De Meern... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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