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Encyclopedia > Developing country
     Newly industrialized countries      Other emerging markets      Other developing economies
     Newly industrialized countries      Other emerging markets      Other developing economies
     High income      Upper-middle income      Lower-middle income      Low income
     High income      Upper-middle income      Lower-middle income      Low income

A developing country is that country which has a relatively low standard of living, an undeveloped industrial base, and a moderate to low Human Development Index (HDI) score and per capita income, but is in a phase of economic development. Usually all countries which are neither a developed country nor a failed state are classified as developing countries. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Countries in green are considered NICs. ... The term emerging markets is commonly used to describe business and market activity in industrializing or emerging regions of the world. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 352 pixelsFull resolution (1427 × 628 pixel, file size: 35 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 352 pixelsFull resolution (1427 × 628 pixel, file size: 35 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way these services and goods are distributed within a population. ... Industrialisation (or industrialization) or an industrial revolution (in general, with lowercase letters) is a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state . ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Economic development is the development of economic wealth of countries or regions for the well-being of their inhabitants. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ... For Noam Chomskys 2006 book, see Failed States (book). ...


Countries with more advanced economies than other developing nations, but which have not yet fully demonstrated the signs of a developed country, are grouped under the term newly industrialized countries.[1][2][3][4] Other developing countries which have maintained sustained economic growth over the years and exhibit good economic potential are termed as emerging markets. The application of the term developing country to any country which is not developed is inappropriate because a number of poor countries have experienced prolonged periods of economic decline. Such countries are classified as either least developed countries or failed states. World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ... Countries considered NICs as of 2007 The category of newly industrialized country (NIC) is a socioeconomic classification applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists. ... The term emerging markets is commonly used to describe business and market activity in industrializing or emerging regions of the world. ... Map of the Least Developed Countries as defined by the United Nations Least Developed Countries (LDCs or Fourth World countries) are countries which according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. ... Failed state is a controversial term intended to mean a weak state in which the central government has little practical control over much of its territory. ...


Development entails a modern infrastructure (both physical and institutional), and a move away from low value added sectors such as agriculture and natural resource extraction. Developed countries, in comparison, usually have economic systems based on continuous, self-sustaining economic growth in the tertiary and quaternary sectors and high standards of living. This article is about International Development. ... An economic system is a mechanism which deals with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in a particular society. ... World GDP/capita changed very little for most of human history before the industrial revolution. ... The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... This box:  • • The Quaternary sector of industry is the sector of industry that involves the intellectual services. ...

Contents

Measure and concept of development

The development of a country is measured with statistical indexes such as income per capita (per person) (GDP), life expectancy, the rate of literacy, et cetera. The UN has developed the HDI, a compound indicator of the above statistics, to gauge the level of human development for countries where data is available. Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article is about the measure of remaining life. ... The traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ...


Developing countries are in general countries which have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and which have a low standard of living. There is a strong correlation between low income and high population growth, For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Industrialisation (or industrialization) or an industrial revolution (in general, with lowercase letters) is a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state . ... The standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way these services and goods are distributed within a population. ... Positive linear correlations between 1000 pairs of numbers. ...


The terms utilized when discussing developing countries refer to the intent and to the constructs of those who utilize these terms. Other terms sometimes used are less developed countries (LDCs), least economically developed countries (LEDCs), "underdeveloped nations" or "undeveloped nations", Third World nations, and "non-industrialized nations". Conversely, the opposite end of the spectrum is termed developed countries, most economically developed countries (MEDCs), First World nations and "industrialized nations". For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. ... mostly the northern countries of the world are the MEDCs (although there are exceptions, like australia, israel, new zealand. ... The terms First World, Second World, and Third World were used to divide the nations of Earth into three broad categories. ...


To moderate the euphemistic aspect of the word developing, international organizations have started to use the term Less economically developed country (LEDCs) for the poorest nations which can in no sense be regarded as developing. That is, LEDCs are the poorest subset of LDCs. This also moderates the wrong tendency to believe that the standard of living in the entire developing world is the same. A euphemism is a word or phrase used in place of a term that originally could not be spoken aloud (see taboo) or, by extension, terms which they consider to be disagreeable or offensive. ... For the political science journal, see International Organization. ... Green usually considered third world, yellow sometimes considered third world Third World was a term first coined by Jawaharlal Nehru (First Prime Minister of India), originally to distinguish nations that aligned with neither the West or with the East during the Cold War, including many members of the Non-Aligned... “Superset” redirects here. ...


The concept of the developing nation is found, under one term or another, in numerous theoretical systems having diverse orientations — for example, theories of decolonization, liberation theology, Marxism, anti-imperialism, and political economy. Colonialism in 1945 Decolonization refers to the undoing of colonialism, the establishment of governance or authority through the creation of settlements by another country or jurisdiction. ... Liberation theology is a school of theology within the Catholic Church that focuses on Jesus Christ as not only the Redeemer but also the Liberator of the oppressed. ... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Anti-imperialism, strictly speaking, is a term that may be applied to or movement opposed to some form of imperialism. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political economy was the original term for the study of production, the acts of buying and selling, and their relationships to laws, customs and government. ...


Critics believe that at times the word "developing" is a misnomer. In the case of countries ravaged by European colonialism, the word "re-developing" may be more accurate since there were successful economic systems prior to colonialism. Allegedly due to ethnocentrism, Western analysts generally deem these prior interactions invalid and do not consider them "developed". The premise is that "to develop" is the same thing as "to develop in a western manner".


List of developing countries

The following are considered developing countries according to the International Monetary Fund.[5] IMF redirects here. ...

Africa

North & Central America

South America

Asia

Oceania

Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Benin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Botswana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burundi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cameroon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chad. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cote_d'Ivoire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Eritrea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gabon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kenya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lesotho. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liberia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malawi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritius. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Namibia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niger. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nigeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rwanda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Seychelles. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sierra_Leone. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Swaziland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Togo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Western_Sahara. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Bahamas. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Barbados. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belize. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dominica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Grenada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Honduras. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Lucia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guyana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Suriname. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brunei. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Laos. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_American_Samoa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Christmas_Island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cocos_(Keeling)_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_French_Polynesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nauru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niue. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norfolk_Island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tonga. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

Typology and names of countries

Countries are often loosely placed into five categories of development. Each category includes the countries listed in their respective article. The term "developing nation" is not a label to assign a specific, similar type of problem.

  1. Newly industrialized countries or NICs, nations with economies more advanced and developed than those in the developing world, but not yet with the full signs of a developed country.[1][2][3][4] NIC is a category between developed and developing countries, and it includes South Africa, Mexico, China, India, Brazil, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Turkey.
  2. Countries with an economy consistently and fairly strongly developing over a longer period: Pakistan, Iran, much of South America, several of the Persian Gulf States, the countries of the former Warsaw Pact and others. (See Emerging markets.)
  3. Countries with an inconsistent record of development: most countries in Africa, Central America, and the Caribbean (except Jamaica, in category 2, and Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory); much of the Arab World; also a few countries from Southeast Asia (Laos and Cambodia). 76% of the world's countries fall under this category.
  4. Countries with long-term civil war or large-scale breakdown of rule of law or non-development-oriented dictatorship ("failed states") (e.g. Afghanistan, Haiti, Somalia, Myanmar, Iraq, North Korea); they sometimes also have low resources.

Countries considered NICs as of 2007 The category of newly industrialized country (NIC) is a socioeconomic classification applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf. ... Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... The term emerging markets is commonly used to describe business and market activity in industrializing or emerging regions of the world. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... West Indies redirects here. ... United States territory is any extent of region under the jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States, including all waters (around islands or continental tracts). ... Arab States redirects here. ... Failed state is a controversial term intended to mean a weak state in which the central government has little practical control over much of its territory. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule...

See also

World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ... Map of the Least Developed Countries as defined by the United Nations Least Developed Countries (LDCs or Fourth World countries) are countries which according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. ...  High income  Upper-middle income  Lower-middle income  Low income A High income country is defined by the World Bank as a country with a Gross National Income per capita of $11,116 or more. ... Countries considered NICs as of 2007 The category of newly industrialized country (NIC) is a socioeconomic classification applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists. ... The 38 states recognized as the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC). ... The Three Worlds theory is a theory developed by Mao Zedong that suggests that the world is politically and economically divided into three world. ... The terms First World, Second World, and Third World were used to divide the nations of Earth into three broad categories. ... A map of countries often considered to have made up the Second World from the 1950s through to the 1980s. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... Fourth World may mean: Fourth World, a term most commonly used to collectively describe notably marginalised or oppressed groups, in particular indigenous peoples, living in Third or First World countries. ... A country is a geographical territory, both in the sense of nation (a cultural entity) and state (a political entity). ... Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a calculation method in national accounting (see Measures of national income and output) is defined as the total value of final goods and services produced within a countrys borders in a year, regardless of ownership. ... Countries by nominal GDP. Source: IMF (2005) This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. ... Map of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita for the year 2006. ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... This is a list of countries of the world sorted by their Gross Domestic Product (PPP converted) per hour. ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... The Human Poverty Index is an indication of the standard of living in a country, developed by the United Nations (UN). ... Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population below national poverty line. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... World literacy rates by country, based on The World Factbook. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Paweł Bożyk (2006). "Newly Industrialized Countries", Globalization and the Transformation of Foreign Economic Policy. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 0-75-464638-6. 
  2. ^ a b Mauro F. Guillén (2003). "Multinationals, Ideology, and Organized Labor", The Limits of Convergence. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-69-111633-4. 
  3. ^ a b David Waugh (3rd edition 2000). "Manufacturing industries (chapter 19), World development (chapter 22)", Geography, An Integrated Approach. Nelson Thornes Ltd., 563, 576-579, 633, and 640. ISBN 0-17-444706-X. 
  4. ^ a b N. Gregory Mankiw (4th Edition 2007). Principles of Economics. ISBN 0-32-422472-9. 
  5. ^ http://www.imf.org/external/index.htm

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