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Encyclopedia > Deva, Romania
Coat of Arms of Deva Location of Deva
County Hunedoara County
Status County capital
Mayor Mircia Munteanu, National Liberal Party, since 2000
Area  km²
Population (2002) 80,000
Density  inh/km²
Geographical coordinates 45°52′41″N, 22°54′52″E
Web site http://www.e-deva.ro/

Deva (German: Diemrich, Hungarian: Déva) is a city situated on the left bank of the middle course of the Mureş river. It is the capital of Hunedoara county in Romania and has almost 100,000 inhabitants, including subordinated villages. In Ancient Times it was a Dacian fortress called Singidava. Image File history File links Coa_deva_ro. ... Image File history File links Deva_in_Romania. ... Administrative map of Romania As of 2003, Romania is divided into 41 counties and one municipality, as follows: A new administrative division was proposed, dividing the country into regions, but its implementation is uncertain since the county division is favoured by most Romanians. ... Hunedoara (Hungarian: Hunyad) is a county (JudeÅ£) in Western Romania, in South-Western Transylvania, with the capital city at Deva (population: 77,259). ... The Partidul NaÅ£ional Liberal (National Liberal Party) is a liberal party in Romania, and the second largest party in parliament, being edged out only by the Social Democratic Party. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... -1... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The MureÅŸ (in Romanian, in Hungarian: Maros, in German: Mieresch / Marosch) is an approx. ... Administrative map of Romania with Hunedoara county highlighted Hunedoara (Hungarian: Hunyad) is a Romanian county (Judeţ) in the Transylvania region, with the capital city at Deva (population: 77,259). ...

The name Deva is considered to come from the ancient Dacian word dava, meaning "fortress" (e.g Pelendava, Piroboridava, Zargidava etc). Other theories trace the name to a Roman Legion, II Augusta, transferred to Deva from Castrum Deva, now Chester in Britain. On medieval maps, Deva appears as Deva or Dewan. Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient Greeks Getae, was a large district of Central Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now... The Roman legion (from the Latin legio, meaning levy) was the basic military unit of ancient Rome. ... This article is about Chester in England. ...

Documentary evidence of the city's existence first appeared in 1269. Under Voivod John Hunyadi, Deva became an important military and administrative centre. Partially destroyed by the Ottoman Turks in 1550, it was afterward rebuilt and the fortress extended. In 1621 Prince Gabriel Bethlen transformed and extended the Magna Curia Palace (also known as the Bethlen Castle) in Renaissance style. Events Births Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Categories: 1269 ... Voivod or (more common) voivoda is a Slavic term initially denoting first in command of a military unit. ... John Hunyadi John Hunyadi (Latin: Ioannes Corvinus, Hungarian: Hunyadi János, Romanian: Iancu (or Ioan) de Hunedoara) (c. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Sogut (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Gabriel Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania (1580-1629) Gabriel (Gabor) Bethlen (Hungarian: Bethlen Gábor, Slovak: Gabriel Betlen) (1580-1629), prince of Transylvania (1613-1629) and leader of a anti-Habsburg insurrection in the Habsburg Royal Hungary on the territory of present-day Slovakia. ... By region Italian Renaissance Spanish Renaissance Northern Renaissance English Renaissance French Renaissance German Renaissance Polish Renaissance Renaissance Architecture: The cultural movement called the Renaissance (which literally means re-birth) was just that in architecture, a rebirth of the Roman traditions of design recognized by contemporaries in the term allAntica...

Mining, foodstuffs, civil engineering, and power industries are important to Deva's economy. A private University of Ecology and Tourism was established in the city in 1990, and the academic centres of Timişoara and Cluj-Napoca have opened branches in the city. Deva is also the home of Romania's national gymnastics training centre, Cetate Deva. Deva is dominated by Citadel Hill, a protected nature reserve because of its rare floral species and the presence of the horned adder. Perched on the top of the hill are the ruins of the Citadel built in the 13th century. The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... This article is about the year. ... TimiÅŸoara (pronunciation in Romanian: ; Hungarian: Temesvár, German: Temeschburg, Temeschwar, or Temeswar, Serbian: TemiÅ¡var or Темишвар) is a city in the Banat region of western Romania. ... Map of Romania showing Cluj_Napoca Cluj_Napoca (Hungarian: Kolozsvár, German: Klausenburg, Latin: Claudiopolis), the seat of Cluj county, is one of the most important academic, cultural and industrial centers in Romania. ... A nature reserve (natural reserve, nature preserve, natural preserve) is an area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Deva, Romania - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (305 words)
Deva (German: Diemrich, Hungarian: Déva) is a city situated on the left bank of the middle course of the Mureş river.
Deva is dominated by Citadel Hill, a protected nature reserve because of its rare floral species and the presence of the horned adder.
Deva, Romania, Hunedoara County and Municipalities of Romania.
BIGpedia - Deva - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (72 words)
Deva is also a type of supernatural being in traditional Buddhist cosmology.
Deva or Dava was used in ancient Dacia as a sufix that meant in Dacian language 'a city'.
Deva, Romania a Romanian city in Hunedoara county
  More results at FactBites »



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