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Encyclopedia > Deutsches Museum
Deutsches Museum
Deutsches Museum

The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) in Munich, Germany, is the world's largest museum of technology and science, with approximately 1.3 million visitors per year and about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology. The museum was founded on June 28, 1903, at a meeting of the Association of German Engineers (VDI) as an initiative of Oskar von Miller. The full name of the museum in English is The German Museum of Masterpieces of Science and Technology (German: Deutsches Museum von Meisterwerken der Naturwissenschaft und Technik). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x667, 93 KB) Beschreibung: Munich – Deutsches Museum Quelle: Fotograf: Softeis File links The following pages link to this file: Deutsches Museum ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x667, 93 KB) Beschreibung: Munich – Deutsches Museum Quelle: Fotograf: Softeis File links The following pages link to this file: Deutsches Museum ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ; Austro-Bavarian: Minga[2]) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) (English: Association of German Engineers) is a organization of 126,000 engineers and natural scientists. ... Oskar von Miller Oskar von Miller (7 May 1855 – 9 April 1934) was a German engineer and founder of the Deutsches Museum, a large museum of technology and science. ...

Contents

The island museum

Deutsches Museum, view of the museum island
Deutsches Museum, view of the museum island

The main site of the Deutsches Museum is a small island in the Isar river, which had been used for rafting wood since the Middle Ages. The island did not have any buildings prior to 1772 because it was regularly flooded prior to the building of the Sylvensteinspeicher. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Isar is the third largest river in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Picture of flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ...


In 1772 the Isar barracks were built on the island and after the flooding of 1899 the building was rebuilt with flood protection. In 1903 the city council announced that they would give the island for free for the newly built Deutsches Museum. The island formerly known as Kohleinsel (coal island) was then renamed Museumsinsel (museum island). Barracks are military housing. ...


Other sites

Deutsches Museum Bonn
Deutsches Museum Bonn

In addition to the main site on the Museumsinsel, the museum has two branches in and near Munich and one in Bonn. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 403 pixelsFull resolution (2848 × 1436 pixel, file size: 770 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions Originally from de. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 403 pixelsFull resolution (2848 × 1436 pixel, file size: 770 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions Originally from de. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ...


The latest branch of the Deutsches Museum, located at Theresienhöhe in Munich, opened in 2003 and is called the Deutsches Museum Verkehrszentrum and is focused on transportation technology. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The branch located in Bonn was opened in 1995 and focuses on German technology, science and research after 1945. Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The Flugwerft Schleißheim branch is a 12.7 hectare site and includes additional flight air aeronautics exhibits.


Oskar von Miller

Oskar von Miller studied electrical engineering and is otherwise known for building the first high voltage line from Miesbach to Munich (57 km) in 1882 for the electrical technology exhibition at the Glaspalast in Munich.[1] In 1883 he joined AEG and founded an engineering office in Munich. The Frankfurt electricity exhibition in 1891 and several power plants contributed to the reputation of Oskar von Miller. In the early years, the exhibition and the collection of the Deutsches Museum were strongly influenced personally by Oskar von Miller. Oskar von Miller Oskar von Miller (7 May 1855 – 9 April 1934) was a German engineer and founder of the Deutsches Museum, a large museum of technology and science. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Miesbach is a town in Bavaria, Germany, and is the capital of the Miesbach district. ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ; Austro-Bavarian: Minga[2]) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Glaspalast in Munich The Glaspalast (Glass Palace) was a glass and iron exhibition building in Munich modeled after The Crystal Palace in London. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... AEG volt-meter designed by Peter Behrens AEG (Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft, General Electricity Company) was a German producer of electronics and electrical equipment. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ...


History

A few months prior to the summer 1903 meeting of the Society of German Engineers Oskar von Miller gathered a small group who supported his desire to found a science and technology museum. In a showing of support this group spontaneously donated 260,000 marks to the cause and elected a "Provisional Committee" to get the ball rolling.


In June of 1903 things really started coming together. Prince Ludwig agreed to act as patron of the museum and the city of Munich donated Coal Island as a site for the project. In addition exhibits begin to arrive from Munich, Germany and abroad including collections from the Bavarian Academy. As no dedicated museum building existed the exhibits were displayed in the National Museum. Prince Regent Luitpold Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria (German: Prinzregent Luitpold Karl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig von Bayern) (12 March 1821—12 December 1912), was the regent and de facto ruler of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912, due to the incapacity of his nephews, Ludwig II and Otto. ...


On November 12, 1906 the temporary exhibits at the National Museum are ceremonially opened to the public and on November 13 the foundation stone was laid for the permanent museum.


The first name of the museum, the "German Museum for Masterpieces of Natural Science and Technology", was not meant to limit the museum to German advances in science and technology, but to express the importance of science and technology to the German people.


Oskar von Miller opened the new museum on his seventieth birthday, 2 May, 1925 after a delay of almost ten years. From the beginning the museum displays are backed up by documents available in a public library and archives which are open seven days a week to ensure access to the working public. Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information, sources, resources and services, organized for use, and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. ...

Clean white lines of the museum's winding staircase
Clean white lines of the museum's winding staircase
Famous model train set with many of Europe's rail makes
Famous model train set with many of Europe's rail makes

Prior to and during World War II the museum was put on a shoestring budget by the Nazi party and many exhibits were allowed to get out of date with a few exceptions such as the new automobile room dedicated 7 May, 1937. By the end of 1944 the museum was badly damaged by air bombings with 80% of the buildings and 20% of the exhibits damaged or destroyed. As Allied troops marched into Munich in April 1945 museum director Karl Bässler barely managed to keep the last standing bridge to Museum Island from being blown up by retreating Nazis. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 135 KB) Summary The staircase of the Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 135 KB) Summary The staircase of the Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany. ... Image File history File links Deutsches_museum2. ... Image File history File links Deutsches_museum2. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Following the war the museum had to be closed for repairs and a number of temporary tenants, such as the College of Technology and the Post Office used museum space as their own buildings were being reconstructed. In November 1945 the library was able to reopen, followed by the congress hall in January 1946. A special exhibit on fifty years of the Diesel engine was able to open in October of 1947 and the regular exhibits began reopening in May 1948. Not until 1965, more than twenty years after the end of the war in Germany, did the exhibit area match (and then exceed) pre-war size. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


During the 1950s the museum focused on natural sciences rather than technology and many of the traditional large exhibits, such as civil engineering, were reduced in size to make way for more modern technological advances.


In August of 1969 the Apollo 8 space capsule was shown in a special exhibit entitled "Man and Space" and in 1970 the first full-time director, Theo Stillger, was appointed. In the 1970s the mission statement of the museum was modified to encourage the explanation the cultural significance of science and technology in exhibits. Apollo 8 was the second manned mission of the Apollo space program, in which Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders became the first humans to orbit around the Moon. ...


The early 1980s saw severe damage to several exhibits due to arson resulting in the smallest exhibit space of 34,140 square meters. This was followed by an extensive reconstruction effort and additional building bringing the total exhibit space to 55,000 square meters by 1993. The 1980s and 90s also brought agreements with the Science Center in Bonn and the government resulting in the creation of Deutsches Museum Bonn and the Flugwerft Schleißheim airfield exhibit. Schleißheim is a municipality in the district Wels-Land in the Austrian state of Oberösterreich. ...


In 1996 the Bavarian Government gave buildings at the historic Theresienhöhe site in Munich to the Deutsches Museum resulting in the creation of the new transportation museum, the Deutsches Museum Verkehrszentrum, which opened in 2003 and now houses the automobile and train exhibits which were removed from the original Deutsches Museum site.


Current Permanent Exhibits

  • Aerospace
  • Agriculture
  • Altamira Cave, reproduction of a Spanish cave with stone-age paintings
  • Amateur Radio
  • Astronautics
  • Astronomy
  • Bridge Building
  • Ceramics
  • Chemistry
  • Chronometry
  • Computers
  • Digital Imaging (Under Construction as of 2006)
  • Electrical Power
  • Energy Technology
  • Environment
  • Geodesy
  • Glass
  • History of the Deutsches Museum
  • Hydraulic engineering
  • Machine Components
  • Machine Tools
  • Marine Navigation
  • Masterpieces
  • Mathematical Gallery
  • Mining (Historical and Modern)
  • Metallurgy
  • Microelectronics
  • Mineral Oil and Natural Gas
  • Music
  • Paper
  • Pharmacy
  • Physics
  • Power Machinery
  • Printing
  • Scientific Instruments
  • Technical Toys
  • Telecommunications
  • Textile Technology
  • Tunnel Construction
  • Weights and Measures

Cave painting of a Bison from Altamira Outline of cave paintings. ...

See also

  • Images from the Deutsches Museum collection (captions in German)
  • Additional images from the Deutsches Museum (captions in English)

Trivia

Julius Rosenwald and The Commercial Club of Chicago modeled the Museum of Science and Industry on the Deutsches Museum. Julius Rosenwald Julius Rosenwald (born August 12, 1862 in Springfield, Illinois - January 6, 1932) was a U.S. manufacturer, business executive, and philanthropist. ... The Commercial Club of Chicago is a civic improvement club resulted from the 1907 merger of two predecessor Chicago clubs[1]: the Merchants Club (organized in 1896) and the Commercial Club (organized in 1877). ... A view from the lagoon behind the Museum of Science and Industry, the only in-place surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition and a National Historic Landmark. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Deutsches Museum
  • Deutsches Museum Flugwerft Schleißheim
  • Deutsches Museum Verkehrszentrum
  • Deutsches Museum Bonn

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  1. ^ History of the High Voltage Line from the Technical University Munich

Coordinates: 48°07′48″N, 11°35′0″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Raspberry World - Postcards from Europe - Deutsches Museum, Munich (351 words)
The Deutsches Museum is a huge German museum dedicated to the history of science and technology.
What strikes me about the museum is how beautiful some of the things are which fall into the realm of "science and technology." Old airplanes, old cars, fancy painted boats, kites, holograms, and textiles.
The Deutsches Museum has an extensive collection of historic musical instruments, as well, and when we visited we attended a concert of Mozart, van Beeck, and other composers, played on instruments contemporaneous with the compositions.
Deutsche Guggenheim (550 words)
Deutsche Guggenheim is situated on Unter den Linden in the old and new centre of Berlin.
Deutsche Guggenheim is located on the ground floor of the Deutsche Bank premises, a sandstone building constructed in 1920.
Alongside the presentations in this series, the Deutsche Bank organizes exhibitions which are devoted to various themes and which at the same time present a cross-section of the collection and are mounted in cooperation with international museums.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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