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Encyclopedia > Detroit River
Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. Clair River connecting it to Lake Huron (to the North) and Detroit River connecting it to Lake Erie (to the South)
Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. Clair River connecting it to Lake Huron (to the North) and Detroit River connecting it to Lake Erie (to the South)
Detroit River seen from Grosse Ile Township, Michigan
Detroit River seen from Grosse Ile Township, Michigan

The Detroit River is about 51 km (32 miles) long and 1 to 4 km (0.5 to 2.5 miles) wide in the Great Lakes system. The name comes from French Rivière du Détroit, i.e. "River of the Strait". The name is a reference to the fact that the river connects Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie. However, it is not a strait by definition. The boundary between Canada and the United States of America passes through the river lengthwise. Its elevation is 175 meters (579 feet) above sea level. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (684x851, 174 KB) Summary Lake St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (684x851, 174 KB) Summary Lake St. ... Public beach on Lake St. ... The St. ... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie (pronounced ) is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, which are among the largest in the world. ... Detroit River seen from Grosse Ile Township, Michigan (taken Sept. ... Detroit River seen from Grosse Ile Township, Michigan (taken Sept. ... Grosse Ile Township is a township in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... Public beach on Lake St. ... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie (pronounced ) is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, which are among the largest in the world. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...

Contents

Geography

Tributaries

While primarily a lake outlet, the Detroit River does have a few tributaries of its own which drain 2,000 km² (772 mi²). These include the Rouge River, Ecorse River, Conner Creek and Marsh Creek in the U.S., and Turkey Creek, Little River and Canard River in Canada. The River Rouge, also known as the Rouge River, is a river in the Metro Detroit area of southeastern Michigan. ... The north branch at Council Point Park in Lincoln Park The Ecorse River is a minor river in southern Michigan. ...


Islands

Islands in the Detroit River include Peche Island, Belle Isle, Zug Island, Fighting Island, Grosse Ile, and Bois Blanc (also known as Boblo) Island. The islands of the lower Detroit River are part of the Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge. Aerial view, Peche Island, looking from Canada to Grosse Pointe, Michigan. ... Belle Isle refers to two different islands in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Zug Island is an island in the city of River Rouge at the southern boundary with Detroit in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Fighting Island is a 1,500 acre (6 km²) island in the Detroit River. ... Grosse Ile Township is a township in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Bois Blanc Island commonly called Boblo Island is about 2 miles (3 km) long and in the Canadian province of Ontario in the Detroit River directly west of Amherstburg, Ontario. ... The Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge is the only international wildlife refuge in North America. ...


History

Historical events concerning the Detroit River began with the arrival of the French voyageurs, the first non-natives to navigate the river and land on Detroit's shores. Canoes made of birch or elm bark were a common mode of travel across the river, although the pirogue and bateaux were also used. The coureurs des bois (runner of the woods ) or voyageurs (travellers) is the name given to the men who engaged in the fur trade directly with the Amerindians in North America from the time of New France up through the 19th century, when much of the continent was still mostly... A canoe is a relatively small boat, typically human-powered, but also commonly sailed. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Species See text. ... These are small flat hulled boats used primarily by the Cajuns of the Louisiana marsh to travel around. ... Bateau men poling the James River The James River Bateau was a shallow draft river craft used during the period from 1775 to 1840 to transport tobacco and other cargo on the James river and its tributaries in the state of Virginia. ...


The War of 1812 was partially fought along the Detroit River front, and by 1850, the census showed 21,019 people populated Detroit. Ferries, schooners and steamboats were found traveling along the river. Combatants United States Native Americans United Kingdom Canadian colonial forces Native Americans Native Canadians Commanders James Madison Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson Isaac Brock George Prevost Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:3 •Other... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The Pride of Rotterdam, One of the P&O Ferriess Flagships operating the Hull-Rotterdam Route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland This article is about the water vessel. ...


During the Civil War, the river was patrolled in case of a Confederate attack from the Canadian north. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert Edward Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (April 3–April 10, 1865) Largest city New Orleans...


As commerce grew, Detroit was becoming the busiest port in the world, and was dubbed "the Greatest Commercial Artery on Earth." 67,292,504 tonnage had passed through the Detroit River in 1907, compared with 18,727,230 through London, and 20,390,953 through New York City. Commerce is the trading of something of economic value such as goods, services, information or money between two or more entities. ... Tonnage is a measure of the size or cargo capacity of a ship. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ...


From 1919 to 1933, when Prohibition outlawed the manufacture, distribution and purchase of alcoholic beverages in the United States, the Detroit River, Lake St. Clair and the St. Clair River carried 75 percent of all liquor smuggled into the United States[1]. It was known as "The Detroit-Windsor Funnel". As industry grew, pollution resulted in some infamous fires on the river and its tributaries. 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Prohibition is any of several periods during which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... There are a number of lakes named Lake Saint Clair or Lake St Clair. ... The St. ... Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ...


Bridges and crossings

This is a list of bridges and other crossings of the Detroit River from Lake Erie upstream to Lake St. Clair. A log bridge in the French Alps near Vallorcine. ... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie (pronounced ) is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, which are among the largest in the world. ... There are a number of lakes named Lake Saint Clair or Lake St Clair. ...

Bridge Route Location Coordinates
Wayne County Bridge Trenton, Michigan and Grosse Ile Township, Michigan
Grosse Ile Toll Bridge Riverview, Michigan and Grosse Ile Township, Michigan
Ambassador Bridge I-96
Highway 3
Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario
Michigan Central Railway Tunnel Canadian Pacific Railway Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario
Detroit-Windsor Tunnel I-375
M-10
Highway 3B
Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario
MacArthur Bridge Detroit, Michigan and Belle Isle, Michigan
Downtown Detroit as seen from the Detroit river
Downtown Detroit as seen from the Detroit river

The Wayne County Bridge is a swing bridge that crosses the Trenton Channel of the Detroit River connecting Grosse Ile Township, Michigan to the mainland in Trenton, Michigan which is located in Wayne County, Michigan. ... Trenton is a 7. ... Grosse Ile Township is a township in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Grosse Ile Toll Bridge crosses the Trenton Strait of the Detroit River connecting the mainland of Wayne County, Michigan and Grosse Ile Township, Michigan. ... There is also a tiny, unincorporated community named Riverview in Newaygo County. ... Grosse Ile Township is a township in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Ambassador Bridge from the Canadian side of the Detroit River The Ambassador Bridge is a privately-owned suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan, in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario, in Canada. ... Image File history File links I-96. ... Interstate 96 (abbreviated I-96) is an intrastate Interstate highway entirely within the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Ontario Provincial Highway #3 is a provincially maintained highway in southwestern Ontario, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ... Nickname: The City of Roses Motto: Coordinates: Country Province County Canada Ontario Essex* Settled Incorporated 1748 1854 Mayor Governing Body Members of Parliament: Provincial Representatives: Eddie Francis Windsor City Council Joe Comartin (NDP) Brian Masse (NDP) Dwight Duncan (LIB) Sandra Pupatello (LIB) Area    - City 120. ... The Michigan Central Railway Tunnel is a railroad tunnel under the Detroit River connecting Detroit, Michigan, USA with Windsor, Ontario, Canada. ... Image File history File links Canadian Pacific Railway Herald Originally Image:1997CPRbeaver. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ... Nickname: The City of Roses Motto: Coordinates: Country Province County Canada Ontario Essex* Settled Incorporated 1748 1854 Mayor Governing Body Members of Parliament: Provincial Representatives: Eddie Francis Windsor City Council Joe Comartin (NDP) Brian Masse (NDP) Dwight Duncan (LIB) Sandra Pupatello (LIB) Area    - City 120. ... The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel connects Detroit, Michigan in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario in Canada. ... Image File history File links I-375. ... At only 1. ... Image File history File links M010. ... M-10 M-10, also known as the John C. Lodge Freeway, and Northwestern Highway. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ... Nickname: The City of Roses Motto: Coordinates: Country Province County Canada Ontario Essex* Settled Incorporated 1748 1854 Mayor Governing Body Members of Parliament: Provincial Representatives: Eddie Francis Windsor City Council Joe Comartin (NDP) Brian Masse (NDP) Dwight Duncan (LIB) Sandra Pupatello (LIB) Area    - City 120. ... The MacArthur Bridge is a bridge that spans the Detroit River between Detroit, Michigan and Belle Isle. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ... Belle Isle refers to two different islands in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ...

Modern uses

The Detroit River supplies the drinking water for over five million people. It was also designated an American Heritage River in 1998. A shipping channel for the Great Lakes Waterway system is maintained in the river. The river flows past the American towns of Detroit, River Rouge, Ecorse, Wyandotte, Grosse Ile, Riverview, Trenton, and Gibraltar and the Canadian towns of Windsor, LaSalle and Amherstburg. American Heritage Rivers are designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to receive special attention (coordinating efforts of multiple governmental entities) to further three objectives: natural resource and environmental protection, economic revitalization, and historic and cultural preservation. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Great Lakes Waterway is a system of channels and canals that makes all of the Great Lakes accessible to oceangoing vessels. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ... Industrial area along the riverfront of River Rouge River Rouge is a city located in Wayne County, Michigan. ... Ecorse is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Wyandotte is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Grosse Ile Township is a township in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... There is also a tiny, unincorporated community named Riverview in Newaygo County. ... Trenton is a 7. ... Nickname: The City of Roses Motto: Coordinates: Country Province County Canada Ontario Essex* Settled Incorporated 1748 1854 Mayor Governing Body Members of Parliament: Provincial Representatives: Eddie Francis Windsor City Council Joe Comartin (NDP) Brian Masse (NDP) Dwight Duncan (LIB) Sandra Pupatello (LIB) Area    - City 120. ... Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario County Essex Incorporated 1991 Mayor Mike Raymond Governing body LaSalle Town Council Member of Parliament Jeff Watson (CONS) Provincial Representative Bruce Crozier (LIB) Area    - City km²  - Land 65. ... Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario County Essex Mayor Wayne Hurst Governing body Amherstburg Town Council Member of Parliament Jeff Watson (CONS) Provincial Representative Bruce Crozier (LIB) Area    - City 185. ...


See also

The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Public beach on Lake St. ... This is a list of Michigan rivers. ... See also: Rivers in Canada Tributaries of Hudson Bay Rivers in Canada alphabetically Rivers of the Americas This is the list of rivers situated which flow through Ontario. ... United States Coast Guard Cutter Hollyhock passes the Renaissance Center. ... After poor management and inclement weather caused great losses in 2003, this festival no longer exists in its usual form on the Windsor side of the border. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Detroit - MSN Encarta (1899 words)
Detroit, the largest city in the state, is one of the nation’s leading industrial centers and one of the world’s leading corporation centers for the automobile industry.
Its official name, Detroit, comes from a French word that means “the narrow place.” The city is located at the narrowest point of the channel connecting the upper and lower regions of the vast Great Lakes water system.
Detroit's outlying areas grew much faster than the inner city and by the mid-1960s had twice the population of Detroit proper.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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