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Encyclopedia > Desktop publishing
Adobe InDesign CS2, one of many popular desktop publishing applications.
Adobe InDesign CS2, one of many popular desktop publishing applications.

Desktop publishing (also known as DTP) combines a personal computer and page layout software to create publication documents on a computer for either large scale publishing or small scale local economical multifunction peripheral output and distribution. Users create page layouts with text, graphics, photos and other visual elements using software such as QuarkXPress, Adobe InDesign, the free Scribus, Microsoft Publisher, or Apple Pages. For small jobs a few copies of a publication might be printed on a local printer. For larger jobs a computer file can be sent to a vendor for high-volume printing. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x819, 125 KB) Summary (C) Adobe Systems Incorporated - Screenshot of Adobe InDesign CS2 Licensing This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x819, 125 KB) Summary (C) Adobe Systems Incorporated - Screenshot of Adobe InDesign CS2 Licensing This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... To publish is to make publicly known, and in reference to text and images, it can mean distributing paper copies to the public, or putting the content on a website. ... A document is a writing that contains information. ... This article is concerned with the production of books, magazines, and other literary material (whether in printed or electronic formats). ... An MFP (Multi Function Printer/Product/Peripheral), multifunctional, all-in-one (AiO), or mopier (Multiple Optical coPIER) or Multifunction Device (MFD), is an office machine that includes the following functionality in one physical body, so as to have a smaller footprint in a home or small-business setting (the SoHo... Photography is the process of making pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a sensor or film. ... QuarkXPress is a page layout application for Mac OS X and Windows, produced by Quark, Inc. ... Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing (DTP) application produced by Adobe Systems. ... Scribus is a free, open source desktop publishing (DTP) application. ... Microsoft Publisher is a desktop publishing application from Microsoft. ... For the Bering Strait album, see Pages (album). ...



The term "desktop publishing" is commonly used to describe page layout skills. However, the skills and software are not limited to paper and books. The same skills and software are often used to create graphics for point of sale displays, promotional items, trade show exhibits, retail package designs, and outdoor signs. Desktop publishing, or DTP, is the process of editing and layout of printed material intended for publication, such as books, magazines, brochures, and the like using a personal computer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Advertising Specialties be merged into this article or section. ... The 2006 LinuxWorld trade show at the Boston Convention and Exposition Center. ... Packaging is the enclosing of a physical object, typically a product that will be offered for sale. ... Out-of-home advertising (also referred to as OOH) is essentially all type of advertising that reaches the consumer while he or she is outside the home. ...


Desktop publishing began in 1985 with the introduction of PageMaker software from Aldus and the LaserWriter printer from Apple Computer for the Apple Macintosh computer. The ability to create WYSIWYG page layouts on screen and then print pages at crisp 300 dpi resolution was revolutionary for both the typesetting industry as well as the personal computer industry. The term "desktop publishing" is attributed to Aldus Corporation founder Paul Brainerd, who sought a marketing catch-phrase to describe the small size and relative affordability of this suite of products in contrast to the expensive commercial phototypesetting equipment of the day. PageMaker was the first desktop publishing program, introduced in 1985 by Aldus Corporation, initially for the Apple Macintosh but soon after also for the PC. It relies on Adobe Systems PostScript page description language. ... Aldus Corporation (named after the 15th-century Venetian printer Aldus Manutius) was the inventor of the groundbreaking PageMaker software for the Apple Macintosh, a program that is generally credited with creating the desktop publishing (DTP) field. ... The Apple LaserWriter was one of the first laser printers available to the mass market. ... Apple Inc. ... The first Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, upgraded to a 512K Fat Mac. The Macintosh or Mac, is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. ... WYSIWYG (IPA Pronunciation [] or []), is an acronym for What You See Is What You Get, used in computing to describe a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. ... For other articles which might have the same name, see Print (disambiguation). ... Dots per inch (DPI) is a measure of printing resolution, in particular the number of individual dots of ink a printer or toner can produce within a linear one-inch space. ... Aldus Corporation (named after the 15th-century Venetian printer Aldus Manutius) was the inventor of the groundbreaking PageMaker software for the Apple Macintosh, a program that is generally credited with creating the desktop publishing (DTP) field. ... Born in 1947 to Phil and VerNatta Brainerd of Medford, Oregon, Paul attended the University of Oregon where he was the editor for the schools paper, the Oregon Daily Emerald. ... Phototypesetting is a method of setting type with light (photo). ...


Often considered a primary skill, increased accessibility to more user-friendly DTP software has made DTP a secondary skill to art direction, graphic design, multimedia development, marketing communications, administrative careers and advanced high school literacy in thriving economies. DTP skill levels range from what may be learned in a few hours (e.g. learning how to put clip art in a word processor) to what requires a college education and years of experience (e.g. advertising agency positions.) The discipline of DTP skills range from technical skills such as prepress production and programming to creative skills such as communication design and graphic image development. The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... Saul Basss poster for the film The Man with the Golden Arm - a highly regarded work of graphic design. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Marketing communication (or marcom) consists of the messages and related media used to communicate with a market. ... Organisational use In some organisational analyses, administration can refer to the bureaucratic or operational performance of mundane office tasks, usually internally oriented. ... An advertising agency or ad agency is a service business dedicated to creating, planning and handling advertising (and sometimes other forms of promotion) for its clients. ... Prepress. ... Computer programming (often simply programming) is the craft of implementing one or more interrelated abstract algorithms using a particular programming language to produce a concrete computer program. ... Communication design is a sub-discipline of design (sometimes referred to as Graphic Design) which is concerned with how media intermission such as, print and digital pieces of work communicate with people in a visual way. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Contents

Early systems

By the standards of today, early desktop publishing was a primitive affair. Users of the PageMaker-LaserWriter-Macintosh 512K system endured frequent software crashes, the Mac's tiny 512 x 342 1-bit black and white screen, the inability to control letter spacing, kerning (the addition or removal of space between individual characters in a piece of typeset text to improve its appearance or alter its fit) and other typographic features, and discrepancies between the screen display and printed output. However, for that moment in time, it was received with considerable acclaim. In typography, tracking is the process of uniformly increasing or decreasing the space between all glyphs (letters) in a block of text. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Behind-the-scenes technologies developed by Adobe Systems set the foundation for professional desktop publishing applications. The LaserWriter and LaserWriter Plus printers included high quality, scalable Adobe fonts built into their ROM memory. The LaserWriter's additional PostScript capability allowed publication designers to proof files on a local printer then print the same file at DTP service bureaus using optical resolution 600+ ppi PostScript-printers such as those from Linotronic. Later, the Macintosh II was released which was much more suitable for desktop publishing because of its larger, color screen. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Read-only memory (often referred to as its acronym ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... Table of Opticks, 1728 Cyclopaedia Optics ( appearance or look in ancient Greek) is a branch of physics that describes the behavior and properties of light and the interaction of light with matter. ... The Linotronic imagesetters are a now common type of high-quality printer, capable of printing at resolutions of up to 2540 dots per inch. ... Macintosh II was the first personal computer model of the Macintosh II series in the Apple Macintosh line. ...


In 1986, the GEM-based Ventura Publisher was introduced for MS-DOS computers. While PageMaker's pasteboard metaphor closely simulated the process of creating layouts manually, Ventura Publisher automated the layout process through its use of tags/style sheets and automatically generated indices and other body matter. This made it suitable for manuals and other long-format documents. Desktop publishing moved into the home market in 1986 with Professional Page for the Amiga, Publishing Partner for the Atari ST, GST's Timeworks Publisher on the PC and Atari ST, Calamus for the Atari TT030, and even Home Publisher, Newsroom, and GEOPublish for 8-bit computers like the Apple II and Commodore 64. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... GEM (Graphical Environment Manager) was a windowing system created by Digital Research, Inc. ... Ventura Publisher was the first popular desktop publishing package for IBM PC compatible computers running DOS. The software was originally developed by Ventura Software, a small company founded by John Meyer, Don Heiskel and Lee Jay Lorentzen. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... A Style sheet is a form of separation of presentation and content in desktop publishing programs that store and apply formatting to text. ... The original Amiga 1000 (1985) with various peripherals The Amiga is a family of home/personal computers originally developed by Amiga Corporation as an advanced home entertainment and productivity machine. ... ... The Atari 520ST Atari 1040STF with SC1224 color monitor The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ... Timeworks Publisher was a DTP program produced by GST in the United Kingdom. ... The Atari TT030 was the fastest system that Atari ever built. ... The Apple II was one of the most popular personal computers of the 1980s. ... The Commodore 64 is the best-selling single personal computer model of all time. ...


During these early years, desktop publishing acquired a bad reputation from untrained users who created poorly-organized ransom note effect layouts — criticisms that would be levied again against early web publishers a decade later. However, some were able to realize truly professional results. For example, .info (magazine) became the very first desktop-published, full-color, newsstand magazine in the last quarter of 1986, using a combination of Commodore Amiga computers, Professional Page desktop publishing software, and an Agfagraphics typesetter[1]. In typography, the ransom note effect is the result of using too many different typefaces in a publication. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (or the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents that runs over the Internet. ... .info (originally INFO=64) was a computer magazine covering Commodore 8-bit computers and later the Amiga. ...


Mature systems

The improved typographic controls and image handling of PC and Mac-based publishing systems increasingly attracted the attention of professional publishers. The turning point was the introduction of Quark XPress in the 1990s and an ever increasing number of digital typefaces. Xpress became dominant in the publishing world until the early 2000s when Adobe InDesign grew in popularity for its powerful typographic controls and integration with other Adobe publishing products, especially those which were predominant within the design, photography, publishing, printing, and digital media industries. QuarkXPress is a desktop publishing (page layout) application for Mac OS and Windows, produced by Quark, Inc. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing (DTP) application produced by Adobe Systems. ...


By the late 1990s, virtually all publishing had become "desktop publishing." The superior flexibility and speed of desktop publishing systems has greatly reduced the lead time for all forms of publication and accommodates elaborate designs and layouts that were unfathomable in the decades before DTP. Database publishing has further reduced the time required to develop thick manuals and catalog publications. Database Publishing is a term used in the area of automated mediaproduction to indicate tecniques to automatically make up publications starting from data residing in traditional databases. ...


Desktop publishing helped condition a generation of personal computer users to be on the lookout for "the next big thing." In the late 1980s, developers hopefully applied the "desktop" prefix to potential new markets like "desktop presentations," "desktop forms" and "desktop video." All of these markets proved to be important (see PowerPoint, Adobe Acrobat, and miniDV for example), especially desktop video editing. Many cinema length movies are now edited on Apple's Final Cut Pro software on a desktop computer, replacing equipment and software that would have cost upwards of a hundred thousand dollars in the 1980s. Wikibooks has more about this subject: Powerpoint Microsoft Office PowerPoint is a ubiquitous presentation program developed for the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS computer operating systems. ... Adobe Acrobat was the first software to support Adobe Systems Portable Document Format (PDF). ... A MiniDV tape Digital Video (DV) is a video format launched in 1996, and, in its smaller tape form factor MiniDV, has since become one of the standards for consumer and semiprofessional video production. ... Final Cut Pro is a professional non-linear editing system created by Apple Inc. ...


Comparisons with word processing

While desktop publishing software still provides extensive features necessary for print publishing, modern word processors now have publishing capabilities beyond those of many older DTP applications, blurring the line between word processing and desktop publishing.


In the early days of graphical user interfaces, DTP software was in a class of its own when compared to the fairly spartan word processing applications of the time. Programs such as WordPerfect and WordStar were still mainly text-based and offered little in the way of page layout, other than perhaps margins and line spacing. On the other hand, word processing software was necessary for features like indexing and spell checking, features that are today taken for granted. GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... WordStar was a word processor application, published by MicroPro, originally written for the CP/M operating system but later ported to DOS, that enjoyed a dominant market share during the early-to-mid-1980s. ...


As computers and operating systems have become more powerful, vendors have sought to provide users with a single application platform that can meet all needs. Software such as Microsoft Word offers advanced layouts and linking between documents, and DTP applications have added in common word processor features. Microsoft Word is a word processing application from Microsoft. ...


Comparisons with other electronic layout

In modern usage, DTP is not generally said to include tools such as TeX or troff, though both can easily be used on a modern desktop system and are standard with many Unix-like operating systems and readily available for other systems. The key difference between electronic typesetting software and DTP software is that DTP software is generally interactive and WYSIWYG in design, while older electronic typesetting software tends to operate in batch mode, requiring the user to enter the processing program's markup language manually without a direct visualization of the finished product. The older style of typesetting software occupies a substantial but shrinking niche in technical writing and textbook publication; however, since much software in this genre is freely available, it can be more cost-effective than the professionally-oriented DTP systems. TeX (IPA: as in Greek, often in English; written with a lowercase e in imitation of the logo) is a typesetting system created by Donald Knuth. ... Troff is a document processing system developed by AT&T for the Unix operating system. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... WYSIWYG (IPA Pronunciation [] or []), is an acronym for What You See Is What You Get, used in computing to describe a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. ... Batch processing is the sequential execution of a series of programs (jobs) on a computer. ...


There is some overlap between desktop publishing and what is known as Hypermedia publishing (i.e. Web design, Kiosk, CD-ROM). Many graphical HTML editors such as Microsoft FrontPage and Dreamweaver use a layout engine similar to a DTP program. However, some Web designers still prefer to write HTML without the assistance of a WYSIWIG editor and resort to such software, if at all, solely for complex layout that cannot easily be rendered in hand-written HTML code. Hypermedia is a term used as a logical extension of the term hypertext, in which audio, video, plain text, and non-linear hyperlinks intertwine to create a generally non-linear medium of information. ... Microsoft FrontPage (later full name Microsoft Office FrontPage) was a WYSIWYG HTML editor and web site administration tool from Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. ... Macromedia Dreamweaver is a web design software application developed by Macromedia. ...


See also

The following is a list of desktop publishing software. ... Database Publishing is a term used in the area of automated mediaproduction to indicate tecniques to automatically make up publications starting from data residing in traditional databases. ... An eBook (also: e-book, ebook) is an electronic (or digital) version of a book. ... Saul Basss poster for the film The Man with the Golden Arm - a highly regarded work of graphic design. ... For other articles which might have the same name, see Print (disambiguation). ... This article is concerned with the production of books, magazines, and other literary material (whether in printed or electronic formats). ... A web template system is a kind of View subsystem in a Model-View-Controller (MVC or similar) design pattern to separate presentation from content, on dynamic web page production. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Word processing, in its now-usual meaning, is the use of a word processor to create documents using computers. ...

External links

  • EServer TC Library: Document Design
  • Templates for Desktop Publishing


  Results from FactBites:
 
Open Directory - Computers: Desktop Publishing (712 words)
Daddy Desktop - Creative help for in-house desktop publishers, junior designers, and marketing executives, who will benefit from creative advice from a national award-winning professional art director and graphic designer.
Desktop Publishing and Graphic Design- Articles and Consulting - Desktop publishing, graphic design and SEO Articles.
Desktop Publishing Links - Links to many desktop publishing resources including books, magazines and websites about popular publishing applications.
Desktop publishers (1925 words)
Desktop publishers use a keyboard to enter and select formatting properties, such as the size and style of type, column width, and spacing, and store them in the computer, which then displays and arranges columns of type on a video display terminal or computer monitor.
Desktop publishers use scanners to capture photographs, images, or art as digital data that can be either incorporated directly into electronic page layouts or further manipulated with the use of computer software.
Desktop publishers often are subject to stress and the pressures of short deadlines and tight work schedules.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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