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Encyclopedia > Descender
The descenders are the parts of the characters that lie below the baseline.

In typography, a descender is the portion of a letter in a Latin-derived alphabet that extends below the baseline of a font. Image File history File links Typography_Line_Terms. ... Image File history File links Typography_Line_Terms. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In typography, a grapheme is the atomic unit in written language. ... In typography and penmanship, the baseline is the line upon which most letters sit and under which descenders extend. ... â€œFontâ€ redirects here. ...

For example, in the letter y, the descender would be the "tail," or that portion of the diagonal line which lies below the v created by the two lines converging. A diagonal can refer to a line joining two nonadjacent vertices of a polygon or polyhedron, or in contexts any upward or downward sloping line. ...

In most fonts, descenders are reserved for lowercase characters such as g, p, and y. Some fonts, however, also use descenders for some numerals (typically 3, 4, 5, 7, and 9). Such numerals are called old-style numerals. (Some italic fonts, such as Computer Modern italic, put a descender on the numeral 4 but not on any other numerals. Such fonts are not considered old-style.) Some fonts also use descenders for the tails on a few uppercase letters such as J and Q. Minuscule, or lower case, is the smaller form (case) of letters (in the Roman alphabet: a, b, c, ...). Originally alphabets were written entirely in majuscule (capital) letters which were spaced between well-defined upper and lower bounds. ... A numeral is a symbol or group of symbols that represents a number. ... Hoefler Text, a contemporary font, uses text figures. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sample text in Computer Modern Computer Modern is the family of typefaces used by default by the typesetting program TeX. It was created by Donald Knuth with his METAFONT program, and was most recently updated in 1992. ...

The parts of characters that extend above the x-height of a font are called ascenders. In typography, the x-height or corpus size refers to the height of the lowercase letter x in any font, which is usually the same for a, c, e, m, n, o, r, s, u, v, w, and z. ... The ascenders are the parts of the characters that lie above the midline, highlighted in red. ...

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