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Encyclopedia > Des Plaines, Illinois
Des Plaines, Illinois
Location within the Chicago metropolitan area. The Chicago metropolitan area.
Incorporated City in 1925.
County; State Cook; Illinois
Township Maine
Government {{{gov}}}
Mayor Tony Arredia
Population (2000) 58,720 (up 10.33% from 1990)
Pop. density 1,572.3/km² (4,071.2/mi²)
Zip code(s) 60016, 60017, 60018, 60019
Area code 847 & 224
Land area 37.3 km² (14.4 mi²)
Income Per capita:   $24,146
Household: $53,638
Home value Mean:    $180,168 (2000)
Median: $174,800
Website desplaines.org
Demographics (Full data)
White Black Hispanic Asian Islander Native Other
84.44% 1.01% 14.01% 7.65% 0.02% 0.26% 4.64%

Des Plaines (pronounced IPA [dɛsˈpleɪnz]) is a city in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It has adopted the official nickname of "City of Destiny." As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 58,720. It is a suburb of Chicago, and is adjacent to O'Hare International Airport. The Des Plaines River runs through the city, just east of its downtown area. Des Plaines is a very economically diverse city, with home values ranging from $30,000 to more than $1,000,000[citation needed]. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x674, 9 KB)Location of Des Plaines in Chicagoland. ... Image File history File links Chicagoland_Map. ... The Chicago metropolitan area is the metropolitan area associated with the city of Chicago in the United States. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Cook County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... A civil township is a widely-used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. ... Maine Township is located in Cook County, Illinois. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The percent sign. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Mr. ... The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is an integrated telephone numbering plan of 24 countries and territories: the United States and its territories, Canada, Bermuda, and 16 Caribbean nations. ... Both area code 847 and area code 224 are part of an overlay plan that covers most of Lake County, the northern part of Cook County, the northern part of Kane County, and a small part of McHenry County in Illinois. ... Income, generally defined, is the money that is received as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or a business. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... The median household income is commonly used to provide data about geographic areas and divides households into two equal segments with the first half of households earning less than the median household income and the other half earning more. ... A real estate appraisal is a service performed, by an appraiser, that develops an opinion of value based upon the highest and best use of real property. ... In mathematics, an average or central tendency of a set (list) of data refers to a measure of the middle of the data set. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... In probability theory and statistics, a median is a number dividing the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution from the lower half. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Demographics refers to selected population characteristics as used in government, marketing or opinion research, or the demographic profiles used in such research. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Cook County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Nickname: Motto: “Urbs in Horto” (Latin: “City in a Garden”), “I Will” Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country United States State Illinois Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Chicago OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

Contents

Geography

Des Plaines is located at 42°2′2″N, 87°53′59″W (42.033848, -87.899786).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.6 km² (14.5 mi²). Of this, 37.3 km² (14.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.76%) is water. Des Plaines is traversed by two interstate highways - I-90 Northwest Tollway and I-294 Tri-State Tollway. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... Interstate 90 is the longest interstate highway in the United States. ... The Northwest Tollway in Illinois is a 79 mile (127 km) segment of Interstate 90 from Interstate 190 in far northwest Chicago to Illinois State Route 75, one mile south of the Wisconsin state line. ... Interstate 294 (abbreviated I-294) is part of the Tri-State Tollway in Illinois. ... The Tri-State Tollway is a U.S. toll road maintained by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority in northeastern Illinois. ...


Des Plaines is named for the Des Plaines River, which flows through it. The name is French, "of the plains".


Portions of Des Plaines are underlain by the "Des Plaines Disturbance", an area in which the layers of sedimentary rock are highly abnormal. This probably represents an ancient meteor crater. The bedrock was highly fractured by the impact, with large blocks of sediment upended. The crater was eventually filled by glacial activity, so that no trace now remains on the surface.


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 58,720 people, 22,362 households, and 15,071 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,572.3/km² (4,071.2/mi²). There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 611.8/km² (1,584.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.44% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 7.65% Asian / Asian American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.64% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 14.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


Biggest ancestries: German (21.5%), Polish (18.2%), Irish (13.8%), Italian (10.6%), English (5.2%), Swedish (3.3%).


There are 22,362 households, out of which 29.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.21. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $53,638, and the median income for a family was $65,806. Males had a median income of $42,241 versus $30,885 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,146. About 3.0% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Des Plaines is served by elementary and middle school Districts 59 and 62 as well as high school District 207 Maine West High School and District 214 Elk Grove High School. Both high schools have received national recognition. Private schools include the Science and Arts Academy, St. Zachary School, and Our Lady of Destiny, created after the merging of St. Stephen's and St. Mary's Catholic schools. Maine West High School, or MWHS, is a public four-year high school located in Des Plaines, Illinois, a north-west suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. ... Elk Grove, California ...


Landmarks / History

An item of note about Des Plaines is that it is the home of the first McDonald's restaurant to be franchised by Ray Kroc, which is now closed and converted to a museum (see photo). McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

A large ancient meteor impact crater lies 75 to 200 feet below the town. Des Plaines Public Library is a public library in Des Plaines, Illinois. ... Oakton Community College is a two-year community college with campuses in Skokie, Illinois and Des Plaines, Illinois. ... Lake Opeka is a small, 40 acre (162,000 m²) lake in Des Plaines, Illinois , with an 18 hole par-3 golf course on its Western shore. ... The McDonalds Museum is located near the site of the former McDonalds restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois opened by Ray Kroc in 1955, which the company usually refers to as The Original McDonalds. ... Des Plaines is a meteor crater in Illinois, United States. ...


Mayors

  • 1957-1976 - Herbert Behrel
  • 1977-1981 - Hebert Volberding
  • 1981-1989 - John Seitz
  • 1989-1993 - Michael Albrecht
  • 1993-1997 - Ted Sherwood
  • 1997-1999 - Paul Jung (died October 24, 1999)
  • 1999 - Tom Christiansen (mayor pro tem)
  • 1999-present - Tony Arredia

October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...

Pop Culture

  • Serial killer John Wayne Gacy lived on Summerdale Avenue in an unincorporated area surrounded by Northwest Chicago. It was the abduction and murder of 15-year-old Rob Piest of Des Plaines that finally led to Gacy's capture. Des Plaines City detectives tracked Gacy down, as the 30-40 previous victims were investigated by Chicago and other detectives that mainly wrote off the disappearances as "runaways" and closed the files.
  • The majority of the hit 1985 film The Breakfast Club was filmed at the now-defunct Maine North High School located in unincorporated Des Plaines. The final scene was not filmed at the nearby Maine West High School football field which is what many people believe. The final scene was actually filmed and nearby GBN. This is one if the most common mistakes made about the end of The Breakfast Club.
  • Des Plaines, during the 1940s and 50's,was home to many huge greenhouse complexes and was the world's largest producer of hothouse roses. The city's vehicle stickers sported a large "American Beauty" rose, and the city's logo was "City of Roses". (Replaced in the 1960s by "City of Destiny".)
  • Des Plaines is featured in an episode called L.D.S.K from the TV series Criminal Minds. A sniper (or as called on the show a Long Distance Serial Killer) starts shooting people in Franklin Park. The main characters on the show think the killer is a Des Plaines cop, which is eventually found out to be not true.

This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Left Behind is a series of novels by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins, dealing with Christian dispensationalist End Times: pretribulation, premillennial, Christian eschatology viewpoint of the end of the world. ... The American Girls Collection is a brand of dolls and other items of girls interest. ... The Breakfast Club is a 1985 teen film widely considered a definitive work in the genre. ... Maine North High School is a closed high school in Des Plaines, Illinois that was used in the 1980s as a filming location by motion picture director John Hughes. ... Criminal Minds is a crime drama that premiered on CBS on September 22, 2005. ...

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