FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Dervishes" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Dervishes

The word Dervish, especially in European languages, refers to members of Sufi Muslim ascetic religious fraternities, known for their extreme poverty and austerity, similar to mendicant friars.


The term comes from the Persian word Darvish (درویش), which usually refers to a mendicant ascetic. This latter word is also used to refer to an unflappable or ascetic temperament (as in the Urdu phrase darwaishana thabiyath for an ascetic temperament); that is, for an attitude that is indifferent to material possesions and the like.


As Sufi practitioners, dervishes were known as source of wisdom, medicine, poetry, enlightment, and witticisms. For example, Mollah Nasr-ad-Din (Mulla Nasrudin, Hoja Nasrudin) had become a legend in the Near East and the Indian subcontinent (and not only Muslims).


Religious practice

Many of the dervishes are mendicant ascetics who have taken the vow of poverty. Though some of them are beggars by choice, others work in common professions; Egyptian Qadirites, for example, are fishermen.


There are also various dervish fraternities Sufi orders, almost all of whom who trace their origins from various Muslim saints and teachers, especially Ali and Abu Bakr. They live in monastic conditions, superficially similar to Christian monk fraternities. Various sects and subsects have appeared and disappeared over the centuries.


Whirling dance, which is the practice of the Mevlevi sect in Turkey, is just one of the physical methods to try to reach religious ecstasy (majdhb, fana) and connection with Allah. Rifgites, also called the howling dervishes, cut themselves with knives, handle red-hot iron and eat hot coals or live serpents, depending on the subsect. Other groups include the Bektashis, connected to the janissaries, and Senussi, who are rather orthodox in their beliefs. Other fraternities and subgroups chant verses of Koran, play drums or dance vigorously in groups, all according to their specific traditions. Some practise quiet meditation, as is the case with most of the Sufi orders in South Asia, a lot of them owing allegiance or being influenced by the Chishti order. Each fraternity uses its own garb and methods of acceptance and initiation, some of them which may be rather severe.


Whirling dervish dances have also become a tourist attraction, partiularly in Turkey, home of the Mevlevi order, and some are organized solely for that purpose.


Historical and political use

Note that various historical western writers have sometimes used the term dervish rather loosely, linking it to, among other things, Mahdist uprising in Sudan and other rebellions against colonial powers.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Annael's Lived-in Bottle: 2nd Edition AD&D Dervish (2088 words)
The Dervish is a warrior subclass concerned with the preservation of the Baklunish tenets of society.
A Dervish is a religious, scholarly person, who studies and meditates in an effort to approach holiness and approval in the eyes of the god, Al-Akbar.
The Dervish comes from a culture with a history of being nomadic, and are trained in their fighting skills with an emphasis on speed rather than strength.
Dervish - LoveToKnow 1911 (1804 words)
With important differences, the dervish fraternities may be compared to the regular religious orders of Roman Christendom, while the Ulema are, also with important differences, like the secular clergy.
There are also the performances of the Rifa`ites or "howling dervishes." In ecstasy they cut themselves with knives, eat live coals and glass, handle red-hot iron and devour serpents.
When a dervish is in a state of ecstasy (majdhub), he is supposed to be unconscious of the actions of his body.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m