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Encyclopedia > Dermatoglyphics

Dermatoglyphics (from ancient Greek derma = "skin", glyph = "carving") is the scientific study of fingerprints. The term was coined by Dr. Harold Cummins, the father of fingerprint analysis. Note: This article contains special characters. ... These are the astrological glyphs as most commonly used in Western Astrology A glyph is a specific symbol representing a semantic or phonetic unit of definitive value in a writing system. ... A fingerprint is an impression normally made by ink or contaminates transferred from the peaks of friction skin ridges to a relatively smooth surface such as a fingerprint card. ...


Discussion

All primates have ridged skin, and it can also be found on the paws of certain mammals and on the tails of some monkey species. In humans, dermatoglyphs are present on fingers, palms, toes, and soles, and give insight into a critical period of embryogenesis, between 4 weeks and 5 months, when the architecture of the major organ systems is developing. Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo is formed and develops. ...


Unusual dermatoglyphic patterns often relate to genetic disorders [citation needed]:

Klinefelters syndrome is a condition caused by a chromosome nondisjunction in males; affected individuals have a pair of X sex chromosomes instead of just one, and is associated with additional risk for some medical conditions. ... Patau syndrome, also known as Trisomy 13, is a chromosomal aberration, a disease in which a patient has an additional chromosome 13. ... Trisomy 18 or Edwards Syndrome (named after John H. Edwards) is a genetic disorder. ... Cri du chat syndrome, also called deletion 5p syndrome, or 5p minus, is a rare genetic disorder due to a missing portion of chromosome 5. ...

Links

  • The American Dermatoglyphics Association [1]

  Results from FactBites:
 
MEDLINE Search on Medscape.com (395 words)
[Dermatoglyphics and body composition in obstructive sleep apnea]The aim of this study is to describe the anthropometrics and dermatoglyphics features among OSAS carriers.
Dermatoglyphics and Schizophrenia: a meta-analysis and investigation of the impact of obstetric complications upon a-b ridge count.
Dermatoglyphic fingerprint heterogeneity among individuals with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate and their unaffected relatives in China and the Philippines.
Dermatoglyphics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (253 words)
Dermatoglyphics (from ancient Greek derma = "skin", glyph = "carving") is the scientific study of fingerprints.
In humans, dermatoglyphs are present on fingers, palms, toes, and soles, and give insight into a critical period of embryogenesis, between 4 weeks and 5 months, when the architecture of the major organ systems is developing.
Dermatoglyphics and uncopyrightable are the longest English words with no repeated letters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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