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Encyclopedia > Dereivka

Coordinates: 48°54′53″N, 33°46′52″E Dereivka is a site associated with the Sredny Stog culture dating ca. 4500—3500 BC of the middle Dnieper region. Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The Sredny Stog culture dates from 4500-3500 BC. It was situated just north of the Sea of Azov betweeen the Dnieper and the Don. ... This article is about the river. ...


Note: Since this name does not exist in the region, Mallory must mean Deryevka near Dniprodzerzhynsk(see discussion). Dniprodzerzhynsk (Ukrainian: Дніпродзержинськ, Dniprodzerzhynsk; Russian: Днепродзержинск, formerly Kamenskoye) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, a port on the Dnieper river. ...


This site is known primarily for its status as a site (and perhaps as the site) of early horse domestication. Radiocarbon dates of the most famous horse head, however, have been disappointing, due to contamination of the evidence (they range from the late 3rd millennium BCE to the early 1rst millennium BCE). Since the rest of the site is securely dated, the earlier of these conflicting radiocarbon dates is compatible with a timeframe several hundred years older.


Of interest is some apparently equivocal evidence for fenced houses. Two cemeteries are associated, one from the earlier Dnieper-Donets culture and one from the aforementioned Sredny Stog culture. The Dnieper-Donets culture (marked orange) in the context of early 4th millennium Europe. ...


As a part of the Sredny Stog complex, it is considered to be very early Indo-European, and probably, Proto-Indo-European, within the traditional context of the Kurgan hypothesis of Marija Gimbutas, though Sredny Stog is itself pre-kurgan as to burial rite. Indo-Europeans are speakers of Indo-European languages. ... The Proto-Indo-Europeans are the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language, a prehistoric people of the Chalcolithic and early Bronze Age. ... Sarmatian Kurgan 4th c. ... Marija Gimbutas by Kerbstone 52, at the back of Newgrange, Co. ...


See also

There are a number of theories regarding the domestication of the horse. ...

Sources

  • J. P. Mallory, "Dereivka", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Domestication of the horse - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (2648 words)
Sites include Dereivka, a Ukrainian settlement site (circa 4500–3500 BC), and sites identified as the Botai culture, dated 3500–3000 BC in the northern steppes of Kazakhstan, east of the Ishim River.
Not all molars at the sites showed bit wear: one theory argues that the horses with bit wear were cult animals and were kept as objects of veneration.
The bit wear at Dereivka is the earliest evidence for the use of horses as transport animals anywhere in the world.
Book Reivew (3173 words)
Indicating that the Dereivka horse domestication is flawed because of the same methodological inadequacies of "false-direct," Levine reconsiders the "Dereivka Myth," and concludes that the hypothesis that horse domestication spread from west to east, i.e., from Dereivka to Botai, is erroneous.
She concludes that the Dereivka horses, because of the small settlement size, the faunal assemblage, and the age and sex of the animals when killed, belong to her Stalking Model.
The rise of the archaic Kvityana (south of the Dereivka culture along the Dnieper), according to Rassamakin, was influenced by Sredny Stog II as noted in pottery compositional and technical parallels.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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