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Encyclopedia > Der Blaue Reiter
Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac.
Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac.

Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) was a group of artists secessioning in Munich, Germany in 1911, from the Neue Künstlervereinigung München. Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, August Macke, Alexej von Jawlensky, Marianne von Werefkin, Lyonel Feininger and others founded the group in response to the rejection of Kandinsky's painting Last Judgement from an exhibition by —another artists' group of which Kandinsky had been a member. Der Blaue Reiter lacked a central artistic manifesto, and was centred around Kandinsky and Marc. Artists Gabriele Münter and Paul Klee were also involved. Der Blaue Reiter was one of two groups of German painters fundamental to Expressionism, the other being Die Brücke, formed in Dresden in 1905. Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac. ... Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac. ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria (German: ). Munich is Germanys third largest city and one of Europes most prosperous and expensive. ... The Neue Künstlervereinigung München, abbreviated NKVM, (German:Munich New Artists Association) formed in 1909 in Munich. ... Wassily Kandinsky Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16, 1866 [O.S. December 4] – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. ... August Macke. ... August Macke. ... Artists in Munich 1914: (from left) Alexej von Jawlensky, Clotilde von Derp, Marianne von Werefkin, Alexander Sacharoff Alexej Georgewitsch von Jawlensky (?March 13, 1864 – March 15, 1941) was a Russian expressionist painter active in Germany. ... Image:Jawlensky-Derp-Werefkin. ... Lyonel Charles Feininger (July 17, 1871 - January 13, 1956); was a German-American painter and caricaturist. ... Gabriele Münter was a German painter who lived from 1877 to 1962. ... Paul Klee (IPA: ) (December 18, 1879 to June 29, 1940) was a Swiss painter of German nationality. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905. ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ...

Kandinsky's Der Blaue Reiter (1903).
Kandinsky's Der Blaue Reiter (1903).

The name Der Blaue Reiter derived from Marc's enthusiasm for horses, and from Kandinsky's love of the colour blue. For Kandinsky, blue is the colour of spirituality—the darker the blue, the more it awakens human desire for the eternal (see his 1911 book On the Spiritual in Art). Kandinsky had also titled a painting Der Blaue Reiter (see illustration) in 1903. Image File history File links Kandinsky-Blue_Rider. ... Image File history File links Kandinsky-Blue_Rider. ...


Within the group, artistic approaches and aims varied from artist to artist; however, the artists shared a common desire to express spiritual truths through their art. They believed in the promotion of modern art; the connection between visual art and music; the spiritual and symbolic associations of colour; and a spontaneous, intuitive approach to painting. Members were interested in European medieval art and primitivism, as well as the contemporary, non-figurative art scene in France. As a result of their encounters with cubist and Rayonist ideas, they moved towards abstraction. Byzantine monumental Church mosaics are a crowning glory of Medieval Art. ... Primitivism is an artistic movement that looks to early human history and non-Western or childrens art for inspiration and makes use of themes or stylistic elements from prehistory and tribal cultures. ... It has been suggested that Analytic cubism, Synthetic cubism be merged into this article or section. ... Mikhail Larionov Red Rayonism 1913 Rayonism (or Rayonnism) is a style of abstract art that developed in Russia in 1911. ...


Der Blaue Reiter organized exhibitions in 1911 and 1912 that toured Germany. They also published an almanac featuring contemporary, primitive and folk art, along with children's paintings. In 1913 they exhibited in the first German Herbstsalon.


The group was disrupted by the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. Franz Marc and August Macke were killed in combat. Wassily Kandinsky, Marianne von Werefkin and Alexej von Jawlensky were forced to move back to Russia because of their Russian citizenship. There were also differences in opinions within the group. As a result, Der Blaue Reiter was short-lived, lasting for three years from 1911 to 1914. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... August Macke. ... August Macke. ... Wassily Kandinsky Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16, 1866 [O.S. December 4] – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. ... Image:Jawlensky-Derp-Werefkin. ... Artists in Munich 1914: (from left) Alexej von Jawlensky, Clotilde von Derp, Marianne von Werefkin, Alexander Sacharoff Alexej Georgewitsch von Jawlensky (?March 13, 1864 – March 15, 1941) was a Russian expressionist painter active in Germany. ...


An extensive collection of paintings by Der Blaue Reiter is exhibited in the Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus in Munich. The Lenbachhaus was errected as villa for the painter Franz von Lenbach and is an art museum of the city of Munich, Germany. ...

Contents

Members

Wassily Kandinsky Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16, 1866 [O.S. December 4] – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. ... August Macke. ... August Macke. ... Paul Klee (IPA: ) (December 18, 1879 to June 29, 1940) was a Swiss painter of German nationality. ... Gabrielle Münter (1877 - 1962) was a German expressionist painter who was at the forefront of the Munich avant-garde in the early 20th century. ... Artists in Munich 1914: (from left) Alexej von Jawlensky, Clotilde von Derp, Marianne von Werefkin, Alexander Sacharoff Alexej Georgewitsch von Jawlensky (?March 13, 1864 – March 15, 1941) was a Russian expressionist painter active in Germany. ... Albert Bloch (1881 – 1961) was an American Modernist artist and the only American artist associated with Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider), a group of early 20th-century European modernists. ... Self Portrait with Yellow Lilies. ... Image:Jawlensky-Derp-Werefkin. ... Lyonel Charles Feininger (July 17, 1871 - January 13, 1956); was a German-American painter and caricaturist. ... Schoenberg redirects here. ...

First exhibition

December 18, 1911, the "First exhibition of the editorial board of Der Blaue Reiter" (Erste Ausstellung der Redaktion Der Blaue Reiter) opened at the Heinrich Thannhauser's Moderne Galerie in Munich, running through the first days of 1912. 43 works by 14 artists were shown: paintings by Henri Rousseau, Albert Bloch, David Burliuk, Wladimir Burliuk, Heinrich Campendonk, Robert Delaunay, Elisabeth Epstein, Eugen von Kahler, Wassily Kandinsky, August Macke, Franz Marc, Gabriele Münter, Jean Bloé Niestlé and Arnold Schönberg, and an illustrated cataloge edited.[1] The Thannhauser Galleries originated in Munich, in autumn 1909, when Heinrich Thannhauser (1859-1934) decided to quit his former partner Franz Josef Brakl and installed his Modern Gallery (Moderne Galerie) at the Arco-Palais, Theatinerstrasse 7. ... Self Portrait, 1908 Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naive or Primitive manner. ... Albert Bloch (1881 – 1961) was an American Modernist artist and the only American artist associated with Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider), a group of early 20th-century European modernists. ... David Burliuk Revolution, 1917 David or Davyd Burliuk (July 21, 1882–January 15, 1967) was a Ukrainian- Russian avant-garde artist (Futurist, Neo-Primitivist), book illustrator, publicist, and author associated with Russian Futurism. ... Wladimir Burliuk, Portrait of Velemir Khlebnikov, 1913 Wladimir Burliuk (Russian: , 1886–1917) was an avant-garde artist (Neo-Primitivist and Cubo-Futurist), book illustrator. ... Image:300px-Delaunay ChampDeMars. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 For the American music critic and journalist, see Harold Charles Schonberg. ...


From January 1912 through July 1914, the exhibition toured around Europe and saw venues in Cologne, Berlin, Bremen, Hagen, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Budapest, Oslo, Helsinki, Trondheim and Göteborg.[2]


Second exhibition

February 12 through April 2, 1912, the "Second exhibition of the editorial board of Der Blaue Reiter" showed works in "Black & White" (Zweite Ausstellung der Redaktion Der Blaue Reiter, Schwarz-Weiß) at the "New Art" Gallery of Hans Goltz (Neue Kunst Hans Goltz) in Munich.[3]


Der Blaue Reiter Almanac

Der Blaue Reiter, cover of the almanac, 1912
Der Blaue Reiter, cover of the almanac, 1912

Conceived since June 1911, this Almanac was published in spring 1912, by Piper, Munich: May 11, Franz Marc received a first print. A second volume did not realize, instead of this a second edition was printed in 1914, again by Piper.[4] Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac. ... Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac. ...


Participations of the group

Meanwhile the artists of Der Blaue Reiter participated in other mile-stone exhibitions:

  • 1912 Cologne, Sonderbund westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler
  • 1913 Berlin, Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon organised by Herwarth Walden and his gallery Der Sturm

The Sonderbund - as it is normally called; its complete name being Sonderbund westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler (the Separate League of West German Art Lovers and Artists) - was a special union of artists and art lovers, established 1909 in Düsseldorf and disolved in 1916. ... Herwarth Walden (actual name Georg Lewin, born September 16, 1879, in Berlin; died October 31, 1941, in Saratov, Russia) was a German Expressionist artist and art expert in many disciplines. ... Der Sturm (English from German:The Storm) was a magazine of expressionism founded in in Berlin in 1910 by Herwarth Walden. ...

Resources

Notes

  1. ^ Catalogue, reproduced in Hoberg & Friedel (1999), pp. 364-365.
  2. ^ Ortrud Westheider et alt.: Die Tournee der ersten Ausstellung des Blauen Reiters, in: Christine Hopfengart (2000), pp. 49-82
  3. ^ Catalogue?
  4. ^ Katharina Erling: Der Almanach Der Blaue Reiter, in: Hopfengart (2000), S. 188-239

References

  • John E. Bowlt, Rose-Carol Washton Long. The Life of Vasilii Kandinsky in Russian art : a study of "On the spiritual in art" by Wassily Kandinsky. Pub l. Newtonville, Mass. USA. 1980. ISBN 0-89250-131-6 ISBN 0-89250-132-4
  • Wassily Kandinsky, M. T. Sadler (Translator) Concerning the Spiritual in Art. Dover Publ. (Paperback). 80 pp. ISBN 0-486-23411-8. or: Lightning Source Inc. Publ. (Paperback). ISBN 1-4191-1377-1
  • Shearer West (1996). The Bullfinch Guide to Art. UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 0-8212-2137-X. 
  • Hoberg, Annegret, & Friedel, Helmut (ed.): Der Blaue Reiter und das Neue Bild, 1909-1912, Prestel, München, London & New York 1999 ISBN 3-7913-2065-3
  • Hopfengart, Christine: Der Blaue Reiter, DuMont, Cologne 2000 ISBN 3-7701-5310-3
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hi how r u Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Mannerism is the term used to describe the artistic style that arose in mid-16th century. ... Block quote For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... North side of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo - carriage courtyard: all the stucco details sparkled with gold until 1773, when Catherine II had gilding replaced with olive drab paint. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Romanticism is an artistic, romantic and intellectual movement that originated in 18th century Western Europe. ... Realism in the visual arts and literature is the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s. ... A Hundred Years of Independence by Henri Rousseau Post-Impressionism is a term applied to painting styles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries — after Impressionism. ... Modern art is a general term used for most of the artistic production from the late 19th century until approximately the 1970s. ... It has been suggested that Analytic cubism, Synthetic cubism be merged into this article or section. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... This USPS stamp illustrates Pollocks drip technique. ... Black square by Kazimir Malevich Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ... The Neue Künstlervereinigung München, abbreviated NKVM, (German:Munich New Artists Association) formed in 1909 in Munich. ... Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905. ... Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. ... The Dessert: Harmony in Red (1908) by Henri Matisse Les Fauves (French for Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities, and the use of deep color over the representational values retained by Impressionism. ... Poster by Alfons Mucha Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... For the British goth band, see Bauhaus (band). ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Asheville City Hall. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... This term is not to be confused with supremacism. ... Yves Tanguy Indefinite Divisibility 1942 Surrealism[1] is a movement stating that the liberation of our mind, and subsequently the liberation of the individual self and society, can be achieved by exercising the imaginative faculties of the unconscious mind to the attainment of a dream-like state different from, or... Color Field painting was an abstract style that emerged in the 1950s after Abstract Expressionism and is largely characterized by abstract canvases painted primarily with large areas of solid color. ... Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features and core self expression. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... Postmodern art (sometimes called po-mo) is a term used to describe art which is thought to be after or in contradiction to some aspect of modernism. ... Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Der Blaue Reiter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (542 words)
Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) was a group of expressionist artists established in Munich in 1911.
Der blaue Reiter was one of two groups of German painters fundamental to Expressionism, the other being Die Brücke formed in Dresden in 1905.
Der Blaue Reiter was disrupted by the outbreak of First World War in 1914.
Der Blaue Reiter - Wikipedia (305 words)
Der Blaue Reiter wurde im Dezember 1911 in München als künstlerische Redaktionsgemeinschaft des Expressionismus von Wassily Kandinsky und Franz Marc gegründet.
Der Name der Gruppe leitet sich von einem gleichnamigen Gemälde Kandinskys aus dem Jahre 1903 ab, das 1912 als Buchtitelillustration zu dem ebenfalls so genannten Almanach diente.
März 1912 in der Münchner Buch- und Kunsthandlung Hans Goltz.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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