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Encyclopedia > Deputy Prime Minister of Canada

The Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (French: Vice-premier ministre du Canada) is an honorary position in the Canadian government, conferred at the discretion of the Prime Minister on a member of the cabinet. There is currently no deputy prime minister. The deputy prime minister should not be confused with the position of deputy minister of the Prime Minister, which like other deputy minister positions is a civil servant, not a member of cabinet. System of government Canada is a constitutional monarchy as a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ... The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the head of the Government of Canada. ... The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Clerk of the Privy Council (French: Greffier du Conseil privé) is the senior civil servant in the government and the Secretary to the Canadian Cabinet. ... In Canada, a Deputy Minister is the senior civil servant in a government department and assists the Minister of the department who is a member of the Canadian Cabinet. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Contents

History

The position of deputy prime minister was created by Pierre Trudeau in 1977, largely to recognize the long years of service of Allan J. MacEachen. Trudeau had previously given the title of senior minister to one member of his cabinet. Paul Hellyer served as senior minister prior to his resignation from Trudeau's cabinet. Trudeau redirects here. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Allan Joseph MacEachen (born July 6, Canadas elder statesmen and was the first Deputy Prime Minister of Canada. ... The Honourable Paul Theodore Hellyer, PC (born August 6, 1923 in Waterford, Ontario) is a Canadian politician and commentator who has had a long and varied career. ...


The official duties of the deputy prime minister are to answer on behalf of overall government policy during Question Period and chair the cabinet in the absence of the prime minister. In fact, one deputy prime minister, Sheila Copps, attracted controversy in 1993 by simply asserting that she was "in charge" of government business while the prime minister, Jean Chrétien, was out of the country on a state visit. Question Period or Oral Questions is a Canadian parliamentary practice similar to the British Prime Ministers Questions in which Members of Parliament submit questions to the government ministers including the Prime Minister for answer. ... The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... Sheila Maureen Copps, PC, HBA, LL.D (hc), (born November 27, 1952, in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian journalist and former politician. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, LLL, LLD (born January 11, 1934), served as the twentieth Prime Minister of Canada from November 4, 1993 to December 12, 2003. ...


Current Prime Minister Stephen Harper has not appointed a deputy prime minister. There was also no such position in the brief-lived government of Joe Clark. Canada's last deputy prime minister was Anne McLellan. Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Charles Joseph Joe Clark, PC, CC, AOE, MA, LLD (born June 5, 1939) was the sixteenth prime minister of Canada, from June 4, 1979, to March 3, 1980. ... A. Anne McLellan, P.C. , M.P. , LL.M. , LL.B. , B.A. (born August 31, 1950, in Hants County, Nova Scotia) was the Deputy Prime Minister of Canada under Paul Martin. ...


Duties

Sheila Copps has written that although the position of deputy prime minister is only ceremonial, "very often, the DPM's job was to protect the prime minister from the political damage that Question Period can inflict on a leader," further citing the experience of Erik Nielsen during the Sinclair Stevens scandal. [1] Question Period or Oral Questions is a Canadian parliamentary practice similar to the British Prime Ministers Questions in which Members of Parliament submit questions to the government ministers including the Prime Minister for answer. ... Erik Hersholt Nielsen, P.C., D.F.C., Q.C., LL.B., (born February 24, 1924) is a former Canadian politician and longtime Progressive Conservative Member of Parliament for Yukon. ... The Honourable Sinclair McKnight Stevens, PC (born February 11, 1927) is a Canadian parliamentarian. ...


The office has no standing in law and does not carry any formal duties or tasks; that is, it is without a portfolio, though the Prime Minister may negotiate or assign specific tasks in conjunction with the title. With the exception of Herb Gray, all deputy prime ministers have held a portfolio alongside this title. // Finance Main article portfolio (finance) In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an institution or a private individual. ... The Right Honourable Herbert Eser (Herb) Gray PC, CC, QC, B.Comm , LL.D (born May 25, 1931, Windsor, Ontario) was a Canadian politician. ...


Succession

Unlike the Vice President of the United States, the deputy prime minister does not automatically assume the office of prime minister if the prime minister dies or resigns. In the event of the sudden resignation or death of a prime minister, constitutional convention requires the Governor General of Canada to consult the governing party and call on a member to form a government. No policy or convention precludes the deputy prime minister from being chosen as the new prime minister in such a scenario, but none assures it, either — the party caucus would be free to recommend any new leader of its choice to the Governor General, who would retain the authority to make the final decision. Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of succession... The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the head of the Government of Canada. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ...


Since the creation of the deputy prime minister's position, no Canadian federal government has faced the sudden death or resignation of the sitting prime minister. If a government ever does face such a scenario in the future, however, it is likely that the Governor General's actions in that case — whether the deputy prime minister is chosen or not — will be deemed to have established an unwritten constitutional precedent.


In the provinces of Canada, the governing party will usually recommend the deputy premier to serve as premier on an interim basis until a permanent successor is chosen. Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... A premier is an executive official of government. ... An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader who is appointed by the partys legislative caucus or the partys executive to temporarily act as leader when there is a gap between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of his or her...


Extended notice is usually given when a sitting prime minister does not plan to seek re-election. Leadership contests to determine the successor to a prime minister are usually held during the final days of the incumbent's term, and are traditionally a lengthy and competitive process.


When Stephen Harper became prime minister, though he did not name a deputy prime minister, he did give two of his ministers special status in the line of authority. Under an order-in-council dated February 6, 2006 — the day Harper took office — when "the Prime Minister is unable to perform the functions of his office" Lawrence Cannon, then Jim Prentice then the balance of the cabinet by order of precedence, "is authorized to act for the Prime Minister". [2] Previous Prime Ministers have had similar orders-in-council under which the deputy prime minister and then the balance of the cabinet in order of precedence have been authorized to act for the Prime Minister. An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hon. ... Jim Prentice, MP (born July 20, 1956, in South Porcupine, Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician. ... The Canadian order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the Government of Canada. ...


Trivia

  • Only one deputy prime minister, Jean Chrétien, has become prime minister. Chrétien was deputy prime minister in 1984, and was elected prime minister in 1993.

Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, LLL, LLD (born January 11, 1934), served as the twentieth Prime Minister of Canada from November 4, 1993 to December 12, 2003. ...

See also

List of Canadian Deputy Prime Ministers The Deputy Prime Ministers of Canada See other lists of incumbents Categories: | ...


External link

  • Parliament of Canada page
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