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Encyclopedia > Depth psychology

Depth psychology is a broad term that refers to any psychological approach examining the depth (the hidden or deeper parts) of human experience. It is applied in psychoanalysis. // Psychoanalysis is a family of psychological theories and methods based on the pioneering work of Sigmund Freud. ...


It provides a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders. It seeks the deep layer(s) underlying behavioral and cognitive processes - the unconscious. The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ... Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) refers to the actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment. ... The term cognition is used in several different loosely related ways. ...


The initial work and development of the theories and therapies by Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler and Otto Rank that came to be known as depth psychology have resulted in three perspectives in modern times: Carl Jungs autobiographical work Memories , Dreams and Reflections, Fontana edition Carl Gustav Jung (July 26, 1875 – June 6, 1961) (IPA:) was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology. ... Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (IPA: []) (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Dr. Alfred Adler Alfred Adler (February 7, 1870 – May 28, 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor and psychologist, founder of the school of individual psychology. ... Otto Rank (April 22, 1884 – October 31, 1939) was an Austrian psychologist. ...

Those schools most strongly influenced by the work of Carl Jung, a 20th-century Swiss psychiatrist who in his Analytical psychology emphasizes questions of psyche, human development and personality development (or individuation). Classical Adlerian psychology is a values-based, fully-integrated, theory of personality, model of psychopathology, philosophy of living, strategy for preventative education, and technique of psychotherapy. ... Analytical psychology is part of the Jungian psychology movement started by Carl Jung and his followers. ... James Hillman is a highly original American Jungian psychology writer and founder of Archetypal Psychology. ... Carl Jungs autobiographical work Memories , Dreams and Reflections, Fontana edition Carl Gustav Jung (July 26, 1875 – June 6, 1961) (IPA:) was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology. ... Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that studies and treats mental and emotional disorders (see mental illness). ... Analytical psychology is part of the Jungian psychology movement started by Carl Jung and his followers. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... Hans Baldung Grien: The Ages And Death, c. ... Individuation comprises the processes whereby the undifferentiated becomes or develops individual characteristics, or the opposite process, by which components of an individual are integrated into a more indivisible whole. ...


Jung was strongly influenced by esotericism and draws on myths, archetypes and the idea of the collective unconscious. Esotericism is knowledge suitable only for an inner circle of the initiated, advanced or privileged. ... For the computer game, see Myth (computer game). ... An archetype is an idealized model of a person, object or concept from which similar instances are derived, copied, patterned or emulated. ... Collective unconscious is a term of analytical psychology originally coined by Carl Jung. ...


The following is a summary of the primary elements of Depth psychology:

  • Depth psychology states that psyche is a process that is partly conscious and partly unconscious. The unconscious in turn contains repressed experiences and other personal-level issues in its "upper" layers and "transpersonal" (eg. collective, non-I, archetypal) forces in its depths.
  • The psyche spontaneously generates mythico-religious symbolism and is therefore spiritual as well as instinctive in nature. An implication of this is that the choice of whether to be a spiritual person or not does not exist - the only question is exactly where we put our spirituality: Do we live it consciously or unknowingly invest it in nonspiritual aspirations (perfectionism, addictions, greed, fame) that eventually possess us by virtue of their ignored but frightfully potent numinous power?
  • All minds, all lives, are ultimately embedded in some sort of myth-making. Mythology is not a series of old explanations for natural events; it is rather the richness and wisdom of humanity played out in a wondrous symbolical storytelling. No story, no myth, and no humanness either.
  • Because we have a psychical share in all that surrounds us, we are sane and whole only to the degree that we care for our environment and tend responsibly to the world in which we live.

See also

Analytical psychology is part of the Jungian psychology movement started by Carl Jung and his followers. ... Jungian psychology is a theory developed by Carl Gustav Jung, and is central to the Neopsychoanalytic school of psychology. ... // Psychoanalysis is a family of psychological theories and methods based on the pioneering work of Sigmund Freud. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques intended to improve mental health, emotional or behavioral issues of individuals, family members or a whole familys interactional climate. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Depth psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (324 words)
Depth psychology is a broad term that refers to any psychological approach examining the depth (the hidden or deeper parts) of human experience.
Jung was strongly influenced by esotericism and draws on myths, archetypes and the idea of the collective unconscious.
Depth psychology states that psyche is a process that is partly conscious and partly unconscious.
Jungian psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1467 words)
Jungian psychology refers to a school of psychology originating in the ideas of Swiss psychologist Carl Jung and advanced by many other thinkers who followed in his tradition.
The overarching goal of Jungian psychology is the reconciliation of the life of the individual with the world of the supra-personal archetypes.
It is important to state that Jung seemed to often see his work as not a complete psychology in itself but as his unique contribution to the field of psychology.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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