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Encyclopedia > Department store
The interior of a typical Macy*s department store.
The interior of a typical Macy*s department store.

A department store is a retail establishment which specializes in selling a wide range of products without a single predominant merchandise line. Department stores usually sell products including apparel, furniture, appliances, electronics, and additionally select other lines of products such as paint, hardware, toiletries, cosmetics, photographic equipment, jewellery, toys, and sporting goods. Certain department stores are further classified as discount department stores. Discount department stores commonly have central customer checkout areas, generally in the front area of the store. Department stores are usually part of a retail chain of many stores situated around a country or several countries. Image File history File links Departmentstoreinterior. ... Image File history File links Departmentstoreinterior. ... This article is about the R. H. Macy & Co. ... Drawing of a self-service store. ... In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need. ... Girls wearing formal attire for dancing, an example of one of the many modern forms of clothing. ... For the UK band, see Furniture (band). ... The word appliance has several different areas of meaning, all usually referring to a device with a narrow function: One class of objects includes items that are custom-fitted to an individual for the purpose of correction of a physical or dental problem, such as prosthetic, orthotic appliances and dental... Surface mount electronic components Electronics is the study of the flow of charge through various materials and devices such as semiconductors, resistors, inductors, capacitors, nano-structures and vacuum tubes. ... For other uses, see Paint (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hardware (disambiguation). ... Make-up redirects here. ... For the Korean music group, see Jewelry (group). ... A teddy bear A toy is an object used in play. ... Sports equipment includes any object used for sport or exercise. ... POS must not be confused with EFT/POS and POS Terminal used in Electronic payment POS or PoS is an acronym for point-of-sale (or point of purchase). ... A Target chain store. ...

Contents

History

The great Gostiny Dvor in St Petersburg, 1802.
The great Gostiny Dvor in St Petersburg, 1802.

Hudson's Bay Company in Canada was the first store to include departments; however, by modern standards, it would not be considered a department store because of the size and range of items that were stocked. The same may be said about Gostiny Dvor in St. Petersburg, which opened in 1785 and should probably be regarded as one of the first purposely-built shopping malls in the world, as it consisted of more than 100 shops covering an area of over 53,000 m². Image File history File linksMetadata Gostiny1802. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gostiny1802. ... Great Gostiny Dvor in St Petersburg, 1802. ... Year 1802 (MDCCCII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Hbc redirects here. ... Great Gostiny Dvor in St Petersburg, 1802. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ...


The first true department store was founded by Aristide Boucicaut in Paris. He founded Le Bon Marché in 1838, and by 1852 it offered a wide variety of goods in "departments" inside one building. Goods were sold at fixed prices, with guarantees allowing exchanges and refunds. By the end of the 19th century, Georges Dufayel, a French credit merchant, had served up to three million customers and was affiliated with La Samaritaine, a large French department store established in 1870 by a former Bon Marché executive. This article is about the capital of France. ... Le Bon Marché (the good market, or the good deal in French) is the name of one of the most famous department stores in Paris, France. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Samaritaine at night La Samaritaine is a large department store in Paris, France. ...


The oldest independent department store in the world, is 'Austin's' in Derry, Northern Ireland, which has maintained its original position on The 'Diamond' in Derry's city centre since 1830. Austins Department Store is a department store located in the Diamond of Derry City, Northern Ireland. ... For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ...


As Le Bon Marché evolved into a fully fledged department store in the early 1850s, Delany's New Mart opened in 1853 in Dublin, Ireland on Sackville Street (now O'Connell Street). What made Delany's different from most department stores of its time was its purpose-built nature; unlike others it had not evolved gradually from a smaller shop on site. Constructed to a lavish standard on the city's principal street, it was designed to rival the biggest and best in Europe. Acquired by the Clery family in the late 19th century, both the store and Imperial Hotel located in its upper floors were completely destroyed in the 1916 Easter Rising. However the store reopened in 1922, this time across numerous floors, as the famous Clerys department store that stands today, housed in a striking modern neoclassical building based on Selfridges of London. Le Bon Marché (the good market, or the good deal in French) is the name of one of the most famous department stores in Paris, France. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Daniel OConnell, 19th century nationalist leader, whose statue by John Henry Foley, stands on the street named after him. ... Combatants Irish Volunteers, Irish Citizen Army, Irish Republican Brotherhood British Army Royal Irish Constabulary Commanders Patrick Pearse, James Connolly Brigadier-General Lowe General Sir John Maxwell Strength 1250 in Dublin, c. ... Categories: Stub | Retail companies of Ireland ... Selfridges in Birmingham. ...


Another claimant to the title of "World's first department store" is Bainbridges in Newcastle upon Tyne, founded in 1838 as a drapers and fashion shop but on record as collecting its takings by department as early as 1849. The ledger from that year still survives in the archives of the John Lewis Partnership who bought the store in 1952, and retained its original name until 2002 when the store was rebranded as John Lewis Newcastle. That is sorted goods out into Departments in 1849, three years before Le Bon Marche in Paris did the same, there is a strong case for Bainbridges being the world's original department store. This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... John Lewis Newcastle is a major department store in the English city of Newcastle upon Tyne. ...

Lewis's (United Kingdom) may have been the first most progressive department store group. By 1956 it had the largest stores in the provinces of the UK and had brought the idea of department selling across the country. It started in Liverpool in 1856 and catered for all classes aiming to have the highest quality and lowest prices. David Lewis may have been the catalyst to making tea easily available to the working classes. (Lewis's 2/- tea). It did this by buying the tea direct from the shippers from its home in Liverpool and cutting out the middle man. Lewis's also experimented in new ways of advertising (e.g. flooding the basement of the Manchester store to create a mini Venice.) It's grotto's always were and still are well known through generations of people from Northern Britain. Lewiss Department Store, Liverpool Lewiss was a department store group operating in the United Kingdom from 1856 to the 1990s. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Lewiss Department Store, Liverpool Lewiss was a department store group operating in the United Kingdom from 1856 to the 1990s. ...


Since 1856 it had stores in Manchester (1877), Liverpool (1856), Birmingham , Glasgow, Liverpool (The Bon Marche), Leeds, Hanley, London (Selfridges),Bristol and Leicester . The group's first and final store, in Liverpool, went into administration in 2007 and was purchased as a going concern by Vergo Retail Limited. Enabling the store to continue trading under the Lewis's brand. [1] This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... Map sources for Hanley at grid reference SJ8847 Disambiguation: Hanley may refer to Hanley, Canada. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Selfridges in Birmingham. ... This article is about the English city. ... This article discusses Leicester in England. ...


In New York City in 1846, Alexander Turney Stewart established the "Marble Palace" on the east-Broadway, between Chambers and Reade streets. He offered European retail merchandise at fixed prices on a variety of dry goods, and advertised a policy of providing "free entrance" to all potential customers. Though it was clad in white marble to look like a Renaissance palazzo, the building's cast iron construction permitted large plate glass windows. In 1862 Stewart built a department store on a full city block at Broadway and 9th Street, opposite Grace Church, with eight floors and nineteen departments of dress goods and furnishing materials, carpets, glass and china, toys and sports equipment, ranged around a central glass-covered court. Within a couple of decades, New York's retail center had moved uptown, forming a stretch of retail shopping from "Marble Palace" that was called the "Ladies' Mile". In 1858 Rowland Hussey Macy founded Macy's as a dry goods store. Benjamin Altman and Lord & Taylor soon competed with Stewart as New York's first department stores, later followed by "McCreary's" and, in Brooklyn, "Abraham & Straus." (The Straus family would be in the management of both Macy's and A&S.) New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Alexander Turney Stewart, (October 12, 1803- April 10, 1876), was an American entrepreneur turned multi-millionaire who made his fortune in the most extensive and lucrative drygoods business in the world. ... 280 Broadway (known also as the Marble Palace, A.T. Stewart Company Store and The Sun Building) is the site of Americas first department store. ... A view of Broadway in 1909 Broadway, as the name implies, is a wide avenue in New York City. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... Cast iron usually refers to grey cast iron, but can mean any of a group of iron-based alloys containing more than 2% carbon (alloys with less carbon are carbon steel by definition). ... The materials definition of a glass is a uniform amorphous solid material, usually produced when a suitably viscous molten material cools very rapidly, thereby not giving enough time for a regular crystal lattice to form. ... This article is about 1862 . ... This article is about the state. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A picture of Rowland Hussey Macy. ... This article is about the R. H. Macy & Co. ... Lord & Taylor, based in New York, New York, is the oldest department store chain in the United States. ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ...

Le Bon Marché department store in Paris, 1867.
Le Bon Marché department store in Paris, 1867.

Similar developments were under way in London (with Whiteleys), in Paris (with La Samaritaine) and in Chicago, where department stores sprang up along State Street, notably Marshall Field and Company, which was the second-largest department store in the world prior to converting to Macy's. In 1877, Wanamaker's opened in Philadelphia. Philadelphia's John Wanamaker performed a 19th century redevelopment to the former Pennsylvania Railroad terminal in that city and eventually opened a modern day department store in the building. Image File history File links Bonmarchestore. ... Image File history File links Bonmarchestore. ... Le Bon Marché (the good market, or the good deal in French) is the name of one of the most famous department stores in Paris, France. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Whiteleys was a famous department store located in the Bayswater area of London (UK)), with its main entrance on Queensway. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Samaritaine at night La Samaritaine is a large department store in Paris, France. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Marshall Fields State Street Store interior, about 1910 Marshall Field and Company is a department store. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Wanamakers department store was the first department store in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and one of the first department stores in the United States. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... John Wanamaker (July 11, 1838 – December 12, 1922) was a United States businessman, civic and political figure, considered the father of modern advertising. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in British English) is a movement in urban planning that reached its peak in the United States from the late 1940s through the early 1970s. ... 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ...


On March 1, 1869 Zion's Cooperative Mercantile Institution was opened in Salt Lake City as a new community store that became the first incorporated department store in America in 1870. A new 3-story brick and iron store was built in 1876, noted for its unique architecture and striped awnings. This store was replaced by an enclosed shopping center in 1973, and the new Zion department store preserved the gilt-edged ornate facade of the old store. In 1999 the May Department Stores bought a 14-store ZCMI chain and changed its name to "Meier & Frank", a May property with eight stores in Oregon and Washington. Subsequently May Department Stores completed a merger with Federated Department Stores and the Meier & Frank brand ZCMI stores have become Macy's stores, effective late 2006. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Federated Department Stores, Inc. ... This article is about the R. H. Macy & Co. ...


In 1881, Joseph Lowthian Hudson opened a small men's clothing store in Detroit. After 10 years he had 8 stores in the midwest and was the most profitable clothing retailer in the country. In 1893 he began construction of the immense department store at Gratiot and Farmer streets in Detroit. The 25-story tower was added in 1928, and a 12-story addition in 1946, giving the entire complex 49 acres of floor space. In 1954 the company became a suburban shopping center pioneer when it built Northland 13 miles northwest of Detroit. In 1969 it merged with the Dayton Corporation to create Dayton-Hudson headquartered in Minneapolis. George Dayton had founded his Dayton's Daylight store in Minneapolis in 1902 and the AMC cooperative in 1912, built the Southdale Shopping Center in 1956, and started the Target discount store chain in 1962. The new corporation closed the flagship Hudson department store in downtown Detroit in 1983, but expanded its other retail operations. It acquired Mervyn's in 1978, Marshall Field's in 1990, and renamed itself the Target Corporation in 2000. Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Joseph Lowthian (J.L.) Hudson (b. ...


By 1890 a new world of retailing had been created as department stores had a clear market position as universal providers. General stores eventually became department stores as small towns became cities. The most prominent department stores emerged from small shops. The department store created several of North America's first large businesses. The department store is also largely responsible for the standard store design seen today, because of its size it required new building materials, glass technology and new heating, amongst other architectural innovations. The store layouts made shopping easier for consumers regardless of their social or economic background. The department store also offered new customer services never before seen such as restaurants, restrooms, reading rooms, home delivery, wrapping services, store hours, bridal registries, new types of merchandise displays and so forth. Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Smiths Gully General Store in Smiths Gully, Australia. ... North American redirects here. ... A bridal registry is a system designed by department stores for the purpose of allowing a newlywed couple to manage the purchase of gifts for their wedding. ...


Some department stores leased space to individual merchants, similar to the changes in late 17th-century London, but by 1900 the smaller merchants were purchased or eventually replaced by the larger companies. In this way they were very similar to our modern malls, where the property owner has no direct interest in the actual department store itself, other than to collect rent and provide utilities. Today only the most specialized departments are leased out, such as photography, photo finishing, automotive services or financial services. However, today this is rare, as most departments--even a store's restaurant--is usually run by the store itself. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700 in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ...


Before the 1950s, the department store held an eminent place in both Canada and Australia, during both the Great Depression and World War II. Since then, they have suffered from strong competition from specialist stores. Most recently the competition has intensified with the advent of larger-scale superstores (Jones et al. 1994; Merrilees and Miller 1997). Competition was not the only reason for the department stores' weakening strength; the changing structure of cities also affected them. The compact and centralized 19th century city with its mass transit lines converging on the downtown was a perfect environment for department store growth. But as residents moved out of the downtown areas to the suburbs, the large, downtown department stores became inconvenient and lost business to the newer suburban shopping malls. The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


An innovative kind of department stores are Concept stores.


Countries


Flag of Argentina Argentina
In Buenos Aires, upscale department stores came during the early years of the 20th century. Gath & Chávez opened in 1905 and Harrods Buenos Aires was established in 1912. Today, the Chilean department store Falabella is one of the most prominent in the country, with branches in Buenos Aires, Córdoba, San Juan, Mendoza, and Rosario. Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Harrods is a department store on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London, England. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... // The name of the Spanish city Córdoba had been spread all over the world: homonymous places etc. ... San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... Mendoza is a city in the west of Argentina, and the capital of the Mendoza Province. ... Rosario is the largest city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. ...



Flag of Australia Australia
Although there were a number of department stores in Australia for much of the 20th Century, today Myer and David Jones, located nationally, are practically the national department stores duopoly in Australia. Other retail chain stores such as Target, Kmart and Big W, also located nationally, are considered to be Australia's discount department stores. Harris Scarfe (trading under the Allens brand in New South Wales and the ACT), though only operating in four states and one territory, is a department store using both the large full-line and small discount department store formats. Most department stores in Australia have their own credit card companies, each having their own benefits while the discount department stores do not have their own credit card rights. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Myer Emporium. ... David Jones Limited (ASX:), colloquially known as DJs, is an Australian retailing company. ... A true duopoly is a specific type of oligopoly where only two producers exist in one market. ... Target Australia Pty Ltd is an Australian discount department store chain owned by Coles Group. ... Kmart store at Kurralta Park in Adelaides western suburbs. ... Big W is the second largest discount department store in Australia, with over 120 stores located nationwide. ... A Harris Scarfe store in Tasmania Harris Scarfe Department Stores was founded in South Australia in 1850 in Adelaide, South Australia. ...



Flag of Canada Canada
From its origins in the fur trade, the Hudson's Bay Company is the largest department store operator in Canada, and the oldest corporation in North America, with locations across the country. It also owns Zellers, another major Canadian department store. Other department stores in Canada are: Sears Canada, Walmart Canada, Canadian Tire and Holt Renfrew. Historically, department stores were a significant component in Canadian economic life, and chain stores such as Eaton's, Spencer's, and Woodward's were staples in their respective communities. Department stores in Canada are similar in design and style to department stores in the United States. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... Hbc redirects here. ... North American redirects here. ... Zellers Inc. ... Sears Canada Inc. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Canadian Tire (TSX: CTC CTC.a, CTC) is one of Canadas 35 largest publicly traded companies and operates an inter-related network of businesses engaged in retailing, financial services and petroleum. ... Holt Renfrew is a chain of high-end Canadian department stores. ... Eatons was once Canadas largest department store retailer. ... Woodwards logo. ...



Flag of Chile Chile
Albeit relatively small, the domestic Chilean retail market has proved fiercely competitive with several department stores sprouting in Santiago and then expanding north and south of the country. Leading department stores today include Falabella, Ripley, Almacenes París, La Polar, Sodimac, Johnson's, and Corona. Fallabella, founded in 1889, has opened branches in Argentina, Colombia, and Peru, with París -its main Chilean competitor- coming on its heels. Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Santiago is one of the names and/or surnames by which Saint James is known in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking world. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... // Ripley may refer to: Ripley is the surname of: Lieutenant Ellen Ripley, is a fictional character in the Alien movie series. ... Paris logo Almacenes París (Paris Department Stores) is a chain of department stores in Chile. ...



Flag of the People's Republic of China China
Department stores first appeared in China at the beginning of the 20th Century, the concept said to be introduced by expatriate Chinese living in Australia. Before 1949, there were four main department stores in Shanghai: Wing On, Sincere, Sun Sun and Yat Sun; the first two still exist today. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Wing On(永安) is a department store in Hong Kong. ... In the modern world, sincerity is the rare and often-admired virtue of speaking truly about ones feelings, thoughts, desires. ...


During World War II patriotic sentiment in China had led to the formation of a number of department stores specializing in locally-made merchandise. These types of stores became the mainstay in China after the formation of the Communist state in 1949. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ...


Both types of department stores have long had branches in Hong Kong; however Japanese department stores began to appear in the 1960s, and within a generation's time became the dominant force in the market. The Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s had resulted in the closures of some of these stores, but on the whole Hong Kong still has one of the world's most competitive retail markets. The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ...



Flag of El Salvador El Salvador
Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ...


Flag of Finland Finland
The most famous department store chains in Finland are Stockmann, a listed company, and Sokos, owned by a nationwide retailing cooperative. The Stockmann department store in central Helsinki is the biggest department store in the entire Nordic countries and a famous landmark of Helsinki. An American Black Vulture feeding on squirrel carrion For other uses, see Carrion (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Stockmann is a Finnish listed company which was established in 1862 and is engaged in the retail trade. ... Sokos is a chain of department stores in Finland that is part of the S-Group. ... The Stockmann department store on a December morning. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ...



Flag of France France
France's major department stores are Galeries Lafayette and Le Printemps, which both have flagship stores on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris and branches around the country. Part of the same group as Galeries Lafayette, the BHV (Bazar de l'Hotel de Ville) has a more mid-market clientele. The oldest department store in France (and maybe in the world) is still Le Bon Marché in Paris. La Samaritaine was bought by LVMH and closed in 2005. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Galeries Lafayette is a French department store company. ... Boulevard Haussmann Printemps and Métro stop at night Printemps (meaning spring in French) is a French department store (or a grand magasin, literally big store). The flagship Printemps store is located on Boulevard Haussmann in the IXe arrondissement of Paris along with other famous department stores like Galeries Lafayette. ...



Flag of Indonesia Indonesia
Indonesia's largest department store chain is Ramayana with over ninety branches across the country. The same group also operated under Robinsons and Cayaha (acquired in 1990s), all targeting the lower income sectors. Other local department store is Matahari, now owned by Lippo Group. The group previously managed to trade under Mega M, Galeria and Walmart brands, all of which have been progressively closed. Soon, the group will be opening the first Parisian Department Store in Indonesia. The middle up segment is mainly occupied by Metro Department Store originated from Singapore and Sogo. In 2007 saw the re-opening of Jakarta's Seibu, poised to be the largest and second most upscale department store in Indonesia after Harvey Nichols, which will be opened in 2008 at the same shopping centre. Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Robinsons and Marks and Spencer inside Raffles City. ... Matahari is a supermarket/department store chain in Indonesia. ... The Lippo Group is a major Indonesian conglomerate. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... For other uses, see Parisian (disambiguation). ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Sogo Kobe Department Store Sogo Co. ... Seibu Department Store, Shizuoka City The Seibu Department Stores, Ltd. ... Harvey Nichols at the corner of Knightsbridge and Sloane Street in London A Harvey Nichols advertisement encourages women to buy an expensive pair of shoes that they are unable to afford and eat beans on toast every day until the next time they are paid A branch store in Central...



Flag of Iran Iran
Iran's largest and newest department store chain is Shahrvand with fourteen stores, all located in Tehran. The other chains are Refah and seppah which have stores throughout the country. Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ...



Flag of Ireland Ireland
Originally the Republic of Ireland had two department stores, Clerys and Arnotts, the latter considered to be one of the five largest stores in Britain and Ireland. However several large retailers now own chains of department stores, such as: Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Categories: Stub | Retail companies of Ireland ... Logo of Arnotts department store in Ireland Arnotts is a department store in Dublin, Ireland, and also own the River Island chain of stores in Ireland. ...

The most upmarket chain is undoubtedly Brown Thomas, founded as a haberdasher's in 1849 on Dublin's Grafton Street. The company (which belongs to the same group as the UK's Selfridges or Canada's Holt Renfrew) bought its long time competitor across the street, Switzers, in 1995. BT then moved to the larger site. It also acquired and re-branded the former Switzer stores in Cork (formerly Cash's), Limerick (formerly Todd's) and Galway (formerly Moon's). Debenhams plc (LSE: DEB) is a retailer with a chain of department stores based in the United Kingdom, and franchised stores in a number of other countries. ... Dunnes Stores is a supermarket and clothing retail chain based in the Republic of Ireland. ... Marks & Spencer (also M&S, Marks and Sparks and Marks) is a British retailer, with 760 stores in more than 30 countries around the world. ...


There are also many self-owned department stores around the country, especially in rural towns.


The British department store, Debenhams, purchased the Roches Stores chain in 2006, closed two stores and rebranded the others. The opening of Dundrum Town Centre in Dublin's suburbs saw the arrival of two more British stores, House of Fraser and Harvey Nichols. Roches Stores Logo - More Value, More Choice, More Service Roches Stores is a chain of department stores in the Republic of Ireland. ... Dundrum Town Centre is a shopping centre located in Dundrum, Dublin, Ireland. ... House of Fraser is a British department store group with 61 stores (July 2007) across the UK and Ireland. ... Harvey Nichols at the corner of Knightsbridge and Sloane Street in London A Harvey Nichols advertisement encourages women to buy an expensive pair of shoes that they are unable to afford and eat beans on toast every day until the next time they are paid A branch store in Central...



Flag of Japan Japan
Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ...

Some of the largest department stores in Japan include Daimaru (J. Front Retailing), Hankyu (H2O Retailing), Hanshin (H2O Retailing), Isetan (Isetan Mitsukoshi Holdings), Marui, Matsuzakaya (J. Front Retailing), Matsuya, Mitsukoshi (Isetan Mitsukoshi Holdings), Printemps Ginza, Seibu (Millennium Retailing), Sogo (Millennium Retailing), Takashimaya, Tobu, and Tokyu (109). Many are owned and operated in conjunction with private railway companies. Recently, business integration has been successive. Mitsukoshi Department Store in the Nihombashi section of Tokyo A 1856 ukiyoe depciting Echigoya, the current Mitsukoshi. ... Daimaru (大丸) (TYO: 8234) is a corporation that operates department stores throughout Japan. ... J. Front Retailing Co. ... Hanshin Department Store (阪神百貨店, -hyakkaten) is a Japanese department store chain. ... Isetan Shinjuku flagship store Isetan Co. ... Marui Co. ... The Matsuzakaya Co. ... J. Front Retailing Co. ... Matsuya (松屋) Japanese department store. ... The Mitsukoshi Department Store in the Nihonbashi section of Tokyo Utagawa Hiroshige printed an Ukiyoe, in which Mt. ... Boulevard Haussmann Printemps and metro stop at night Printemps (meaning Spring in French) is a French department store (or a grand magasin, literally big store). The flagship Printemps store is located on Boulevard Haussmann in the IXe arrondissement of Paris along with other famous department stores like Galeries Lafayette. ... Seibu Department Store, Shizuoka City The Seibu Department Stores, Ltd. ... Sogo Kobe Department Store Sogo Co. ... Namba Station and Takashimaya Osaka Department Store Shinjuku Takashimaya Times Square in Shibuya-ku, Tokyo Takashimaya Co. ...



Flag of Germany Germany
In Germany there are a number of department stores. There are three big department store companies, Karstadt (part of Arcandor AG, also operating the KaDeWe and two Wertheim department stores in Berlin and the Alsterhaus in Hamburg), Hertie and Kaufhof (part of the Metro AG). There are also some smaller independent department stores. Some department stores only sell clothing. The biggest clothing department store chain is C&A. Larger department stores in Germany usually contain a self-service restaurant, clothing departments, a toy department, a department for computer and electronics, a small book department (for bestsellers), a department for newspapers and magazines and a food department (like a supermarket). Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Karstadt in Frankfurt KarstadtQuelle AG is a German department store corporation, the largest in Europe. ... Kaufhaus des Westens (commonly abbreviated KaDeWe) is a very large department store in the city of Berlin. ... Hermann Tietz was a German merchant of Jewish origin. ... METRO AG Logo METRO AG is a diversified retail and wholesale/cash and carry group based in Germany. ... C&A Logo C & A is an international chain of clothing stores, with its head office in Brussels and Dusseldorf. ...


One of the most famous department stores in Germany is the Kaufhaus des Westens (KaDeWe, German for department store of the west) which is located in Berlin. KaDeWe Main entrance Kaufhaus des Westens (commonly abbreviated KaDeWe) is a department store in Berlin, the largest in all of continental Europe. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...



Flag of Kuwait Kuwait
The most well-known departement store in Kuwait is Villa Moda Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ...



Flag of Malaysia Malaysia
Since the 1980s, Malaysia has opened its doors to many foreign chains, such as Tesco, Carrefour, Aeon (JUSCO), Makro, Sogo, etc. All of these foreign stores must join ventures with local partners. Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... ÆON Co. ... A JUSCO store in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Sogo Kobe Department Store Sogo Co. ...


Many of home grown department store chains include Parkson, Giant, Metrojaya, Cold Storage, Sunshine (SuiWah), The Store, Kamdar, Mydin,Dua Puluh Sen (DPS) etc.


According to the Malaysian chart, Dua Puluh Sen has increase their quality of standard which lead them gaining market share in the retailing industry in Malaysia. This had made DPS the leading department store in Malaysia and also South East Asia.



Flag of Mexico Mexico
Mexico has a number of department stores, including the Mexican chains Liverpool, El Palacio de Hierro, Suburbia, Fabricas de Francia, Dorian's, C&A, Sanborns, Sears Mexico. There are also foreign stores such as JCPenney, and Zara. Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Liverpool () is a chain of department stores in Mexico, operating over 20 stores throughout Mexico. ... El Palacio de Hierro () (English: The Iron Palace) is a chain of department stores in Mexico. ... Liverpool () is the biggest chain of department stores in Mexico, operating over 60 stores throughout Mexico and continuing to grow. ... Sears México () is a department store chain located in Mexico, operating more than 55 stores all over Mexico. ...



Flag of New Zealand New Zealand
Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ...

The Smith & Caugheys store building on Queen Street, Auckland.
The Smith & Caugheys store building on Queen Street, Auckland.

In New Zealand, there is only a few select department stores that are popular amongst New Zealanders, most people preferring malls or botiques. The most prominent chains are The Warehouse, Farmers and Kmart, but smaller, more upmarket department stores such as Smith & Caugheys exist, but the only store is in Auckland, and caters to an upscale crowd. For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ... The Warehouse, (NZX: WHS) founded by Stephen Tindall in 1982, is the largest department store retailer operating in New Zealand. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Kmart store at Kurralta Park in Adelaides western suburbs. ... For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ...



Flag of Panama Panama
Panama's first department stores such as Bazaar Francés, La Dalia and La Villa de Paris started as textile retailers at the turn of the nineteenth century. Later on in the twentieth century these eventually gave way to stores such as Felix B. Maduro, Sarah Panamá, Figali, Danté, Sears, Gran Morrison and smaller ones such as Bon Bini, Cocos, El Lider, Piccolo and Clubman among others. Of these only Felix B. Maduro (usually referred to as Felix by locals) and Danté remain strong. All the others have either folded or declined although Cocos has managed to secure a good position in the market. Today major department stores aside from these two include Steven's and Collin's. There are also many discount department stores such as Conway which includes a furniture and decoration department named Conway Design, La Onda, Dorian's, Saks, Madison Store and El Titan among others. Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ...



Flag of the Philippines Philippines
The Philippines' has many, many department stores. They alread existed for quite some time, but it was through Malls that granted the public easier access to the Department Stores as well as sense of cleanliness, trust, and security. The SM Supermalls and the Robinsons Malls are two of the country's most popular malls, all of which has Department Store sections. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... SM Supermalls, owned by SM Prime Holdings, Inc. ...




Flag of the Netherlands The Netherlands
Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Netherlands (disambiguation). ...

Flagship branch of Dutch department store De Bijenkorf in Amsterdam.
Flagship branch of Dutch department store De Bijenkorf in Amsterdam.

The most well-known departement stores in The Netherlands are De Bijenkorf, HEMA, Maison de Bonneterie and Vroom & Dreesmann. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 139 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 139 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... De Bijenkorf is a chain of upmarket department stores in the Netherlands with its flagship store on Dam Square, Amsterdam. ... De Bijenkorf is a chain of upmarket department stores in the Netherlands with its flagship store on Dam Square, Amsterdam. ... Hema can refer to: Hema (store), a Dutch chain of stores Hema (mythology), a figure from Polynesian mythology Hema Malini, a Bollywood actress Hema (ethnicity) of eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (Hydroxyethyl)methacrylate, a chemical Historical European Martial Arts a name Category: ... Maison de Bonneterie in the Hague Maison de Bonneterie is an upscale department store in the Netherlands with flagship stores in Amsterdam and The Hague and a smaller branch in Laren. ... V&D logo outside its Almere branch Vroom & Dreesmann (also known as V&D) is a Dutch chain of department stores founded in 1887 by Willem Vroom and Anton Dreesmann. ...



Flag of Thailand Thailand
The most popular department stores in Thailand are Central Department Store which are managed by Central Group. These are the list of department stores in Thailand
Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... The Central Group of Companies is a family-owned holding company in Thailand that is involved in retailing, real estate, hotels and restaurants. ... The Central Group of Companies is a family-owned holding company in Thailand that is involved in retailing, real estate, hotels and restaurants. ...


Flag of Russia Russia
The Central Group of Companies is a family-owned holding company in Thailand that is involved in retailing, real estate, hotels and restaurants. ... The Mall refers to famous sites in more than one country. ... The Central Group of Companies is a family-owned holding company in Thailand that is involved in retailing, real estate, hotels and restaurants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ...

The GUM facade faces Red Square.
The GUM facade faces Red Square.

Arguably the most famous Department store in Russia is the GUM in Moscow, Central Universal Store (TsUM) or the Petrovsky Passage. Other popular stores are Mega (shopping malls), Stockmann, Marks & Spencer. Media Markt, M-video, Technosila, White Wind (Beliy Veter) sell large number of electronic devices. In Saint Petersburg there is The Passage extremely popular. Image File history File linksMetadata GUM_department_store_exterior. ... Image File history File linksMetadata GUM_department_store_exterior. ... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... The GUM facade faces Red Square. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... The Petrovka Passage is an elite department store opened on Petrovka Street in downtown Moscow in 1906. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... The interior of the old Passage in the 1850s. ...



Flag of Singapore Singapore
Most department stores are clustered around Orchard Road in Singapore. The most well-known department stores in Singapore are BHG (formally known as Seiyu), Isetan, John Little, Marks & Spencer, Metro, Mustafa, OG, Robinson & Co., Takashimaya and Tangs. Some of their branch outlets can also be found in the sub-urban shopping malls. Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... Orchard Road is lit up elaborately nearer the end of every year for the Christmas festive season. ... Seiyu Group ) is a Japanese operator of supermarkets, shopping centers, and department stores. ... Isetan Shinjuku flagship store Isetan Co. ... John Littles Marina Square store. ... Marks & Spencer (also M&S, Marks and Sparks and Marks) is a British retailer, with 760 stores in more than 30 countries around the world. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... The Mustafa Centre, seen from the outside. ... According to several books of the Old Testament, Og (pronounced , , or ; meaning gigantic) was an ancient Amorite king of Bashan who, along with his sons and army, was slain by Moses and his men at the battle of Edrei (probably modern day Dara, Syria). ... Robinsons at Centrepoint, Orchard Road during Christmas 2004. ... Namba Station and Takashimaya Osaka Department Store Shinjuku Takashimaya Times Square in Shibuya-ku, Tokyo Takashimaya Co. ... Tangs is a Singapore company, founded by Tang Choon Keng, popularly known as CK Tang, in 1934. ...



Flag of South Korea South Korea
Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ...


The three most prevalent chains are Hyundai, Lotte, and Shinsegae, which opened in 1930 as Mitsukoshi Gyeongseong store and is the oldest department store chain. Lotte is the largest, operating more than 20 stores. Hyundai Department Store Group, together with Lotte and Shinsegae, is one of the three major department store chains in South Korea. ... Lotte Department Store (hangul:롯데백화점, kana:ロッテ百貨店) is a Korean retail company established in 1979, and headquartered in Sogong-dong Jung-gu, Seoul, Korea. ... Shinsegae(신세계) is a South Korean department store franchise, along with several other businesses, headquartering in Seoul, South Korea. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Mitsukoshi Department Store in the Nihonbashi section of Tokyo Utagawa Hiroshige printed an Ukiyoe, in which Mt. ... Lotte Department Store (hangul:롯데백화점, kana:ロッテ百貨店) is a Korean retail company established in 1979, and headquartered in Sogong-dong Jung-gu, Seoul, Korea. ...



Flag of Spain Spain
Following the 2002 closure by the Australian group Partridges of their SEPU (Sociedad Espanol de Precios Unicos) department store chain, which in fact was Spain's oldest, the market is now dominated by El Corte Inglés, founded in 1934 as a drapery store. El Corte Inglés stores tend to be vast buildings, selling a very broad range of products and the group also controls a number of other retail formats including discount store 'Hipercor'. Other competitors such as 'Simago' and 'Gallerias Preciados' closed in the 1990's, however El Corte Inglés, faces major competition from French discount operators such as Carrefour and Auchan. Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... SEPU or Sociedad Español de Precios Únicos was Spains oldest department store group. ... El Corte Inglés in Sanchinarro, Madrid. ... El Corte Inglés in Sanchinarro, Madrid. ... El Corte Inglés in Sanchinarro, Madrid. ... For other uses, see Carrefour (disambiguation). ... Auchan SA is an international retail group and multinational corporation headquartered in Croix, France. ...



Flag of Sweden Sweden
The largest department store chain in Sweden is Åhléns, which operates stores throughout the country. Its flagship Stockholm store, Åhléns City, is the largest department store in Sweden. Other large stores are Nordiska Kompaniet in Stockholm and Gothenburg, and PUB in Stockholm. Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Ã…hléns is a Swedish chain of department stores, located in almost every city in the country and with several stores in the major cities, and there are more than 15 Ã…hléns stores in Stockholm alone. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Nordiska Kompaniet, colloquially NK, and literally The Nordic Company is the name of two department stores located in Stockholm and Gothenburg, in Sweden. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... PUB is a major department store in Stockholm, Sweden, located in two buildings at Hötorget. ...



Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
The Swiss retail market is dominated by two consumers' cooperatives, Migros and Coop, which also run department stores. Migros operates 12 upscale Globus department stores and 34 mid-range Migros MMM centers across the country. Since the acquisitions of EPA in 2002, Coop operates its mid-range department stores under the brand Coop City. Manor operates department stores throughout the country. Jelmoli and Loeb operate upscale department stores in Zurich and Berne respectively. Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... A consumers cooperative is a cooperative business owned by its customers for their mutual benefit. ... This article is about the Swiss enterprise and supermarket chain. ... Bold text Coop ... Globus is a Swiss department store company, that runs 11 department stores in Switzerland plus the Herren Globus chain of menswear stores, Office World chain of office supplies stores plus management of the cartoon character Globi. ... Manor AG is a swiss department store chain, majoring in the sales from groceries to electrical appliances. ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... For other uses, see Berne (disambiguation). ...



Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Most of the early department stores in London started out as small drapery stores which bought up neighbouring stores and increased their range of products. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Drapery refers to cloth or textiles (Latin drappus = cloth and Old French drap) or the trade of selling cloth. ...

The exterior of Harrods in London.
The exterior of Harrods in London.

However, Kendals in Manchester can lay claim to being the oldest department store in the UK and perhaps in the world. Beginning as a small shop owned by S. and J. Watts in 1796, its sold a variety of goods. Kendal Milne and Faulkner purchased the business in 1835. Expanding the space, rather than use it as a typical warehouse simply to showcase textiles, it became a vast bazaar. Serving Manchester's upmarket clientel for over 200 years, it was recently purchased by the House of Fraser - although most Mancunians still refer to it as Kendals. Harrods at about 7:30pm, 18th February 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Harrods User:Speedway Categories: GFDL images ... Harrods at about 7:30pm, 18th February 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Harrods User:Speedway Categories: GFDL images ... Whiteleys was a famous department store located in the Bayswater area of London (UK)), with its main entrance on Queensway. ... Westbourne Grove is a glamourous shopping street in Londons Notting Hill. ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Barkers Department Stores was a department store chain owned and operated by Franklin Stores Corporation. ... For other uses, see Kensington (disambiguation). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... House of Fraser is a British department store group with 61 stores (July 2007) across the UK and Ireland. ... Peter Jones is one of the largest and best known department stores in London. ... Sloane Square is a small hard landscaped square on the boundaries of the fashionable London districts of Belgravia and Chelsea. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Harrods is a department store on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London, England. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... John Lewis on Oxford Street, London is the flagship department store of the John Lewis Partnership. ... Oxford Street, with Centre Point in the background Oxford Street in 1875, looking west from the junction with Duke Street. ... Ğ: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Selfridges in Birmingham. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Harry Gordon Selfridge (January 11, 1858 – May 8, 1947) was an American-born retail magnate, who founded the British department store Selfridges. ...


In Edinburgh, Jenners saw a similar development. It starting as a drapery store in 1838, which by 1890 had grown into Scotland's largest retail store by gobbling up all the small stores in the neighbourhood. In 1895, after a devastating fire, a new ultra-modern building opened, with lavish electrical lighting, hydraulic lifts and air conditioning. Four hours after the grand opening, 25,000 people had already visited the store. For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... Jenners - viewed from the Scott Monument The Royal Warrant outside Jenners Jenners Department Store is one of Britains oldest department stores, long family-run but recently brought under the ownership of House of Fraser. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ...


In the UK the term "department store" still refers to the traditional, classic department store, which has a wide range of independent departments with their own staff and their own tills. Large discount stores with the tills located by the entrance are not regarded as department stores in the UK, although the owners may call them that. Such stores as Marks & Spencer, Britain's largest clothes retailer would therefore not be included in the British definition of a department store. Antique crank-operated cash register This article is about the cash register. ... Marks & Spencer (also M&S, Marks and Sparks and Marks) is a British retailer, with 760 stores in more than 30 countries around the world. ...



Flag of the United States United States
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

The Macy's flagship department store in New York City with its famous brownstone at 34th and Broadway.
The Macy's flagship department store in New York City with its famous brownstone at 34th and Broadway.

In the United States, companies such as Macy's, Lord and Taylor, Sears, and J.C. Penney are considered department stores, while retail brands such as Toys "R" Us, Target, Kmart, and Wal-Mart are discount department stores. T.J. Maxx, Marshalls, and Burlington Coat Factory are stores that sell designer goods at lower prices. Stores that carry a general line of groceries and other product lines similar to those of department stores are considered warehouse clubs or supercenters. Warehouse clubs require a nominal annual membership fee, while supercenters do not. Costco, BJ's Wholesale Club, and Sam's Club are examples of warehouse clubs. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1548x1230, 394 KB) ファイルの概要 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Macys ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1548x1230, 394 KB) ファイルの概要 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Macys ... This article is about the R. H. Macy & Co. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the R. H. Macy & Co. ... May Department Stores was founded in 1877 by David May in Leadville, Colorado. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... This article is about the department store chain. ... Toys R Us (currently typeset as Toys Я Us in the logo) is a toy store chain based in the United States, Canada, Australia, the Netherlands, South Africa, Hong Kong and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... For the Australian department store chain, see Kmart Australia. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... T.J. Maxx is a chain of American off-price department stores owned by TJX Companies. ... Marshalls, Inc. ... Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corporation is a national department store retailer focusing on clothing and shoes, with over 360 stores in 42 states (as of 2006). ... Costco Wholesale Corporation (NASDAQ: COST) is the largest membership warehouse club chain in the world based on sales volume, headquartered in Issaquah, Washington, United States,[1] with its flagship warehouse in nearby Seattle. ... BJs Wholesale Club, Inc. ... Sams Club is a membership-only warehouse club owned and operated by Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...


Types of department stores


Upscale Department Store
Characteristics of a typical upscale department store may include:

  • Sale of brand name perfumes and beauty supplies, like Burberry, Calvin Klein or M•A•C at the main entrance, with specialists in cosmetics there to assist customers with applying and selecting makeup.
  • General sale of name brand clothes above an average price level, such as Dior, Chanel, Versace, Lacoste, etc.
  • When items are discounted, the price resembles that of an average priced item at a lower scale department store.
  • Sale of small household appliances like blenders, or small electronic items such as portable radios.
  • Specialized services or subset businesses such as personal shopping assistance, salons, restaurants, and/or travel agencies.

Some upscale department stores that operate in the United States include national chains like Barneys New York, Lord & Taylor, Neiman Marcus, and Saks Fifth Avenue, as well as regional retailers such as Bergdorf Goodman, and formerly Marshall Field's. In the United Kingdom, department stores making up the high-end include the famous Harvey Nichols, the world-famous Harrods in Knightsbridge and Fortnum and Mason in Piccadilly. Burberry is a British luxury fashion house, manufacturing clothing and other apparel. ... This article is about the corporation Calvin Klein Inc. ... Make-up Art Cosmetics, better known to most as M•A•C, is a brand of cosmetics sold internationally, that originally became famous through word-of-mouth endorsements by professional makeup artists, models and celebrities. ... An electric blender. ... Barneys New York is a chain of upscale department stores. ... Lord & Taylor, based in New York, New York, is the oldest department store chain in the United States. ... Categories: Stub | Retail companies of the United States ... Saks Fifth Avenue is a chain of upscale American department stores that is owned and operated by Saks Fifth Avenue Enterprises (SFAE), a subsidiary of Saks Incorporated. ... Bergdorf Goodman is a major luxury goods department store based in Midtown, Manhattan in New York City. ... For other uses, see Marshall Fields (disambiguation). ... Harvey Nichols at the corner of Knightsbridge and Sloane Street in London A Harvey Nichols advertisement encourages women to buy an expensive pair of shoes that they are unable to afford and eat beans on toast every day until the next time they are paid A branch store in Central... Harrods is a department store on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London, England. ... Fortnum & Mason is an upmarket grocery store founded in London in 1707 by William Fortnum and Hugh Mason. ... Piccadilly is a major London street, running from Hyde Park Corner in the west to Piccadilly Circus in the east. ...



Mid-Scale Department Stores
Depending upon location, Belk, Bloomingdale's, Dillard's, Macy's, Nordstrom and Von Maur are sometimes considered upscale department stores, but the chains overall are often viewed as being situated somewhere between midscale and higher midscale. Belk, headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, is the United States largest privately held department store chain. ... Bloomingdales is a chain of upscale American department stores owned by Macys, Inc. ... This article is about a department store chain. ... This article is about the R. H. Macy & Co. ... This article is about the Nordstrom department store chain. ... The Redstone Building in Davenport, Iowa, was the longtime home of Petersen Harned Von Maurs flagship store Von Maur is an upscale specialty department store chain with virtually all locations located in the Midwestern United States. ...



Mid-Range Department Store
Characteristics of a mid-range department store may include:

  • Sale of cosmetics.
  • Sale of some brand names, with greater emphasis on private label brands.
  • Sale of accessories.
  • Sale of some small household appliances.
  • Sale of furniture in larger locations.


Comparison to Upscale Department Store
Swedish grocery store where private label products (under the brands Hemköp and Eldorado, Axfood) are placed along with other brands such as Knorr (Unilever) and Blå band (Campbell Soup). ...

  • Sale of cosmetics but generally not brand name. Fragrances and beauty supplies may be placed further into the interior of the store, without cosmetic specialists at the counters.
  • Greater proportion of moderately-priced brand names.
  • Accessories and purses aren't upscale brand names, with greater proportion of lesser-known or private label branded items.

Mid-range department stores that operate in the United States include national chains JCPenney and Kohl's. Regional chains such as Gottschalks and Mervyns in the western United States, and The Bon-Ton and associated stores in the northern part of the country are also among this grouping of stores. This article is about the department store chain. ... Kohls Corporation (NYSE: KSS) is an American department store chain headquartered in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, a suburb of Milwaukee. ... Gottschalks Logo Gottschalks (NYSE: GOT[1]) is an American department store. ... Mervyns is a department store chain based in Hayward, California. ... The Bon-Ton Stores, Inc. ...


As noted in details of upscale department stores, Macy's, Dillard's and Belk vary in price points and relative consideration as upscale or mid-range versus local competitors, depending upon location. Some larger locations in affluent areas often carry significant selections of brand name products including brand name accessories and fragrances kept in glass cases, and usually have cosmetic specialists in the beauty department. Brands at above-average price points, if offered at all, are generally limited and full product lines of such brands are not typically available. Smaller and more remote store locations — often, the legacy of acquisitions of smaller retailers — may concentrate squarely on moderately-priced merchandise. California-based Gottschalks mirrors these chains, though in a specific region with little presence in major metropolitan areas. Macy's are typically the anchors of upscale malls and are situated among other high-end department stores such as Tysons Galleria or The Domain in Austin. Nationally known JCPenney has incorporated elements of upscale stores such as salons and custom home decorating services, along with offering optical shops, portrait photography studios and designer-produced private labels. Odor receptors on the antennae of a Luna moth An odor (American English) or odour (Commonwealth English) is the object of perception of the sense of olfaction. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Tysons Galleria is an upscale shopping mall in McLean, Virginia (in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area), owned by Chicago based General Growth Properties. ...


The national chain Sears is also in this category, but often is considered a lower grade mid-range department store due to marketing a higher proportion of private label and lesser-known label goods in apparel and housewares segments. Sears differs from most mid-range department store chains in its common inclusion of departments for hardware, garden and outdoor equipment, automotive service, and large appliances and electronics — product segments more typical of discount or so-called "big box" retailers. Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ...



Discount Department Store/Super-Store

Main articles: discount store and hypermarket
  • Sells cosmetics, generally not name brand.
  • Generally doesn't sell name brands.
  • Sells accessories, generally not name brand.
  • Sells small household appliances.
  • Sells toys, electronics and video games.
  • Sells household necessities.
  • The "super-store" variant usually sells food products and has a "one stop shop" vibe.


Comparison to Mid-Range Department Stores
A discount store is a retail store offering a wide range of products, many branded, at discounted prices. ... Packaged food aisles of Fred Meyer in Portland, Oregon In commerce, a hypermarket or multi-department store is a superstore which combines a supermarket and a department store. ...

  • Sells fewer major brand names.
  • Offers a wider variety of products.
  • More likely to anchor a power centre than an indoor shopping mall.

Some discount department stores that operate in the United States include: ShopKo, Kmart and Wal-Mart. Although Shop Ko and Kmart are more upscale than Wal-Mart; further, Wal-Mart could be considered a "super discount department store". Target is also in this category but may be considered a more upscale Discount Department Store because it puts a greater emphasis on current fashion and on special merchandise lines from well-known designers such as Isaac Mizrahi and Thomas O'Brien. A Power Centre is an unenclosed shopping centre that usually contains three or more big box retailers and various smaller retailers (usually located in plazas) with a common parking area shared among all the retailers. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... ShopKo Stores, Inc. ... For the Australian department store chain, see Kmart Australia. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... Isaac Mizrahi (born October 14, 1961) is an American fashion designer. ...



Off-Price Retailer

  • Most products are name-branded.
  • Products may be over-runs, seconds, or last season's stock liquidated from department stores.
  • Product mix typically emphasizes women's clothing and may include men's clothing, children's clothing, shoes, accessories, perfume, toys, housewares, or packaged gourmet food.
  • Stores are most frequently located in power centres but may also appear in shopping malls.

Off-price retail department stores include T.J. Maxx, Factory 2-U, Century 21, Gabriel Brothers, Ross Dress For Less, Marshalls, and Burlington Coat Factory. TJX, the parent company of Marshall's and TJ Maxx, has been experimenting with Home Goods superstores that carry a larger range and variety of housewares, including furniture.[2] A power centre is an unenclosed shopping centre with to of gross leasable area[1] that usually contains three or more big box retailers and various smaller retailers (usually located in plazas) with a common parking area shared among the retailers. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... T.J. Maxx is a chain of American off-price department stores owned by TJX Companies. ... Factory 2-U is a chain of department stores that are located mostly in the Western United States selling clothing, domestics, and merchandise. ... Century 21, Lower Manhattan. ... Gabriel Brothers, commonly called Gabes, is a regional chain of closeout retail stores selling brand-name merchandise at significant discounts from typical department stores. ... Ross Stores, Inc. ... Marshalls, Inc. ... Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corporation is a national department store retailer focusing on clothing and shoes, with over 360 stores in 42 states (as of 2006). ...


See also

// This is a list of department stores. ... Wikibooks [[wikibooks:|]] has more about this subject: Marketing Distribution (or placement) is one of the four aspects of marketing. ... A drawing of a self-service store Retailing consists of the sale of goods/merchandise for personal or household consumption either from a fixed location such as a department store or kiosk, or away from a fixed location and related subordinated services (Definition of the WTO (last page). ... Next big thing redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ Brigg's, Asa: Friends of the people (The Centenary History of LEWIS'S); 1956
  2. ^ About Home Goods Retrieved June 16, 2007
  • Abelson, Elaine S. When Ladies Go A-Thieving: Middle Class Shoplifters in the Victorian Department Store. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
  • Barth, Gunther. "The Department Store," in City People: The Rise of Modern City Culture in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
  • Benson, Susan Porter. Counter Culture: Saleswomen, Managers and Customers in American Department Stores, 1890-1940. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1988. ISBN 0-252-06013-X.
  • Ershkowicz, Herbert. John Wanamaker, Philadelphia Merchant. New York: DaCapo Press, 1999.
  • Gibbons, Herbert Adams. John Wanamaker. New York: Harper & Row, 1926.
  • Hendrickson, Robert. The Grand Emporiums: The Illustrated History of America's Great Department Stores. New York: Stein and Day, 1979.
  • Leach, William. Land of Desire: Merchants, Power, and the Rise of a New American Culture. New York: Pantheon, 1993. ISBN 0-679-75411-3.
  • Parker, K. (2003). "Sign Consumption in the 19th-Century Department Store: An Examination of Visual Merchandising in the Grand Emporiums (1846 – 1900)." Journal of Sociology 39 (4): 353–371.
  • Schlereth, Thomas J. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1876-1915. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.
  • Sobel, Robert. "John Wanamaker: The Triumph of Content Over Form," in The Entrepreneurs: Explorations Within the American Business Tradition New York: Weybright & Talley, 1974). ISBN 0-679-40064-8.
  • Spang, Rebecca L. The Invention of the Restaurant: Paris and Modern Gastronomic Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2000. 325 p.
  • Whitaker, Jan. Service and Style: How the American Department Store Fashioned the Middle Class. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2006. ISBN 0-312-32635-1.

Robert Sobel in a promotional photo for his publisher. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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“PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

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