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Encyclopedia > Deoxyguanosine diphosphate

Deoxyguanosine diphosphate is a derivative of the common nucleic acid GTP, or guanosine triphosphate, in which the -OH (hydroxyl) group on the 2' carbon on the nucleotide's pentose has been removed (hence the deoxy- part of the name). Additionally, the diphosphate of the name indicates that one of the phosphoryl groups of GTP has been removed, most likely by hydrolysis. Deoxyguanosine diphosphate is abbreviated dGDP. Schematic diagram of a double-stranded nucleic acid. ... Guanosine triphosphate (GTP) is also known as guanosine-5-triphosphate. ... // Hydroxyl group The term hydroxyl group is used to describe the functional group -OH when it is a substituent in an organic compound. ... A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms. ... Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction or process in which a molecule is split into two parts by reacting with a molecule of water, which has the chemical formula H2O. One of the parts gets an OH- from the water molecule and the other part gets an H+ from the water. ...


See also


Schematic diagram of a double-stranded nucleic acid. ... A cofactor is the following: In mathematics a cofactor is the minor of an element of a square matrix. ... The chemical structure of Guanosine Guanosine is a nucleoside comprising guanine attached to a ribose (ribofuranose) ring via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. ...

Nucleic acids and oligonucleotides edit
Nucleobases: Adenine | Thymine | Uracil | Guanine | Cytosine | Purine | Pyrimidine
Nucleosides: Adenosine | Uridine | Guanosine | Cytidine | Deoxyadenosine | Thymidine | Deoxyguanosine | Deoxycytidine
Nucleotides: AMP | UMP | GMP | CMP | ADP | UDP | GDP | CDP | ATP | UTP | GTP | CTP | cAMP | cADPR | cGMP
Deoxynucleotides: dAMP | TMP | dGMP | dCMP | dADP | TDP | dGDP | dCDP | dATP | TTP | dGTP | dCTP
Ribonucleic acids: RNA | mRNA | tRNA | rRNA | ncRNA | sgRNA | shRNA | siRNA | snRNA | miRNA | snoRNA | LNA
Deoxyribonucleic acids: DNA | mtDNA | cDNA | plasmid | Cosmid | BAC | YAC | HAC
Analogues of nucleic acids: GNA | PNA | TNA| LNA | morpholino
←Amino acids Major families of biochemicals Carbohydrates→

  Results from FactBites:
 
Deoxyadenosine - Qwika (412 words)
monophosphateCMP Cytidine diphosphateCDP Cytidine triphosphate CTP Deoxynucleotides Deoxyadenosine monophosphate dAMP Deoxyadenosine diphosphate dADP Deoxyadenosine triphosphate dATP Deoxyguanosine monophosphate dGMP Deoxyguanosine diphosphate...
Purine - Pyrimidine Nucleosides: Adenosine - Uridine - Guanosine - Cytidine - Deoxyadenosine - Thymidine - Deoxyguanosine - Deoxycytidine Nucleotides: AMP - UMP - GMP...
Purine - Pyrimidine Nucleosides : Adenosine - Uridine - Guanosine - Cytidine - Deoxyadenosine - Thymidine - Deoxyguanosine - Deoxycytidine Nucleotides: AMP - UMP - GMP...
guanine - Encyclopedia.com (1296 words)
The accepted structure of the guanine molecule was proposed in 1875, and the compound was first synthesized in 1900.
GTP acts as a coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism and in the biosynthesis of proteins; it can readily donate one of its phosphate groups to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) to form adenosine triphosphate (ATP), an extremely important intermediate in the transfer of chemical energy in living systems.
GTP is the source of the guanosine found in RNA and deoxyguanosine triphosphate (dGTP) is the source of the deoxyguanosine in DNA, and thus guanine is intimately involved in the preservation and transfer of genetic information.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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