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Encyclopedia > Deoxycytidine diphosphate

Deoxycytidine diphosphate is a derivative of the common nucleic acid CTP, or cytosine triphosphate, in which the -OH (hydroxyl) group on the 2' carbon on the nucleotide's pentose has been removed (hence the deoxy- part of the name). Additionally, the diphosphate of the name indicates that one of the phosphoryl groups of CTP has been removed, most likely by hydrolysis. Deoxyguanosine diphosphate would be abbreviated dCDP. Schematic diagram of a double-stranded nucleic acid. ... CTP has several possible meanings: Certified Treasury Professional, a certification awarded by the AFP (Association for Financial Professionals) Certified Turfgrass Professional, a professional certification of the Professional Landcare Network Certified Turnaround Professional Community Technology Preview - software preview release From Microsoft. ... // Hydroxyl group The term hydroxyl group is used to describe the functional group -OH when it is a substituent in an organic compound. ... A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms. ... Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction or process in which a molecule is split into two parts by reacting with a molecule of water, which has the chemical formula H2O. One of the parts gets an OH- from the water molecule and the other part gets an H+ from the water. ...


See also: Nucleic acid, DNA metabolism, Cofactor, Cytosine Schematic diagram of a double-stranded nucleic acid. ... A cofactor is the following: In mathematics a cofactor is the minor of an element of a square matrix. ... Cytosine is one of the 5 main nucleobases used in storing and transporting genetic information within a cell in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. It is a pyrimidine derivative, with a heterocyclic aromatic ring and two substituents attached (an amine group at position 4 and a keto group at...


 
 

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