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Encyclopedia > Deoxyadenosine monophosphate

Deoxyadenosine monophosphate is a derivative of the common nucleic acid ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, in which the -OH (hydroxyl) group on the 2' carbon on the nucleotide's pentose has been removed (hence the deoxy- part of the name). Additionally, the diphosphate of the name indicates that two of the phosphoryl groups of GTP have been removed, most likely by hydrolysis. Deoxyadenosine monophosphate would be abbreviated dAMP. Schematic diagram of a double-stranded nucleic acid. ... Adenosine 5-triphosphate (ATP), discovered in 1929 by Karl Lohmann, is a multifunctional nucleotide primarily known in biochemistry as the molecular currency of intracellular energy transfer. ... // Hydroxyl group The term hydroxyl group is used to describe the functional group -OH when it is a substituent in an organic compound. ... A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms. ... Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction or process in which a molecule is split into two parts by reacting with a molecule of water, which has the chemical formula H2O. One of the parts gets an OH- from the water molecule and the other part gets an H+ from the water. ...


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