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Encyclopedia > Demyansk Pocket

Demyansk Pocket (German: die Demjansker Operation, Russian: Демьянский котёл) is a name of encirclement of German troops by Red Army near Demyansk (Demjansk), south of Leningrad, during the Second World War, which lasted mainly from February 8 until April 21, 1942. A much smaller pocket was simultaneously surrounded in Cholm, about 100 km to the southwest. Wehrmacht! â–¶(?) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Demyansk (Russian: Демянск) is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) usually refers to the name of the city which is now known as Saint Petersburg, Russia between 1924 and 1991. ... The Eastern Front of World War II was the theatre of war covering the conflict in eastern Europe, notorious for its unprecedented ferocity, destruction, and immense loss of life. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Generalleutnant Theodor Scherer (September 17, 1889 – May, 1951) was a divisional commander in the Wehrmacht in World War II. Theodor Scherer was born to a Bavarian schoolmaster in 1887. ...


On February 8 the Soviet troops encircled the German 2nd Army Corps as well as part of the 10th Corps, both parts of the German 16th Army, during their winter 1941 offensive that ended the Battle of Moscow. Trapped in the pocket were the 12th, 30th, 32nd, 123rd and 290th infantry divisions, as well as the SS-Division Totenkopf. There were also RAD, Police, Todt organization and other auxiliary units who were trapped and assisted in the battle. In total, about 90,000 German troops and another 10,000 auxilaries were trapped in the pocket. Their commander was General der Infanterie Walter Graf von Brockdorff-Ahlefeldt. The Battle of Moscow refers to the defense of the Soviet capital of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive against the German army, between October 1941 and January 1942 on the Eastern Front of World War II. // The German invasion On 22 June 1941 Germany and its Axis allies invaded... SS-Division Totenkopf Kampfgruppe Eicke 3. ... The Reichsarbeitsdienst (or RAD, Reich Labour Service) was an Auxiliary formation which provided support for the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War. ... Organisation Todt Flag Organisation Todt (OT) was a Nazi construction and engineering group during the years of the Third Reich, which enslaved over 1. ...


In an attempt to keep the front moving, as part of a major assault on February 12th two Soviet parachute brigades dropped into the pocket. Both were quickly annihilated with little gain, and the front soon settled.


After being assured that the pocket could be supplied with its daily requirement of 270 tons by air, Hitler ordered that the surrounded divisions hold their positions until relieved. Weather was surprisingly cooperative, and while there was considerable snow on the ground by this time, resupply operations were generally very successful. The operation did use up all of the Luftwaffe's transport capability, as well as much of their bomber force. Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... The Luftwaffe â–¶(?) (German: air force, IPA: [luftvafÉ™]) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ...


The Soviets grew increasingly desperate to wipe out the pocket, and over the winter and spring launched a number of huge assaults that were repeatedly beaten off. In total three Soviet Armies composed of 18 infantry divisions and three brigades were tied up for 4 months. This article or section should be merged with the Military unit section of Army The term Army, besides its general-purpose meaning (see army) specifically denotes a major military unit in militaries various countries, including the Soviet Union. ... A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... Brigade is a term from military science which refers to a group of several battalions (typically two to four), and directly attached supporting units (normally including at least an artillery battery and additional logistic support). ...


On April 14th, 1942 German forces opened a narrow corridor to the pocket. Over the next several weeks this corridor was widened. The battle group was able to break out of the siege on April 21, but the battle had taken a toll. Out of the approximately 100,000 men trapped there were 3,335 lost and over 10,000 wounded. However, their struggle had denied the Soviet High Command of numerous units at a critical moment, units that would have otherwise been used elsewhere.


Even though German units were no longer trapped, fighting in the area continued until October 1942. The Soviets would not liberate Demyansk until March 1st, 1943. For his excellence in command in the particularly fierce fighting of his elite unit, Totenkopf commander Theodor Eicke was awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knights Cross (88th) on May 20, 1942. This article is about the year. ... Theodor Eicke (October 17, 1892 - February 26, 1943) was a Nazi official, SS-Obergruppenführer, commander of the Totenkopfdivision of the SS and one of the key figures in the establishment of concentration camps in Nazi Germany. ... 20 May is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ...


The success of the defense of the pocket would later cause Hermann Göring to propose a similar "solution" to supply the 6th Army, trapped in Stalingrad. In theory the outcome could be equally advantageous; with the 6th Army trapped but still in fighting condition, the Soviets would have to use up much of their strength to keep them contained. This would allow other German forces to form and mount a counterattack in relative safety. However the scale of the forces trapped in the two operations differed greatly, in Demyansk a single army corps (about 1/3rd or an army) with about six divisions, in Stalingrad an entire and greatly reinforced army. The Luftwaffe simply did not have the resources needed to supply Stalingrad, a major reason for its eventual loss. Hermann Göring Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also Goering in English) (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was an early member of the Nazi party, founder of the Gestapo, and one of the main leaders of Nazi Germany. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Friedrich Paulus Georgy Zhukov Vasily Chuikov Strength 500,000 (6th Army) 1,700,000 Casualties 850,000 military 750,000+ military 40,000+ civilian (estimates up to 1. ... The Luftwaffe â–¶(?) (German: air force, IPA: [luftvafÉ™]) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Great Patriotic War - definition of Great Patriotic War in Encyclopedia (4808 words)
For a month the three-pronged offensive was completely unstoppable as the Panzer forces surrounded hundreds of thousands of Soviet troops in huge pockets that were then reduced by slower-moving infantry divisions while the panzers charged on.
To the north, the Soviets surrounded a German garrison in Demyansk, which held out with air supply for four months, and established themselves in front of Kholm, Velizh and Velikie Luki.
While this redeployment was in progress gaps were left in the lines and the remnants of the German II Army which had been bottled up in a pocket near Danzig managed to escape across the Oder.
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