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Encyclopedia > Demosthenes (general)

Demosthenes (Greek: Δημοσθένης, died 413 BC), son of Alcisthenes, was an Athenian general during the Peloponnesian War. Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC - 410s BC - 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 418 BC 417 BC 416 BC 415 BC 414 BC - 413 BC - 412 BC 411 BC 410... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα, Athína IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Greece and the birthplace of democracy. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Combatants Delian League led by Athens Peloponnesian League led by Sparta Commanders Pericles Cleon Nicias Alcibiades Archidamus II Brasidas Lysander The Peloponnesian War (431 BC–404 BC) was an Ancient Greek military conflict fought by Athens and its empire and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. ...


He first appears in history in 426 BC in an invasion of Aetolia. The invasion was a failure and Demosthenes did not return to Athens, fearing for his life. Later that year, Ambracia invaded Acarnania, and the Acarnanians sought help from Demosthenes, who was now patrolling the coast of the Ionian Sea with twenty Athenian ships. He landed at Olpae and defeated a Spartan army under Eurylochus which had come to assist the Ambraciots. Demosthenes defeated Eurylochus (who was killed in the battle) and the Acarnanians and Ambraciots signed a peace treaty. See Battle of Olpae. Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC Years: 431 BC 430 BC 429 BC 428 BC 427 BC - 426 BC - 425 BC 424 BC... The ancient Region of Aetolia, Greece This article is about the ancient Greek region Aetolia. ... Ambracia (more correctly Ampracia) was an ancient Corinthian colony, situated about 7 miles from the Ambracian Gulf in Greece, on a bend of the navigable river Aracthus (or Aratthus), in the midst of a fertile wooded plain. ... Acarnania was a region of ancient central western Greece that lay along the Ionian Sea, west of Aetolia, with the Achelous River for a boundary, and north of the gulf of Calydon, which is the entrance to the Gulf of Corinth. ... The Ionian Sea. ... Sparta (Doric: , Attic: ) is a city in southern Greece. ... In Greek mythology, Eurylochus, or Eurýlokhos appears in Homers Odyssey as second-in-command of Odysseus ship during the return to Ithaca after the Trojan War. ... Battle of Olpae Conflict Peloponnesian War Date 426 BC Place Olpae Result Athenian victory The Battle of Olpae was a battle of the Peloponnesian War in 426 BC, between armies led by Athens and Sparta. ...


In 425 he was still patrolling the Ionian Sea, and was ordered to join with a fleet sent from Athens to put down a revolt in Sicily. Due to a storm, Demosthenes instead landed at Pylos in the Peloponnese. In order to keep his soldiers busy, he had them fortify the port, giving Athens a strong base close to Sparta. Sparta, meanwhile, landed an army on the nearby island of Sphacteria, and Demosthenes moved his men to the beach to prevent the Spartans, commanded by Brasidas, from landing there. The Spartan landing was repulsed, and the Athenian fleet (having turned back from their journey to Sicily) arrived to chase off the Spartan ships. Back in Athens, the Spartans tried to negotiate for peace; this failed, and Cleon was sent to assist Demosthenes, who was planning an invasion of Sphacteria. The two Athenians invaded and the Spartans uncharacteristically surrendered. See Battle of Pylos and Battle of Sphacteria. Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC Years: 430 BC 429 BC 428 BC 427 BC 426 BC - 425 BC - 424 BC 423 BC... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... Pylos (Greek Πύλος), formerly Navarino, is the name of a bay and a town on the west coast of the Peloponnese, in the district of Messenia in southern Greece. ... The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Greek: Πελοπόννησος Peloponnesos; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a large peninsula in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. ... Sphacteria is a small island at the entrance to the bay of Pylos in the Peloponnese, Greece. ... Brasidas (d. ... Cleon (d. ... Combatants Athens Sparta Commanders Demosthenes Thrasymelidas Brasidas Strength 50 ships Hundreds of troops 60 ships Unknown troops Casualties Unknown Unknown The Battle of Pylos took place in 425 BC during the Peloponnesian War, between Athens and Sparta. ... Combatants Athens Sparta Commanders Demosthenes Cleon Epitadas† Styphon Strength About 3000 440 Casualties Very few (about 230) 148 The Battle of Sphacteria was a battle of the Peloponnesian War in 425 BC, between Athens and Sparta. ...


In 424 Demosthenes and Hippocrates attempted to capture Megara, but they were defeatd by Brasidas. Demosthenes then went to Naupactus to assist in a democratic revolution, and to gather troops for an invasion of Boeotia. Demosthenes and Hippocrates were unable to coordinate their attacks and Hippocrates was defeated at the Battle of Delium. Demosthenes instead attacked Sicyon and was defeated as well. In 421 Demosthenes was one of the signatories of the Peace of Nicias which ended the first half of the war. (Another Demosthenes was also a signatory for Sparta.) Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC Years: 429 BC 428 BC 427 BC 426 BC 425 BC - 424 BC - 423 BC 422 BC... Megara (Greek: Μέγαρα; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an ancient city in Attica, Greece. ... Naupactus is also a scientific name, see Naupactus (beetle) Nafpaktos, Latin: Naupactus or Naupactos (Turkish, İnebahtı; Italian and Spanish, Lepanto; modern Greek, Ναύπακτος, rarely Epakto), is a town in the prefecture of Aetolia-Acarnania, Greece, situated on a bay on the north side of the straits of Lepanto. ... Democracy (literally rule by the people, from the Greek demos, people, and kratos, rule) is a form of government for a nation state, or for an organization in which all the citizens have an equal vote or voice in shaping policy or electing government officials. ... Boeotia or Beotia (//, (Greek Βοιωτια; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was the central area of ancient Greece. ... The Battle of Delium took place in 424 BC between the Athenians and the Boeotians, and ended with the siege of Delium in the following weeks. ... Sicyon was an ancient Greek city situated in the northern Peloponnesus between Corinth and Achaea. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC Years: 426 BC 425 BC 424 BC 423 BC 422 BC - 421 BC - 420 BC 419 BC... The Peace of Nicias was a peace treaty that was signed between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in 421 BC, ending the first half of the Peloponnesian War. ...


In 417 Demosthenes was responsible for evacuating the Athenian troops from Epidaurus following the Battle of Mantinea. He organized athletic games and the Athenian troops escaped while the Epidaurans were distracted. Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC - 410s BC - 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC Years: 422 BC 421 BC 420 BC 419 BC 418 BC - 417 BC - 416 BC 415 BC... Several important battles in ancient Greek history were fought at Mantinea: Battle of Mantinea (418 BC) Battle of Mantinea (362 BC) Battle of Mantinea (207 BC) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In 415 Athens invaded Sicily. A Spartan fleet soon arrived to reinforce their allies in Syracuse, and a stalemate ensued. In 414 Demosthenes and Eurymedon were sent with a new fleet of seventy-three ships and 5000 hoplites. Demosthenes landed his troops and lead a bold night attack on Syracusan forces. After initial success, the Athenian troops became disorganized and soon very confused in the chaotic night operation, and were thouroughly routed by Gylippus, the Spartan commander. After the defeat, and upon seeing the disease-ridden Athenian camp, Demosthenes suggested that they immediately give up the siege and return to Athens, where they were needed to defend against a Spartan invasion of Attica. Nicias, the top Athenian commander, at first refused, until still more Spartans arrived. However, while preparing to leave there was a lunar eclipse, which delayed the departure as it was considered a bad omen. The Syracusans and Spartans trapped them in the harbour and Eurymedon was killed. The Spartans forced the Athenians to re-land their men. Demosthenes thought they could still flee by ship but Nicias wanted to find refuge on land. After a few days of marching Demosthenes and Nicias became separated; Demosthenes was ambushed by the Syracusans and was forced to surrender. Nicias was soon captured as well, and both were executed against the orders of Gylippus, who had hoped Demosthenes could be brought back to Sparta as a prisoner. Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC - 410s BC - 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC Years: 420 BC 419 BC 418 BC 417 BC 416 BC - 415 BC - 414 BC 413 BC... The Sicilian Expedition was an Athenian expedition to Sicily from 415 BC to 413 BC, during the Peloponnesian War. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC - 410s BC - 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC Years: 419 BC 418 BC 417 BC 416 BC 415 BC - 414 BC - 413 BC 412 BC... For the article on the Eurymedon river in Asia Minor, see Eurymedon river Eurymedon (d. ... A hoplite armed with a spear. ... Gylippus was a Spartan general of the 5th century BC; he was the son of Cleandridas, who had been expelled from Sparta for accepting Athenian bribes in 446 BC and had settled at Thurii. ... Attica (in Greek: Αττική, Attike; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a periphery (subdivision) in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece. ... Nicias (d. ... An eclipse refers to the phenomenon of one body passing into the shadow cast by another body. ...


Demosthenes was also a character in The Knights by Aristophanes. Along with Nicias, he is a slave who overthrows "the Paphlagonian," a character representing Cleon. The characters were based on the real people, who were contemporaries of Aristophanes. Aristophanes play The Knights is an unbridled criticism of Cleon, one of the most powerful men in ancient Athens. ... Sketch of Aristophanes Aristophanes (Greek: , c. ...


External links

  • Livius, Demosthenes by Jona Lendering

  Results from FactBites:
 
Demosthenes (general) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (685 words)
Demosthenes (Greek: Δημοσθένης, died 413 BC), son of Alcisthenes, was an Athenian general during the Peloponnesian War.
Demosthenes defeated Eurylochus (who was killed in the battle) and the Acarnanians and Ambraciots signed a peace treaty.
In 421 Demosthenes was one of the signatories of the Peace of Nicias which ended the first half of the war.
The Internet Classics Archive | Demosthenes by Plutarch (5131 words)
Demosthenes, the father of Demosthenes, was a citizen of good rank and quality, as Theopompus informs us, surnamed the Sword-maker, because he had a large workhouse, and kept servants skilful in that art at work.
Therefore, Demosthenes, having heard the tutors and school-masters agreeing among themselves to be present at this trial, with much importunity persuades his tutor to take him along with him to the hearing; who, having some acquaintance with the doorkeepers, procured a place where the boy might sit unseen, and hear what was said.
Demosthenes appeared publicly in a rich dress, with a chaplet on his head, though it were but the seventh day since the death of his daughter, as is said by Aeschines, who upbraids him upon this account, and rails at him as one void of natural affection towards his children.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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