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Encyclopedia > Demographics of the United States Congress
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The Congress of the United States has demographics that are different from America as a whole in a number of ways. This is true historically and today. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Congress in Joint Session. ...

Contents


Religious Demographics

At present the top five denominations in the Congress are Roman Catholic(28.8%), Baptist(14.1%), Methodist(11.4%) Presbyterian(9.7%), and Episcopalian(7.9%). The only one of these five that is underrepresented when compared to US population is Baptist as they represent over 16% of the US according to some estimates. The rest are overrepresented. In the case of Episcopalian and Presbyterian this overrepresentation is substantial. Episcopalians represent 10% of the US Senate, but less than 2% of the US population. In the House they represent a little more than 7% which is still over triple their representation in society. Presbyterians represent 15% of the Senate, but less than 3% of the population. In the House they represent about 8.5%.[1] The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... The word Episcopal is derived from the Greek επισκοπος epískopos, which literally means overseer; the word however is used in religious terms to mean bishop. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ...


In the entire list of religious demographics the most underrepresented is non-religious or religiously unspecified people. They represent less than one percent of Congress as a whole. Among religious denominations the Church of Christ is the most underrepresented and the Community of Christ is the most overrepresented as it is small as a percentage of the US population. The Churches of Christ are autonomous Christian congregations. ... Community of Christ Temple in Independence, Missouri, USA. Dedicated 1994 Community of Christ, a Christian denomination known for its dedication to the pursuit of peace, claims more than 250,000 members in 50 nations. ...


Historically the top five denominations are the same as the top five mentioned earlier, but with Baptist being less represented and Methodist more represented.


The first Jewish person in the House was Lewis Charles Levin. The first Jewish person in the Senate was David Levy Yulee The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Lewis Charles Levin(1808-1860) was the first Jewish person elected to the US Congress. ... David Levy Yulee was the first Jewish American U.S. Senator. ...


Catholics have been in the Congress from the beginning. Charles Carroll was in the Continental Congress and was in the US Senate in 1789. Daniel Carroll of Maryland and Thomas Fitzsimons of Pennsylvania were Catholics in the first House of Representatives. Gabriel Richard was the first Catholic priest in Congress. Father Gabriel Richard was a professor of mathematics first elected to the US House of Representatives in 1823. Charles Carroll is the name of several notable men: Charles Carroll, Barrister (1723-1783), Continental Congress from Maryland Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1737-1832), signed U.S. Declaration of Independence for Maryland Charles H. Carroll (1794-1865), U..S. Congressman for New York There is also: Charles Carroll Sawyer, 19th... The Continental Congress is the label given to three successive bodies of representatives: The First Continental Congress met from September 5, 1774 to October 26, 1774. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Daniel Carroll Daniel Carroll (July 22, 1730–July 5, 1796) was a politician and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq. ... Thomas Fitzsimons (1741-1811) was an American merchant and statesman of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq. ... Gabriel Richard (1767 - 1832) was a Representative from Michigan and Roman Catholic priest born in France. ... This article is about the sacrament. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Dalip Singh Saund was the first, and so far only, Sikh in US Congress having been elected in 1956.[2] Categories: Possible copyright violations ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Gender

Jeannette Rankin was the first woman in the House in 1917 while Rebecca Latimer Felton was the first woman in the US Senate entering in 1922. In the 109th United States Congress women hold 70 of 435 (just over 16%) seats in the House, and 14 of 100 (14%) seats in the Senate. Jeannette Rankin Jeannette Rankin (June 11, 1880 – May 18, 1973) was the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and the first female member of Congress. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Rebecca Ann Latimer Felton (June 10, 1835–January 24, 1930) was an American writer, teacher, reformer, and briefly a politician who became the first woman to serve in the United States Senate, filling an appointment on November 21, 1922, and serving until the next day. ...


As of 2006 the US ranks 68th in terms of women holding office in the legislature.[3] This puts the US just above Israel, but below Ecuador. Interestingly the US is also below Liechtenstein, a nation that did not allow women to vote until 1984. The US does have higher female representation than several developed nations, including Ireland, Greece, France, Italy, Malta, and Japan, but lower than most others. 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Race

The Senate is 1% African American and the House is roughly 9.7% African American. Joseph Rainey, first black member of the US House of Representatives Since 1870 there have been 106 African American members of the United States Congress. ...


Joseph Marion Hernández was the first Hispanic in Congress. He was a Whig Party territorial representative for Florida in 1823. The first to represent a state, rather than a territory, was Romualdo Pacheco who represented California in 1877. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen was the first Hispanic woman in Congress and was elected in the 1980s. The Senate is 3% Hispanic and the House is approximately 5% Hispanic. The Congressional Hispanic Caucus[4] has 21 members. Joseph Marion Hernández (August 4, 1793-June 8, 1857) was the first Hispanic to serve in the United States Congress, as Delegate from Florida Territory from September 1822 to March 1823. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Romualdo Pacheco (October 31, 1831–January 23, 1899) was a Hispanic-American politician who, so far, has been the only Hispanic governor of California following its admission to the United States. ... Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (also known as Ileana Ros; born July 15, 1952) is a United States Representative from Floridas 18th district map, holding that office since 1989. ... // About the CHC The Congressional Hispanic Caucus (CHC) is comprised of 21 Members of Congress of Hispanic descent. ...


There are 4 Asians and Pacific Islanders in the US House and 2 in the Senate. As mentioned Dalip Singh Saund was the first Asian American in Congress. Daniel Inouye was the first Japanese American in the House and later the first in Senate. Patsy Mink was the first Asian American woman in Congress. Daniel Ken Inouye (born September 7, 1924) is a recipient of the Medal of Honor and currently serves as the senior United States Senator from Hawaii. ... Patsy T. Mink was the first non-white woman to serve in Congress. ...


Tom Cole is the only registered American Indian currently in the House. Rep. ...


This Nation and Hispanic Americans in Congress were used as sources for this segment.


See also

United States Congress(House of Representatives, Senate)
Members House: Current, Former, Districts | Senate: Current, Former, Current & Former by state
Groups African Americans, Asian Pacific Americans list, Caucuses, Committees, Demographics
House: Committees  | Senate: Committees, Women list
Leaders House: Speaker, Majority leader, Minority leader, Dem. leader, Rep. leader, Majority whip, Minority whip, Dem. whip, Rep. whip, Dem. caucus, Rep. conference, Dean
Senate: President pro tempore (list), Majority and Minority leaders, Dem. Leader, Rep. Leader, Majority whip, Minority whip, Dem. Caucus (Chair, Secretary, Policy comm. chair), Rep. Conference (Chair, Secretary, Policy comm. chair), Dean
Employees Architect of the Capitol, Capitol guide service (board), Capitol police (board), Librarian of Congress
House: Chaplain, Clerk, Doorkeeper, Historian, Page, Parliamentarian, Postmaster, Reading clerk, Sergeant at Arms
Senate: Chaplain, Curator, Page, Parliamentarian, Secretary, Sergeant at Arms
Buildings Capitol Complex, Capitol, Botanic Garden

House: Cannon, Ford, Longworth, O'Neill, Rayburn | Senate: Dirksen, Hart, Russell The following list shows the count of the reported religious affiliation of the members of the United States Senate as of January 1, 2006: Roman Catholic - 24 - Joe Biden, Sam Brownback, Jim Bunning, Maria Cantwell, Susan Collins, Mike DeWine, Christopher Dodd, Pete Domenici, Richard Durbin, Tom Harkin, Ted Kennedy, John... Congress in Joint Session. ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... The 109th United States Congress is the current meeting of the United States legislature, comprised of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. ... This is an incomplete list of notable former members of the United States House of Representatives. ... Congressional districts for representation in the United States House of Representatives are determined after each census. ... This is a complete list of current United States Senators arranged alphabetically by the state they represent, along with lists of party affiliation, and leadership. ... This is an incomplete list of all people who previously served in the United States Senate. ... The United States Senate currently has 100 members, two from each of the 50 states, regardless of population. ... Joseph Rainey, first black member of the US House of Representatives Since 1870 there have been 106 African American members of the United States Congress. ... This is a list of Asian Pacific Americans in the U.S. Congress. ... A Congressional caucus is a group of members of the United States Congress which meets to pursue common legislative objectives. ... A Congressional committee in the parlance of the United States Congress and politics of the United States is a legislative sub-organization that handles a specific duty (rather than the general duties of Congress, making necessary and proper laws). ... Members of the Committee on Financial Services sit in the tiers of raised chairs (R), while those testifying and audience members sit below (L). ... U.S. House Committee members sit in the tiers of raised chairs, while those testifying and audience members sit below. ... There have been 33 women in the United States Senate since the establishment of that body in 1789, meaning that out of the 1,884 Americans who have served in the United States Senate since that time, 1. ... Dennis Hastert, the current Speaker, presiding from a chair in the front of the chamber. ... The Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives acts as the leader of the party that has a majority control of the seats in the house (currently at least 218 of the 435 seats). ... The Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives serves as floor leader of the opposition party, and is the minority counterpart to the Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives. ... The Democratic Leader of the United States House of Representatives acts as the leader of the Democratic Party. ... The Republican Leader of the United States House of Representatives is the leader of Republican House members. ... The Majority Whip is an elected member of the U.S. House of Representatives who assists the Speaker of the House and the Majority Leader to coordinate ideas on and garner support for proposed legislation. ... The Minority Whip is a member of the minority party in the U.S. House of Representatives who assists the Minority Leader in coordinating the party caucus in its responses to legislation and other matters. ... A whip in the United States House of Representatives is a member of the party leadership who comes second in line after the partys floor leader, which in the house is the House Majority Leader or the House Minority Leader. ... A whip in the United States House of Representatives is a member of the party leadership who comes second in line after the partys floor leader. ... The House Democratic Caucus, nominates and elects the Democratic Party leadership in the United States House of Representatives. ... The House Republican Conference, sometimes known as the House Republican Leadership Conference, is an organization for Republicans in the United States House of Representatives. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The seal for the President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... This is a complete List of Presidents pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders (also called Floor Leaders) are two United States Senators who are elected by the party conferences that hold the majority and the minority respectively. ... The Senate Democratic Leader is the Floor Leader of the Democratic Party in the United States Senate. ... The Senate Republican Leader is the Floor Leader of the Republican Party in the United States Senate. ... The U.S. Senate Majority Whip is the second ranking member of the United States Senate. ... Traditionally the second ranking position in the minority party in the United States Senate. ... The Senate Democratic Caucus is the formal organization of the (currently) 44 Democratic Senators in the United States Senate. ... The Democratic caucus of the United States Senate chooses a conference chairman. ... The United States Senate Democratic Conference Secretary, also called the Caucus Secretary, is a ranking leadership position within the Democratic Party in the United States Senate. ... Since 1947, the Democratic members of the United States Senate have elected a policy committee chairman. ... The Senate Republican Conference is the formal organization of the (currently) 55 Republican Senators in the United States Senate. ... The Republican conference of the United States Senate chooses a conference chairperson. ... The United States Senate Republican Conferece Secretary is the third-ranking leadership position within the U.S. Republican Party in the United States Senate. ... Since 1947, the Republican members of the United States Senate have elected a policy committee chairman. ... The Dean of the U.S. Senate is the longest-serving (in consecutive terms) member of the United States Senate, which is at present Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia. ... United States Capitol The Architect of the Capitol is responsible to the United States Congress for the maintenance, operation, development, and preservation of the United States Capitol Complex, which includes the Capitol, the congressional office buildings, the Library of Congress buildings, the United States Supreme Court building, the United States... The United States Capitol Guide Service is a guide service charged by the United States Congress to provide guided tours of the interior of the United States Capitol Building for the education and enlightenment of the general public, without charge for such tours. ... The Capitol Guide Board is a group of three members who have jurisdiction over the United States Capitol Guide Service. ... The United States Capitol Police (USCP) is a police force charged with protecting the United States Congress within the District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its terrirtories. ... The Capitol Police Board is a group of three members who have jurisdiction over the United States Capitol Police. ... Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is one of four official national libraries of the United States (along with the National Library of Medicine, National Agricultural Library, and National Archives and Records Administration). ... The election of William Linn as Chaplain of the House on May 1, 1789, continued the tradition established by the Continental Congresses of each days proceedings opening with a prayer by a chaplain. ... The Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives is an employee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Doorkeeper of the United States House of Representatives office was abolished during the 104th Congress. ... The Historian of the U.S. House of Representatives is an official appointed by that legislative body to study and document its past. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The office of the Parliamentarian of the United States House of Representatives is an office managed, supervised and administered by a non-partisan Parliamentarian appointed by the Speaker. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Reading Clerk of the United States House of Representatives reads bills, motions, and other papers before the House and keeps track of changes to legislation made on the floor. ... The United States House of Representatives Sergeant at Arms is an officer of the House with law enforcement, protocol, and administrative responsibilities. ... // Job description and selection Among his or her duties, the chaplains job is to open each session of the United States Senate with a prayer. ... The United States Senate Curator is an employee of the United States Senate who is responsible for developing and implementing the museum and preservation programs for the Senate Commission on Art. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... The Parliamentarian of the United States Senate serves at the pleasure of the Senate Majority Leader, and functions under the direction of the Secretary of the Senate as a non-partisan employee of the Senate. ... The Secretary of the Senate, as an elected officer of the United States Senate, supervises an extensive array of offices and services to expedite the day-to-day operations of that body. ... The Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate in is the law enforcer for the United States Senate. ... Aerial view of the United States Capitol Complex from the northweat The United States Capitol Complex is group of about a dozen buildings and facilities in Washington D.C. that are used by the Federal government of the United States. ... The United States Capitol Capitol Hill redirects here. ... The United States Botanic Garden (USBG) is a botanic garden run by the Congress of the United States. ... The Cannon House Office Building, completed in 1908, is the oldest congressional office building as well as a significant example of the Beaux Arts style of architecture. ... The Ford House Office Building is one of the four office buildings containing U.S. House of Representatives staff on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC. It is the only House Office Building that is not connected underground to either one of the other office buildings or to the Capitol itself. ... The Longworth House Office Building The Longworth House Office Building (LHOB) is one of three office buildings used by the United States House of Representatives. ... The ONeill House Office Building is the name of a former Congressional Office Building, located near the United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. History The ONeill House Office Building was named after the former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Thomas Phillip Tip O... The Rayburn House Office Building (RHOB), named after former Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn, is located between South Capitol Street and First Street in Southwest Washington, D.C. // History The newest of three U.S. House of Representatives office buildings, the Rayburn House Office Building was completed in early... This Washington, DC congressional office building is named for former Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen (R-IL). ... Located on Constitution Avenue, between 1st and 2nd Streets, NE The Hart Senate Office Building, the third U.S. Senate office building, was built in the 1970s. ... This photograph, taken from southwest of the building, shows the main entrance along Constitution Avenue, N.E. The Russell Senate Office Building (built 1903-1908) is the oldest of the United States Senate office buildings as well as a significant example of the Beaux Arts style of architecture. ...

Politics & Procedure Act of Congress (list), Caucuses, Committees, Joint session, Delegations' partisan mix
House: Committees  | Senate: Committees, Filibuster, Traditions, Vice Presidents' tie-breaking votes
Research Biographical directory, Congressional Quarterly, Congressional Record, Congressional Research Service,
Federal depository library, Library of Congress, The Hill, Roll Call, THOMAS

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