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Encyclopedia > Demographics of the United Kingdom

See also: Demographics of England; Demographics of Northern Ireland; Demographics of Scotland; Demographics of Wales Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Demographics of the United Kingdom. ... This article discusses the Demographics of England as presented by the United Kingdom Census in 2001. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Scotland covers an area of 78,782km² or 30,341mi², giving it a population density of 64 people/km². Around 70% of the countrys population live in the Central Lowlands - a broad, fertile valley stretching in a northeast-southwest orientation between the cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow, and including... This is an article about the demographic data of Wales from the 2001 UK census. ...


At the April 2001 census, the United Kingdom's population was 58,789,194 - the third-largest in the European Union (behind Germany and metropolitan France) and the 21st-largest in the world. Its overall population density is one of the highest in the world. Almost one-third of the population lives in England's southeast and is predominantly urban and suburban, with about 7.2 million in the capital of London. The United Kingdom's high literacy rate (99%) is attributable to universal public education introduced for the primary level in 1870 and secondary level in 1900 (except in Scotland where it was introduced in 1696). Education is compulsory from the ages of 5 to 16. About one-fifth of British students go on to post-secondary education (18+). The Church of England and the Church of Scotland function as the official national churches in their respective countries, but most religions found in the world are represented in the United Kingdom. 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... World literacy rates by country The traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. ... Education in the United Kingdom. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... The Church of Scotland (CofS, known informally as The Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is the national church of Scotland. ...


A group of islands close to continental Europe, the British Isles have been subject to many invasions and migrations, especially from Scandinavia and the continent, including Roman occupation for several centuries. Contemporary Britons are descended mainly from the varied ethnic stocks that settled there before the 11th century. The pre-Celtic, Celtic, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, and Norse influences were blended in Britain under the Normans, Scandinavian Vikings who had lived in Northern France. Although Celtic languages are also spoken in Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, the predominant language is English, which is a West Germanic language descended from Old English, and featuring a large amount of borrowings from Norman French. This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Location of the British Isles The British Isles are a group of islands off the north west coast of continental Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland and a number of smaller islands. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... This article is about the European people. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... Norseman redirects here; for the town of the same name see Norseman, Western Australia. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, spoken by ancient and modern Celts alike. ... This article is about the country. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, BSL, NISL, ISL Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Ian Paisley  - Deputy First Minister... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... West Germanic is the largest branch of the Germanic family of languages, including such languages as English, Dutch, and German. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Norman is a Romance language and one of the Oïl languages. ...

Contents

Population

See also: Population of England. Categories: Stub | History of England | Demographics of the United Kingdom ...

The pie chart shows the percentage of population in the four nations of the United Kingdom.
The pie chart shows the percentage of population in the four nations of the United Kingdom.

The population of the United Kingdom in the 2001 census was 58,789,194. This has risen to 59,834,300 according to July 2004 estimates. This has since risen to 60,209,500 according to mid-2005 estimates by the Office of National Statistics [1]. Image File history File links Ukdemographicscountry. ... Image File history File links Ukdemographicscountry. ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: July 2004 in sports Deaths in July • 31 David B. Haight • 29 Francis Crick • 29 Nafisa Joseph • 23 Joe Cahill • 23 Mehmood • 23 Illinois Jacquet • 23 Carlos Paredes...

Part Population (mid-2005) % (mid-2005)
England 50,431,700 83.8
Scotland 5,094,800 8.5
Wales 2,958,600 4.9
Northern Ireland 1,724,400 2.9
United Kingdom 60,209,500 100

(1 July 2005 population estimates by UK National Statistics)[2] Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... This article is about the country. ... Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, BSL, NISL, ISL Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Ian Paisley  - Deputy First Minister...


There are 11 cities which exceed 300,000 inhabitants, these being London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Leeds, Sheffield, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh, Bristol, Cardiff and Coventry. Cities with urban areas in excess of 300,000 inhabitants include Nottingham, Leicester, Belfast and Newcastle Upon Tyne. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... Glaswegian redirects here. ... Leeds is a major city in West Yorkshire, England. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Liverpool skyline. ... This article is becoming very long. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... View from Cumberland Basin of the Clifton Suspension Bridge and the Avon Gorge Bristol (IPA: ) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, 115 miles (185 km) west of London and between the cities of Bath, Gloucester and Newport. ... Cardiff (English:  Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... Nottingham is a city (and county town of Nottinghamshire) in the East Midlands of England. ... Leicester city centre, looking towards the Clock Tower Leicester (pronounced ) is the largest city and unitary authority in the English East Midlands region of the UK. The city is the traditional county town of Leicestershire. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ...


Age structure

The most numerous age groups (at the 2001 census) were the 5-year group born in the years 1946-51 (the post-World War II baby boom); the baby boom born a generation later in 1961-66 (the largest group of all); and a more modest boom a generation after that, born in 1986-91. [3] The 1946-51 group reaches retirement age from 2006 onwards (women from 2006 and men from 2011), and the sudden increase in the number of people claiming the state pension has led politicians and political commentators to fear a "pensions crisis". As is often the case with a large war, after the end of World War II many countries around the globe, notably those of Europe, Asia, North America, and Australasia experienced a baby boom. ...


The age groups are not evenly distributed around the country, with some areas having many young adults and children [4] and some areas having large numbers of older people. [5]

The pie chart shows the percentages of age structure throughout the United Kingdom.
The pie chart shows the percentages of age structure throughout the United Kingdom.
Age group Population %
Male Female
0–14 5,560,489 5,293,871 18.0
15–64 20,193,876 19,736,516 66.3
65+ 4,027,721 5,458,235 15.7

Image File history File links Ukdemographicsage. ... Image File history File links Ukdemographicsage. ...

Fertility

  • Total fertility rate: 1.79 children born per woman (2005)
  • Mean age of women having their first birth: 27.2 years

Source: Office for National Statistics


Ethnicity

Main article: Ethnic groups of the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a multi-ethnic society comprised of a number of ethnic groups. ...

Citizenship

noun

  • Briton(s), British (collective plural), Brit (colloquially)

adjective A colloquialism is an informal expression, that is, an expression not used in formal speech or writing. ...

  • British

Nationality

England

noun

  • Englishman/woman, English (collective plural)

adjective

  • English

Scotland

noun

  • Scot(s), Scotsman/woman, Scottish (collective plural)

adjective

  • Scottish, Scots

Wales

noun

  • Welshman/woman, Welsh (collective plural)

adjective

  • Welsh

Cornwall

noun Cornwall (Cornish: ) is a county in South West England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ...

  • Cornishman/woman, Cornish (collective plural)

adjective

  • Cornish

Northern Ireland

Residents of Northern Ireland tend to refer to themselves either as British, Irish or Northern Irish, depending on religious and political convictions.


Ethnic groups

From the 2001 UK Census: Census 2001 is the name by which the national census conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 is known. ...

Ethnic group Population % of total*
White British or Scottish** &&&&&&&&50366497.050,366,497 85.67%
White (other) &&&&&&&&&3096169.03,096,169 5.27%
Indian &&&&&&&&&1053411.01,053,411 1.8%
Pakistani &&&&&&&&&&747285.0747,285 1.3%
Mixed race &&&&&&&&&&677117.0677,117 1.2%
White Irish &&&&&&&&&&691232.0691,232 1.2%
Black Caribbean &&&&&&&&&&565876.0565,876 1.0%
Black African &&&&&&&&&&485277.0485,277 0.8%
Bangladeshi &&&&&&&&&&283063.0283,063 0.5%
Asian (non-Chinese) &&&&&&&&&&247644.0247,644 0.4%
Chinese &&&&&&&&&&247403.0247,403 0.4%
Other &&&&&&&&&&230615.0230,615 0.4%
Black (others) &&&&&&&&&&&97585.097,585 0.2%
* Percentage of total UK population

** The term 'White Scottish' is used in Scottish census forms The terms multiracial, biracial and mixed-race describe people whose ancestors are not of a single race. ... West Indian redirects here. ... This article is about the color black; for other uses, see Black (disambiguation). ... This article deals primarily or exclusively with the definition of Asian in English-speaking countries, mainly referring to immigrants or descendants of immigrants living therein. ... A Masai man in Kenya Black people or blacks is a political, social or cultural classification of people. ...

Religion

Main article: Religion in the United Kingdom

The traditional religion in the United Kingdom is Christianity. In England the established church is the Church of England (Anglican) whilst in Scotland it is the Church of Scotland (a Presbyterian Church). In Wales there is no established church, with the Church in Wales being disestablished in 1920. Likewise, in Northern Ireland the Church of Ireland was disestablished in 1871. In Northern Ireland there is a sectarian divide between Roman Catholic and Protestant communities. St Pauls Cathedral The United Kingdom is traditionally a Christian state, though of the four constituent countries, only England still has a state faith in the form of an established church. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... In English history, the Established Church is the Church of England, the church which is established by the Government, supported by it, and of which the monarch is the titular head; until 1920 it also held the same position in Wales. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... The term Anglican (from Medieval Latin ecclesia anglicana, meaning the English Church) is used to describe how the people, institutions and churches as well as the liturgical traditions and theological concepts developed by the state established Church of England, the Anglican Communion. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... The Church of Scotland (CofS, known informally as The Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is the national church of Scotland. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... This article is about the country. ... Flag of the Church in Wales The Church in Wales (Welsh: Yr Eglwys Yng Nghymru) is a member Church of the Anglican Communion, consisting of six dioceses in Wales. ... See also civil religion. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, BSL, NISL, ISL Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Ian Paisley  - Deputy First Minister... Church of Ireland The Church of Ireland (Irish: Eaglais na hÉireann) is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating seamlessly across the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Sectarianism refers (usually pejoratively) to a rigid adherence to a particular sect or party or religious denomination. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


The table below shows the most recent census data regarding religious belief;

The pie chart shows the religions of the United Kingdom.
The pie chart shows the religions of the United Kingdom.
Religion Number %
Christian 42,079,000 71.6%
Muslim 1,591,000 2.7%
Hindu 559,000 1.0%
Sikh 336,000 0.6%
Jewish 267,000 0.5%
Buddhist 152,000 0.3%
Other religion 179,000 0.3%
Not stated 4,289,000 7.3%
No religion 9,104,000 15.5%
Total religious 45,163,000 76.8%

Although the Census 2001 also recorded 390,000 Jedi Knights, making Jedi the fourth-largest "religion" in the UK, this does not confer them any official recognition. Image File history File links Ukdemographicsreligion. ... Image File history File links Ukdemographicsreligion. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... The Jedi census phenomenon was a grassroots movement in 2001 for citizens in a few English-speaking countries to record their religion as Jedi or Jedi Knight (after the fictitious religious order of Force-attuned knights in the Star Wars films) on the national census. ... Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn (right) with his padawan Obi-Wan Kenobi (left) from The Phantom Menace. ...


See also: Status of religious freedom in the United Kingdom, Islam in the United Kingdom, Hinduism in the United Kingdom, Judaism in the United Kingdom While the legal structures of the United Kingdom do not satisfy the legal definition of freedom of religion, the United Kingdom is a signatory to Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights which provides a right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... There are over 0. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Languages

Main article: Languages of the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has no official language. The dominant language, spoken as a first language by 95% of the population is English. Scots is spoken by around 1.5 million people in Scotland and 30,000 in Northern Ireland, where it is called Ulster Scots. Welsh is spoken by around 610,000 people. Scottish Gaelic is spoken by about 60,000 speakers, mostly in Scotland. Cornish is spoken by around 2,500 people. The United Kingdom has no official language. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... “Native Language” redirects here. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Scots refers to the Anglic varieties spoken in parts of Scotland. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, BSL, NISL, ISL Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Ian Paisley  - Deputy First Minister... Ulster Scots, also known as Ullans, Hiberno-Scots, or Scotch-Irish, refers to the variety of Scots spoken in parts of the province of Ulster, which spans the six counties of Northern Ireland and three of the Republic of Ireland. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Education

Main article: Education in the United Kingdom

Broadly speaking, there are two educational systems in the United Kingdom: one covering England, Wales and Northern Ireland and another in Scotland. English, Welsh and Northern Irish students tend to sit a small number of more advanced examinations and Scottish students tend to sit a larger number of less advanced examinations. It should be noted that local English practice can vary from this general picture although across Scotland the system is well nigh universal. Education in the United Kingdom. ... ... Education in England is the responsibility of Department for Education and Skills at national level and, in the case of publicly funded compulsory education, of Local Education Authorities. ... Education in Wales differs in certain respects from the system used elsewhere in the United Kingdom. ... Education in Northern Ireland differs slightly from the system used elsewhere in the United Kingdom. ... {{Infobox Education| country name = Scotland | agency image = | agency = Scottish Executive | leader titles = Minister for Education and Young People Minister for Enterprise and Lifelong Learning| leader names = Peter Peacock   Nicol Stephen | budget = £4. ... In education, certification, counselling, and many other fields, a test or exam (short for examination) is a tool or technique intended to measure students expression of knowledge, skills and/or abilities. ...


Children are generally given a free education between the age of 5 and 16 across the United Kingdom, though in different areas they may start earlier or finish later. In some areas students also have the opportunity to enter selective education (Grammar Schools) though this is not universal and has its critics. Grammar school can refer to various types of schools in different English-speaking countries. ...


The UK also has two of the oldest universities in the world at Oxford and Cambridge. Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... The University of Cambridge (usually abbreviated as Cantab. ...


Although education in the United Kingdom is universal for all, achievement in British Education still tends to be better for higher social classes. Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ...


Literacy definition

  • age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling

Literacy - total population

  • 99% (2000 est.)

See also

The United Kingdom occupies a substantial part of the British Isles. ... Categories: Stub | History of England | Demographics of the United Kingdom ... In the United Kingdom, the Citizen Information Project (CIP) is a plan by the Office for National Statistics to build a national population register. ... The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the government executive agency charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the United Kingdom at national and local levels. ... The United Kingdom has taken a census of its population every ten years since 1801, with the exception of 1941. ... This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ...

References

The World Factbook 2007 (government edtion) cover. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ...

External links

  • Population Trends
  • Social Trends
  • Population and migration Office for National Statistics

  Results from FactBites:
 
DEMOGRAPHIA: Demographics Development Impacts Market Research & Urban Policy (2035 words)
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Demographics of the United Kingdom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1018 words)
At the April 2001 census, the United Kingdom's population was 58,789,194-- the third-largest in the European Union (behind Germany and metropolitan France) and the 21st-largest in the world.
The United Kingdom's high literacy rate (99%) is attributable to universal public education introduced for the primary level in 1870 and secondary level in 1900 (except in Scotland where it was introduced in 1696).
The population of the United Kingdom in the 2001 census was 58,789,194.
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