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Encyclopedia > Demographics of Tanzania

Population distribution in Tanzania is extremely uneven. Density varies from 1 person per square kilometer (3 per sq. mi.) in arid regions to 51 per square kilometer (133 per sq. mi.) in the mainland's well-watered highlands to 134 per square kilometer (347 per sq. mi.) on Zanzibar. More than 80% of the population is rural. Dar es Salaam is the capital and largest city; Dodoma, located in the center of Tanzania, has been designated the new capital, although action to move the capital has stalled. Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar, Tanzania, comprises a pair of islands off the east coast of Africa called Zanzibar (Unguja) (1994 est. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 (2002 census), is the national capital of Tanzania and also the capital of that countrys Dodoma Region. ...


The African population consists of more than 120 ethnic groups, of which the Sukuma, Haya, Nyakyusa, Nyamwezi, and Chagga have more than 1 million members. The majority of Tanzanians, including such tribes as the Hehe, Sukuma and the Nyamwezi, are of Bantu stock. Groups of Nilotic or related origin include the nomadic Masai and the Luo, both of which are found in greater numbers in neighboring Kenya. Two small groups speak languages of the Khoisan family peculiar to the Bushman and Khoikhoi peoples. Cushitic-speaking peoples, originally from the Ethiopian highlands, reside in a few areas of Tanzania. The Sukuma are one of the largest ethnic groups in Tanzania, representing about 13 percent of the total population. ... Haya (OluHaya) is a Niger-Congo language spoken by the people of Tanzania, west and northwest of Lake Victoria. ... The Nyakyusa (also called the Sokile, Ngonde or Nkonde) are a people of Tanzania and Malawi. ... The Nyamwezi (originally and also Wanyamwezi) are the second largest of over 120 ethnic groups in Tanzania. ... The Chagga (or Chaga) are the third largest ethnic group in Tanzania. ... The Hehe (also Wahehe) began as a number of independent chiefdoms made up of mixed people who were in some instances related to one another and are a Bantu tribe who live primarily in the Iringa region of Tanzania, numbering around 192,000, with no chiefdom over 5,000 people... Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. ... Masai can refer to Maasai, also known as Masai, the name of an African ethnic group from Kenya and Tanzania. ... The Luo are a people of Kenya, they live on the shores and hinterland of Lake Victoria. ... Map showing the distribution of the Khoi-San languages. ... Bushmen in the Kalahari Kun San man from the Kalahari 1986 The Bushmen (also known as Khwe [Khoe], Basarwa, or San) peoples of South Africa and neighbouring Botswana and Namibia, who live in the Kalahari, are part of the Khoisan group and are related to the Khoikhoi. ... An 18th century drawing of Khoikhoi worshipping the moon The Khoikhoi (people people or real people) or Khoi are a division of the Khoisan ethnic group of south-western Africa, closely related to the Bushmen (San in the Khoi language). ... The Cushitic languages are a subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic languages phylum, named after the Biblical figure Cush by analogy with Semitic. ...


Although much of Zanzibar's African population came from the mainland, one group known as Shirazis traces its origins to the island's early Persian settlers. Non-Africans residing on the mainland and Zanzibar account for 1% of the total population. The Asian community, including Hindus, Sikhs, Shi'a and Sunni Muslims, and Goans, has declined by 50% in the past decade to 50,000 on the mainland and 4,000 on Zanzibar. An estimated 70,000 Arabs and 10,000 Europeans reside in Tanzania. Communications in Iran Iranian Blogs Internet censorship in Iran Iranian Media Persian Transportation in Iran Iranian Newspapers Iranian News Agencies Minorities Ethnic minorities in Iran Religious Minorities Sports: Football in Iran Other topics: Irans nuclear program Iran and weapons of mass destruction Military of Iran Family Planning in Iran... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... A Sikh man wearing a turban A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism, a religious faith originating in the Punjab. ... Shia Islam or Shi`ism (from the Arabic word شيعة, short for the historic phrase shi`at `Ali شيعة علي, meaning the followers of Ali) is the second-largest Islamic denomination. ... There are several branches of Islam. ... Goa (गोवा) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... The Arabs ((Arabic: عرب Ê»arab) are a large ethnic group widespread in the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ... A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ...


Each ethnic group has its own language, but the national language is Swahili, a Bantu tongue with strong Arabic and later English borrowings. Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see Kiswahili for a discussion of the nomenclature) is an agglutinative Bantu language widely spoken in East Africa. ... The Arabic language (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Demographics of Tanzania, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
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Demographics of Tanzania, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Population: 35,922,454
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.) Image File history File links Subject : evolution of demography in Tanzania (1961-2003) Source : Data FAOSTAT, year 2005 : http://faostat. ... Image File history File links Subject : evolution of demography in Tanzania (1961-2003) Source : Data FAOSTAT, year 2005 : http://faostat. ... Headquartered in Rome, Italy, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations programs seek to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living; to improve the production, processing, marketing, and distribution of food and agricultural products; to promote rural development; and, by these means, to eliminate hunger. ... The Red Ribbon is the global symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and is defined as a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the depletion of the immune system caused...


Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.3% (male 7,988,898; female 7,938,979)
15-64 years: 53.1% (male 9,429,959; female 9,634,102)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 405,803; female 524,713) (2003 est.)


Median age:
total: 17.5 years
male: 17.2 years
female: 17.7 years (2002)


Population growth rate: 1.72% (2003 est.)


Birth rate: 39.5 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)


Death rate: 17.38 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)


Net migration rate: -4.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)


Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2003 est.)


Infant mortality rate:
total: 103.68 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 93.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 113.29 deaths/1,000 live births


Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 44.56 years
male: 43.33 years
female: 45.83 years (2003 est.)


Total fertility rate: 5.24 children born/woman (2003 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 7.8% (2001 est.)


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.5 million (2001 est.)


HIV/AIDS - deaths: 140,000 (2001 est.)


Nationality:
noun:Tanzanian(s)
adjective:Tanzanian


Ethnic groups: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, mixed Arab and native African


Religions: mainland - Christian 40%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 25%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim


Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws heavily on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages. First language (native language, mother tongue, or vernacular) is the language a person learns first. ...


Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 78.2%
male: 85.9%
female: 70.7% (2003 est.)


See also

...

References

Some information in this article has been taken from the CIA World Factbook, 2003 edition. World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tanzania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2307 words)
The United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania in Swahili), or Tanzania, is a country on the east coast of east Africa.
In 1996, Tanzania's capital was officially moved from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma, although many government offices still remain in the old capital.
However, CCM comfortably won the elections and its candidate Benjamin Mkapa was subsequently sworn in as the new president of the United Republic of Tanzania on 23 November 1995.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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