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Encyclopedia > Demographics of South Africa

Life in South Africa

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Demographics
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Education
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Until 1991, South African law divided the population into four major racial categories: blacks, whites, coloureds, and Asians. Blacks comprise about seventy-five percent of the population and are divided into a number of different ethnic groups including those from Angola and Mozambique who are descendants of refugees who have settled South Africa. Whites comprise about thirteen percent of the population. They are primarily descendants of Dutch, French, English, and German settlers who began arriving at the Cape in the late 17th century. There is a Portuguese minority including the descendants of the first European explorers and the Portuguese who left the former Portuguese colonies of southern Africa (Angola and Mozambique) after their independence in the mid-70s. Coloureds are mixed-race people primarily descended from the earliest settlers, their slaves, and the indigenous peoples. They comprise about nine percent of the total population. Most Asians descend from Indian indentured workers who came to South Africa in the mid-19th century to work on the sugar estates in Natal. Others include the descendants of Indian traders who migrated to South Africa at around the same time. They constitute about three percent of the population and are concentrated in the KwaZulu-Natal Province. There is also a small Chinese population of approximately 100,000 people. There is no single Culture of South Africa. ... // Constitution Following the 1994 elections, South Africa was governed under an interim constitution. ... art forms of southern africa, is beautifully painted vases and wood made into animals Categories: Africa-related stubs ... Holidays in South Africa: The Public Holidays Act (Act No 36 of 1994) determines that whenever any public holiday falls on a Sunday, the Monday following it will be a public holiday. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... In the South African context, the term Coloured refers to various people of mixed Bantu, Khoisan, and European descent (with some Malay or Indian ancestry, especially in the Western Cape) together with some racially pure Khoisans. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... In the South African, Namibian, Zambian and Zimbabwean context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruin Afrikaners in Afrikaans) refers to a heterogeneous group of people who posess some degree of sub-Saharan ancestry, but not enough to be considered Black under South African law. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ...

Contents

Statistics

Population: 47,390,900 (2006 est.) Population: 43,997,828 (2007 est.)[1] Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Age structure: (2001)

0-14 years: 32.1% (male 7,17 million/female 7,21 million)
15-64 years: 63% (male 13,49 million/female 14,74 million)
65 years and over: 4.9% (male 0,8 million/female 1,39 million)

Population growth rate::

1.06% (2006 est.)[1]
-0.46% (2007 est.)

Birth rate:

20.63 births/1,000 population (2001)
17.94 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)[2]

Death rate:

12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
22.4 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) [2]

Deaths

567,488 (2004)
599,000 (2006 est.)

Net migration rate:

-1.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
-0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities.


Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 42.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2003)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 50.7 years
male: 49.0 years
female: 52.5 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.90 children born/woman (2001 est.)
2.20 children born/woman (2006 est.)
2.16 children born/woman (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS:

Prevalence rate among those aged 2 years and older: 10.8% (2005)
people living with HIV/AIDS: 5,2 million (2006 est.)
deaths due to AIDS: 336,000 (2006 MRC est.)
deaths due to AIDS: 345,640 (ASSA2003 model's estimate for 2006)

Nationality: HIV and AIDS in South Africa are a major health concern. ...

noun: South African(s)
adjective: South African

Ethnic groups:

black 79.5%, white 9.2%, Coloured 8.9%, Asian 2.5% (2006 est.)

Religions: In the South African, Namibian, Zambian and Zimbabwean context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruin Afrikaners in Afrikaans) refers to a heterogeneous group of people who posess some degree of sub-Saharan ancestry, but not enough to be considered Black under South African law. ...

Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, other Christian 36%, Islam 1.5%, Hinduism 1.2%, Judaism 0.3%, other 2%, unspecified 1.4%, none 14.9% (2001 census)

Languages: Zionism is a key movement within the African Initiated Churches and is particularly strong in southern Africa; research in 1996 suggested that 40% of all black South Africans belonged to a Zionist church. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Anglican Church of Southern Africa (formerly the Church of the Province of Southern Africa) is the Anglican province in the southern part of Africa, including dioceses in Angola, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Saint Helena, South Africa and Swaziland. ... Islam in South Africa probably predates the colonial period, and consisted of isolated contact with Arab and East African traders. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Jewish community in South Africa is the largest in Africa, and, although shrinking due to emigration, it remains one of the most Orthodox communities in the world. ...

11 official languages, including Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu. Other spoken languages include San dialects, Portuguese, German, Hindi, Telugu, Gujarati and also Tamil.

Literacy: Geographical distribution of South African languages. ... Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Southern Ndebele language (isiNdebele or Nrebele in Southern Ndebele) is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the amaNdebele (the Ndebele people of South Africa). ... Northern Sotho, Sepedi, or Sesotho sa Leboa, is one of the official languages of South Africa, and is spoken by 4,208,980 people (2001 Census Data), mostly in the provinces of Gauteng, Limpopo Province and Mpumalanga. ... Sesotho is a language spoken in southern Africa. ... Swati (siSwati in the language itself; Swazi in Zulu) is a Bantu language of the Nguni group spoken in Swaziland and South Africa. ... The Tsonga or Xitsonga language is spoken in southern Africa by the Tsonga people, also known as the Shangaan. ... Tswana (Setswana), is a Bantu language. ... Venda, also known as Tshivenda, or Luvenda, is a Bantu language. ... For the Xhosa people, see Xhosa. ... Zulu (isiZulu in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... The Bushmen, San, Basarwa, !Kung or Khwe are indigenous people of the Kalahari Desert, which spans areas of South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Angola. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union along with English. ... Telugu (తెలుగు) is a Dravidian language (South-Central Dravidian languages) primarily spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી Gujǎrātī; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ...

definition: Age 15 and over, can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 87%
female: 85.7% (2003 est.)
total population: 85%
male: 86%
female: 85% (2000 est.)

Largest cities

The following is a list of the ten most populous cities/municipalities in the country, with their populations from the 2001 census. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

Rank Municipality Population (2001) Population (1996) Percent Change
from 1996-2001
1. Johannesburg, Gauteng 3,225,812 2,639,110 22.2%
2. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal 3,090,117 2,751,193 12.3%
3. Cape Town, Western Cape 2,893,251 2,563,612 12.9%
4. East Rand, Gauteng 2,480,282 2,026,807 22.4%
5. Pretoria, Gauteng 1,985,984 1,682,701 18.0%
6. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape 1,005,776 969,771 3.7%
7. East London, Eastern Cape 701,881 682,287 2.9%
8. Vereeniging, Gauteng 658,422 597,948 10.1%
9. Bloemfontein, Free State 645,441 603,704 6.9%
10. Thohoyandou, Limpopo 584,469 537,454 8.7%

List of largest cities in South Africa by population This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier (List) Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... Durban (Zulu: eThekwini (IPA: ) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the eThekwini metropolitan municipality. ... KwaZulu-Natal, often referred to as KZN, is a province of South Africa. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... Capital Cape Town Largest city Cape Town Premier Ebrahim Rasool Area - Total Ranked 4th 129,370 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 5th 4,524,335 35/km² Languages Afrikaans (55. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier (List) Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country South Africa Province Gauteng Established 1855 Area  - City 1,644 km²  (634. ... Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier (List) Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ... East London (Afrikaans: Oos-Londen, Xhosa: Imonti) is a city in southeast South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province at 32. ... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ... Vereeniging is a city in Gauteng province, South Africa, with a population of more than 350,000. ... Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier (List) Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... Bloemfontein at night Bloemfontein (IPA: , Afrikaans and Dutch for fountain of Bloem (bloom) or flower fountain is the capital city of the Free State Province of South Africa. ... Capital Bloemfontein Largest city Bloemfontein Area  - Total Ranked 3rd 129,480 km² Premier Beatrice Marshoff (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density Ranked 8th 2,706,776 2,633,504 21/km² (2001) Languages Sotho (62%) Afrikaans (14%) isiXhosa (9. ... Thohoyandou is the former capital of the Bantustan of Venda. ... Capital Polokwane Largest city Polokwane Area  - Total Ranked 5th 123,900 km² Premier Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 4th 5,273,637 4,929,368 43/km² (Ranked 3rd) Languages Races Black (97. ... The below table is a list of all cities (or municipalities) in South Africa with a population larger than 100,000. ...


Comparison of Black South Africans and White South Africans

Black South African demographics

As of the census of 2001, there are 35,416,164 Black Africans and 8,625,050 Black African households residing in South Africa. The Black South African population density is 29/km². The density of Black households is 7/km². Black South Africans make up 79.0% of the total population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


The percentage of all Black South African households that are made up of individuals is 19.9%. The average Black household size is 4.11 members.


In South Africa, the Black population is spread out with 34.0% under the age of 15, 21.6% from 15 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 11.8% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age of a Black African is 21 years. For every 100 Black females there are 91.1 Black males. For every 100 Black females age 18 and over, there are 86.2 Black males.


In South Africa, 0.7% of Black residents speak Afrikaans at home, 0.5% speak English, 2.0% speak Southern Ndebele, 22.3% speak Xhosa, 30.1% speak Zulu, 11.9% speak Northern Sotho, 10.0% speak Sesotho, 10.3% speak Tswana, 3.4% speak Swati, 2.9% speak Venda, and 5.6% speak Tsonga. 0.3% of the Black African population speaks a non-official language at home. Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Southern Ndebele language (isiNdebele or Nrebele in Southern Ndebele) is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the amaNdebele (the Ndebele people of South Africa). ... For the Xhosa people, see Xhosa. ... Zulu (isiZulu in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... Northern Sotho, Sepedi, or Sesotho sa Leboa, is one of the official languages of South Africa, and is spoken by 4,208,980 people (2001 Census Data), mostly in the provinces of Gauteng, Limpopo Province and Mpumalanga. ... Sesotho is a language spoken in southern Africa. ... Tswana (Setswana), is a Bantu language. ... Swati (siSwati in the language itself; Swazi in Zulu) is a Bantu language of the Nguni group spoken in Swaziland and South Africa. ... Venda, also known as Tshivenda, or Luvenda, is a Bantu language. ... The Tsonga or Xitsonga language is spoken in southern Africa by the Tsonga people, also known as the Shangaan. ...


With regard to religion, 79.9% of Black residents are Christian, 17.5% have no religion, 0.2% are Muslim, 0.0% are Jewish, 0.0% are Hindu and 2.3% have other or undetermined beliefs. Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... “Atheist” redirects here. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


With regard to education, 22.3% of Black aged 20 and over have received no schooling, 18.5% have had some primary school, 6.9% have completed only primary school, 30.4% have had some high school education, 16.8% have finished only high school, and 5.2% have an education higher than the high school level. Overall, 22.0% of Black Africans have completed high school. Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The percentage of Black South African housing units having a telephone and/or mobile phone in the dwelling is 31.1%. The percentage having access to a nearby phone is 57.2%, and 11.7% do not have nearby access or any access. The percentage of Black African households that have a flush or chemical toilet is 41.9%. Refuse is removed from 45.3% of Black African households by the municipality at least once a week, and 11.0% have no rubbish disposal. Some 17.9% of Black Africans have running water inside their dwelling, 51.7% have running water on their property, and 80.2% have access to running water. The percentage of Black African households using electricity for cooking is 39.3%, for heating, 37.2%, and for lighting, 62.0%. Radios are owned by 68.7% of Black African households while 44.2% have a television, 1.8% own a computer, 40.0% have a refrigerator, and 24.6% have a mobile phone. This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Flush toilet. ... This article is about waste matter. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... The NASA Columbia Supercomputer. ... “Freezer” redirects here. ...


The unemployment rate of the Black population aged 15-65 is 28.1%.


The median annual income of Black working adults aged 15-65 is ZAR 12,073. Black African males have a median annual income of ZAR 14,162 versus ZAR 8,903 for Black African females.


White South African demographics

As of the census of 2001, there are 4,293,640 Whites and 1,409,690 White households residing in South Africa. The White population density is 4/km². The density of White households is 1.16/km². Whites make up 9.6% of the total population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


The percentage of all White households that are made up of individuals is 19.1%. The average White household size is 3.05 members.


In South Africa, the White population is spread out with 19.0% under the age of 15, 15.1% from 15 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age of a White is 35 years. For every 100 White females there are 94.0 White males. For every 100 White females age 18 and over, there are 91.1 White males.


In South Africa, 59.1% of White residents speak Afrikaans at home, 39.3% speak English and 0.1% speak Xhosa. 1.1% of the White population speaks a non-official language at home. Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For the Xhosa people, see Xhosa. ...


With regard to religion, 86.8% of White residents are Christian, 8.8% have no religion, 0.2% are Muslim, 1.4% are Jewish, and 2.7% have other or undetermined beliefs. Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... “Atheist” redirects here. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


With regard to education, 1.4% of Whites aged 20 and over have received no schooling, 1.2% have had some primary school, 0.8% have completed only primary school, 25.9% have had some high school education, 40.9% have finished only high school, and 29.8% have an education higher than the high school level. Overall, 70.7% of Whites have completed high school. Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The percentage of White housing units having a telephone and/or mobile phone in the dwelling is 95.4%. The percentage having access to a nearby phone is 4.4%, and 0.2% do not have nearby access or any access. The percentage of White households that have a flush or chemical toilet is 98.7%. Refuse is removed from 90.8% of White households by the municipality at least once a week, and 0.5% have no rubbish disposal. Some 87.2% of White have running water inside their dwelling, 95.6% have running water on their property, and 99.4% have access to running water. The percentage of White households using electricity for cooking is 96.6%, for heating, 93.2%, and for lighting, 99.2%. Radios are owned by 94.7% of White households while 92.6% have a television, 46.0% own a computer, 97.6% have a refrigerator, and 74.6% have a mobile phone. This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Flush toilet. ... This article is about waste matter. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... The NASA Columbia Supercomputer. ... “Freezer” redirects here. ...


The unemployment rate of the White population aged 15-65 is 4.1%.


The median annual income of White working adults aged 15-65 is ZAR 65,405. White males have a median annual income of ZAR 81,701 versus ZAR 52,392 for White females. The annual income distribution of Whites in South Africa is 79.


See also

This is a list of South African provinces by population density. ... This is a list of South African provinces by population, based on data from the 2001 census. ...

External links

  • 2001 Census page
  • Property Mag
  • 2001 Digital Census Atlas
  • Mid-year population estimates, 2006
  • Mortality and causes of death in South Africa, 2003 and 2004
  • South African Department of Health Survey 2003
  • Avert's AIDS statistics for South Africa
  • Sokwanele article on Zimbabwe Refugee Crisis

Notes

  1. ^ Growth rates are based on estimates from Statistics South Africa (SSA). South Africa's Department of Health offers lower fertility estimates but doesn't convert it into growth rates.
  2. ^ 2007 estimates from the CIA Factbook which is an unreliable source for SA demographics. Unfortunately neither SSA nor the SA Department of Health provide data on Births per 1000 population. Hence the CIA Factbook is used for now. For comparison in 2007 CIA estimated 2.16 children per woman, while in 2006 SSA estimated 2.7 children per woman.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference Encyclopedia - History of South Africa (8642 words)
South Africa's ports and harbors, such as at Cape Town, Durban, and Simon's Town, were also important rest-stops, refueling-stations, and served as strategic assets to the British Royal Navy during the war, helping to keep the vital sea lanes to the British Raj open.
South Africa's contribution consisted mainly of supplying troops, men and material for the North African campaign (the Desert War) and the Italian Campaign as well as to Allied ships that docked at its crucial ports adjoining the Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean that converge at the tip of Southern Africa.
The South African 2nd Infantry Division also took part in a number of actions in North Africa during 1942, but on 21 June 1942 two complete infantry brigades of the division as well as most of the supporting units were captured at the fall of Tobruk.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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