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Encyclopedia > Demographics of New York City
Population growth (blue) and population loss (red) from 1990 to 2000. (Click on image to see full key and data.)
Population growth (blue) and population loss (red) from 1990 to 2000. (Click on image to see full key and data.)

The demographics of New York City depict a uniquely large and ethnically diverse metropolis, the largest city in the United States, with a population defined by a long history of international immigration. New York City is home to more than 8 million people, accounting for about 40% of the population of New York State and a similar percentage of the New York metropolitan area, home to about 20 million. Over the last decade the city has been growing faster than the region. Demographers estimate New York's population will reach 9.7 million by 2025.[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2652x2582, 2004 KB) // Summary & Key New York City growth rates by Community District from 1990 to 2000. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2652x2582, 2004 KB) // Summary & Key New York City growth rates by Community District from 1990 to 2000. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The term multiculturalism generally refers to a state of both cultural and ethnic diversity within the demographics of a particular social space. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ...


Throughout its history New York City has been a major point of entry for immigrants; the term "melting pot" was first coined to describe densely populated immigrant neighborhoods on the Lower East Side. In 2005, nearly 170 languages were spoken in the city and 36% of its population was foreign born.[1][2] Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Alternate meaning: crucible (science) The melting pot is a metaphor for the way in which heterogenous societies develop, in which the ingredients in the pot (iron, tin; people of different backgrounds and religions, etc. ... Categories: Manhattan neighborhoods | Stub ...

Contents

Current demographics

New York City Compared
2000 Census NY City NY State U.S.
Total population 8,213,839[3] 18,976,457 281,421,906
Population, percent change, 1990 to 2000 +9.4% +5.5% +13.1%
Population density 26,403/mi² 402/mi² 80/mi²
Median household income (1999) $38,293 $43,393 $41,994
Bachelor's degree or higher 27% 27% 29%
Foreign born 36% 20% 11%
White 49% 68% 75%
White (non-Hispa) 37% 62% 67%
Black 26% 16% 12%
Hispanic (any race) 27% 15% 11%
Asian 10% 6% 4%

New York is the most populous city in the United States, with an estimated 2005 population of 8,213,839 (up from 7.3 million in 1990).[3] New York's two key demographic features are its population density and cultural diversity. The city's population density of 26,403 people per square mile (10,194/km²), makes it the densest of any American municipality with a population above 100,000.[4] Manhattan's population density is 66,940 people per square mile (25,846/km²), highest of any county in the United States.[5][6] 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... There is a general consensus among mainstream anthropologists that humans first emerged in Africa about two million years ago. ...


New York City is exceptionally diverse. Throughout its history the city has been a major point of entry for immigrants; the term "melting pot" was first coined to describe densely populated immigrant neighborhoods on the Lower East Side. 36% of the city's population is foreign-born.[2] Among US cities, this proportion is higher only in Los Angeles and Miami.[6] While the immigrant communities in those cities are dominated by a few nationalities, in New York no single country or region of origin dominates. The eleven nations constituting the largest sources of modern immigration are the Dominican Republic, China, Jamaica, Guyana, Pakistan, Ecuador, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, Albania, Colombia, and Russia.[7] About 170 languages are spoken in the city.[1] Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. ... Alternate meaning: crucible (science) The melting pot is a metaphor for the way in which heterogenous societies develop, in which the ingredients in the pot (iron, tin; people of different backgrounds and religions, etc. ... L.E.S. redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Miami redirects here. ...

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 33,131
1800 60,515 82.7%
1810 96,373 59.3%
1820 123,706 28.4%
1830 202,589 63.8%
1840 312,710 54.4%
1850 515,547 64.9%
1860 813,669 57.8%
1870 942,292 15.8%
1880 1,206,299 * 28.0%
1890 1,515,301 25.6%
1900 3,437,202 * 126.8%
1910 4,766,883 38.7%
1920 5,620,048 17.9%
1930 6,930,446 23.3%
1940 7,454,995 7.6%
1950 7,891,957 5.9%
1960 7,781,984 -1.4%
1970 7,894,862 1.5%
1980 7,071,639 -10.4%
1990 7,322,564 3.5%
2000 8,008,288 9.4%
Est. 2005 8,143,197 [8] 1.7%
* gained territory
Population 1790 - 1990[9]

The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest number of Jews outside Israel. There are more Jews within New York City limits than within Jerusalem city limits, making the New York City Jewish community the largest such community in the world. About 12% of New Yorkers claim to be Jewish or of Jewish descent.[10] New York is also home to nearly a quarter of the nation's South Asians,[11] and the largest African American community of any city in the country. The United [[States Census of 1790 was the first Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For an article on American Indians see Native Americans. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


The six largest ethnic groups as of the 2005 census estimates are: African, Puerto Ricans, Italians, West Indians, Dominicans, and Chinese.[12][13] The Puerto Rican population of New York City is the largest outside Puerto Rico.[14] Italians emigrated to the city in large numbers in the early twentieth century, establishing several "Little Italys." The Irish also have a notable presence. In fact, more people in New York claim Irish ancestry than in any other city in the world; including Dublin An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... West Indies redirects here. ... A Chinese American is an American who is of ethnic Chinese descent. ... It can be said that the Puerto Ricans have both immigrated and migrated to New York. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... Little Italy is a general name for an ethnic enclave populated (or formerly populated) primarily by Italians or people of Italian ancestry, usually in an urban neighborhood. ... // St. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ...


New York City has a high degree of income disparity. In 2005 the median household income in the wealthiest census tract was reported to be $188,697, while in the poorest it was $9,320.[15] The disparity is driven by wage growth in high income brackets, while wages have stagnated for middle and lower income brackets. In 2006 the average weekly wage in Manhattan was $1,453, the highest and fastest growing among the largest counties in the United States.[16] The borough is also experiencing a "baby boom" among the wealthy that is unique among U.S. cities. Since 2000, the number of children under age 5 living in Manhattan has grown by more than 32%.[17]


Home ownership in New York City is about 33%, much lower than the national average of 69%, which includes non-city dwelling populations. [18] Rental vacancy is usually between 3% and 4.5%, well below the 5% threshold defined to be a housing emergency, justifying the continuation of rent control and rent stabilization. About 33% of rental units fall under rent stabilization, according to which increases are adjudicated periodically by city agencies. Rent control covers only a very small number of rental units. [19][20]. Some critics point to New York City's strict zoning and other regulations as partial causes for the housing shortage, but during the city's decline in population from the 1960s through the 1980s, a large number of apartment buildings suffered suspected arson fires or were abandoned by their owners. Once the population trend was reversed, with rising prospects for rentals and sales, new construction has resumed, but generally for higher income brackets.
Rent control in New York refers to rent control and rent stabilization programs in New York State, USA. Each city may choose whether to participate or not, and as of 2007, 51 municipalities participated in the program, including Albany, Buffalo and most famously, New York City. ...


Population

New York City compared
2000 Census Data New York LA Chicago New York State United States
Total population 8,085,742 3,694,820 2,896,121 18,976,457 281,421,906
Population, percent change, 1990 to 2000 +9.4% +6% +4% +5.5% +13.1%
Population density 26,402.9/mi² 7,876.8/mi² 12,750.3/mi² 402/mi² 80/mi²
Median household income (1999) $38,293 $36,687 $38,625 $43,393 $41,994
Per capita income (1999) $22,402 $20,671 $20,175 $23,389 $21,587
Bachelor's degree or higher 27% 26% 26% 27% 24%
Foreign born 36% 41% 22% 20% 11%
White 35% 30% 31% 62% 69%
Black 27% 12% 37% 15% 12%
Hispanic (any race) 27% 46% 26% 16% 13%

New York is the largest city in the United States, with the city proper's population more than double the next largest city, Los Angeles (or roughly equivalent to the combined populations of Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston, America's second, third, and fourth most populous cities respectively). The estimated 2005 population of New York City is 8,213,839 (up from 7.3 million in 1990).[3] This amounts to about 40% of New York State's population and a similar percentage of the metropolitan regional population. Over the last decade the city has been growing rapidly. Demographers estimate New York's population will reach between 9.4 and 9.7 million by 2030.[21] In 2000 the life expectancy of New Yorkers surpassed that of the United States national average. Life expectancy for females born in 2000 in New York City is 80.2 years and for males is 74.5 years.[22] 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Houston redirects here. ...


New York's two key demographic features are its density and diversity. The city has an extremely high population density of 26,403 people per square mile (10,194/km²), about 10,000 more people per square mile than the next densest large American city, San Francisco.[23] Manhattan's population density is 66,940 people per square mile (25,846/km²).[6] San Francisco redirects here. ...


The city has a long tradition of attracting international immigration and Americans seeking careers in certain sectors. As of 2006, New York City has ranked number one for seven consecutive years as the city most U.S. residents would most like to live in or near.[24]


Immigration

Throughout its history New York City has been a principal entry point for immigration to the United States. The city experienced major immigration from Europe in the 19th century and another major wave in the early 20th century. Since the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, and particularly since the 1980s, New York City has seen renewed rates of high immigration. Newer immigrants are from Latin America, the Caribbean, Asia, Eastern Europe and Africa. 36% of the city's population is foreign-born.[2] Among American cities, this proportion is higher only in Los Angeles and Miami.[6] While the immigrant communities in those cities are dominated by a few nationalities, in New York no single country or region of origin dominates. The ten largest countries of origin are the Dominican Republic, China, Jamaica, Guyana, Mexico, Ecuador, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, Colombia and Russia.[25] About 170 languages are spoken in the city.[1] Between 1990 and 2000 the city admitted 1,224,524 immigrants.[26] 2000 Census Population Ancestry Map Immigration to the United States of America is the movement of non-residents to the United States. ... The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of 1952 (Also known as the McCarran-Walter Act) restricted immigration into the U.S. and is codified under Title 8 of the United States Code. ...


Ethnic composition

New York City is a minority-majority city, or one in which people self-identified as nonwhite dominate demographically. In 2005 44% of the population was identified as white. 25.3% of the population was black or African American, 11.6% was Asian and 0.4% were American Indian. Another 17% belonged to other racial categories and 1.6% of New Yorkers identified themselves as belonging to more than one race.[27] The city has several demographically unique characteristics. The borough of Queens is the only large county in the United States where the median income among black households, about $52,000 a year, has surpassed that of whites.[28] It is also the nation's most ethnically diverse county.[29] Majority-minority state is a term used to describe a U.S. state in which a majority of the states population differs from the national majority population. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ...


The New York City metropolitan area is home to the largest Jewish community outside Israel.[30] It is also home to nearly a quarter of the nation's South Asians,[31] and the largest African American community of any city in the country. New York City, with about 800,000 Puerto Rican residents, has the largest Puerto Rican population outside of Puerto Rico. Another historically significant ethnic group are Italians, who emigrated to the city in large numbers in the early twentieth century, New York City is home to the largest Italian population in the US. The Irish also have a notable presence. American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Jews who are American citizens or resident aliens. ... For American Indians, see Native Americans in the United States or Indigenous peoples of the Americas. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ...

% Foreign born by borough 1970-2000
Borough
1970

1980

1990

2000
Brooklyn 17.5 23.8 29.2 37.8
Queens 21.0 28.6 36.2 46.1
Manhattan 20.0 24.4 25.8 29.4
Bronx 15.6 18.4 22.8 29.0
Staten Island 9.0 9.8 11.8 16.4
Total 18.2 23.6 28.4 35.9
Source: NYC.gov[32]

Households

The 2000 census counted 3,021,588 households with a median income of $38,293. 30% of households had children under the age of 18, and 37% were married couples living together. 19% had a single female householder, and 39% were non-families. 32% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10% were single residents 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 persons, and the average family size was 3.32. Matrimony redirects here. ...


The age range was as follows: 24% were under the age of 18, 10% between 18 and 24, 33% between 25 to 44, 21% between 45 to 64, and 12% were 65 or older. The median age in New York City in 2000 was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86 males.


The borough of Manhattan is experiencing a "baby boom" that is unique among U.S. cities. Since 2000, the number of children under age 5 living in Manhattan grew by more than 32%.[33] The increase is driven mostly by affluent white families with median household incomes over $300,000. This article is about the borough of New York City. ...


Income

1999 per capita income was not uniform across the boroughs. Family income was much higher in each borough.

Overall, the distribution of household income in New York City is characterized by tremendous disparities. This phenomenon is especially true of Manhattan, which in 2005 was home to the wealthiest U.S. census, tract with a household income of $188,697, as well as the poorest, where household income was $9,320.[34] The disparity is driven in part by wage growth in high income brackets. In 2006 the average weekly wage in Manhattan was $1,453, the highest among the largest counties in the United States.[16] Wages in Manhattan were the fastest growing among the nation's 10 largest counties.[16] Among young adults in New York who work full time, women now earn more money than men—in 2005 approximately $5,000 more. [35] Nationally, women’s wages still lag behind men. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2652x2582, 1992 KB) Summary 1999 New York City per capita income, by borough. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2652x2582, 1992 KB) Summary 1999 New York City per capita income, by borough. ...


New York City's borough of Manhattan is the richest county in the United States. In particular, ZIP code 10021 on Manhattan's Upper East Side, with over 100,000 inhabitants and a per capita income of over $90,000, has one of the largest concentrations of extreme wealth in the United States. The so-called outer boroughs, especially Queens and Staten Island, have large middle class populations. Mr. ... The Upper East Side at Sunset The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, USA, between Central Park and the East River. ...


New York City's per capita income in 2000 was $22,402; men and women had a median income of $37,435 and $32,949 respectively. 21.2% of the population and 18.5% of families had incomes below the federal poverty line; 30.0% of this group were under the age of 18 and 17.8% were 65 and older.


The New Yorker who is listed as the richest individual, oil magnate David H. Koch, was worth an estimated $17 billion in October 2007.[36] The poorest New Yorkers, 1.5 million people with incomes below the poverty line, are collectively worth less than Mr. Koch's net worth. Of Forbes Magazine's 400 richest Americans, 72 live in New York City, and they are each worth at least $1 billion.[36]New York City's present mayor, Michael Bloomberg, is himself one of the nation's richest men. After Moscow, New York City has the highest amount of billionaires. David Hamilton Koch (born 1940) was the Libertarian Partys Vice-Presidential candidate in the 1980 U.S. presidential election, sharing the party ticket with Ed Clark. ... The following is a list of billionaires, in United States dollars, worldwide for 2006 compiled by Forbes, not including heads of state whose wealth is tied to their position (see list of heads of government and state by net worth). ...


New York City's unemployment rate in October of 2006 was 4.1%, lower than the nationwide rate of 4.4%.[37] CIA figures for world unemployment rates, 2006 Unemployment is the state in which a person is without work, available to work, and is currently seeking work. ...


Religions

Religious groups in New York City
Borough Population
2000 census
%
Catholic
% not
affiliated
%
Jewish
%
Protestant
Estimated %
Not Counted,
Mostly Black
Protestant
Brooklyn 2,465,326 37 4 15 8 33
Queens 2,229,379 29 37 11 5 15
Manhattan 1,593,200 35 14 20 9 19
Bronx 1,357,589 43 16 6 5 29
Staten Island 464,573 57 15 7 5 14
Total 8,110,067 37 18 13 6 23
Source: ARDA[38]

Population projections

New York has had the highest population among American cities since the first census in 1790. Growth forecasts project New York will maintain this position. The Department of City Planning estimates the city's residents will swell from 8.1 million in 2004 to nearly 9.7 million in 2025. Similar estimates are made by Urbanomics, a consultant to the New York Metropolitan Transportation Council, an intergovernmental planning group. Their study projects that by 2025, the Bronx will be home to 1.8 million people and Brooklyn to 3.6 million. This would mean both boroughs would surpass their mid twentieth century population peaks. Queens will have 2.8 million people, the study says, and Staten Island nearly 600,000; records for both boroughs. Manhattan, with 1.8 million, will still be short of the more than two million people who lived there early in the twentieth century, many in densely packed tenements. For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ...


The Urbanomics projections estimate a continuing decline of non-Hispanic whites, although births will again outnumber deaths among non-Hispanic whites after 2010; the number of black residents will also begin to decline in 2015. Hispanics and Asians will drive overall population growth until 2025; New York's population is then expected to expand more slowly, to nearly 9.5 million in 2030. That would represent a 16% increase from 2004. The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ...


According to Urbanomics, between 2025 and 2030 among Asians the total of births over deaths will more than double. The projections also expect the net migration to New York — people arriving versus leaving — will more than triple. New York's economic makeup is also projected to change, becoming generally wealthier; 36% of households are expected to earn more than $100,000 in 2025 compared with 14% now after adjusting for inflation.[39]


Historic population figures

New York City's population with each borough's, in millions. New York City, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island
New York City's population with each borough's, in millions. New York City, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island
Each borough's historical population growth, decade over decade. The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island
Each borough's historical population growth, decade over decade. The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island
Historical Population of New York City pre-Greater New York City[40]
Year Manhattan Brooklyn Queens* Bronx** Staten Is. Total
1790 33,131 4,549 6,159 1,781 3,827 49,447
1800 60,515 5,740 6,642 1,755 4,563 79,215
1810 96,373 8,303 7,444 2,267 5,347 119,734
1820 123,706 11,187 8,246 2,782 6,135 152,056
1830 202,589 20,535 9,049 3,023 7,082 242,278
1840 312,710 47,613 14,480 5,346 10,965 391,114
1850 515,547 138,882 18,593 8,032 15,061 696,115
1860 813,669 279,122 32,903 23,593 25,492 1,174,779
1870 942,292 419,921 45,468 37,393 33,029 1,478,103
1880 1,164,673 599,495 56,559 51,980 38,991 1,911,698
1890 1,441,216 838,547 87,050 88,908 51,693 2,507,414
1900*** 1,850,093 1,166,582 152,999 200,507 67,021 3,437,202
1910 2,331,542 1,634,351 284,041 430,980 85,969 4,766,883
1920 2,284,103 2,018,356 469,042 732,016 116,531 5,620,048
1930 1,867,312 2,560,401 1,079,129 1,265,258 158,346 6,930,446
1940 1,889,924 2,698,285 1,297,634 1,394,711 174,441 7,454,995
1950 1,960,101 2,738,175 1,550,849 1,451,277 191,555 7,891,957
1960 1,698,281 2,627,319 1,809,578 1,424,815 221,991 7,781,984
1970 1,539,233 2,602,012 1,986,473 1,471,701 295,443 7,894,862
1980 1,428,285 2,230,936 1,891,325 1,168,972 352,121 7,071,639
1990 1,487,536 2,300,664 1,951,598 1,203,789 378,977 7,322,564
2000 1,537,195 2,465,326 2,229,379 1,332,650 443,728 8,008,278
* Queens County excluding modern day Nassau County.
** Bronx County excluding modern day Westchester County.
*** First census after the consolidation of the five boroughs.
.

Image File history File links New_York_City_Demographics_06_500px_Julius_Schorzman. ... Image File history File links New_York_City_Demographics_06_500px_Julius_Schorzman. ... Image File history File links New_York_City_Demographics_02_500px_Julius_Schorzman. ... Image File history File links New_York_City_Demographics_02_500px_Julius_Schorzman. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Westchester County is a primarily suburban county located in the U.S. state of New York with about 950,000 residents. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ...

Major ethnic and national groups

African Americans and foreign-born black people

125th Street in Harlem, an African American cultural center.
125th Street in Harlem, an African American cultural center.

According to the 2000 Census, New York City has the largest population of self-defined black residents of any U.S. city, with over 2 million within the city's boundaries. Several of the city's neighborhoods are historical birthplaces of urban black culture in America, among them the Brooklyn neighborhood of Bedford–Stuyvesant and Manhattan's Harlem and various sections of Eastern Queens and The Bronx. New York City has the largest population of black immigrants (at 686,814) and descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean (especially from Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Guyana, Bahamas, Grenada, and Haiti), and of sub-Saharan Africans. In a news item of April 3, 2006, however, the New York Times noted that for the first time since the U.S. Civil War, the recorded African American population was declining, because of emigration to other regions, a declining African American birthrate in New York, and decreased immigration of blacks from the Caribbean and Africa.[41] Image File history File linksMetadata Apollo_Theater. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Apollo_Theater. ... For other uses, see Harlem (disambiguation). ... Bedford-Stuyvesant (also known as Bed-Stuy) is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York City, USA, borough of Brooklyn. ... For other uses, see Harlem (disambiguation). ... [--168. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the northern states, popularly referred to as the U.S., the Union, the North, or the Yankees; and the seceding southern states, commonly referred to as the Confederate States of America, the CSA, the Confederacy...


In 2005, the median income among black households in Queens was almost $52,000 a year, surpassing that of whites. No other county in the country with a population over 65,000 can make that claim.[42] This article is about the borough of New York City. ...


Chinese

See also: Chinese Americans and Chinatown, Manhattan.

Like other such districts in American cities, the Chinatown neighborhood of Manhattan is an ethnic enclave with a large population of Chinese Americans and Chinese immigrants. A Chinese American is an American who is of ethnic Chinese descent. ... A Chinese lion helps usher in the 2006 Chinese New Year. ...


By the 1980s, it had surpassed San Francisco's Chinatown to become the largest enclave of Chinese residents in the Western hemisphere, but in the last few years it too has been outgrown by the lesser-known but larger New York City Chinatown community in nearby Flushing, Queens. Looking north from Grant Avenue and Sacramento Street in Chinatown, San Francisco. ... Several landmarks from two New York Worlds Fairs still stand in Flushing Meadows, including the US Steel Unisphere Flushing, founded in 1645, is an expansive neighborhood in the north central part of the New York City borough of Queens, ten miles east of Manhattan. ...

A Chinese lion helps usher in the 2006 Chinese New Year. ... Several landmarks from two New York Worlds Fairs still stand in Flushing Meadows, including the US Steel Unisphere Flushing, founded in 1645, is an expansive neighborhood in the north central part of the New York City borough of Queens, ten miles east of Manhattan. ... Sunset Park is a neighborhood in the southern Brooklyn section of Brooklyn, New York, USA. The neighborhood is located south of Park Slope and Windsor Terrace, separated by Green-Wood Cemetery and the Prospect Expressway/NY-27, while 65th Street and the Gowanus Expressway/I-278 mark the end of...

German

See also: German Americans

Extensive German immigration to the United States occurred between 1848 and World War I, during which time nearly 6 million Germans immigrated to the U.S. The German population became widespread throughout the northern half of the country, especially in the Midwestern states. Today German-Americans are the largest self-reported ethnic group in the United States. German Americans are citizens of the United States of German ancestry. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Carl Schurz, a refugee from the unsuccessful first German democratic revolution of 1848, served as United States Secretary of the Interior and as United States Senator from Missouri. Carl Schurz Park in Manhattan is named after him. Carl Schurz (March 2, 1829 – May 14, 1906) was a German revolutionary, American statesman and reformer, and Union Army general in the American Civil War. ... Germany at the time of the Revolutions of 1848 had been a collection of 38 states loosely bound together in the German Confederation. ... The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior, concerned with such matters as national parks and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Carl Schurz Park is a 14. ...


The influence of German immigration can still be felt in areas of New York City. The Yorkville neighborhood on the Upper East Side of Manhattan was a center of German-American culture. As of the 2000 census 255,536 New Yorkers reported German ancestry.[43] A section of Yorkville as seen from a high rise on Second Avenue and 87th Street Yorkville is a neighborhood within the Upper East Side of the borough of Manhattan in the city of New York City. ... The Upper East Side at Sunset The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, USA, between Central Park and the East River. ...


In the middle of the nineteenth century, Little Germany, in what is now termed Alphabet City, was the first non-English speaking urban enclave in the United States. A German band in New York, around 1876 Little Germany, also called in German Kleindeutschland was a densely populated German neighborhood around Tompkins Square, in an area bounded by Avenues A and B and 7th and 10th Sts, in the Lower East Side, Manhattan, New York. ... Alphabet City, formerly considered a slum, is now a trendy part of the East Village in lower Manhattan, New York City. ...


Irish

The Irish community is one of New York's major ethnic groups and has been a significant proportion of the City's population since the waves of immigration in the late 1800s. New York City's St. Patrick's Day Parade dates to 1762. // St. ...


As a result of the Irish Potato Famine, many Irish families were forced to emigrate from the country. By 1854, between 1.5 and 2 million people left Ireland. In the United States, most Irish became city dwellers. With little money, many had to settle in the cities at which their ships made port. By 1850, the Irish made up a quarter of the population in Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. The Irish play a significant role in city politics, the Roman Catholic Church and the New York City Fire Department and Police Department. As of the 2000 census, 420,810 New Yorkers reported Irish ancestry.[44] Bridget ODonnell and her two children during the famine The Great Famine or the Great Hunger (Irish: An Gorta Mór or An Drochshaol), known more commonly outside of Ireland as the Irish Potato Famine, is the name given to a famine in Ireland between 1845 and 1849. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The New York City Fire Department or the Fire Department of New York (FDNY) has the responsibility for protecting the citizens and property of New York Citys five boroughs from fires and fire hazards, providing emergency medical services, technical rescue as well as providing first response to biological, chemical... NYPD redirects here. ...


According to a 2006 genetic survey by Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland, about one in 50 New Yorkers of European origin carry a distinctive genetic signature on their Y chromosomes inherited from Niall of the Nine Hostages, an Irish high king of the fifth century A.D.[45] Niall of the Nine Hostages (Irish: Niall Noigíallach) was a High King of Ireland who was active in the early-to-mid 5th century, dying - according to the latest estimates - around 450-455. ...

Woodlawn Woodlawn (population 7,741) is a neighborhood in the borough of the Bronx in New York City. ... Woodside is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens. ... Maspeth is a small community in the borough of Queens in New York City. ... Sunnyside is a neighborhood in the western portion of the New York City borough of Queens. ... North Riverdale is the northernmost part of the Riverdale section of the Bronx, particularly above 254th Street. ... Riverdale (population approximately 46,000, according to the 2000 Census) is a middle- and upper-middle class residential neighborhood in the northwest Bronx in New York City. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... Bay Ridge is a neighborhood in the southwest corner of the New York City borough of Brooklyn, USA. It is bound by 65th Street on the north, Interstate 278 on the east, and the Belt Parkway-Shore Road on the west. ... General Information Marine Park . ... Gerritsen Beach is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, located near Marine Park and Sheepshead Bay, in Brooklyn Community Board 15. ... Vinegar Hill is a neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City on the East River waterfront between DUMBO and the Brooklyn Navy Yard. ... Belle Harbor is a neighborhood in southern portion of the New York City borough of Queens located along Rockaway Beach. ... Breezy Point is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens, located on the westward end of the Rockaway Peninsula, between Rockaway Inlet / Jamaica Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. ... Rockaway Beach is a neighborhood in the Rockaways in Queens County, New York in the USA. It is on the south shore of Long Island and is inside New York City. ... Roxbury is a community on the Rockaway Peninsula which is just west of the Marine Parkway Bridge and adjoins Fort Tilden. ... Overlooking the harbor from beside Borough Hall St. ...

Italian

See also: Italian-Americans
Street vendors at the Feast of San Gennaro in Manhattan's Little Italy.
Street vendors at the Feast of San Gennaro in Manhattan's Little Italy.

New York City has a large population of Italian Americans, many of whom inhabit ethnic enclaves in Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island. An Italian American is an American of Italian descent and/or dual citizenship. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1210 KB) Summary Street vendors at the annual Feast of San Gennaro in Little Italy, New York City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1210 KB) Summary Street vendors at the annual Feast of San Gennaro in Little Italy, New York City. ... Facing south on Mulberry Street during the 2006 Festival. ... Food vendors line the streets of Little Italy. ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... Bronx redirects here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ...


The largest wave of Italian immigration to the United States took place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Between 1820 and 1978, 5.3 million Italians immigrated to the United States, including over two million between 1900 and 1910. Only the Irish and Germans immigrated in larger numbers. Italian families first settled in Little Italy's neighborhoods, the first and most famous one being the one around Mulberry Street, in Manhattan. This settlement, however, is rapidly becoming part of the adjacent Chinatown as the older italian residents die and their children move elsewhere. As of the 2000 census, 692,739 New Yorkers reported Italian ancestry, making them the largest European ethnic group in the city.[46] New York metropolitan area is home to 3,372,512 Italians, which is among the largest concentration in the world after Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires, Milan and Rome metropolitan areas. Little Italy is a general name for an ethnic enclave populated (or formerly populated) primarily by Italians or people of Italian ancestry, usually in an urban neighborhood. ... This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ...


Italian communities in New York hold some widely attended celebrations and parades, including feasts for regional patron saints, most notably Feast of San Gennaro (September 19) by those claiming Neapolitan heritage, and Santa Rosalia (September 4) by Sicilians. Columbus Day is also widely celebrated in these communities. Facing south on Mulberry Street during the 2006 Festival. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... A statue of St. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Columbus Day is a holiday celebrating the anniversary of Christopher Columbuss arrival in the Americas, which happened on the October 12, 1492 in the Julian calendar, or October 21, 1492 in the modern Gregorian calendar. ...

Arthur Avenue is the heart of Little Italy in the Bronx. ... Bensonhurst Embankment is a common walkway in Bensonhurst Bensonhurst is a neighborhood located in the south-central part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Morris Park is a residential, working, middle-class, Italian-American neighborhood in the Bronx, New York City. ... Cobble Hill is a Brooklyn neighborhood in New York City, USA. Bordered by Atlantic Avenue on the north, Hicks Street to the west, Smith Street on the east and Degraw Street to the south, Cobble Hill sits adjacent to Boerum Hill and Brooklyn Heights with Carroll Gardens to the south. ... Carroll Gardens is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, USA named for Charles Carroll, a revolutionary war veteran who was also the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. ... Canal and Mulberry, where Chinatown meets Little Italy. ... Little Italy is a general name for an ethnic enclave populated (or formerly populated) primarily by Italians or people of Italian ancestry, usually in an urban neighborhood. ... Spanish Harlem, also known as East Harlem or El Barrio, is a neighborhood in northeastern part of the borough of Manhattan, one of the largest predominantly Hispanic communities in New York City. ... Howard Beach is a neighborhood in the southwestern portion of the borough of Queens in New York City. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ...

Jewish

See also: American Jews
Two girls wearing banners with the slogan "ABOLISH CHILD SLAVERY!!" in English and Yiddish. Probably taken during the May 1st, 1909 New York labor parade.
Two girls wearing banners with the slogan "ABOLISH CHILD SLAVERY!!" in English and Yiddish. Probably taken during the May 1st, 1909 New York labor parade.

The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest Jewish population in the world outside Israel. New York City's Jewish population in 2001 was approximately 1.97 million, 1.4 million more than in Jerusalem but 600,000 fewer than in Israel's largest metropolitan area, denoted as Gush Dan. However, the city of Tel Aviv proper (within municipal limits) has a smaller population than the Jewish population of New York City proper, making New York City's the largest Jewish community in the world.[[47] In 2002, an estimated 972,000 Ashkenazic Jews lived in New York City and constituted about 12% of the city's population. New York City is also home to the world headquarters of the Hasidic Chabad-Lubavitch group and the Bobover and Satmar branches of Hasidism, ultra-Orthodox sects of Judaism. American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Jews who are American citizens or resident aliens. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x699, 149 KB)Photograph shows half-length portrait of two girls wearing banners with slogan ABOLISH CH[ILD] SLAVERY!! in English and Yiddish, one carrying American flag; spectators stand nearby. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x699, 149 KB)Photograph shows half-length portrait of two girls wearing banners with slogan ABOLISH CH[ILD] SLAVERY!! in English and Yiddish, one carrying American flag; spectators stand nearby. ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Ashkenazi (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי, Standard Hebrew Aškanazi, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAškănāzî) Jews or Ashkenazic Jews, also called Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים, Standard Hebrew Aškanazim, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAškănāzîm), are Jews who are descendants of Jews from Germany, Poland, Austria and Eastern Europe. ... Chabad Lubavitch, or Lubavich, is one of the largest branch of Hasidic Judaism founded by Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi . ... Bobov, (or Bobover Hasidism) (חסידות באבוב) is a Hasidic group within Haredi Judaism originating in Bobowa, Galicia in Southern Poland and now headquartered in the neighborhood of Borough Park in Brooklyn, New York. ... Satmar (or Satmar Hasidism or Satmarer Hasidism) (חסידות סאטמאר) is a Hasidic community which originated from mostly Hungarian Hasidic Jews who fled Europe after World War II, founded and led by the late Grand Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum (1887-1979), who was the official rabbi of the town of Szatmárnémeti (now... This article is about the Hasidic movement originating in Poland and Russia. ...


The Jewish presence in New York City dates to the 1600s, when a Jewish community relocated from Recife in Brazil, seeking freedom of worship. Major immigration of Jews to New York began in the 1880s, with the increase of antisemitic actions in Central and Eastern Europe. The number of Jews in New York City soared throughout the beginning of the 20th century and reached a peak of 2 million in the 1950s, when Jews constituted one-quarter of the city's population. New York City's Jewish population then began to decline because of low fertility rates and migration to suburbs and other states, particularly California and Florida. A new wave of Ashkenazi and Bukharian Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union began arriving in the 1980s and 1990s. Sephardic Jews including Syrian and other Jews of non-European origin have also lived in New York City since the late 19th century. Many Jews, including the newer immigrants, have settled in Queens, south Brooklyn, and the Bronx, where at present most live in middle-class neighborhoods such as Riverdale. Nickname: Motto: lucea omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location of Recife Country Brazil Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים Standard Hebrew, AÅ¡kanazi,AÅ¡kanazim, Tiberian Hebrew, ʾAÅ¡kănāzî, ʾAÅ¡kănāzîm, pronounced sing. ... Language(s) Traditionally Bukhari, Russian and Hebrew spoken in addition. ...


Nineteenth-century Jewish immigrants settled mainly in the tenement houses of the Lower East Side of Manhattan. Today New York City's Jewish population is dispersed among all the boroughs; Brooklyn's Jewish population in 2003 was estimated as 456,000, and Manhattan's as 243,000. Categories: Manhattan neighborhoods | Stub ...


While three-quarters of New York Jews do not consider themselves religiously observant, the Orthodox community is rapidly growing due to the high birthrates of Hasidic sects, while the numbers of Conservative and Reform Jews are declining. Orthodox Judaism is one of the three major branches of Judaism. ...


Like the Irish, the Jewish community has played an important role in New York City's politics; Jewish voters traditionally vote in large numbers and have often supported politically liberal policies.


Polish

Polish immigration to New York City began at the end of the 19th century. In the 1980s, as a result of the Polish government's crackdown on the burgeoning Solidarnosc labor and political movement, Polish migration to the U.S. swelled. Polish-Americans and Polish immigrants in the city generally reside in Brooklyn (Greenpoint and Williamsburg). The combined neighborhood is sometimes referred to as "Little Poland" because of its large population of primarily working-class Polish immigrants, reportedly the second largest concentration in the United States, after Chicago. As of the 2000 census, 213,447 New Yorkers reported Polish ancestry.[48] A Polish American is an American citizen of Polish descent. ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District. ... Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint, Bed-Stuy, and Bushwick. ... Little Poland is an informal name for part of a neighborhood in Greenpoint, Brooklyn. ... Statue of a coal miner in Charleston, WV, USA. Working class is a term used in academic sociology and in ordinary conversation. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ...


Polish-American culture, press


New York is home to a number of Polish and Polish-American cultural, community, and scientific institutions, including the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America (PIASA) and the Polish Cultural Institute. Polish-language publications with circulation reaching outside the city include The Polish Review, an English-language scholarly journal published since 1956 by PIASA; Nowy Dziennik [1], founded in 1971, considered the leading Polish-language daily newspaper in the U.S.; and Polska Gazeta [2], a Polish-language daily newspaper with headquarters in Brooklyn. The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America is a Polish-American scholarly institution headquartered in Manhattan (New York City), at 208 East 30th Street. ... The Polish Cultural Institute in New York is a diplomatic mission of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland. ... The Polish Review is an English-language scholarly journal published quarterly in New York City by the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America. ... The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America is a Polish-American scholarly institution headquartered in Manhattan (New York City), at 208 East 30th Street. ...


Puerto Rican

Further information: Puerto Rican migration to New York
The 2005 National Puerto Rican Parade.
The 2005 National Puerto Rican Parade.

New York City has the largest Puerto Rican population outside of Puerto Rico. Puerto Ricans, because of the changing citizenship status of the island's residents, can technically be said to have come to the City first as immigrants and subsequently as migrants. The first group of Puerto Ricans moved to New York in the mid 19th Century, when Puerto Rico was a Spanish colony and its people Spanish subjects. The following wave of Puerto Ricans to move to New York did so after the Spanish-American War of 1898 made Puerto Rico a U.S. possession and after the Jones-Shafroth Act of 1917 gave Puerto Ricans U.S. citizenship, which allows travel without the need of a passport between the island and the United States mainland. The largest wave of migration came in the 1950s, in what became known as "The Great Migration"; as a result, more than a million Puerto Ricans once called New York City home. Presently the Puerto Rican population is around 800,000. It can be said that the Puerto Ricans have both immigrated and migrated to New York. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2823 KB) Author{ Angelo Falcon I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2823 KB) Author{ Angelo Falcon I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Puerto Rican. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Belligerents United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Manuel Macías y Casado Ramón Blanco y Erenas Casualties and losses 385 KIA USA 5,000... This act applies to the grant of citizenship to all citizens of Puerto Rico. ... United States citizenship is membership of the United States political system. ...


Romanian

See also: Romanian Americans

The Romanian community of New York City is the largest such community in North America. The 2000 Census reported 161,900 Romanians were living in New York City. They are mainly concentrated in The Bronx, as well as in parts of Manhattan and Staten Island. The Romanian Day Festival, for which the City closes a section of Broadway, demonstrates the strong sense of community of Romanians living in New York. A Romanian-American is a citizen of the United States who has significant Romanian heritage. ... North American redirects here. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Bronx redirects here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ... The Romanian Day Festival in New York City on Broadway is a Romanian cultural festival. ...


South Asian

According to 2005 American Community Survey estimates, New York City is home to approximately 275,000 people from the Indian subcontinent, which includes the countries of India (226,587), Pakistan (34,310), Bangladesh (18,825), and Sri Lanka (1,094). South Asians constitute 3.5% of New York City's population.[49] A majority of the South Asian residents are concentrated in Queens neighborhoods such as Jackson Heights, Kew Gardens, and Elmhurst. In the borough of Queens, the South Asian population is approximately 170,000, where they constitute 8% of the population. Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c New York State Office of the State Comptroller. "Queens: Economic Development and the State of the Borough Economy", 06-2006. Retrieved on 2007-03-21. 
  2. ^ a b c New York City Department of City Planning. "The Newest New Yorkers: 2000", 2005. Retrieved on 2007-03-27. 
  3. ^ a b c Big Apple Coming to Its Census. New York Post. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  4. ^ United States -- Places and (in selected states) County Subdivisions with 50,000 or More Population; and for Puerto Rico, United States Census Bureau United States Census, 2000. Accessed June 12, 2007.
  5. ^ "Population Density", Geographic Information Systems - GIS of Interest. Accessed May 17, 2007. "What I discovered is that out of the 3140 counties listed in the Census population data only 178 counties were calculated to have a population density over one person per acre. Not surprisingly, New York County (which contains Manhattan) had the highest population density with a calculated 104.218 persons per acre."
  6. ^ a b c d Census 2000 Data for the State of New York. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.
  7. ^ Appendix Table 5-4: Ten Largest Sources of the Foreign-Born by County New York Metropolitan Region, 2000 (PDF). New York City Department of City Planning (2005). Retrieved on 2007-03-26.
  8. ^ Data for New York city, New York, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 12, 2007.
  9. ^ Gibson, Campbell. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States:1790 to 1990, United States Census Bureau, June 1998. Accessed June 12, 2007.
  10. ^ Jewish Community Study of New York (PDF). United Jewish Appeal-Federation of New York (2002). Retrieved on 2007-03-26.
  11. ^ Census Profile:New York City's Indian American Population (PDF). Asian American Federation of New York (2004). Retrieved on 2007-03-28.
  12. ^ NYC2005 — Results from the 2005 American Community Survey: Socioeconomic Characteristics by Race/Hispanic Origin and Ancestry Group (PDF). New York City Department of City Planning (2005). Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  13. ^ [http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/html/census/popacs.shtml Population Division American Community Survey — New York City Department of City Planning
  14. ^ Archive of the Mayor's Press Office, Mayor Giuliani Proclaims Puerto Rican Week in New York City, Tuesday, June 9, 1998.
  15. ^ Roberts, Sam. "In Manhattan, Poor Make 2 Cents for Each Dollar to the Rich", The New York Times, April 9, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-03-27. 
  16. ^ a b c Average Weekly Wage in Manhattan at $1,453 in Second Quarter 2006 (PDF). Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor (February 20, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-02-21.
  17. ^ Roberts, Sam. "In Surge in Manhattan Toddlers, Rich White Families Lead Way", The New York Times, 2007-03-27. Retrieved on 2007-03-27. 
  18. ^ Homeownership
  19. ^ How to find a cheap apartment in New York City
  20. ^ Housing Vacancy Survey
  21. ^ New York City Department of City Planning. "New York City Population Projections by Age/Sex and Borough, 2000-2030", 12-2006. Retrieved on 2007-03-27.  See also Roberts, Sam. "By 2025, Planners See a Million New Stories in the Crowded City", New York Times, 2006-02-19. Retrieved on 2006-07-19. 
  22. ^ New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. "Summary of Vital Statistics", 2003-04-21. Retrieved on 2007-04-21. 
  23. ^ For cities with more than 200,000 residents.G.I.S. Lounge U.S. Population Density, 2000 Census. Retrieved on 2006-01-29.
  24. ^ Harris Interactive. "California and New York City Most Popular Places People would choose to Live", 2005-09-11. Retrieved on 2007-03-02. 
  25. ^ New York City Department of City Planning. "Appendix Table 5-4: Ten Largest Sources of the Foreign-Born by County New York Metropolitan Region, 2000", 2005. Retrieved on 2007-03-26. 
  26. ^ New York City Department of City Planning. "2000 Census", 2000. Retrieved on 2007-05-24. 
  27. ^ United States Census Bureau. 2005 American Community Survey: New York City.
  28. ^ Roberts, Sam. "Black Incomes Surpass Whites in Queens", The New York Times, 2006-01-10. Retrieved on 2007-03-28. 
  29. ^ O'Donnell, Michelle. "In Queens, It's the Glorious 4th, and 6th, and 16th, and 25th...", New York Times, 2006-07-04. Retrieved on 2006-07-19. 
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  31. ^ Asian American Federation of New York. "Census Profile:New York City's Indian American Population", 2004. Retrieved on 2007-03-28. 
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  35. ^ Women are Winners. The New York Times (07-20-2007).
  36. ^ a b New York Magazine. "Mind the Income Gap", 2006-11-06. Retrieved on 2006-11-08. 
  37. ^ The New York Times. "City’s Unemployment Rate Falls to Its Lowest Level in 30 Years", 2006-11-17. Retrieved on 2006-11-17. 
  38. ^ The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), Year 2000 Report Churches were asked for their membership numbers.
  39. ^ New York City Department of City Planning. "New York City Population Projections by Age/Sex and Borough, 2000-2030", 12-2006. Retrieved on 2007-03-27.  See also Roberts, Sam. "By 2025, Planners See a Million New Stories in the Crowded City", New York Times, 2006-02-19. Retrieved on 2006-07-19. 
  40. ^ University of Virginia (2000-02-11). Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990. See also University of Virginia. Historical Census Browser.
  41. ^ The New York Times. "[http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html? There is not evidence that the Black population is declining especially if you include those who are 1)Black in combination with other races; 2)Black Hispanic; 3)the large numbers of Black New Yorkers who are institutionalized for one reason or another(American Community Survey(US Census) does not include them in its yearly counts. For some reason, the New York Planning Commission carves the first two categories out of the US Census 2000 figures then compares the remaining figure with the 1990 figures. The US Census has found that the average age of categories 1 and 2 are between 12 and 18 years old. Follow-up surveys by the US Census Bureau and the Pew Hispanic Survey are the sources for these items. Native Born and Foreign-born Blacks have had and continue to have considerable interaction with each other including cross-cultural exchanges,sharing neighborhoods, political coalitions, and intermarriages. Theres=F30F12FB38540C708CDDAD0894DE404482 New York City Losing Blacks, Census Shows]", 2006-04-03. Retrieved on 2006-04-04. 
  42. ^ The New York Times. "Black Incomes Surpass Whites in Queens", 2006-10-01. Retrieved on 2006-10-01. 
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  45. ^ Moore, Laoise T. (February 2006). "A Y-Chromosome Signature of Hegemony in Gaelic Ireland" ([dead link]). The American Journal of Human Genetics 78 (2): 334-338. doi:10.1086/500055.  See also Wade, Nicholas. "If Irish Claim Nobility, Science May Approve", New York Times, 2006-01-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-16. 
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  47. ^ Simpletoremember.com. "World Jewish Population, Analysis by City", 2001. Retrieved on 2006-06-22. 
  48. ^ New York City Department of City Planning. "2000 Census", 2000. Retrieved on 2007-05-24. 
  49. ^ Asian American Federation of New York. "Census Profile:New York City's Indian American Population", 2004. Retrieved on 2007-03-28.  Asian American Federation of New York. "Census Profile:New York City's Pakistani American Population", 2004. Retrieved on 2007-04-21. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Post is the 13th-oldest newspaper published in the United States and the oldest to have been published continually as a daily. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... -1... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of City Planning is a governmental agency of New York City responsible for setting the framework of citys physical and socioeconomic planning. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 1,332,650 people, 463,212 households, and 314,984 families residing in the borough. ... As of the census[1] of 2000, there are 2,465,326 people, 880,727 households, and 583,922 families residing in Brooklyn. ... Manhattan population, 1790-2000. ... As of the census2(gr) Geographic references. ... As of the 2000 census, there were 443,728 people, 156,341 households, and 114,128 families residing in the borough / county. ... Crime in New York City is the lowest among the 25 largest cities in the United States. ...

External links

  • New York City Department of City Planning Population Division [3]
  • New York City Department of City Planning Census Fact Finder [4]
  • Jewish communities in New York City
  • The Newest New Yorkers, 2000, by the NYC Population Division, uses Census information and other federal and local data to take a detailed look at the origins, spatial settlement, and other characteristics of the foreign-born population in New York City and in the larger metropolitan region.[5]
  • http://www.muninetguide.com/index.php
New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Midtown Manhattan, New York City, from Rockefeller Center, 1932. ... The Neighborhoods of New York City are located within the five boroughs. ... Skyline of Midtown Manhattan, as seem from the observation deck of the GE Building This list of tallest buildings in New York City ranks skyscrapers in New York City by height. ... I Love New York logo, by Milton Glaser. ... Graffiti and street art emerged in New York as part of the Zoo York subculture in the 1970s. ... Carnegie Hall, a major music venue in New York The music of New York City is a diverse and important field in the world of music; no American city has as central a place in music history as New York City. ... The media of New York City is internationally influential, with some of the most important newspapers, largest publishing houses, most prolific television studios, and biggest record companies in the world. ... The mayor of New York City is elected every four years. ... // Lists dealing with architecture: Buildings in Lower Manhattan Tallest buildings in New York City Bridges and tunnels in New York City Lists of: Books set in New York City Famous New Yorkers Notable burials at Woodlawn Cemetery Movies set in New York City Museums and cultural institutions Newspapers and magazines... This article is about the state. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_York_City. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Women of New York City (Gotham Gazette, March 2007) (861 words)
Demographics is the study of human populations, using statistics to describe conditions of life.
Demographers consider a range of information about the size and density of populations, the ages of their members, and how populations change.
: Afro-Americans and New Immigrants in Postindustrial New York
New York City - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (8601 words)
New York emerged from World War II as the unquestioned leading city of the world, with Wall Street leading America's emergence as the world's dominant economic power, the United Nations headquarters (built in Manhattan in 1952) emphasizing its political influence, and the rise of Abstract Expressionism displacing Paris as center of the art world.
New York City is located at the center of the BosWash megalopolis, 218 miles (350 km) driving distance from Boston and 220 miles (353 km) from Washington, D.C. The city's total area is 468.9 square miles (1,214.4 km²), of which 35.31% is water.
New York City is a major center for international business and commerce and is one of three "command centers" for the global economy (along with Tokyo and London) according to sociologist and economist Saskia Sassen.
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