FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
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Encyclopedia > Demographics of Canada
Demographics of Canada, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Demographics of Canada, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Population of Canada: 32,320,000 (October 2005 est.); 30,007,894 (2001 Census) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that FAOSTAT be merged into this article or section. ...

See also: List of Canadian provinces and territories by population. This is a list of Canadian provinces and territories by population, as of July 1, 2005. ...


Age structure

Age structure of Canadian population, 2001
Age structure of Canadian population, 2001

(2001 Census) Image File history File links Download high resolution version (911x623, 6 KB) Summary Graph created by Luigi Zanasi using Microsoft Excel and Irfanview to turn it into a PNG. Source of data: Demographics of Canada Wikipedia page. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (911x623, 6 KB) Summary Graph created by Luigi Zanasi using Microsoft Excel and Irfanview to turn it into a PNG. Source of data: Demographics of Canada Wikipedia page. ...

  Males Females
Number Per cent Number Per cent
0-4 868,075 2.9% 828,210 2.8%
5-9 1,011,460 3.4% 964,675 3.2%
10-14 1,051,450 3.5% 1,001,665 3.3%
15-19 1,052,145 3.5% 1,001,180 3.3%
20-24 982,280 3.3% 973,530 3.2%
25-29 935,510 3.1% 962,685 3.2%
30-34 1,041,255 3.5% 1,065,490 3.6%
35-39 1,245,000 4.1% 1,277,855 4.3%
40-44 1,271,725 4.2% 1,307,040 4.4%
45-49 1,151,155 3.8% 1,182,380 3.9%
50-54 1,033,365 3.4% 1,052,395 3.5%
55-59 789,205 2.6% 805,030 2.7%
60-64 621,570 2.1% 652,215 2.2%
65-69 543,825 1.8% 589,800 2.0%
70-74 461,785 1.5% 547,430 1.8%
75-79 338,820 1.1% 474,850 1.6%
80-84 192,645 0.6% 323,490 1.1%
85+ 125,580 0.4% 290,325 1.0%
Totals 14,716,850 49.0% 15,300,245 51.0%

Median age

  • total: 37.8 years
    • male: 36.9 years
    • female: 38.8 years (2002)

Median age by province and territory, 2001 Census

  1. Nova Scotia: 38.8
  2. Quebec: 38.8
  3. New Brunswick: 38.6
  4. British Columbia: 38.4
  5. Newfoundland and Labrador: 38.4
  6. Prince Edward Island: 37.7
  7. Ontario: 37.2
  8. Manitoba: 36.8
  9. Saskatchewan: 36.7
  10. Yukon: 36.1
  11. Alberta: 35.0
  12. Northwest Territories: 30.1
  13. Nunavut: 22.1
  • CANADA: 37.6

Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Purple Violet Tree Balsam Fir Bird Black-capped Chickadee Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English de facto (none stated in law) Flower Pacific dogwood Tree Western Redcedar Bird Stellers Jay Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Official languages English Flower Pitcher Plant Tree Black Spruce Bird Atlantic Puffin Capital St. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Pink Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages None Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English and French, per mandate of the Constitution Act 1982 Flower Prairie Crocus Tree White Spruce Bird Great Grey Owl Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 14... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English Flower Western Red Lily Tree Paper Birch Bird Sharp-tailed Grouse Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... Motto: none Official languages English, French Flower Fireweed Tree Subalpine Fir Bird Common Raven Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Geraldine Van Bibber Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 9th 482,443 km² 474,391 km... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English (see below) Flower   Wild rose Tree Lodgepole Pine Bird Great Horned Owl Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total... Motto: none Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tåîchô [1] Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Flower Purple Saxifrage Tree Bird Rock Ptarmigan Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (Independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 1 (Nancy Karetak-Lindell) 1 (Willie...

Population growth rates

Canada: 0.94% (2003 est.)

5-year Change (1996-2001) by province and territory

  1. Alberta: 10.3%
  2. Nunavut: 8.1%
  3. Ontario: 6.1%
  4. British Columbia: 4.9%
  5. Quebec: 1.4%
  6. Manitoba: 0.5%
  7. Prince Edward Island: 0.5%
  8. Nova Scotia: -0.1%
  9. Saskatchewan: -1.1%
  10. New Brunswick: -1.2%
  11. Northwest Territories: -5.8%
  12. Yukon: -6.8%
  13. Newfoundland and Labrador: -7.0%

Vital statistics

Birth rate: 10.99 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Death rate: 7.61 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Net migration rate: 6.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Sex ratio:

  • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2003 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 4.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

  • total population: 79.83 years
  • male: 76.44 years
  • female: 83.38 years (2003 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.61 children born/woman (2003 est.)



A statue commemorating Italian immigration to Canada.
A statue commemorating Italian immigration to Canada.

Download high resolution version (960x1716, 102 KB)A Statue memorializing Italian immigration to Canada, in Toronto. ... Download high resolution version (960x1716, 102 KB)A Statue memorializing Italian immigration to Canada, in Toronto. ...

Ethnic groups

Note: Respondents to the 2001 Canadian Survey were free to fill in any ethnic group that applied, thus many people belong to more than one group, and the percentages from each ethnicity do not add up to 100% overall. However the most popular choice was "Canadian", and this may mean that the other figures are not reliable as a record of the relative prevalence of the various ethnic origins represented by the other choices.
When compared with the United States, Canada has a greater English, Scottish, French, Ukrainian, Asian, and American Indian presence, and a smaller German, Italian, Scandinavian, and Black proportion. Source: Statistics Canada 2001 Census

See also: List of Canadians by ethnicity English Canada is a term used to describe either: the anglophone residents of Canada or the Canadian provinces other than Quebec and, sometimes, New Brunswick, in which French is an official language of the provincial governments. ... Scottish-Canadian is an ethnic group in Canada with a population of 4,157,210 people, according to the 2001 Census of Canada data. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... // Indo-Canadians are Canadians whose origin traces back to the nation of India. ... Michaëlle Jean, Canadas first African-Caribbean Governor General. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Canada is home to the fifth largest Jewish population in the world. ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, Countryborn, or Black Scots, are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... Map of the dominant self-identified ethnic origins of ancestors per census division. ...

Visible minorities

Note that Aboriginal peoples are not considered visible minorities. Aboriginal peoples in Canada are Indigenous Peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35, respectively, as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ...

  Population Per cent of
Chinese 1,029,395 3.5%
South Asian 917,075 3.1%
Black 662,210 2.2%
Filipino 308,575 1.0%
Latin American 216,975 0.7%
Southeast Asian 198,880 0.7%
Arab 194,680 0.7%
West Asian 109,285 0.4%
Korean 100,660 0.3%
Japanese 73,315 0.2%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 98,920 0.3%
Multiple visible minorities 73,875 0.2%
Total visible minority population 3,983,845 13.4%
Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 Census, 97F0010XCB2001002

Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ... Michaëlle Jean, Canadas first African-Caribbean Governor General. ... An Asian Canadian is a Canadian of Asian ancestry. ...


Top Self-Identified Religious Affiliations in Canada
1991 2001 % change
(in numbers)
Number % Number %
Christian 81 77
- Catholic 12,203,625 45.2 12,936,905 43.6 +4.8
- Christian Orthodox 387,395 1.4 479,620 1.6 +23.8
- Total Other Christian 9,427,675 34.9 8,654,850 29.2 -8.2
- United Church of Canada 3,093,120 11.3 2,839,125 9.5 -8.2
- Anglican Church of Canada 2,188,110 8.0 2,035,495 6.8 -7.0
- Baptist 663,360 2.4 729,475 2.4 +10.0
- Lutheran 636,205 2.3 606,590 2.0 -4.7
- Presbyterian 636,295 2.3 409,830 1.4 -35.6
- Pentecostal 436,435 1.6 369,475 1.2 -15.3
- Mennonite 207,970 0.8 191,465 0.6 -7.9
- Jehovah's Witnesses 168,375 0.6 154,745 0.5 -8.1
- Methodist 83,910 0.3 106,545 0.4 +27.0
- Mormon 100,770 0.4 104,750 0.3 +3.9
- Salvation Army 112,345 0.4 87,785 0.3 -21.9
- Christian Reformed Church in North America 84,685 0.3 76,665 0.3 -9.5
- Christian and Missionary Alliance 59,365 0.2 66,280 0.2 +11.9
- Adventists 52,365 0.2 62,875 0.2 +20.1
- Christian, not included elsewhere¹ 353,040 1.3 780,450 2.6 +121.1
No religion 3,397,000 12.6 4,900,095 16.5 +44.2
- Muslim 253,265 0.9 579,640 2.0 +128.9
- Jewish 318,185 1.2 329,995 1.1 +3.7
- Buddhist 163,415 0.6 300,345 1.0 +83.8
- Hindu 157,015 0.6 297,200 1.0 +89.3
- Sikh 147,440 0.5 278,410 0.9 +88.8
¹ Includes persons who report only “Christian”, only "Protestant", and those in denominations less than 60,000
* For comparability purposes, 1991 data are presented according to 2001 boundaries.

... The United Church of Canada (French: lÉglise Unie du Canada) is Canadas second largest church (after the Roman Catholic Church), and its largest Protestant denomination. ... Anglican Church of Canada The Anglican Church of Canada (the ACC) is the Canadian branch of the Anglican Communion. ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church or any follower of Jesus Christ who believes that baptism is administered by the full immersion of a confessing Christian. ... Lutheranism is a movement within Christianity that began with the theological insights of Martin Luther in the 16th century. ... Presbyterianism is a form of Protestant Christianity, primarily in the Reformed branch of Western Christendom, as well as a particular form of church government. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after and influenced by the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons (1496-1561). ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the most-recognized architectural symbol of Mormonism For other uses, see Mormon (disambiguation). ... Shield of The Salvation Army The Salvation Army is an evangelical Christian denomination founded in 1865 by one time Methodist minister William Booth. ... Official logo of the Christian Reformed Church The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA or CRC) is a Protestant Christian denomination which follows Reformed Calvinist theology. ... The Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA) is an Evangelical Protestant denomination within Christianity. ... The term Adventist can refer to One who believes in the Second Advent (usually known as the Second coming) of Jesus. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the Quran, its principal scripture, whose followers, known as Muslims (مسلم), believe God (Arabic: الله ) sent through revelations to Muhammad. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, a philosophy, and a life-enhancing system of psychology. ... Hinduism (Sanskrit/Devanagari: , , also known as , ) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ...

  • Overview
  • 2001 Census
  • 1991 Census
  • 2001 Census - religion by province


The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The term Eastern Rites may refer to the liturgical rites used by many ancient Christian Churches of Eastern Europe and the Middle East that, while being part of the Roman Catholic Church, are distinct from the Latin Rite or Western Church. ... The Polish National Catholic Church (PNCC) is a former member of the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht and for much of that period was the only member church of the Union of Utrecht based outside Western or Central Europe (although it was not so when the Philippine Independent Church, also... The Old Catholic Church is not so much a religious denomination, as a community, part of whose member churches split from the Roman Catholic church in 1870. ... Seat of the Universal House of Justice in Haifa, Israel, governing body of the Baháís The Baháí Faith is a religion founded by Baháulláh in 19th century Persia. ... Eckankar Eckankar, Religion of the Light and Sound of God emphasizes the value of personal experiences as the most natural way back to God. ... Jaina redirects here. ... Shinto() is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. ... Taoism (sometimes written as and actually pronounced as Daoism (dow-ism)) is the English name for: Dao Jia [philosophical tao] philosophical school based on the texts the Tao Te Ching (ascribed to Laozi [Lao Tzu] and alternately spelled Dào Dé JÄ«ng) and the Zhuangzi; a family of organized... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... Native American mythology includes a number of stories and legends that are mythological. ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... The pentagram within a circle, is a symbol of faith used by many Wiccans, who often call it a pentacle. ... Scientology is a system of beliefs and practices created by American pulp fiction[1][2] and science fiction [3] author L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 as a self-help philosophy. ... Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia Rasta, or the Rastafari movement, is a religion and philosophy that accepts Haile Selassie I, the former (and last) emperor of Ethiopia, as Jah (the Rasta name for God incarnate, from a shortened form of Jehovah found in Psalms 68:4 in the King... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Gnosticism is a blanket term for various religions and sects most prominent in the first few centuries A.D. General characteristics The word gnosticism comes from the Greek word for knowledge, gnosis (γνῶσις), referring to the idea that there is special, hidden mysticism (esoteric knowledge... Satanism Associated organizations Church of Satan First Satanic Church Prominent figures Anton LaVey | Blanche Barton | Peter H. Gilmore | Peggy Nadramia | Karla LaVey Associated concepts Left-Hand Path | Pentagonal Revisionism | Suitheism | Survival of the fittest | Objectivism | Might is Right Books and publications The Satanic Bible | The Satanic Rituals | The Satanic Witch... The 18th-century French author Baron dHolbach was one of the first self-described atheists; he did not believe in the existence of any deities. ... Agnosticism (from the Greek a, meaning without and gnosis, knowledge, translating to unknowable) is the philosophical view that the truth value of certain claims — particularly theological claims regarding metaphysics, afterlife or the existence of God, god(s), or deities — is unknown or (possibly) inherently unknowable. ... Humanism is a broad category of active ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities—particularly rationalism. ... Charles Darwin Darwinism is a term for the underlying theory in those ideas of Charles Darwin concerning evolution and natural selection. ...


Main article: Language in Canada

This article presents the current demolinguistics of Canada. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is on all of the Yue dialects. ...


  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 99% (2003 est.)
  • male: 99%
  • female: 99%

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5429 words)
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, and defines itself as a bilingual and multicultural nation; both English and French are official languages.
Soon after, Canada was a major front in the War of 1812 between the United States and British Empire and its successful defence had important long-term effects on Canada, including the building of a sense of unity and nationalism among the population of British North America.
Canada's two official languages, English and French, are the mother tongues of 59.7% and 23.2% of the population, respectively.
  More results at FactBites »



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