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Encyclopedia > Democratic Party of Japan
Democratic Party of Japan
Democratic Party Logo
Party President: Ichiro Ozawa
Secretary General: Yukio Hatoyama
Founded: 1998
Headquarters:

1-11-1 Nagata-cho
Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo 100-0014
Japan
Image File history File links Minnih. ... Ichiro Ozawa (小沢一郎, Ozawa Ichirō, 1942 - ) is a Japanese politician, formerly the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and later of the Japan Liberal Party. ... Yukio Hayoyama (鳩山邦夫 Hatoyama Yukio) (born 2 February 1947) is a politician of the Democratic Party of Japan representing the 18th district of Tokyo in the House of Representatives. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...

Representatives: 113
Councillors: 83
Political ideology: liberal
Website: Democratic Party of Japan

The Democratic Party of Japan (民主党 Minshutō?) is a liberal party in Japan. It is Japan's second largest party and main opposition party. It grew from a small party to a major force in modern Japan. Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... This is a list about liberalism and political parties around the world. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ...

Contents


History

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) was formed on April 27, 1998. It was a merger of four previously independent parties that were opposed to the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (Japan) (LDP)—the previous Democratic Party of Japan, the Good Governance Party (民政党, Minseito), the New Fraternity Party (新党友愛, Shinto-Yuai), and the Democratic Reform Party (民主改革連合, Minshu-Kaikaku-Rengo). These were all new parties that were either liberal or social-democratic. The new party began with ninety-three members of the House of Representatives and thirty-eight members of the House of Councillors. April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), also known as JiyÅ« Minshutō (自由民主党, or the abbreviation Jimin-tō 自民党) is a liberal conservative political party and the largest political party in Japan, as of 2005. ... The Good Governance Party(民政党 Minseitō) was a Japanese political party which was in existence for a short period in 1998. ... The New Fraternity Party (新党友愛 Shinto Yuai) was a Japanese political party that existed in early 1998. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... The House of Representatives (衆議院; Shugi-in) is the lower house of the Diet of Japan. ... The House of Councillors (参議院; Sangi-in) is the upper house of the Diet of Japan. ...


In 2001, the DPJ elected Japan's first European and foreign-born Diet member, Marutei Tsurunen (born Martti Turunen in Finland), showing its anti-traditionalism and liberalism. The party grew and won a significant number of seats in the 2000 and 2001 Diet elections. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The National Diet of Japan (国会 kokkai) is Japans legislature. ... Marutei Tsurunen (ツルネン マルテイ or 弦念 丸呈 Tsurunen Marutei, born April 30, 1940) is the first foreign-born Japanese member of the Diet of Japan. ...


On September 24, 2003, the party formally merged with the small, center-right Liberal Party led by Ichiro Ozawa—the move was largely considered to be done in preparation for the election on November 9, 2003. This move immediately gave the DPJ eight more seats in the House of Councillors. September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply The Right, are terms that refer to the segment of the political spectrum often associated with any of several strains of conservatism, the religious right, and areas of classical liberalism, or simply the opposite of left-wing politics. ... The Liberal Party (in Japanese Jiyu-to) was a former Japanese and liberal party formed in 1998 by Ichiro Ozawa and Hirohisa Fujii. ... Ichiro Ozawa (小沢一郎, Ozawa Ichirō, 1942 - ) is a Japanese politician, formerly the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and later of the Japan Liberal Party. ... Incumbent Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi A general election took place in Japan on November 9, 2003. ...


On October 22, 2003, in a speech delivered jointly by former Party President Naoto Kan and former Liberal Party President Ichiro Ozawa in Okayama, Kan stated: "The LDP should give up the reins of power to the DPJ for once, creating a two-party system that will enable changes of government to take place." October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Naoto Kan (菅 直人 Kan Naoto, b. ... Ichiro Ozawa (小沢一郎, Ozawa Ichirō, 1942 - ) is a Japanese politician, formerly the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and later of the Japan Liberal Party. ...


In the elections themselves, the Democrats gained a total of 178 seats. This was short of their objectives, but nevertheless a significant demonstration of the new group's strength. Following a pension scandal, Naoto Kan resigned, and was replaced with a moderate liberal—Katsuya Okada. A pension is a steady income paid to a person (usually after retirement). ... Katsuya Okada (岡田克也 Okada Katsuya, born July 14, 1953) was the president of the Democratic Party of Japan. ...


In the 2004 House of Councillors elections, the DPJ won a seat more than the ruling Liberal Democrats, but the LDP still maintained its firm majority in total votes. However, this was an extremely important outcome, since it was the first time since its inception that the LDP had garnered fewer votes than another party. Pundits hypothesized that this might signal a shift in Japanese politics away from the catch-all LDP. It remained to be seen, however, whether or not this was simply the result of protest votes against the LDP, who had been rocked by the national pension scandal earlier that year.


The 2005 snap parliamentary elections called by Koizumi in response to the rejection of his Japan Post privatization bill saw a major setback to the DPJ's plans of obtaining a majority in the Diet. The DPJ leadership, particularly Okada, had staked their reputation on winning the election and driving the LDP from power. When the final results were in, the DPJ had lost 62 seats, mostly to its rival the LDP, which had been steadily losing seats for many years. Okada resigned the party leadership, fulfilling his campaign promise to do so if the DPJ did not obtain a majority in the Diet. He was replaced by Seiji Maehara in September 2005. Despite this electoral setback, the Democratic Party remains the primary rival of the ruling Liberal Democrats and their coalition partner New Komeito, although it is now significantly weakened. Seiji Maehara (前原 誠司 Maehara Seiji; born 30 April 1962) is a member of the House of Representatives of Japan, and the leader of Democratic Party of Japan, which he was appointed on September 17, 2005 after the crushing defeat of the DPJ in the 11 September 2005 snap election and the... The New Clean Government Party (公明党, Kōmeitō) or NKP, often translated as New Komeito Party, is a political party in Japan endorsed by the Buddhist organisation Soka Gakkai. ...


DPJ members sit with members of the Independent's Club, a coalition of Democrats who are liberal centrists, in both houses of the Diet.


Other facts

  • The party's logo is two red circles overlapping.
  • The DPJ gains much of its support from blue-collar workers and also from the liberal middle class. It is also gaining support from women and from the urban classes.
  • On domestic policy, the party is liberal, and is the largest opposition party and also Japan's largest centrist party.
  • The DPJ also counts several members of non-Japanese ancestry, including Marutei Tsurunen (the first European member of the Diet) and Ren Hou (half-Taiwanese).

A blue-collar worker is a working class employee who performs manual, unskilled or semiskilled labor, such as in a factory or maintenance trades, in contrast to a white-collar worker, who does non-manual work generally at a desk. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... In government, domestic policy is the counterpart of foreign policy; it consists of all government policy decisions, programs, and actions that primarily deal with internal matters, as opposed to relations with other nation-states. ... Marutei Tsurunen (ツルネン マルテイ or 弦念 丸呈 Tsurunen Marutei, born April 30, 1940) is the first foreign-born Japanese member of the Diet of Japan. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one. ... Ren Hou (蓮舫, born November 28, 1967) is a Japanese journalist and politician who is currently a member of the upper house of the Diet of Japan. ... The location of Taiwan Taiwan is mostly mountainous in the east but gradually changes to gently sloping plains in the west. ...

Factions

The Democrats do have some factions, or groups, as they are more commonly called, but are not as factionalized as the LDP, which has traditionally placed high priority on intra-party factional alignment. The groups are, from the most influential to the least influential:

    • Hatoyama Group: led by former Liberal Democrat Yukio Hatoyama, has about 60 lawmakers in the Diet. They lean closer to the center than the Kan Group.
    • Isshin-kai: supporters of the former Liberal Party leader Ichiro Ozawa, though he is not a member of the faction. About 50 members.
    • Kan Group: led by former Party President Naoto Kan. Is one of the more left leaning factions. About 30 members.
    • Liberal Party Group: made up of former Liberal Party members. About 30 members, and is led by Ichiro Ozawa and Hirohisa Fujii.
    • Japan Socialist Party Group: the most left-leaning faction, created by more moderate members of the former Japan Socialist Party who felt the Social Democratic Party was too radical. About 30 seats, led by Takahiro Yokomichi.
    • Democratic Socialist Party: members of the former Democratic Socialist Party which merged with the DPJ early on. About 50 members, led by Takashi Yonezawa.
    • Ryoun-kai: the second most conservative and right-leaning faction. Most of its members are from The Sakigake Party, who did not want to join the more ecologist Midori no Kaigi, the party Sakigake morphed into when it dissolved, which is now dissolved. About 20 seats. Led by Seiji Maehara and Yukio Edano.
    • Conservative Group: the smallest and most conservative faction. Liberal Democrats who joined the DPJ sit with the Conservatives. Has only a few members.

The Independent's Club, a liberal centrist faction which sits with the Democratic Party in both chambers of the house, is not a separate political entity, yet part of the Democratic Party (not a faction or group) which calls itself the Independent's Club. Yukio Hayoyama (鳩山邦夫 Hatoyama Yukio) (born 2 February 1947) is a politician of the Democratic Party of Japan representing the 18th district of Tokyo in the House of Representatives. ... Ichiro Ozawa (小沢一郎, Ozawa Ichirō, 1942 - ) is a Japanese politician, formerly the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and later of the Japan Liberal Party. ... Naoto Kan (菅 直人 Kan Naoto, b. ... The Liberal Party (in Japanese Jiyu-to) was a former Japanese and liberal party formed in 1998 by Ichiro Ozawa and Hirohisa Fujii. ... Ichiro Ozawa (小沢一郎, Ozawa Ichirō, 1942 - ) is a Japanese politician, formerly the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and later of the Japan Liberal Party. ... Hirohisa Fujii (藤井裕久) (b. ... The Japan Socialist Party (日本社会党) (in Japanese Nihon Shakai-to) was a former Japanese political party with a socialist, left-wing ideology, which functioned between 1945 and 1996. ... The Social Democratic Party (社会民主党 Shakai Minshu-tō, often abbreviated to 社民党 Shamin-tō; also abbreviated as SDP in English) is a political party of Japan. ... The Democratic Socialist Party (originally 民主社会党 Minshu Shakai-tō, later simply 民社党 Minsha-tō) was a former democratic socialist party that existed in Japan. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... The Sakigake Party was a Japanese political party which existed from 1998 through 2002. ... Ecology is the branch of science that studies the distribution and abundance of living organisms, and the interactions between organisms and their environment. ... The Midori no kaigi (みどりの会議), known in English as Environmental Green Political Assembly was a right-wing political party in Japan which has a mix of platforms. ... Seiji Maehara (前原 誠司 Maehara Seiji; born 30 April 1962) is a member of the House of Representatives of Japan, and the leader of Democratic Party of Japan, which he was appointed on September 17, 2005 after the crushing defeat of the DPJ in the 11 September 2005 snap election and the...


The largest and most influential faction is the Hatoyama Faction. Former party president Katsuya Okada sits with no faction, yet he supports the Kan Group. Katsuya Okada (岡田克也 Okada Katsuya, born July 14, 1953) was the president of the Democratic Party of Japan. ...


President of DPJ

Naoto Kan (菅 直人 Kan Naoto, b. ... Yukio Hayoyama (鳩山邦夫 Hatoyama Yukio) (born 2 February 1947) is a politician of the Democratic Party of Japan representing the 18th district of Tokyo in the House of Representatives. ... Naoto Kan (菅 直人 Kan Naoto, b. ... Katsuya Okada (岡田克也 Okada Katsuya, born July 14, 1953) was the president of the Democratic Party of Japan. ... Seiji Maehara (前原 誠司 Maehara Seiji; born 30 April 1962) is a member of the House of Representatives of Japan, and the leader of Democratic Party of Japan, which he was appointed on September 17, 2005 after the crushing defeat of the DPJ in the 11 September 2005 snap election and the... Ichiro Ozawa (小沢一郎, Ozawa Ichirō, 1942 - ) is a Japanese politician, formerly the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and later of the Japan Liberal Party. ...

See also

Political parties in Japan lists political parties in Japan. ... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberalism by country | Japanese political parties ... Japan has a parliamentary government, which consists of three branches: the administration (executive) branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. ... This is a list about liberalism and political parties around the world. ... The Japanese Communist Party (JCP) (日本共産党), in Japanese known as Nihon Kyōsan-tō is a political party of Japan based on communism. ... The Democratic Socialist Party (originally 民主社会党 Minshu Shakai-tō, later simply 民社党 Minsha-tō) was a former democratic socialist party that existed in Japan. ... The Social Democratic Party (社会民主党 Shakai Minshu-tō, often abbreviated to 社民党 Shamin-tō; also abbreviated as SDP in English) is a political party of Japan. ... The Good Governance Party(民政党 Minseitō) was a Japanese political party which was in existence for a short period in 1998. ... The New Fraternity Party (新党友愛 Shinto Yuai) was a Japanese political party that existed in early 1998. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Katsuya Okada (岡田克也 Okada Katsuya, born July 14, 1953) was the president of the Democratic Party of Japan. ... Seiji Maehara (前原 誠司 Maehara Seiji; born 30 April 1962) is a member of the House of Representatives of Japan, and the leader of Democratic Party of Japan, which he was appointed on September 17, 2005 after the crushing defeat of the DPJ in the 11 September 2005 snap election and the...

External links

  • Democratic Party of Japan

The official website of the Democratic Party. Has a very organized English section, and also a fast and reliable e-mail address on both the Japanese and English pages.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Democratic Party of Japan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1004 words)
The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) was formed on April 27, 1998.
On September 24, 2003, the party formally merged with the small, center-right Liberal Party led by Ichiro Ozawa—the move was largely considered to be done in preparation for the election on November 9, 2003.
DPJ members sit with members of the Independent's Club, a coalition of Democrats who are liberal centrists, in both houses of the Diet.
Social Democratic Party (Japan) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1346 words)
The party became the largest political party in the general election of 1947, and a government was formed by Katayama Tetsu, forming a coalition with the Democratic Party of Japan, Occupation and another minor party.
However, the party was again split in 1960 because of internal conflicts, and the breakaway group (a part of the old Right Socialist Party of Japan, their most moderate faction) created the Democratic Socialist Party (Japan), though the Japan Socialist Party was preserved.
The coalition government of Morihiro Hosokawa was formed by anti-LDP liberals (the Japan Renewal Party and the Japan New Party, the Japanese Communist Party the Clean Government Party (Former), the Democratic Socialist Party, the New Frontier Party, the New Party Sakigake, and the JSP).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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