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Encyclopedia > Democracy Wall

The Democracy Wall was a long brick wall on Chang'an street in the Xidan District of Beijing, which became the focus for democratic dissent. Beginning in December 1978, in line with the Communist Party of China's policy of "seeking truth from facts," activists in the democracy movement -- such as Xu Wenli -- recorded news and ideas, often in the form of big-character posters (dazibao), during a period known as the "Beijing Spring". These activists were encouraged to criticize the Gang of Four and previous failed government policies, but the wall was closed in December 1979 when the leadership and the communist party system were being criticized along with past mistakes and leaders. The shutdown coincided with suppression of political dissent. Xidan in Beijing (July 2004 image) Xidan (西单) is home to a commercial district in Beijing. ...   (Chinese:  ; Pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Dissent is a sentiment or philosophy of non-agreement or opposition to an idea (eg. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... Seek truth from facts (Chinese: 实事求是, pinyin: shí shì qiú shì) is a slogan in the Peoples Republic of China referring to pragmatism. ... Big-character posters or (dazibao) were posters, limited-circulation newspapers, excerpted press articles, and pamphlets using large-sized ideographs. ... The Beijing Spring was a brief period of political liberalization in the Peoples Republic of China which occurred in 1977 and 1978. ... The Gang of Four on trial The Gang of Four (Chinese: 四人帮; pinyin: ) was a group of Communist Party leaders in the Peoples Republic of China who were arrested and removed from their positions in 1976, following the death of Mao Zedong, and were blamed for the... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... This article is about a form of government in which the state operates under the control of a Communist Party. ... In any debate, sometimes the more powerful opponent will try to silence the other rather than trying to defeat their arguments. ... Individual rights Free speech, free press Soap box, Speakers corner (Hyde Park), blog (weblog) prior restraint, censorship, self-censorship, censor Right to assembly Gay rights, Stonewall Feminism, ERA, equal pay, Title IX Famous political dissenters Gandhi Steve Biko Nelson Mandela Martin Luther King, Jr. ...

The Fifth Modernization was a signed wall poster placed by Wei Jingsheng on December 5, 1978 on the Democracy Wall in Beijing. It was the first poster that openly advocated further individual liberties. It caused a spectacle, espousing that freedom was the only "modernization" that really mattered, rather than improved living standards. The poster was in response to the government's "Four Modernizations" campaign. Wei Jingsheng WEI Jingsheng is the best-known Chinese human rights and democracy fighter and is the leader for the opposition against the Chinese Communist dictatorship. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people. ... The Four Modernizations (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) were the goals of Deng Xiaoping’s reforms. ...

Nepal had its own Democracy Wall, in Ratna Park, Kathmandu. After the establishment of democracy in 1990, the square became a rallying point for protesters, but the wall itself was demolished by the city government in August 2005, six months after King Gyanendra dismissed the elected government and assumed direct power himself. Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमाडौं, Nepal Bhasa: यें) is the capital city of Nepal and it is also the largest city in Nepal. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाहदेव; Jñānendra Vīra Vikrama Śāhadeva) (born July 7, 1947) has been the King of Nepal since June 4, 2001. ...

See also

  • History of the People's Republic of China (1976-present)

when they were free. This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ...

External links and references

this is a black wall The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress ( USA), freely available for use by researchers. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Chinese Democracy (1409 words)
In fact, the Democracy Wall Movement (named for the large, high wall bordering a street near Tiananmen, where posters advocating various sorts of political and social change were pasted by various members of the populace) was a direct challenge to Party dictatorship.
Given this long and tortuous history of democracy in China, and the numerous connotations and layers of meaning associated with the term "minzhu", when the term appeared on wall posters again in 1989, it was sometimes used less for its intrinsic meaning than for its ability to link present concerns with those of the past.
The "Goddess of Democracy," although it had plenty of antecedents in Chinese religious and political ceremonies, was also instrumental in tugging the heartstrings of millions of Westerners who drew a connection to the Statue of Liberty and assumed that Chinese aspirations were identical to their own.
  More results at FactBites »



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