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Prince Demchugdongrub (February 8, 1902 - May 23, 1966) , was the leader of a Mongol independence movement in Inner Mongolia. His Chinese courtesy name is Xixian (希賢). He assumed the Mongolian chairman of Mengjiang. Jump to: navigation, search February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N i Měnggǔ Z qū) is an Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Cha can also refer to a Latin American dance, also called the Cha-cha-cha. ... A chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Mengjiang, (蒙疆 in pinyin: MÄ›ngjiāng; in Wade-Giles: Meng-chiang; Postal Pinyin: Mengkiang), Meng Chiang, also known in English as Mongol Border Land, was a puppet state in northern China (consisted of Chahar and Suiyuan provinces) controlled by Japan. ...


He is a quite interesting and controversial figure. Some see him as a Mongol nationalist promoting Pan-Mongolism. Others view him as a traitor and as the pawn of the Japanese during World War II.

Contents


Names

  • Often called King De
    • De Noyan in Mongolian
    • De Wang (德王) in Chinese
    • Some Mongolians called him King Lord De (德王爺)
  • In Chinese document, his name is Demuchukeloulupu (德穆楚克棟魯普)

Rise to leadership

A Chahar born of the Plain White Banner (正白旗) in Chahar Province, Demchugdongrub was the sole son of Namuzilewangchuke (那木濟勒旺楚克), the chief of the Xilinguole Alliance (錫- or 西林郭勒盟) and the Prefect-King of the Zasakeduoluotuling Prefecture of the Right Su'nile Banner (蘇尼特右旗紮薩克多羅杜棱郡王). Chakhar is a group of the Mongols. ... The Eight Banners (In Manchu: gūsa, In Chinese: 旗 qí) were administrative divisions into which all Manchu families were placed. ... Chahar (察哈爾 in pinyin: Cháhāěr), also known as Chahaer, Chakhar, or Qahar, was a 24-year-old China established in 1912 now mostly in Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. ...


After Namuzilewangchuke died in 1908, the six-year-old Demchugdongrub, with the approval of the Qing Empire, inherited one of his father's titles -- the Prefect-King. Demchugdongrub studied Mongolian, Chinese, Manchu languages. After the fall of the Qing Empire, Yuan Shikai changed Demchugdongrub's title to the Jinong of Zhasakeheshiduling in 1912. Jump to: navigation, search 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing the... The Manchu language is a member of the Tungusic languages; it used to be the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese and there are fewer than 100 native speakers of Manchu out of a total of nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus. ... Yuan Shikai in military uniform Yuan Shikai (Courtesy Weiting 慰亭; Pseudonym: Rongan 容庵 Traditional: 袁世凱; Simplified: 袁世凯; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Yüan Shih-kai) (September 16, 1859 – June 6, 1916) was a Chinese military official and politician during the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. ... Jinong was a title of the Mongols. ... 1912 was a leap year starting on Monday. ...


Demchugdongrub married a Taijide princess (台吉的格格) of his banner, and the next year had their first child, Dugursulong (都古爾蘇隆). Several years later, Demchugdongrub had four more sons and one daughter with his second fujing (福晉), a Taijide princess of the Abaga Banner (阿巴嘎旗).


Demchugdongrub was appointed a member of the Chahar Provincial Committee in 1929. Then in 1931 inherited his father's other title as the chief of the Xilinguole Alliance, after Yang Cang (楊桑), then Suotelamunuobutan (索特拉木諾布坦). Jump to: navigation, search 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Collaboration with the Japanese

The Japanese, in February 1936, in the name of Manchukuo, established the Mongolian Military Command Headquarters (蒙古軍總司令部) with Demchugdongrub as the commander and the Japanese Yamauchi ___ (山內豐紀) as the advisor, on a mission to "inherit the great spirit of Genghis Khan and retake the territories that belong to Mongolia, completing the grand task of reviving the prosperity of the nationality". Jump to: navigation, search 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... It has been suggested that Manchukuo (administration) be merged into this article or section. ... Jump to: navigation, search It has been suggested that Genghis Khan/temp be merged into this article or section. ...


After the ceremonial Mengjiang-Manchukuo alliance in May 1935, Henry Puyi honoured Demchugdongrub with the title of "Jinong of Wude" (武德). Aisin-Gioro Puyi¹ (February 7, 1906 - October 17, 1967) was the Xuantong Emperor (宣統皇帝) of China between 1908 and 1924 (ruling emperor between 1908 and 1912, and non-ruling emperor between 1912 and 1924), the tenth (and last) emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty to rule over China. ...


The Mengjiang United Autonomous Government was set up in 1937 with Demchugdongrub first being the vice-chairman, then the chairman. In 1941 he became chairman of the Mongolian Autonomous Federation. Jump to: navigation, search 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... A chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Downfall

After WWII, and thus the collapse of the Federation, Demchugdongrub lived in Beijing for four years under the supervision of Kuomintang government. And right before the Communist Party of China control the whole country, he managed to arrive the west most region of Inner mongolia, and established an Autonomous Government in August 1949. In December, pushed by the coming communist army, Demchugdongrub fled to Mongolia and was at first welcomed there, but then captured by the People's Republic of Mongolia in the following February and deported to China in September, where he was charged with treason by the People's Republic of China. Under supervision, he wrote nine memoirs and was pardoned 13 years later in April. Until his death at the age of 64 in Hohhot, he had worked in an Inner Mongolian history museum. Jump to: navigation, search Beijing â–¶(?) (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Peking) is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ... Jump to: navigation, search Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: ) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ... A memoir, as a literary genre, forms a sub-class of autobiography. ... Hohhot (呼和浩特; pinyin: Hūhéhàotè), occasionally spelled Huhehot, is the capital city of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... One of the most famous quotations about history and the value of studying history by Spanish philosopher, George Santayana, reads: Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. ... A museum is typically a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education enjoyment, the tangible and intangible evidence of people and their environment. ...


External links

the king's photo


  Results from FactBites:
 
Demchugdongrub - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (390 words)
A Chahar born of the Plain White Banner (正白旗) in Chahar Province, Demchugdongrub was the sole son of Namuzilewangchuke (那木濟勒旺楚克), the chief of the Xilinguole Alliance (錫- or 西林郭勒盟) and the Prefect-King of the Zasakeduoluotuling Prefecture of the Right Su'nile Banner (蘇尼特右旗紮薩克多羅杜棱郡王).
Demchugdongrub was appointed a member of the Chahar Provincial Committee in 1929.
In December 1949, after the collapse of the Federation, Demchugdongrub fled to Mongolia and was at first welcomed there, but then captured by the People's Republic of Mongolia in the following February and deported to China in September, where he was charged with treason by the People's Republic of China.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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