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Encyclopedia > Delmarva Peninsula
Delmarva Peninsula map
Delmarva Peninsula map

The Delmarva Peninsula is a large peninsula on the East Coast of the United States, occupied by portions of three U.S. states: Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. Named as a portmanteau of the letters of the states that occupy it, it is almost 300 by 100 km or about 180 by 60 miles, and is bordered by the Chesapeake Bay on the west, and the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, and Atlantic Ocean on the east. Download high resolution version (514x774, 14 KB)Mercator projection: public domain Online Map Creation This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (514x774, 14 KB)Mercator projection: public domain Online Map Creation This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three or more sides by water. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,774 sq mi (110,785 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... A portmanteau (IPA pronunciation: RP, US) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Delaware Bay Delaware Bay is a large esturarial inlet of the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Delaware River along the coast of the United States. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ...


Its northern isthmus is transected by the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, technically making Delmarva an island (as no entry nor exit to the peninsula can be made without crossing a body of water), but, as with other peninsulas separated from their main body of land by a man-made body of water (e.g., Cape Cod, the Peloponnesus, etc.), the Delmarva is still regarded almost universally as a peninsula. Several bridges cross the canal, while the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel join the peninsula to mainland Maryland and Virginia, respectively. Other points of access include Lewes, Delaware, reachable by ferry from Cape May, New Jersey. Dover, Delaware's capital city, is its largest city, but the island's main commercial area is Salisbury, Maryland, near its center. Including all offshore islands (the largest of which is Kent Island in Maryland), the total land area south of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal is 14,127.044 km² (5,454.482 sq mi). At the 2000 census the total population residing in this area was 681,030 inhabitants. Its average population density was therefore 48.2 persons/km² (124.86 persons/sq mi). Compass rose with north highlighted and at top Look up North in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Isthmus of Panama connects North and South America. ... C&D Canal from Chesapeake City, Maryland. ... Cape Cod (or simply the Cape) is an hook-shaped peninsula nearly coextensive with Barnstable County, Massachusetts and forming the easternmost portion of the state of Massachusetts, in the Northeastern United States. ... Greece and the Peloponnese The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Greek: Πελοπόννησος Peloponnesos; see also List of Greek place names) is a large peninsula in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. ... volcanic rock. ... The Canal du Midi, Toulouse, France Canals are artificial channels for water. ... Not to be confused with Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel. ... Articles with similar titles include Chesapeake Bay Bridge. ... This article is about the geomorphological/geopolitical term; MAINLAND is also a cheese brand owned by Fonterra, a New Zealand dairy company. ... Seal of the City of Lewes There are other places called Lewes Lewes (pronounced LOO-is) is an incorporated city located in Sussex County, Delaware. ... M.V. Twin Capes near the Cape May, New Jersey, terminal on July 4, 2005. ... Cape May City highlighted in Cape May County. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... , : The State Capital since 1777 United States Delaware Kent 22. ... Nickname: Location in Maryland Coordinates: , County Founded 1732 Incorporated 1854 Government  - Mayor Barrie Parsons Tilghman Area  - City 29. ... A map of Kent Island from 1970 Location of Kent Island within Maryland Kent Island is the largest island in the Chesapeake Bay, and a historic place in Maryland. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Roughly south of Wilmington, Delaware is the fall line, a geographic borderland where the Piedmont region transitions into the coastal plain, a flat, sandy area with very few or no hills. : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... The Atlantic Coastal Plain is the rather flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico). ...

Contents

Political divisions

The border between Maryland and Delaware consists of the east-west Transpeninsular Line and the perpendicular north-south portion of the Mason-Dixon line extending up to the Twelve-Mile Circle, which forms Delaware's border with Pennsylvania. The border between Maryland and Virginia on the peninsula is a surveyed line from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pocomoke River and then follows the river to the Chesapeake Bay. The Transpeninsular Line and the Tangent Line portion of the Mason-Dixon Line The Transpeninsular Line (at approximately 38° 27 N) is a surveyed line, the eastern half of which forms the north-south border between Delaware and Maryland. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... For the fictional character, see Mason Dixon (Rocky Balboa character). ... The Twelve-Mile Circle The Twelve-Mile Circle is an arc that makes up most of the north-south boundary between the states of Pennsylvania and Delaware in the United States. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... The Pocomoke River is a river, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in southern Delaware and southeastern Maryland in the United States. ...


All three counties in Delaware - New Castle, Kent, and Sussex - are located on the peninsula (though upper New Castle county only in part). Of the 23 counties in Maryland, 9 are on the Eastern Shore: Kent, Queen Anne's, Talbot, Caroline, Dorchester, Wicomico, Somerset, and Worcester, as well as a portion of Cecil County. Two Virginia counties are on the peninsula: Accomack and Northampton. New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware. ... Kent County is a county located in the central part of the state of Delaware. ... Sussex County is a county located in the southern part of the state of Delaware. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Kent County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland, on its Eastern Shore. ... Queen Annes County is a county located on the Eastern Shore of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Talbot County is a county located in the state of Maryland. ... Caroline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wicomico County is located in the southeastern part of the state of Maryland. ... Somerset County is the southernmost county in the U.S. state of Maryland, located on the states Eastern Shore. ... Worcester County (pronounced locally as either Wis-ter or Wuhr-ster) is the easternmost county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Cecil County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Accomack County is a county located in the state of Virginia, USA. As of 2000, the population is 38,305. ... Northampton County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ...


The following is a list of some of the notable cities and towns in the peninsular region. Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ...

At various times in its history, residents of the peninsula have proposed that its Maryland and Virginia portions secede from their respective states, merging with Delaware to create a new state named Delmarva. : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... , : The State Capital since 1777 United States Delaware Kent 22. ... In countries with federal constitutions divided into subnational entities known as states, the state capital is the administrative center of a state. ... Seal of the Town of Georgetown Georgetown is a town located in Sussex County, Delaware. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Cambridge is a city in Dorchester County, Maryland, United States. ... Centreville is a town located in Queen Annes County, Maryland. ... High Street in Chestertown Chestertown is a town located in Kent County, Maryland. ... Easton is a town in Talbot County, Maryland, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Worcester County Founded 1875 Incorporated 1880 Government  - Mayor Rick Meehan Area  - City 94. ... Ninety Mile Beach Australia. ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools. ... Princess Anne is a town located in Somerset County, Maryland. ... Nickname: Location in Maryland Coordinates: , County Founded 1732 Incorporated 1854 Government  - Mayor Barrie Parsons Tilghman Area  - City 29. ... Chincoteague (IPA: ) is a town in Accomack County, Virginia, United States. ... Delmar is the name of several places in the United States of America: Delmar, Alabama Delmar, Arkansas Delmar, Delaware Delmar, Georgia Delmar, Illinois Delmar, Iowa Delmar, Maryland Delmar, Missouri Delmar, New York Delmar, North Carolina Delmar, Oregon Delmar, South Carolina Delmar, West Virginia (See also Del Mar) This is a... The Transpeninsular Line and the Tangent Line portion of the Mason-Dixon Line The Transpeninsular Line (at approximately 38° 27 N) is a surveyed line, the eastern half of which forms the north-south border between Delaware and Maryland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


History

American Indian peoples

The primary Indians of the peninsula prior to the arrival of Europeans were the Assateague, including the Assateague, Transquakin, Choptico, Moteawaughkin, Quequashkecaquick, Hatsawap, Wachetak, Marauqhquaick, and Manaskson. They were all under the guidance of the Chief of the Assateague. They ranged from Cape Charles, Virginia to the Indian River Inlet in Delaware. The Assateague made a number of treaties with the colony of Maryland, but the land was gradually taken for the use of the colonists, and the native peoples of the peninsula assimilated into other Algonquian tribes as far north as Ontario. Egrets in Assateagues marshes Assateague Island is a barrier island, comprising the southern portion of Marylands Atlantic coast and part of Virginias Eastern Shore. ... Cape Charles is a town located in Northampton County, Virginia. ... The Indian River is a river and estuary, approximately 15 mi (24 km) long, in Sussex County in southern Delaware in the United States. ... Single European Act A treaty is a binding agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely states and international organizations. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked...


Colonization

James I of England granted Virginia (400 miles of Atlantic coast centered on Cape Comfort, extending west to the Pacific Ocean) to a company of colonists in a series of charters from 1606 to 1611. This included a piece of the peninsula. James Stuart (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old. ... Old Point Comfort is a point of land located in the independent city of Hampton at the extreme tip of the Virginia Peninsula at the mouth of Hampton Roads in the United States. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ...


In the 1632 Charter of Maryland, King Charles I of England granted "all that Part of the Peninsula, or Chersonese, lying in the Parts of America, between the Ocean on the East and the Bay of Chesapeake on the West, divided from the Residue thereof by a Right Line drawn from the Promontory, or Head-Land, called Watkin's Point, situate upon the Bay aforesaid, near the river Wigloo, on the West, unto the main Ocean on the East; and between that Boundary on the South, unto that Part of the Bay of Delaware on the North, which lieth under the Fortieth Degree of North Latitude from the Equinoctial, where New England is terminated" to Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore as the colony of Maryland. This included all of present-day Delaware. See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, King of Scotland and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (August 8, 1605 – November 30, 1675), usually called Cecil, was an English coloniser who was the first proprietor of the Maryland colony. ... Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ...


The land that is currently Delaware was colonized by Sweden and the Netherlands before coming under British control in 1664. The land was transferred from the Duke of York to William Penn in 1682 and was governed with Pennsylvania. The exact border was determined by the Chancery Court in 1735. In 1776 the three counties of Kent, New Castle, and Sussex declared their independence from Pennsylvania and entered the United States as the State of Delaware. Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... The title Duke of York is a title of nobility in the British peerage. ... William Penn William Penn (October 14, 1644 – July 30, 1718) founded the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony that became the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Kent County is a county located in the central part of the state of Delaware. ... New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware. ... Sussex County is a county located in the southern part of the state of Delaware. ... Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ...


Economy

The peninsula was the premier location for truck farming of vegetables during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Though it has been largely eclipsed by California's production, the area still produces significant quantities of tomatoes, green beans, soy beans (Queen Anne's County is the largest producer of soy beans in Maryland), corn and other popular vegetables. A truck farm is a farm that grows market-garden produce (fruit and vegetables). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Binomial name L. Synonyms Lycopersicon lycopersicum Lycopersicon esculentum Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Legume, Pulse (legume) and Fabaceae (Discuss) Green beans Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for food or feed. ... Binomial name Glycine max Merr. ... Queen Annes County is an East Baltimore transplant commuter-dominated county located in the state of Maryland. ... Binomial name Glycine max Merr. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Binomial name L. Corn (Zea mays L. ssp. ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ...


The Eastern Shore is also known for its poultry farms, the most well-known of which is Perdue Farms, founded in Salisbury, Maryland. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Frank Perdue (May 9, 1920 – March 31, 2005), born in Salisbury, Maryland, was for many years the president of Perdue Farms, now one of the largest chicken-producing companies in the United States. ...


Delmarva in popular culture

A feral pony of Assateague Island.
A feral pony of Assateague Island.

The area was romanticized in Chesapeake, a fictional account of life in the area written by James Michener. A favorite sight on the Atlantic side of the peninsula is Chincoteague Island in Virginia, which together with Assateague Island in both Virginia and Maryland, is noted for its herd of wild ponies accustomed to the seashore, as described by Marguerite Henry in Misty of Chincoteague. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Egrets in Assateagues marshes Assateague Island is a barrier island, comprising the southern portion of Marylands Atlantic coast and part of Virginias Eastern Shore. ... Chesapeake is a novel by James A. Michener, published by Random House in 1978. ... James Albert Michener (February 3, 1907? - October 16, 1997) was the American author of such books as Tales of the South Pacific (for which he won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1948), Hawaii, The Drifters, Centennial, The Source, The Fires of Spring, Chesapeake, Caribbean, Caravans, Alaska, Texas and Poland. ... Chincoteague is a town located in Accomack County, Virginia. ... Egrets in Assateagues marshes Assateague Island is a barrier island, comprising the southern portion of Marylands Atlantic coast and part of Virginias Eastern Shore. ... A Shetland Pony A pony is any of several horse breeds with a specific conformation and temperament. ... Misty of Chincoteague is the title of a 1947 book by Marguerite Henry, based on the life of a real pony named Misty, native to Virginias coastal island of Chincoteague off of the Delmarva Peninsula. ...


See also

This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Eastern Shore of Maryland is composed of the states nine counties east of the Chesapeake Bay. ... The Eastern Shore Baseball League was a Class D minor league baseball league that operated on the Delmarva Peninsula for parts of three different decades. ... This is a list of all freight railroad (not streetcar or rapid transit) lines that have been built in the Delmarva Peninsula south of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, and does not deal with ownership changes from one company to another. ... WBOC-TV, channel 16, is a CBS affiliate based in Salisbury, Maryland. ... WMDT-TV, channel 47, is a television station affiliated with ABC, that serves the Delmarva Peninsula, and is based in Salisbury, Maryland. ... Salisbury-Ocean City Wicomico Regional Airport (IATA: SBY, ICAO: KSBY), or, more succinctly Wicomico Regional Airport, is the only commercial airport on the Delmarva Peninsula. ...

References

  • Assateague History. History of the Assategue People. Retrieved on March 3, 2005.
  • Maryland Charter. The Charter of Maryland at the Avalon Project. Retrieved on March 3, 2005.
  • Virginia Charter. The Charter of Virginia at the Avalon Project. Retrieved on March 3, 2005.
  • Delmarva Peninsula census tracts United States Census Bureau

  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to DPI, Your Poultry Information Source (402 words)
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Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc. (DPI), the trade association for the Delmarva Peninsula’s chicken industry, held its 51st annual Booster Banquet April 19 in Salisbury, Maryland and recognized 17 persons for outstanding work in or for the chicken industry.
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