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Encyclopedia > Delft

Coordinates: 52°00′54″N, 4°21′24″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Delft
Official flag of Delft
Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 52.0° N 4.21° E
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 24.08 km²  (9.3 sq mi)
 - Land 23.21 km² (9 sq mi)
 - Water 0.87 km² (0.3 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 - Municipality 95,300
 - Density 4,106/km² (10,634.5/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Typical view of Delft (Vrouw Juttenland)
Typical view of Delft (Vrouw Juttenland)
Eastern Gate (Oostpoort)
Eastern Gate (Oostpoort)
Hugo Grotius in front of the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church)
Hugo Grotius in front of the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church)
Crest to the City Hall
Crest to the City Hall
Nieuwe Kerk (New Church)
Nieuwe Kerk (New Church)

Image:Ltspkr.png Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland (Zuid-Holland), the Netherlands, located halfway between Rotterdam and The Hague. It is primarily known for its typical Dutch centre (with canals), as painted by Vermeer; Delft Blue pottery (Delftware); the Delft University of Technology; and its association with the Royal Family. Image File history File links Delft_flag_outline. ... Image File history File links Wapenvandelft. ... Image File history File links LocatieDelft. ... South Holland (Dutch Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the west of the country on the North Sea coast. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1495 KB) A typical view from the Centre of Delft, The Netherlands. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1495 KB) A typical view from the Centre of Delft, The Netherlands. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 1059 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Delft Eastern Gate (Delft) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 1059 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Delft Eastern Gate (Delft) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Oostpoort The Eastern Gate (Oostpoort) in Delft was built around 1400. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2120, 1205 KB) Statue of Hugo Grotius in front of the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church) in Delft, the Netherlands. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2120, 1205 KB) Statue of Hugo Grotius in front of the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church) in Delft, the Netherlands. ... Hugo Grotius (Huig de Groot, or Hugo de Groot; Delft, 10 April 1583 – Rostock, 28 August 1645) worked as a jurist in the Dutch Republic and laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. ... Nieuwe Kerk, Delft Nieuwe Kerk is a landmark church in Delft, the Netherlands. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2120, 1436 KB) This is the crest to the City Hall in the very centre of Delft, Holland (Centruum Delft) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2120, 1436 KB) This is the crest to the City Hall in the very centre of Delft, Holland (Centruum Delft) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (892x2216, 419 KB) Nieuwe Kerk in Delft. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (892x2216, 419 KB) Nieuwe Kerk in Delft. ... Nieuwe Kerk, Delft Nieuwe Kerk is a landmark church in Delft, the Netherlands. ... Download high resolution version (2024x1724, 326 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2024x1724, 326 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The View of Delft is a painting finished around 1660-1661 by the Dutch High Renaissance painter Jan Vermeer. ... Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North Johannes Vermeer or Jan Vermeer (baptized October 31, 1632, died December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of ordinary bourgeois life. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... South Holland (Dutch Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the west of the country on the North Sea coast. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ... Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... Categories: Water-transport stubs | Canals | Water transport ... View of Delft, 1660-1661 Johannes Vermeer (1632 - December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter. ... Delftware panel. ... Delftware panel. ... Founded in 1842, the Delft University of Technology, in Delft, the Netherlands, is one of the oldest, largest, and most comprehensive technical universities in the Netherlands, with over 13,000 students and 2,100 scientists (including 200 professors). ... The House of Orange-Nassau (in Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the German House of Nassau, has played a central role in the political life of the Netherlands - and at times in Europe - since William I of Orange (also known as William the Silent and Father of...

Contents

History

The city dates from the 13th century. It received its charter in 1246. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Saga, emperor of Japan. ...


The association of the House of Orange with Delft began when William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), nicknamed William the Silent (Willem de Zwijger), took up residence there in 1562. William was the leader at the time in the struggle against the Spanish, the Eighty Years' War. The Principality of Orange The title originally referred to the sovereign principality of Orange in southern France, which was a property of the House of Orange (from 1702 Orange-Nassau). ... William I (William the Silent) William I of Orange-Nassau (April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584), also widely known as William the Silent [Dutch: Willem de Zwijger], was born in the House of Nassau, and became Prince of Orange in 1544. ... William I (William the Silent) William I of Orange-Nassau (April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584), also widely known as William the Silent [Dutch: Willem de Zwijger], was born in the House of Nassau, and became Prince of Orange in 1544. ... Year 1562 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ...


Delft was one of the leading cities of Holland and was equipped with the necessary city walls to serve as a headquarters. When William was shot to death in 1584 by Balthazar Gerards in the hall of the Prinsenhof, the family's traditional burial place in Breda was in the hands of the Spanish. He was buried in the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), starting a tradition for the House of Orange that has continued to the present day. Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands with a population of 16,491,461 million people. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Breda is a municipality and a city in the southern part of the Netherlands. ... Nieuwe Kerk, Delft Nieuwe Kerk is a landmark church in Delft, the Netherlands. ...


In 1654, the city was badly damaged and over 100 people killed in the Delft Explosion. Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Egbert van der Poel A View of Delft after the Explosion of 1654 The Delft Explosion occurred on October 12, 1654 when a gunpowder store exploded destroying much of the city of Delft in the Netherlands. ...


Sights

The city centre retains many old and historical buildings, and many streets have canals in the centre, inhabited by fish and plants. Historical buildings include: The Canal du Midi, Toulouse, France Canals are man-made channels for water. ...

Oude Kerk tower, viewed from the south The Oude Kerk (Old Church) is a Gothic church in the old city center of Delft, South Holland. ... Piet Heyn, 1577-1629 Piet Pieterszoon Hein (also written as Heyn) (November 25, 1577 – June 18, 1629) was a Dutch naval officer and folk hero during the Eighty Years War between the Netherlands and Spain. ... Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North Johannes Vermeer or Jan Vermeer (baptized October 31, 1632, died December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of ordinary bourgeois life. ... Anton van Leeuwenhoek Anton van Leeuwenhoek (October 24, 1632 - August 26, 1723) was a tradesman and scientist from Delft, in the Netherlands. ... Nieuwe Kerk, Delft Nieuwe Kerk is a landmark church in Delft, the Netherlands. ... Events June 12 - Peasants Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath. ... 1496 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A burial vault is a structural underground tomb. ... The Prinsenhof in Delft in The Netherlands was built in the middle ages as a monastery. ... Oostpoort The Eastern Gate (Oostpoort) in Delft was built around 1400. ... 1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ...

Culture

Delft is well known for the Delft pottery ceramic products which were styled on the imported Chinese porcelain of the 17th century. The city had an early start in this area since it was a home port of the Dutch East India Company. Delftware panel. ... Fixed Partial Denture, or Bridge The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos). ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


The painter Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675) was born in Delft. Vermeer used Delft streets and home interiors as the subject or background of his paintings. Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North Johannes Vermeer or Jan Vermeer (baptized October 31, 1632, died December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of ordinary bourgeois life. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ...


Several other famous painters lived and worked in Delft at that time, such as Pieter de Hoogh, Carel Fabritius and Nicolaes Maes. They all were members of the Delft School. The Delft School is known for its images of domestic life, views of households, church interiors, courtyards, squares and the streets of Delft. The painters also produced pictures showing historic events, flower paintings, portraits for patrons and the court, and decorative pieces of art. Musical Party in a Courtyard (1677) Pieter de Hooch (pronounced , also spelled Hoogh or Hooghe) (baptized December 20, 1629 – 1684) was a genre painter during the Dutch Golden Age. ... Self-portrait by Fabritius(1654) Carel Fabritius (1622-1654) was a Dutch painter and one of Rembrandts most gifted pupils. ... Old Woman Dozing by Nicolaes Maes (1656) Oil on canvas, 135 x 105 cm. ...


Education

Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) is one of three universities of technology in the Netherlands. It was founded as an academy for civil engineering in 1842 by King William II. Today well over 16,000 students are enrolled. Founded in 1842, the Delft University of Technology, in Delft, the Netherlands, is one of the oldest, largest, and most comprehensive technical universities in the Netherlands, with over 13,000 students and 2,100 scientists (including 200 professors). ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... William II, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg (William Frederick George Louis) (December 6, 1792 – March 17, 1849) ruled from October 7, 1840 until his death. ...


The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, providing postgraduate education for people from developing countries, draws on the strong tradition in water management and hydraulic engineering of the Delft university. The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education is an international institute for water education that is established in 2003. ... LLGHHHHHHHHHK BNMNKBV JKVGKJJH JHVG KJVH KJV KJV JKV JV JV KJFYG KHV KJV gfnnnnnnnnnnhngjkv jh b ... Hydraulic engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering concerned with the flow and conveyance of fluids, principally water. ...


Recreation

East of Delft is the Delftse Hout ("Delft Wood") recreation area, with a lake (suitable for swimming and windsurfing), narrow beaches, a small nudist area (not fenced off), restaurant, community gardens, campground and other recreational and sports facilities. Noise from the nearby A13/E19 highway can be heard throughout the area.


Famous people

Delft was the birthplace of several famous people:

Hugo Grotius (Huig de Groot, or Hugo de Groot; Delft, 10 April 1583 – Rostock, 28 August 1645) worked as a jurist in the Dutch Republic and laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Martin (Maarten) van den Hove (Latinized as Martinus Hortensius (Ortensius)) (1605—August 7, 1639) was a Dutch astronomer and mathematician. ... Christina Wilhelmina Stien Baas-Kaiser (born 20 May 1938 in Delft, the Netherlands) is a former speed skater. ... Anton van Leeuwenhoek Anton van Leeuwenhoek (October 24, 1632 - August 30, 1723, full name Thonius Philips van Leeuwenhoek (pronounced Layewenhook) was a Dutch tradesman and scientist from Delft, Netherlands. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Robert Hookes microscope (1665) - an engineered device used to study living systems. ... Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North Johannes Vermeer or Jan Vermeer (baptized October 31, 1632, died December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of ordinary bourgeois life. ... Sander Kleinenberg is a Dutch DJ and producer. ...

Sister cities

(source: Delft municipality guide 2005) Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Estelí is the second largest town in northern Nicaragua (after Matagalpa). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan area contained mostly in the province of Gauteng, South Africa, that includes the city of Pretoria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Aarau Location within Switzerland Aarau is the capital of the Swiss canton of Aargau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Freiberg, Obermarkt square Freiberg is a city in Saxony, Germany, capital of the district Freiberg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Kefar Sava (כפר סבא; unofficially also spelled and pronounced Kfar Saba) is a city in the Sharon area, Center District of Israel in Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Tuzla Canton Land area 302,35 km² Population 165,000 Population density 545/km² Coordinates Area code +387 35 Mayor Jasmin Imamović (SDP) Website http://www. ...


See also

Delftware panel. ... Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North Johannes Vermeer or Jan Vermeer (baptized October 31, 1632, died December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of ordinary bourgeois life. ... William I (William the Silent) William I of Orange-Nassau (April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584), also widely known as William the Silent [Dutch: Willem de Zwijger], was born in the House of Nassau, and became Prince of Orange in 1544. ... Rembrandt The Nightwatch (1642) The Golden Age (1584-1702) was a period in Dutch history, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Oostpoort The Eastern Gate (Oostpoort) in Delft was built around 1400. ... Founded in 1842, the Delft University of Technology, in Delft, the Netherlands, is one of the oldest, largest, and most comprehensive technical universities in the Netherlands, with over 13,000 students and 2,100 scientists (including 200 professors). ... Tanthof is a quarter in the South of Delft, the Netherlands. ...

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