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Encyclopedia > Delaware Colony

Delaware Colony was an English colony in North America. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...

Contents

Settlement

From the early Dutch settlement in 1631 to the colony’s rule by Pennsylvania in 1682, the land changed hands many times. Because of this Delaware became a very heterogeneous society made up of individuals who were both religiously and culturally diverse. Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ...


During his voyage in 1609 to find the Northwest Passage to Asia for the Dutch, Henry Hudson sailed into what now is the Delaware Bay. He would name it the South River, but this would later change after Samuel Argall discovered the river in 1610 after being blown off course. Argall would later rename the river, Delaware, after his governor, Lord De La Warr.[1] For other uses, see Northwest Passage (disambiguation). ... No portrait of Hudson is known to be in existence. ... Delaware Bay Delaware Bay is a large esturarial inlet of the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Delaware River along the coast of the United States. ... Sir Samuel Argall (1572? - 1626?) was an English adventurer and naval officer. ... Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (July 9, 1577 - June 7, 1618) was the Englishman for whom the state, river, and American Indian tribe called Delaware (in the United States) were named. ...


Neither the Dutch nor the English showed any true early interest in establishing any kind of settlement of this land. The first true attempt to settle the land came in 1631 when the Dutch sent a group of twenty eight men to build a fort inside Cape Henlopen on Lewes Creek. [2] This first colony was established in order to take advantage of the large whale population and produce whale oil. However, the entire colony was massacred by the native Indians because of misunderstandings.[3] The word massacre has a number of meanings, but most commonly refers to individual events of deliberate and direct mass killing, especially of noncombatant civilians or other innocents without any reasonable means of defense, that would often qualify as war crimes or atrocities. ...


In 1638 the New Sweden Company created the first permanent settlement of Delaware and created an outpost on the Minquan Kil. [4] The outpost of the Swedish settlement was renamed after the queen of Sweden to be Fort Christina. A famous early governor was Colonel Johan Printz who ruled the young colony for ten years until he was succeeded by John Rising in 1654.[5] The end of the Swedish rule came in 1655. Peter Stuyvesant came with a Dutch fleet and overthrew the Swedish forts, thus, establishing control of the colony. The town of New Amstertdam was established and was made the center for fur trading and the colony’s administration headquarters.[6] New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ... Johan Printz, Governor of New Sweden Johan Björnsson Printz (July 20, 1592 – May 3, 1663) was governor from 1643 until 1653 of the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware River in North America. ...


In 1664, after James, Duke of York, captured New Amsterdam, Sir Robert Carr was sent to the Delaware River. He took over New Amstel and renamed it New Castle. [7] This effectively ended the Dutch ruling of the colony and, for that matter, ended their claims to any land in colonial North America. Delaware was governed from New York by a Deputy of the Duke of York from 1664 to 1682.[8] James II of England (also known as James VII of Scotland; 14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) became King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685, and Duke of Normandy on 31 December 1660. ... This article is about the settlement in present-day New York City. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... The title Duke of York is a title of nobility in the British peerage. ...


After William Penn was granted the province of Pennsylvania by King Charles II in 1681, he asked for and later received the lands of Delaware from the Duke of York.[9] Penn had a very hard time governing Delaware because the population was made up of a diverse mixture of ethnicities. He attempted to merge the governments of Pennsylvania and the lower counties of Delaware. Representatives from both areas clashed heavily and in 1701 Penn agreed in having two separate assemblies. Delawareans would meet in New Castle and Pennsylvanians would gather in Philadelphia. [10] Delaware continued to be a melting pot of sorts and was home to many ethnicities including the Swedes, Finns, Dutch, French, and some English. For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ...


Name

The area now known as Delaware was originally owned by William Penn, the Quaker owner of Pennsylvania. Penn gave the lower portion of Pennsyvania, Delaware, to the brother of King James. The name Delaware comes from the king of the time, King De La Warr. In contemporary documents from the early Revolutionary period, the area is generally referred to as "The Three Lower Counties on the Delaware River" (Lower Counties on Delaware) or by the names of the three counties. The term "Lower Counties" refers to the fact that New Castle, Kent, and Sussex were lower, or farther downstream, on the Delaware River than the counties constituting Pennsylvania proper. The Delaware River itself was named for Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, the second governor of Virginia. Name: Delaware Founder: Duke of York. John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware. ... Kent County is a county located in the central part of the state of Delaware. ... Sussex County is a county located in the southern part of the state of Delaware. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Thomas West, 3rd (or 12th) Baron De La Warr (July 9, 1577 - June 7, 1618), was the Englishman for whom the state, river, and American Indian tribe called Delaware (in the United States) were named. ...


See also

  • List of colonial governors of Pennsylvania

// The Proprietors of the Province of Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties (Delaware) The Lieutenant Governors of Colonial Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties, 1682-1776 List of Governors of Pennsylvania Miller, Randall M & William Pencak, Ed (2002). ...

Notes

  1. ^ State of Delaware: The Official Website for the First State, "State of Delaware (A brief history)," http://www.state.de.us/gic/facts/history/delhist.shtml. [21 January 2007]
  2. ^ The Encyclopedia of Colonial and Revolutionary America. Ed. John Mack Faragher. 1990 Sachem Publishing Associates, Inc., New York. pp. 106-108
  3. ^ Ibid., 107
  4. ^ Ibid
  5. ^ "State of Delaware (A Brief History)".
  6. ^ ibid
  7. ^ The Encyclopedia of Colonial and Revolutionary America, 107.
  8. ^ ibid
  9. ^ ibid; "State of Delaware (A Brief History)".
  10. ^ The Encyclopedia of Colonial and Revolutionary America. pp 108.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Delaware - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4455 words)
Delaware was one of the original Thirteen Colonies and is known as the "First State" as it was the first to ratify the United States Constitution.
Delaware is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania, to the east by the Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean and to the west and south by Maryland.
Delaware is home to approximately 20,000 Jews, who are served by the Jewish Community Center in Brandywine (outside of Wilmington) and by a number of educational, social and cultural agencies supported by the Jewish Federation of Delaware.
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