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Encyclopedia > Deities

This list of deities aims at giving information about deities in the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world. It is sorted alphabetically.


There are also lists of deities by type; see the articles death deity, household deity, lunar deity, and solar deity.


Related articles include deva, demigod, divinity, God, goddess, mythology, religion, scripture. See also: List of fictional deities.

Contents

Abenaki

  • Azeban - trickster
  • Bmola - bird spirit
  • Gluskap - kind protector of humanity
  • Malsumis - cruel, evil god
  • Tabaldak - the creator

Anglo-Saxon mythology

Abrahamic religions

See also saint, patriarch, Messiah.


Akamba mythology

Akan mythology

Ashanti mythology

Australian Aboriginal mythology

Aztec mythology

(see much longer list at Aztec mythology)

Bah' Faith

The Bah' Faith is a monotheistic religion contending that various figures from other prominent religions - for example, Moses (Judaism), Jesus (Christianity), Muhammed (Islam), Zoroaster (Zoroastrianism), and Krishna (Hinduism) were all messengers of the one God.


Bushongo mythology

Celtic mythology

See much more complete list at Celtic mythology.

Chinese mythology

Chippewa mythology

Christian mythology

See Abrahamic religions

Creek mythology

  • Hisagita-imisi

Dacian mythology

Dahomey mythology

  • Ag
  • Ayaba
  • Da
  • Gbadu
  • Gleti
  • Gu
  • Lisa
  • Loko
  • Mawu
  • Sakpata
  • Sogbo
  • Xevioso
  • Zinsi
  • Zinsu

Dinka mythology

  • Abuk
  • Denka
  • Juok
  • Nyalitch

Efik mythology

  • Abassi
  • Atai

Egyptian mythology

Egyptian deities are often portrayed as having animal heads in art; as an example, Anubis is often portrayed in statuary as having the body of a human, but the head of a canine. Many gods were portrayed with different animal heads, depending upon the situation. The Egyptians did not actually believe that their gods had animal heads; rather, they portrayed them that way as artistic symbolism. This may have been for the benefit of the illiterate.

  • Anubis, God of Embalming, Friend of the Dead
  • The Aten, the embodiment of the Sun's rays
  • Apep, Serpent of the Underworld, enemy of Ra
  • Atum, a creator deity
  • Bast, Goddess of Cats
  • Bes, God-Demon of Protection, Childbirth and Entertainment
  • Geb, God of the Earth
  • Hapi, one of the four sons of Horus
  • Hapy God of the Nile and Fertility
  • Hathor, Goddess of Love and Music
  • Heget Goddess of Childbirth
  • Horus the falcon-headed god
  • Imhotep God of wisdom, medicine and magic
  • Isis, Goddess of Magic, sister of Nephthys
  • Khepry, the scarab beetle, the embodiment of the dawn
  • Khnum, a creator deity
  • Maahes
  • Ma'at, Goddess of Truth, Balance and Order
  • Menhit, Goddess of war
  • Mont, god of war
  • Naunet, the primal waters
  • Neith, the great mother goddess
  • Nephthys, mother of Anubis
  • Nut, goddess of heaven and the sky
  • Osiris, god of the underworld, fertility and agricultural
  • Ptah, a creator deity
  • Ra, the sun, possible father of Anubis
  • Sekhmnet, goddess of war and battles
  • Sobek, Crocodile God
  • Set, God of Storms, possible father of Anubis
  • Tefnut, goddess of order, justice, time, Heaven and Hell and weather
  • Thoth, god of the moon, drawing, writing, geometry, wisdom, medicine, music, astronomy, and magic
  • Wepwawet

See http://touregypt.net/godsofegypt/ for the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism's extensive information on Egyptian Deities.


Etruscan mythology

Old Finnish deities

There are very few written documents about old Finnish religions; also the names of deities and practices of worship changed from place to place. The following is a summary of the most important and most widely worshipped deities.

  • Ukko, god of heaven and thunder
  • Rauni, Ukko's wife, goddess of fertility
  • Tapio, god of forest and wild animals
  • Mielikki, Tapio's wife
  • Pekko (or Peko), god or goddess (the actual gender is obscure) of fields and agriculture
  • Ahti, (or Ahto) god of streams, lakes and sea
  • Otso, son of a god, king of the forest whose carnal form is the bear
  • Tuoni, goddess of the underworld
  • Perkele, a god of the Lithuanians, drafted to do duty as "the devil"
  • Jumala, a physical idol, later the name of the christian god

Ancient Greek mythology

  • Aphrodite - goddess of beauty, one of the twelve Olympians
  • Apollo - god of poetry, music, the sun, an Olympian
  • Ares - god of war, an Olympian
  • Artemis - goddess of the hunt, an Olympian
  • Athena - goddess of wisdom, defensive war, Athens, an Olympian
  • Cronus - father of the first six Olympians, a Titan
  • Demeter - goddess of the harvest, nature, often considered an Olympian
  • Dionysus - god of wine, took Hestia's place as an Olympian
  • Eris - goddess of discord
  • Eos - goddess of the dawn
  • Gaia - primordial goddess of earth, mother of the Titans
  • Hades - god of the underworld, often considered an Olympian
  • Hebe - wife of Hercules
  • Hecate - goddess of witchcraft, crossroads
  • Helios - god who drives of the sun
  • Hephaestus - god of smiths, an Olympian
  • Hera - chief goddess, goddess of marriage, an Olympian
  • Hermes - messenger of the gods, an Olympian
  • Hestia - goddess of the hearth, gave up seat at Olympus to Dionysus
  • Pan - god of shepherds
  • Persephone - daughter of Demeter, queen of the dead
  • Poseidon - god of the sea, an Olympian
  • Rhea - mother of the first six Olympians, a Titan
  • Selene - goddess who drives the moon
  • Uranus - primordial god of the heavens, father of the Titans
  • Zeus - god of sky and air, chief Olympian

See also Demigods, the Dryads, the Fates, the Erinyes, the Graces, the Horae, the Muses, the Nymphs, the Pleiades, the Titans


Guarani mythology

  • Abaangui
  • Jurupari

Haida mythology

  • Gyhldeptis
  • Lagua
  • Nankil'slas
  • Sin
  • Ta'axet
  • Tia

Hinduism

Some of the most important Devas:

Ho-Chunk mythology

Hopi mythology

See also kachina


Huron mythology

  • Iosheka
  • Airesekui
  • Heng

Ibo mythology

  • Aha Njoku
  • Ala
  • Chuku

Incan mythology

Inuit mythology

Iroquois mythology

  • Adekagagwaa
  • Gaol
  • Gendenwitha
  • Gohone
  • Hahgwehdaetgan
  • Hahgwehdiyu
  • Onatha

Islam

See Abrahamic religions

Isoko mythology

Japanese mythology

  • Aji-Suki-Taka-Hiko-Ne - god of thunder
  • Amaterasu - sun goddess
  • Amatsu Mikaboshi - god of evil
  • Ama-no-Uzume - fertility goddess
  • Chimata-No-Kami - god of crossroads, highways and footpaths
  • Ho-Masubi - god of fire
  • Inari (mythology) - god of rice
  • Izanagi - creator god
  • Izanami - creator goddess
  • Kagu-tsuchi - god of fire
  • Kura-Okami - god of rain
  • Nai-No-Kami - god of earthquakes
  • O-Kuni-Nushi - god of sorcery and medicine
  • O-Wata-Tsu-Mi - god of the sea
  • Sengen-Sama - goddess of the Mt. Fujiyama
  • Seven Gods of Fortune
  • Shina-Tsu-Hiko - god of wind
  • Shina-To-Be - goddess of wind
  • Sojobo - king of the tengu
  • Susa-no-Wo - god of storms and thunder, snakes and farming.
  • Taka-Okami - god of rain
  • Take-Mikazuchi - god of thunder
  • Tengu - minor trickster deities
  • Tsuku-Yomi - god of the moon
  • Uke-Mochi - goddess of food
  • Wakahiru-Me - goddess of the dawn sun
see also Kami

Judaism

See Abrahamic religions

Khoikhoi mythology

  • Gamab
  • Heitsi-eibib
  • Tsui'goab

"Kitchen Gods" (Modern Western mythology)

In addition to the gods listed elsewhere, there are several minor mythological beings spoken of in current Western culture that may be taken more or less seriously. These are commonly called Kitchen Gods.

!Kung mythology

Kwakiutl mythology

  • Kewkwaxa'we

Lakota mythology

Lotuko mythology

  • Ajok

Latvian mythology

Lugbara mythology

Lusitani mythology

Lusitanian (or Ancient Portuguese) Gods were later related with the Celtic and Roman invators. The Lusitani people adopted the Celt and Roman cults and influenced them with theirs. Many Lusitani gods were adopted by the Romans.

Maya mythology

  • Ahaw Kin - Sun God
  • Chac - Rain God
  • Yum Kaax - Corn God
  • Kukulcan - Feathered Serpent God
  • Xbalanque - God of the Jaguar
  • Hunah Ku - Creator God
  • Xi Balba - God of the Death
  • Ix Chel - Moon Goddess
  • Itzamna - Reptile Creator God
  • Bolon tza cab - Ruling God of All
  • Balac - War God
  • Bacabs - Gods of the 4 directions
  • Balam - Protector God

Mesopotamian mythology

  • Anshar - father of heaven
  • Anu - the god of the highest heaven
  • Apsu - the ruler of gods and underworld oceans
  • Ashur - national god of the Assyrians
  • Damkina - Earth mother goddess
  • Ea - god of wisdom
  • Enlil - god of weather and storms
  • Enurta - god of war
  • Hadad - weather god
  • Ishtar - goddess of love
  • Kingu - husband of Tiamat
  • Kishar - father of earth
  • Marduk - national god of the Babylonians
  • Mummu - god of mists
  • Nabu - god of the scribal arts
  • Nintu - mother of all gods
  • Shamash - god of the sun and of justice
  • Sin - moon god
  • Tiamat - dragon goddess

Navaho mythology

  • Ahsonnutli
  • Bikeh Hozho
  • Estanatelhi
  • Glispa
  • Hasteoltoi
  • Hastshehogan
  • Tonenili
  • Tsohanoai
  • Yolkai Estasan

Norse mythology

Pawnee mythology

  • Pah
  • Shakuru
  • Tirawa

Polynesian mythology

see also Menehune


Old Prussian / Baltic deities

  • Bangputtis
  • Melletele
  • Occupirn
  • Perkunatete
  • Perkunos
  • Pikullos
  • Potrimpos
  • Swaigstigr

Pygmy mythology

  • Arebati
  • Khonvoum
  • Tore

Roman mythology

  • Apollo - god of the sun, poetry, music
  • Bacchus - god of wine (Greek Bacchus or Dionysus)
  • Ceres - goddess of the harvest (Greek Demeter)
  • Cupid - god of love (Greek Eros)
  • Diana - goddess of the hunt (Greek Artemis)
  • Janus - two-headed god of beginnings and endings
  • Juno - chief goddess, marriage (Greek Hera)
  • Jupiter - chief god, sky (Greek Zeus)
  • Maia - the "good goddess", spring
  • Mars - god of war (Greek Ares, but characterized more positively)
  • Mercury - messenger of the gods (Greek Hermes)
  • Minerva - goddess of wisdom, civilization (Greek Athena)
  • Neptune - god of the sea (Greek Poseidon)
  • Pluto - god of the underworld (Greek Hades)
  • Plutus - god of wealth
  • Proserpina - queen of the underworld (Greek Persephone)
  • Saturn - father of Jupiter (Greek Cronus)
  • Uranus - father of Saturn
  • Venus - goddess of beauty (Greek Aphrodite)
  • Vesta - goddess of the hearth (Greek Hestia)
  • Vulcan - god of the forge (Greek Hephestus)

Salish mythology

  • Amotken

Sardinian deities

Sardinian deities, mainly referred to in the age of Nuragici people, are partly derived from Phoenician ones.

  • Janas Goddesses of death
  • Maymon God of Hades
  • Panas Goddesses of reproduction (women dead in childbirth)
  • Thanit Goddess of Earth and fertility

Seneca mythology

  • Eagentci
  • Hagones
  • Hawenniyo
  • Kaakwha

Slavic mythology

Sumerian mythology

See also Annuna


Thracian mythology

Tumbuka mythology

Ugarit mythology

  • El, the father god and head
  • Haddu, commonly titled Ba‘l, a rain god and storm god.
  • Dagon, god of earth
  • Athirat, mother goddess
  • ‘Anat, war goddess
  • ‘Athtart, goddess of fertility
  • Yaw, the god of the sea
  • Mot, the god of death

Note: Ugarit gives us our earliest and fullest snapshot of Canaanite religion and northwest Semitic religion.


Yoruba mythology


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hindu Deities (486 words)
A Hindu deity (god or goddess; note small g) represents a particular aspect of the Supreme Being.
Just as sunlight cannot have a separate and independent existence from the sun itself, a Hindu deity does not have a separate and independent existence from the Supreme Being.
Thus, Hindu worship of deities is monotheistic polytheism and not simple polytheism.
Minor Netherworld Deities of Ancient Egypt (1483 words)
Such deities were frequently associated with caves, gates, pits and tombs, as well as bodies of water, all of which were considered entrances into the underworld.
The "Spell of the Twelve Caves was a composition known from a papyrus of the time of Amenhotep II and from the walls of the southern chamber of the Osireion at Aybdos.
It has been suggested that the ithyphallic deity depicted in the burial chamber of the tomb of Ramesses VI called "he who conceals the hours" could symbolize the power desired by the king to negate the power of time that these goddesses might hold over the deceased pharaoh.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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