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Encyclopedia > Deheubarth

Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. It was created in about 950 by Howell the Good ("Hywel Dda") out of the territories of Seisyllwg and Dyfed, both of which had come into his possession. Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields administrative authority. ... National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area  - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085 140/km² NUTS 1... Events World Population: 250 Million. ... Howell the Good (c. ... Seisyllwg was a kingdom of medieval Wales. ... Dyfed was one of the ancient kingdoms (or principalities) of Wales prior to the Norman Conquest. ...

Mediaeval kingdoms of Wales.
Mediaeval kingdoms of Wales.

Deheubarth, like several other Welsh kingdoms, continued to exist until the Norman Conquest of Wales, but constant power struggles meant that only for part of the time was it a separate entity with an independent ruler. It was annexed by Llywelyn ap Seisyll of Gwynedd in 1018, then by Rhydderch ab Iestyn of Morgannwg in 1023. Llywelyn ap Sisyll's son, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn again annexed Deheubarth and became ruler of most of Wales, but after his death the old dynasty regained power. Image File history File links CymruMap. ... Image File history File links CymruMap. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... Llywelyn ap Seisyll (died 1023) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth. ... Rhydderch ab Iestyn (died 1033) was king of Gwent and Morgannwg in south Wales and later took over the kingdom of Deheubarth and controlled Powys. ... In the period before the Norman Conquest of Wales, several native princes had the name Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (Griffith son of Llywelyn). Two of these were of major importance in the history of Wales. ...


Rhys ap Tewdwr ruled from 1078 to 1093 and was able to fight off several attempts to dethrone him, considerably increasing the power of the kingdom. However the Normans were now encroaching on the eastern borders of Deheubarth, and in 1093 Rhys was killed in unknown circumstances while resisting their expansion in Brycheiniog. This led to the Norman conquest of most of his kingdom, with his son Gruffydd ap Rhys reduced to being a fugitive. Gruffydd did eventually become prince of a small part of his father's kingdom, but most was carved up into various Norman lordships. Rhys ap Tewdwr (997-1093) was a prince of Deheubarth in southern Wales. ... The Normans (adapted from the name Northmen or Norsemen) were a mixture of the indigenous Gauls of France and the Viking invaders under the leadership of Rollo (Gange Rolf). ... Gruffydd ap Rhys c. ...


There was a general Welsh revolt against the Normans in 1136, and Gruffydd formed an alliance with Gwynedd. Together with Owain Gwynedd and Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd of Gwynedd he won a victory against the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr near Cardigan. This liberated Ceredigion from Norman rule, but although it was historically part of Deheubarth it was taken over by Gwynedd as the senior partner in the alliance. Gruffydd was killed in unknown circumstances the following year. Gwynedd was one of the kingdoms or principalities of medieval Wales. ... Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd (died 1172) was the third son of Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd and younger brother of Owain Gwynedd. ... Combatants Welsh forces from Gwynedd and Deheubarth Norman forces from all the South Wales lordships Commanders Owain Gwynedd Robert Fitz Martin (???) Strength Several thousand Several thousand Casualties Said to be light Heavy The Battle of Crug Mawr took place in September or October 1136, as part of a struggle for... Cardigan could refer to any of the following: the cardigan sweater Cardigan, a town in Wales Cardiganshire, a Welsh county Cardigan, an electoral district in Canada the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, a breed of dog Lord Cardigan, charge of the Light Brigade The Cardigans, a Swedish pop group This is a...


The rule of Deheubarth now fell to Gruffydd's sons, of whom four, Anarawd, Cadell, Maredudd and Rhys ap Gruffydd ruled in turn. The death of a ruler frequently led to disunity and struggles for supremacy, but the four brothers worked together to win back their grandfather's kingdom from the Normans and to expel Gwynedd from Ceredigion. Of the first three only Cadell reigned for more than a few years, but the youngest of the four, Rhys ap Gruffydd (The Lord Rhys) ruled from 1155 to 1197 and after Owain Gwynedd's death in 1170 made Deheubarth the most powerful of the Welsh kingdoms. Rhys ap Gruffydd (1132–28 April 1197) was the ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth (South Wales) from 1155 until his death. ...


On Rhys ap Gruffydd's death in 1197 the kingdom was split between several of his sons, and Deheubarth did not again rival the power of Gwynedd. The early 13th century princes of Deheubarth usually appear as clients of Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ( 1173–April 11, 1240) was a Prince of Gwynedd and eventually ruler of much of Wales. ...


Kings and Princes of Deheubarth

Howell the Good (880?–950; Welsh: Hywel Dda or Hywel ap Cadell) is listed amongst the kings of Gwynedd. ... Owain ap Hywel (died 987) was king of Deheubarth in south Wales and probably also controlled Powys. ... Maredudd ab Owain (died 999) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth. ... Cynan ap Hywel (ruled 999 - 1005) was a Prince of Gwynedd. ... Gwynedd was one of the kingdoms or principalities of medieval Wales. ... Llywelyn ap Seisyll (died 1023) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth. ... Gwynedd was one of the kingdoms or principalities of medieval Wales. ... Rhydderch ab Iestyn (died 1033) was king of Gwent and Morgannwg in south Wales and later took over the kingdom of Deheubarth and controlled Powys. ... Glamorgan or Morgannwg is a maritime traditional county of Wales, UK, and was previously a medieval kingdom or principality. ... Hywel ab Edwin (died 1044) was king of Deheubarth in south Wales from 1033. ... In the period before the Norman Conquest of Wales, several native princes had the name Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (Griffith son of Llywelyn). Two of these were of major importance in the history of Wales. ... Gruffydd ap Rhydderch (died 1055) was a king of Gwent and part of the kingdom of Morgannwg in south Wales and later king of Deheubarth. ... In the period before the Norman Conquest of Wales, several native princes had the name Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (Griffith son of Llywelyn). Two of these were of major importance in the history of Wales. ... Maredudd ab Owain ab Edwin (died 1072) was a prince of the kingdom of Deheubarth in south west Wales. ... Rhys ab Owain (died 1078) was a king of Deheubarth in southern Wales. ... Rhys ap Tewdwr (997-1093) was a prince of Deheubarth in southern Wales. ... Gruffydd ap Rhys c. ... Anarawd ap Gruffydd (died 1143) was a prince of Deheubarth in south-west Wales. ... Cadell ap Gruffydd (died 1175) was prince of the kingdom of Deheubarth in south west Wales. ... Maredudd ap Gruffydd (1130 - 1155) was a prince of the kingdom of Deheubarth in south west Wales. ... Rhys ap Gruffydd (1132–28 April 1197) was the ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth (South Wales) from 1155 until his death. ... Gruffydd ap Rhys II (died 25 July 1201) was a prince of Deheubarth in south-west Wales. ... Maelgwn ap Rhys (c. ... Rhys Gryg (English Rhys the Hoarse) (died 1234), real name Rhys ap Rhys, also known as Rhys Fychan was a Welsh prince who ruled part of the kingdom of Deheubarth. ...

External links

  • The Early Welsh Kingdoms, Deheubarth
  • Map of Later Cymru (Wales)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Deheubarth (611 words)
Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales.
Deheubarth was created in about 950 by Hywel Dda ("Hywel the Good") out of the territories of Seisyllwg and Dyfed, both of which had come into his possession.
Deheubarth, like several other Welsh kingdoms, continued to exist until the Norman Conquest of Wales, but constant power struggles meant that only for part of the time was it a separate entity with an independent ruler.
Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (409 words)
On the death of Iago ab Idwal in 1039, Gruffydd unexpectedly seized control of Gwynedd, and successfully waged war with Mercia, then attacked the neighbouring principality of Deheubarth[?].
Allying himself with the Mercians, he proceeded to gain considerable ground along what is now the English border, and in 1055 he sacked Hereford.
Deheubarth came back within his power in the same year, and he claimed sovereignty over the whole of Wales - a claim which was recognised by the English.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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