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Encyclopedia > Degania
Degania
Founded 1910
Founded by Russian pioneers
Region Jordan Valley
Industries Agriculture
Affiliation The Kibbutz Movement
Website http://www.degania.org.il
Degania, "the mother of kvutzot ("small kibbutzim") in the 1930s.

Degania, or Deganya, was the first kibbutz ("collective farm") established by Jews in the areas of the Land of Israel then under Ottoman control, and subsequently in the British Mandate of Palestine. It was founded in 1910 by ten men and two women led by Joseph Baratz. The land had previously been owned by a Persian family resident in Beirut. 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Northern part of the Great Rift Valley as seen from space (NASA) The Jordan River The Jordan River (Hebrew: נהר הירדן nehar hayarden, Arabic: نهر الأردن nahr al-urdun) is a river in Southwest Asia flowing through the Great Rift Valley into the Dead Sea. ... This article needs cleanup. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... Public photo of Kibbutz Deganya Alef in the 1930s, File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Public photo of Kibbutz Deganya Alef in the 1930s, File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: ; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים; gathering or together) is an Israeli collective intentional community. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: ; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים; gathering or together) is an Israeli collective intentional community. ... Collective farming is an organizational unit in agriculture in which peasants are not paid wages, but rather receive a share of the farms net output. ... Kingdom of Israel: Early ancient historical Israel — land in pink is the approximate area under direct central royal administration during the United Monarchy. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ...


Despite its small size, Degania has been home to many famous Israelis and members of the pre-state yishuv ("settlement"). The poet Rachel, the "prophet of labor" A.D. Gordon, and Joseph Trumpeldor, all worked at Degania. Many early members of Degania left to found other kibbutzim. Gideon Baratz was the first child ever to be born in a kibutz and Moshe Dayan was the second, both in Degania Aleph. Yishuv is a Hebrew word meaning settlement. ... Rachel Rachel Bluwstein Sela (alternatively: Rahel Blubstein) (September 20, 1890 - April 16, 1931) was a Hebrew lyric poet of the Zionist settlement years, generally referred to by her pseudonym, Rachel (Hebrew: רחל) or Rachel the poet (Hebrew: רחל המשוררת). // Rachel was born in Vyatka in Russia in September 20, 1890, as the eleventh... Aaron David Gordon (1856 in Troianov or Podolia Russia-1922 on Kibbutz Deganiah) was a Zionist ideologue and the spiritual force behind practical Zionism. ... Joseph Trumpeldor in uniform c. ... Moshe Dayan, DSO (Hebrew: משה דיין)a (May 20, 1915 – October 16, 1981), was an Israeli military leader and politician. ...


Degania exists in two independent kibbutzim:

  1. Degania Alef ("Degania A") and
  2. Degania Bet ("Degania B").

Both kibbutzim lie along the southern shores of the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: Kinnereth). The Sea of Galilee is Syrias largest freshwater lake. ... The Sea of Galilee with the Jordan River flowing out of it to the south and into the Dead Sea The Sea of Galilee is Israels largest freshwater lake, approximately 53 kilometers (33 miles) in circumference, about 21 km (13 miles) long, and 13 km (8 miles) wide; it...


Technically Degania is a kvutza and not a kibbutz. The distinction comes from its small size. Degania is also distinctive in that children there never slept communally. Children always slept in their parents' quarters. Both Degania prosper agriculturally. Degania 'A' also has a metal factory, 'toolgal' website Kvutza or kevutza (group, in Hebrew language) is an organized and graded by age group of children of mixed gender in modern Israel. ... Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: ; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים; gathering or together) is an Israeli collective intentional community. ...


In 2007, Degonia announced that it was "giving up its socialists ideals and going private."[1] Instead of assigned jobs and equal pay under the rule of the elders, the reorganization will allow people to seek their jobs, earn their salaries, and own their homes. Tzali Koperstein, the manager, says: "It was a fake equality," and "we are still protecting the weak, but everyone has the resonsibility of earning their own living."[1] 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Tim McGirk (05-07-2007). "Postcard:Galilee". Time Magazine. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Degania (268 words)
Degania Alef (A) and Degania Bet(B) on the Jordan plain, South of Lake Kinneret [Sea of Galilee].
Degania Alef was founded in 1909 by seven Second Aliyah Halutzim (Halutz), who came from Rumania, on land acquired by the Jewish National Fund.
Degania Alef was the first settlement based on communal living and became known as the "Mother of the kevutzot".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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