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Encyclopedia > Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Ukrainian workers use equipment provided by the DTRA to dismantle a Soviet era missile silo.
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Ukrainian workers use equipment provided by the DTRA to dismantle a Soviet era missile silo.

The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (or DTRA) is an office of the United States Department of Defense whose primary function is to analyze potential threats to the United States of America, both homeland and abroad, and provide contingency plans for all such scenarios. To suggest a relevant news story for the main page, refer to the criteria then add your suggestion at the candidates page. ... Image File history File links Original caption: Ukrainian workers use a U.S. provided equipment to eliminate a portion of a SS-24 silo at Pervomaysk, Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Original caption: Ukrainian workers use a U.S. provided equipment to eliminate a portion of a SS-24 silo at Pervomaysk, Ukraine. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ...


The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (or DTRA) is a combat support agency of the U.S. Department of Defense. Founded in 1998, the agency headquarters is located in Fort Belvoir, Virginia. DTRA employs 2,000 men and women, both military and civilian at more than 14 locations around the world. Fort Belvoir is a census-designated place located in Fairfax County, Virginia. ...


DTRA's vision is to make the world safer by reducing the threat of weapons of mass destruction. DTRA's mission statement is:


The Defense Threat Reduction Agency safeguards America and its allies from Weapons of Mass Destruction (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosives) by providing capabilities to reduce, eliminate, and counter the threat, and mitigate its effects.


After the end of the Cold War, DTRA and its predecessor agencies have played a primary role in assisting former Soviet bloc countries in the destruction of Soviet era nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons sites (such as missile silos and plutonium production facilities) in an attempt to avert potential weapons proliferation in the post-Soviet era as part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction program. The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their alliance partners. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc. ... Soviet era is the period of Russian history comprising the years 1917 – 1991, when the power was held by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. ... NBC is an initialism used to indicate nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. ...


In the 21st century, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency has lost some, but not most, of its authority to the Department of Homeland Security. The DTRA is still considered an important office of the Department of Defense. The primary mission of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency is to reduce the threat to the United States and the world from weapons of mass destruction (that is, nuclear, biological, radiological, and chemical weapons). DTRA is also responsible for reducing the threat of conventional war, especially in Europe, by participating in various arms control treaties to which the United States is a party, such as the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty and the Open Skies treaty. The 21st century is the century that began on 1 January 2001 and will last to 31 December 2100. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) generally include nuclear, biological, chemical and, increasingly, radiological weapons. ... Conventional warfare means a form of warfare conducted by using conventional military weapons and battlefield tactics between two or more nation-states in open confrontation. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to some dispute as to Europes actual borders. ... The Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty is a post-Cold War adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), signed on November 19, 1999. ... The Treaty on Open Skies entered into force on January 1, 2002, and currently has 34 States Parties. ...


The Defense Threat Reduction Agency was established in 1998 by the consolidation of several previous organizations in the US Department of Defense, including the Defense Special Weapons Agency (successor to the Defense Nuclear Agency) and the On-Site Inspection Agency. Its vision statement is: Our agency's vision is to make the world safer by reducing the threat of weapons of mass destruction. Its mission statement is: "DTRA's mission is to safeguard America and its interests from weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosives) by reducing the threat and providing quality tools and services." 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


The On-Site Inspection Directorate of DTRA is responsible for inspections under an increasing number of treaties signed by many of the world's nations providing for inspections and other security-building measures. These treaties include the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe treaty, which sets limits on weapons in Europe and provides for inspections to ensure that these limits are met. They also include the Treaty on Open Skies. An Open Skies treaty was originally proposed by President Eisenhower. It was negotiated much later, and was finally ratified by the United States in 1993, and entered into force in 2002. It provides a limited right for signatory states to conduct observation flights over other signatory states. Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...


The Threat Reduction Directorate of DTRA is responsible for reducing the threat to the world from weapons of mass destruction. Its responsibilities include assisting former Soviet Union states in destroying previous Soviet weapons, as well as in locating and disposing of other weapons of mass destruction.


The Technology Development Directorate of DTRA is responsible for developing technologies to reduce the threat to US warfighters from weapons of mass destruction.


The Chemical and Biological Defense Directorate is the principal office within the US Department of Defense that is responsible for defense (and research into defense) against chemical and biological weapons, both to protect US citizens and to protect US military personnel.


External links

  • The DTRA web site

 
 

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