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Encyclopedia > Defenceman (ice hockey)

Defence (defense in the U.S.A.) in hockey is a player position with a primary responsibility to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals. Male defence players are often referred to as defencemen, or D-men. In sport, defense (AmE) and defence (CwE) is the action of preventing an opponent from scoring. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The puck dents the top of the net for a goal as the goaltender fails to block the shot A goal in ice hockey provides a team with one point. ...


In regular play there are two defence players and three forwards on the ice along with the goaltender. Patrick Roy, a retired ice hockey goaltender The goaltender (also known colloquially as goalie or netminder) in ice hockey is the player who defends his teams goal net by stopping shots of the puck from entering his teams net, thus preventing the opposing team from scoring. ...


Defence players are usually strong and physically dominant, like Chris Pronger or Karyn Bye. Most male defence players are 6'0" to 6' 7" and 200-250 pounds. Boston Bruins defenseman Zdeno Ch├íra, who as of 2006 is the tallest player in National Hockey League (NHL) history, stands 6'9" (2.06 meters) and weighs 260 pounds. Christopher Robert Pronger (born October 10, 1974 in Dryden, Ontario, Canada) is a professional hockey player for the Anaheim Ducks. ... Karyn Bye is an ice hockey player. ... The Boston Bruins are a professional ice hockey team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Zdeno Chára Zdeno Chára, #3 (born March 18, 1977) is an elite ice hockey defenceman playing for the Ottawa Senators. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The modernized NHL shield logo debuted in 2005, replacing the orange and black shield, which had been used since the leagues inception. ...


The greatest defenceman in NHL history is often considered to be Bobby Orr who surprisingly managed to win scoring titles while playing defence. Each year the NHL presents the Norris Trophy to the best defenceman in the league. Robert Gordon Bobby Orr, OC (born March 20, 1948 in Parry Sound, Ontario) is a retired Canadian ice hockey defenseman and is considered by many to be one of the greatest hockey players of all time. ... The James Norris Memorial Trophy is awarded annually to the National Hockey League defenceman who demonstrates the greatest ability, by a poll of the Professional Hockey Writers Association. ...

Contents


'Stay-at-home' and 'Offensive defence'

Defence players are generally divided into two rough groups. "Stay-at-home" defence refers to a defender who takes few risks but does not score much, preferring to focus on defending against the opposing team. An "offensive defence" player is one who gets aggressively involved in the team's offence and scores more often as a result. To accomplish this, the offensive defence player often goes deep into the opposing team's zone (closer to their net). This makes it difficult for the defender to protect his or her own net from being scored on if the other team gains control of the puck. This can lead to more breakaway opportunities for the opposing team. Two standard hockey pucks. ... A breakaway in ice hockey is a situation in which a player with the puck has no defending players, except for the goaltender, between himself and the opposing goal, leaving him free to skate in and shoot at will (assuming he can skate faster than the defenders trying to catch...


Defensive Zone Play

When in the defensive zone, the defence player is responsible for keeping the opposing forwards' opportunities to a minimum when they are on a rush, forcing them to the corners and blocking both passing and shooting lanes. When the opposing offence is putting pressure on the defence's team, the defence skater usually plays closer to the goal, attempting again to block shooting lanes but also ensure that the goalie is not screened (prevented from being able to see the puck at all times). A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ...


Neutral Zone Play

In the neutral zone, the defence hangs back towards his or her own blue line, usually playing the puck up to other teammates. According to Jay Leach, who writes for NHL.com's "learn to play hockey" section, the defence must "Move the puck hard and quick to the open man. Join the rush, [but] do not lead it." A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ...


Offensive Zone Play

In the offensive zone, the defence skaters "play the blue line." It is their duty to keep the puck in the offensive zone by stopping it from crossing the blue line that demarcates where the offensive zone begins. Defence players must be quick to pass the puck around, helping their forwards to open up shooting lanes, or taking open shots themselves when they become available. The defence must also be able to skate quickly to cut off any breakaways, moving themselves back into the defensive zone ahead of the onrushing opponent. A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ...


Essentially in all three zones of the rink, the defence is the backstop for the puck. It should never go behind the defence, unless the player lets it. The defence keeps the momentum of play squarely directed towards the opposing goal.


Backchecking

The backcheck is a play in hockey where a non-defence skater moves back to play defence by keeping an opposing player out of a play through means of checking, stick control, and/or body positioning. Checking in ice hockey is the act of physically keeping an opposing player in check. ...


Faceoffs

During faceoffs in the defensive zone, most teams have their defence players pair up with opposing forwards to tie them up while leaving the team's forwards open to move the puck, though this is at the discretion of the individual coach. In the offensive zone, the defence player acts in his or her usual role, keeping control of the puck as the forwards fight for position. A typical faceoff at centre ice A faceoff is the method used to begin play in ice hockey. ...


See also

In many team sports, the defence player (sometimes colloquially called the d or d-man for male players) is a player who is generally charged with preventing the other teams forwards from being able to bear down directly on their own teams goaltender. ... Centre or Center in ice hockey is a forward position of a player whose primary zone of play is the middle of the ice, away from the side boards. ... Winger in hockey is a forward position of a player whose primary zone of play on the ice is along the outer playing area. ... Forward is a hockey player position on the ice whose responsibility is primarily offense. ... Patrick Roy, a retired ice hockey goaltender The goaltender (also known colloquially as goalie or netminder) in ice hockey is the player who defends his teams goal net by stopping shots of the puck from entering his teams net, thus preventing the opposing team from scoring. ... National Hockey League The list of National Hockey League (NHL) players is divided into the following lists: By specific groups Current players List of every NHL player List of members of the Hockey Hall of Fame List of members of the United States Hockey Hall of Fame List of NHL...

External links

  • List of NHL Defencemen, present players and recently retired
Positions on the Hockey Rink
Forwards:
Left winger | Centre | Right winger
Defencemen:
Left defenceman | Right defenceman
Goaltender:
Goaltender
Power forward | Enforcer | Captain | Head coach | Referee & linesman

 
 

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