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Encyclopedia > Defection

In politics, a defector is a person who gives up allegiance to one state or political entity in exchange for allegiance to another. The term is usually used as a synonym for traitor, in documents that support the act of defection/treason (see below). Politics is a process by which decisions are made within groups. ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ...


This act is usually in a manner which violates the laws of the nation or political entity from which the person is seeking to depart, as opposed to a change of citizenship, which does not typically defy the law of any nation.


During the Cold War, the many people escaping from the Soviet Union or Eastern Bloc to the West were called defectors. During the Vietnam War, many Army of the Republic of Vietnam forces defected to the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam.[citation needed] The Cold War (Russian: Холодная Война Kholodnaya Voina) was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between a worldwide military alliance of capitalist states led by the United States and a rival alliance of communist states led by the Soviet Union. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc. ... See Occident (movement) for the French political movement. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~520,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Viet Cong (NLF) flag The Viet Cong, also known as the National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese Mặt Trận Dân Tá»™c Giải Phóng Miền Nam), VC, or the National Liberation Front (NLF), was an insurgent (partisan) organization fighting the Republic...


The term has been widely used by the media in the United States to denote immigrants from Fidel Castro's Cuba; however, some conservatives object to this characterization, pointing out that the American press never referred to those who left Germany during the Third Reich era as "defectors."[citation needed] Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba. ... This article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


In some cases, defectors remain in the country or with the political entity they are against, functioning as an agent or a double agent. Espionage is the practice of obtaining information about an organization or a society that is considered secret or confidential (spying) without the permission of the holder of the information. ... A double agent pretends to spy on a target organization on behalf of a controlling organization, but in fact is loyal to the target organization. ...

[edit]

Pilots defection

Pilots often had slightly greater chance to defect because the aircraft they would be able to use the aircraft they flew as a meaning of defection, a luxury most could not have. Furthermore, once airborne, due to the speed of the aircraft, it would be very difficult to stop the defecting pilots in comparison to the other means of defection, such as land vehicles or on foot.



Cuban defections:

  • On March 20, 1991, Major Orestes Lorenzo Perez defected in his MiG-23BN to a Naval Air Station in Key West, Florida on a training mission. On December 19, 1992 he returned to Cuba in a borrowed small, twin-engined 1961 Cessna 310, landing on a well known bridge along the coastal hightway east of Havana in Northern Matanzas province at the agreed time. His wife Victoria, and their two sons, Reyneil, 11, and Alejandro, 6 were already in waiting on his order delivered through a messenger earlier. Orestes Lorenzo Perez picked up his family and managed a successful save return to Miami.


Polish defections: 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... MiG-17 at the Central Texas Airshow, USA, May 2003. ... Homestead Air Force Base, located 22 miles SSW of Miami, Florida (25 29 31. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger). ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1968 Cessna 310N The Cessna 310 was the first twin-engine aircraft design from Cessna to enter production after World War II. The 310 first flew on January 3, 1953 with deliveries starting in late 1954. ... Havana (Spanish in full: Ciudad de La Habana (City of Havana), usually shortened to just La Habana, and formerly named San Cristóbal de la Habana; UN/LOCODE: CU HAV) is the capital of Cuba and, with a population of more than 2. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  • On 1949 Lt. Arkadiusz Korobczynski from Navy Flight in Wicko Morskie defected with Il-2M3 attack aircraft (No 3) to Gotland Island in Sweden.
  • On March 5, 1953 Polish Lt. Franciszek Jarecki flew from Słupsk (Polish Air Force Base) to Rønne Airport on Bornholm Island in a MiG-15bis - a modern Soviet fighter. Western air specialists checked the aircraft and several days later, the MiG returned to People's Republic of Poland by ship. Jarecki, however, went to the United States, where he provided much important information about modern Soviet aircraft and air tactics.
  • On May 20, 1953 Lt. Zdzislaw Jazwinski from 28th Fighter Squadron in Słupsk defected with MiG-15bis to Rønne Airport on Bornholm Island.
  • On November 7, 1955 Lt. Kozuchowski from 31st Fighter Squadron in Lask defected with Lim-2 (MiG-15bis, No 1919) and crash-landed near Halland in Sweden.
  • On September 25, 1956 Lt. Zygmunt Gosciniak from Zegrze Pomorskie defected with MiG-15bis (No 1327) and landed without using landing gear at Rønne Airport on Bornholm Island.

Soviet Defections: Poland was not the only Soviet-bloc country to have suffered from defection, nor were they the last such to defect from the Iron Curtain. Soviet pilots also defected and the most famous involved defecting with the most advanced jet fighters at the time, including: 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... â–¶ (help· info) is the largest island in the Baltic Sea with a size of 2,994 km². It is also the largest island belonging to Sweden. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... SÅ‚upsk (pronounce: [swupsk], Kashubian/Pomeranian: Stolpsk; German: Stolp; Neo-pomeranian: La Corneuve ) is a city in Middle Pomerania region and the capital of the region, in north-western Poland with some 100,000 inhabitants. ... Bornholms Airport (IATA: RNN, ICAO: EKRN) is a Danish airport about 5 km from Rønne on Bornholm, Denmark. ... Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR. History Design began under the bureau designation I-310, which first flew in 1947. ... Soviet redirects here. ... The Peoples Republic of Poland or Polish Peoples Republic (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1989, during its period of rule by the Communist party, officially called the Polish United Workers Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR). ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Łask is a town in central Poland with 20,200 inhabitants (1995). ... is a historical province (landskap) on the western coast of Sweden. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Countries behind the Iron Curtain are shaded red. ...

  • In 1961, a disappointed Soviet pilot flew his Sukhoi Su-9 interceptor to Abadan, Iran. Only very scetchy details about this incident are known even today, but the plane and the pilot were picked up by officers of the – Foreign Technology Division (FTD) of the DoD. After being disassembled within 24 hours the Su-9 was transported to the USA, while the pilot followed shortly after.


North Korean Defections 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sukhoi Su-9 This article describes the supersonic Su-9 Fishpot. For the earlier subsonic interceptor, see Sukhoi Su-9 (1946). ... Abadan (آبادان in Persian) is a city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran (Persia). ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Lieutenant Viktor Ivanovich Belenko (Виктор Иванович Беленко) is an American aerospace engineer and lecturer of Russian origin. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Foxbat) is a high-speed interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft designed by the Soviet Unions Mikoyan-Gurevich bureau. ... View of Hakodate from Mountain Hakodate (函館市; -shi) is a city and port located in Oshima, Hokkaido, Japan. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... This article, image, template or category belongs in one or more categories. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Russian: * ) (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a fighter aircraft designed for the air superiority role in the Soviet Union. ... Traditional Trabzon country house Location of Trabzon Province within Turkey Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond or Τραπεζούντα (Trapezoúnda; see also List of traditional Greek place names) in Greek, is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey (Lat (DMS) 41° 2 60N Long (DMS) 39° 43 37E). ... This is a list of North Korean defectors: // Background Since the division of the Korean peninsula after World War II and from the end of the Korean War (1950-1953), many people have defected from North Korea mainly to South Korea. ...

  • On September 21, 1953, 21-year old No Kum-Sok a senior lieutenant of North Korean air force flew his Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 across the to the South. Considered an intelligence bonanza, since this fighter plane was then the best the Communist bloc had, No was awarded the then exorbitant sum of $100,000 and the right to reside in the United States.
  • In February 1983, Captain Lee Ung-Pyong of the North Korean air force used a training exercise to defect and landed his Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 at an airfield in Seoul. According to the then common practice, he received a commission in the South Korean Air Force eventually becoming a colonel and taught at the South Korean air force adacemy until his death in 2002, . He received a reward of 1.2 billion South Korean wons.


Chinese Defections: Polish defections were not the only defections from the Iron Curtain, and in comparison, defections occurred much more frequent in the People's Republic of China, with most of its pilots defecting to Taiwan. These include: September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... No Kum Sok was a lieutenant in the North Korean Air Force who defected to South Korea. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... An air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR. // History Front view of a MiG-15 On April 15th of 1947, the Council of Ministers issued an decree #493-192, ordering the Mikoyan OKB to build two prototypes for a new... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... An air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 (МиГ-19 in Cyrillic script) (NATO reporting name Farmer) is a third-generation Soviet, single-seater jet engined fighter aircraft. ... Seoul (Sŏul 서울) ) is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Motto: (Broadly bring benefit to humanity, ) [citation needed] Anthem(s): Aegukga Capital Seoul Largest city Seoul Official language(s) Korean Government Republic  - President Roh Moo-hyun  - Prime Minister Han Myung-sook Establishment    - Gojoseon October 3, 2333 BC (legendary)   - Declaration of Republic March 1, 1919 (de jure)   - Liberation August 15, 1945... The won is the currency of South Korea. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... An air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 (МиГ-19 in Cyrillic script) (NATO reporting name Farmer) is a third-generation Soviet, single-seater jet engined fighter aircraft. ... The won is the currency of South Korea. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... Countries behind the Iron Curtain are shaded red. ...

  • On November 11, 1965, Li Xianbin (李显斌), a PLAAF captain of Ilyushin Il-28 of the 8th division flew his bomber numbered 0195 from Jianqiao (笕桥) air base in Hangzhou to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport, and this was the first fully operational Il-28 in western hands. The radio operator / tail gunner Lian Baosheng (廉保生) was found dead at the scene and the navigator Li Caiwang (李才旺) was captured alive after failed suicide attempt. Both survivors were honored and rewarded positions in the Republic of China Air Force. Li Xianbin (李显斌) was rewarded 2,000 taels (approximately 100 kg) of gold, while Li Caiwang (李才旺) was rewarded 1,000 taels (approximately 50 kg) of gold. Since Lian Baosheng (廉保生) was dead, his reward of 1,000 taels (approximately 50 kg) of gold was divided evenly among Li Xianbin (李显斌) and Li Caiwang (李才旺).
    • Li Xianbin (李显斌) made headlines in Taiwan years later when he demanded to have all of the rewards because his unfair treatment by Taiwan. Li Xianbin (李显斌) claimed that he was the sole defector, and the other two were actually captured due to his defection, a fact that was later agreed by both Taiwan and Li Caiwang (李才旺), the surviving navigator himself. Li Xianbin (李显斌) claimed that for the political propaganda purpose, all crew onboard were honored as defectors, which was far from the truth, but he was not successful in getting all of the gold reward. After honorably discharged as colonel from the Republic of China Air Force, Li Xianbin (李显斌) obtained Canadian residency. Li Xianbin (李显斌) made headlines again in 1992 when he returned to China via Canada after he learned that his mother was about to die. After his return to Qingdao in October 1992, he was eventually arrested by the local Public Security Bureau when he was on his way to the airport for his return trip to Canada. Li Xianbin (李显斌) was first sentenced to 15 years but later reduced to 10, and the sentence was further reduced drastically because it was discovered that he had stomach cancer that was in its terminal stage. Li Xianbin (李显斌) was released early and died shortly after his release. Many elements of the Chinese democracy movement first accused the Chinese goverment was inhumane for not allowing Li Xianbin (李显斌) to go back to China to visit his dying mother, and then accused the Chinese government was trying to repatriate Li Xianbin (李显斌) to either Taiwan or Canada because the regime did not want to foot the bill for his treatment, since Li Xianbin (李显斌) did not have his assets transfered to China. The Chinese government countered that knowing he would die soon, Li Xianbin (李显斌) did not want to leave China because he wanted to be burried with his mother.
    • Li Caiwang (李才旺), the navigator of the Il-28 was seriously wounded by Li Xianbin (李显斌) during the latter's defection and was forced to accept his fate after his suicide attempt failed. During his stay in the hospital for the gun shot he received in the shoulder, the nurse who took care of him fell in love with him and told him that she was also responsible to perform surveillance on him, under the order of the Republic of China government. The two eventually married and moved into the nurse's home, but were still under constant surveillance: A major general of the Republic of China military had a son that was going to a school near the couple's home, so he rented a room at their residence for years to keep Li Caiwang (李才旺) under surveillance. Although the major general and his son finally moved out, Li Caiwang (李才旺) had no intention to stay in Taiwan, and since the wife's sister was married to an American, Li Caiwang (李才旺) and his wife immigrated to the United States in 1972 after his honorable discharge from the Republic of China Air Force as a colonel. The couple became naturalized citizens of the United States in 1979. In 1982, Chinese diplomats contacted Li Caiwang (李才旺) in the United States and got his side of the story, and after a prolonged investigation, the Chinese government rehabilitated Li Caiwang (李才旺) in 1984. After several visit to China in the 1990's, Li Caiwang (李才旺) eventually resettled in China in 1998.
  • On April 15, 1979, Yan Wenchang (阎稳昌), a distinguished PLAAF pilot who earned numerous awards for his excellent performance in support of the Sino-Vietnamese War, was extremely bitter after learning that the promotion for the deputy squadron commissar was given to somebody else instead of him. Yan felt he was the better candidate and should get the promotion and he was under appreciated, and as a result, he decided to defect to Vietnam after learning that the opportunity would be gone because his unit would soon be redeployed to Hunan, and the only thing he left was a note to his wife that read:I'll be gone, good-bye forever!'. However, Vietnam did not react at all to his attempts for contacts after his Shenyang J-6 entered Vietnam from Guangxi, and as result, Yan was killed after crashing into mountains approximately 80 km inside Vietnam near Hanoi. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs told Vietnam the next day that the incident was a navigational error and asked for the return of the remains of the pilot and the jet, but Vietnam refused, and instead, asked Soviet to inspect the wreckage. KGB aviation experts discovered that the avionics of Yan's J-6 was extremely rudimentary even by Soviet standard, and was indeed lacking any effective navigational avionics. Furthermore, the communication on the J-6 was not encrypted, and it could be intercepted by the top-notch civilian radios on the market. Since Yan was a regular pilot that patrolded the airspace within the 10 km of the Sino-Vietnamese border (sometimes as frequent as 4 times a day), his defection was not detected until his crash.
  • On October 16, 1982, a PLAAF pilot Wu Ronggen (吴荣根) flew his Shenyang J-6 from Wendeng to South Korean K16 air base in Seoul. Wu was rewarded 4,000 taels (approximately 200 kg) of gold. In 1987, Wu made healines because he had a sexual scandal and financial dispute with a woman, Ms. Liu Jishun (刘积顺) and the media claimed that this was part of the reason that after his honorable discharge from the Republic of China Air Force as a major, Wu immigrated to the United States. Wu was eventually married to Ms. Jiang Yuehui (姜月惠).
  • On August 25, 1985, a PLAAF deputy wing commander Xiao Tianrun (萧天润), flew an Ilyushin Il-28 from Jiao county (胶县), Shandong to Iri (Current Iksan), and during emergency landing in the field, the navigator Sun Wuchun (孙武春) was killed, along with a South Korean peasant on the ground. The radio operator / tail gunner Liu Shuyi (刘书义) refused to defect and South Korean returned him to China along with the ashes of Sun Wuchun (孙武春). On September 20, 1985, Xiao reached Taiwan and was awarded 3,000 taels (approximately 150 kg) of gold and a rank of colonel in the Republic of China Air Force. Xiao Tianrun (萧天润) left two copies of his declaration against communism in China and requested one of the copies to be sent to Deng Xiaoping. Xiao was personally interviewed by Chiang Ching-kuo and appeared on the Republic of China national day celebration parade in October of the same year. Xiao later married Taiwanese TV reporter Zhang Defeng (张德芬), who helped Xiao greatly in his investment in Taiwanese stock market, but the pair was eventually divorced.
  • On October 24, 1986, PLAAF pilot Zheng Caitian (郑菜田) fly his Shenyang J-6 from Yantai to K-16 military air base in Seoul and when he reached Taiwan, he was awarded 5,000 taels (approximately 250 kg) of gold. Among the Chinese defectoring pilots, Zheng has the harshest life of all, because he invested in an electronic factory that went backruput, and lost all of his money in his subsequent investments.
  • On September 6, 1989, Jiang Wenhao (蒋文浩), a 23-year old PLAAF lieutenant of the 2nd wing of the 145th regiment of the 49th division flew a Shenyang J-6 numbered 40307 from Longxi (龙溪) airport, Zhangzhou, Fujian to Shangyi (尚义) airport in Kinmen. Jiang was interviewed by the then chief-of-general-staff of Taiwanese armed forces, Hau Pei-tsun and awarded a rank of lieutenant in the Republic of China Air Force. Jiang's financial reward, however, was reduced to 2,000 taels (approximately 100 kg) of gold from the original 5,000 taels (approximately 250 kg), because due to the reduction of tensions with China during the 1980's, Taiwan had greatly reduced the amount on September 15, 1988 in response to similar Chinese action four days earlier. (China had completely abolished any financial rewards to any Taiwanese defectors). Jiang was soon honorably discharged from the Republic of China Air Force after being promoted to captain. Jiang became a famed underwater photographer and won several awards, and he also worked as a diving instructor.


Arab Defections: Although the Arab states are technically not considered belonging to the Iron Curtain and the Bamboo Curtain, they were certainly viewed by the west as the client states of the former-Soviet Union, and the defections within their ranks are listed here with a defection from Angola, another client state of the former-USSR. January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Peoples Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) (解放军海军航空兵; pinyin: JiÄ›fàng JÅ«n HÇŽijÅ«n HángkōngbÄ«ng) is the naval aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Peoples Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) (解放军海军航空兵; pinyin: JiÄ›fàng JÅ«n HÇŽijÅ«n HángkōngbÄ«ng) is the naval aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR. // History Front view of a MiG-15 On April 15th of 1947, the Council of Ministers issued an decree #493-192, ordering the Mikoyan OKB to build two prototypes for a new... Yilan County (宜蘭縣, pinyin: Yílán Xiàn) is a county in Northeastern Taiwan. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Aviators are people who fly aircraft either for pleasure or for a job. ... Private Lithuanian An-2 Another private An-2 in the UK Private An-2 in Warsaw The Antonov An-2 (Russian nickname: кукуру́зник (kukuruznik) also nicknamed Annushka; NATO code name Colt) is an extremely durable, light, single-engine biplane which first flew in 1947. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Shāndōng; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Jejudo Flag Jeju-do is the smallest province of South Korea, situated on, and coterminous with, the countrys largest island. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... The Peoples Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) (解放军海军航空兵; pinyin: JiÄ›fàng JÅ«n HÇŽijÅ«n HángkōngbÄ«ng) is the naval aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Wing is a term used by different air forces for a unit of command. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR. // History Front view of a MiG-15 On April 15th of 1947, the Council of Ministers issued an decree #493-192, ordering the Mikoyan OKB to build two prototypes for a new... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (IATA: TPE, ICAO: RCTP) (Traditional Chinese: 臺灣桃園國際機場; Tongyong Pinyin: Táiwan Táoyuán Gúoji JichÇŽng; formerly known as Chiang Kai-shek International Airport; Traditional Chinese: 中正國際機場; pinyin: Jhōngjhèng GúojÄ« JÄ«chÇŽng; also known simply as Taiwan Airport or Taoyuan Airport), is... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... The Ilyushin Il-28 is a jet bomber aircraft that was originally manufactured for the Soviet Air Force and was the USSRs first such aircraft to enter large-scale production. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... Old houses of Hangzhou in oil painting by Chen Cheng-po. ... Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (IATA: TPE, ICAO: RCTP) (Traditional Chinese: 臺灣桃園國際機場; Tongyong Pinyin: Táiwan Táoyuán Gúoji JichÇŽng; formerly known as Chiang Kai-shek International Airport; Traditional Chinese: 中正國際機場; pinyin: Jhōngjhèng GúojÄ« JÄ«chÇŽng; also known simply as Taiwan Airport or Taoyuan Airport), is... The Ilyushin Il-28 is a jet bomber aircraft that was originally manufactured for the Soviet Air Force and was the USSRs first such aircraft to enter large-scale production. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... A Permanent Resident in Canada is someone who is not a Canadian citizen but has the legal right to enter or remain in Canada. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... (Simplified Chinese: 青岛; Traditional Chinese: 青島; pinyin: QÄ«ngdÇŽo; Wade-Giles: Ching-tao), well-known to the West by its Postal System Pinyin transliteration Tsingtao, is a sub-provincial city in eastern Shandong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Stomach cancer (also called gastric cancer) can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs, particularly the esophagus, small intestine. ... For Guns N Roses album Chinese Democracy The Chinese democracy movement is a loosely organized movement in the Peoples Republic of China against the Communist Party of China. ... Motto: None Anthem(s): National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure)1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  - President Chen Shui-bian  - Vice President Annette Lu  - Premier Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution   - Declared... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Motto: None Anthem(s): National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure)1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  - President Chen Shui-bian  - Vice President Annette Lu  - Premier Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution   - Declared... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An F-6 of the Pakistan Air Force The Shenyang J-6 (designated F-6 for export versions) was the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 fighter aircraft. ... Jinjiang is a county-level city of Quanzhou Municipality in Fujian. ... Tainan is the name of a city and a county in southwestern Taiwan. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... A United States Permanent Resident Card, also known popularly as Green Card, is an identification card for a permanent resident of the United States of America who does not have U.S. citizenship. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Combatants Peoples Republic of China Vietnam Strength 200,000 entered Vietnam and another 100,000 in Yunnan and Guangxi 100,000+ Casualties Disputed. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Commissar is the English translation of an official title (комисса́р) used in Russia after the Bolshevik revolution and in the Soviet Union, as well as some other Communist countries. ... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... An F-6 of the Pakistan Air Force The Shenyang J-6 (designated F-6 for export versions) was the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 fighter aircraft. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ« Zhuàngzú ZìzhìqÅ«) is a Zhuang autonomous region of... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management KM programming language KM Culture, Korean Movie Maker. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i), estimated population 3,083,800 (2004), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language abbreviation for Committee for State Security, (Russian:  ; Komitet Gosudarstvennoj Bezopasnosti). ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management KM programming language KM Culture, Korean Movie Maker. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An F-6 of the Pakistan Air Force The Shenyang J-6 (designated F-6 for export versions) was the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 fighter aircraft. ... Wendeng (Chinese: ; pinyin: WéndÄ“ng) is a county-level city in Weihai prefecture-level city, Shandong province, in eastern China. ... Seoul (Sŏul 서울) ) is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sun Tianqin was a Peoples Liberation Army Air Force pilot who defected to Taiwan by first flying to South Korea. ... The Peoples Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) (解放军海军航空兵; pinyin: JiÄ›fàng JÅ«n HÇŽijÅ«n HángkōngbÄ«ng) is the naval aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Test pilots work on developing, evaluating and proving experimental aircraft. ... J-7H belonging to the PLAAF Flight Test & Training Centre based at Cangzhou AFB, Hebei Province The Chengdu Jian-7 (export versions F-7) is a Peoples Republic of China-built fighter jet derived from the Russian MiG-21. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: 大连; Traditional Chinese: 大連; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ta-lien), or Dalny (during Russian controlled periods, aka Dairen during Japanese periods, or from Mid-century (Jointly administered by both USSR/PRC) formerly also Lüda or Luta), is the second of two strategic ice-free seaports on the Liaodong... Seoul (Sŏul 서울) ) is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... January is the first month of the year and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining until the end of the year. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wang Xuecheng (王学成), was a Peoples Liberation Army Naval Air Force pilot who defected to Taiwan On November 14, 1983, and Taiwan rewarded him a position as a major in the Republic of China Air Force and 3,000 taels (approximately 150 kg) of gold. ... The Peoples Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) (解放军海军航空兵; pinyin: JiÄ›fàng JÅ«n HÇŽijÅ«n HángkōngbÄ«ng) is the naval aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Wing is a term used by different air forces for a unit of command. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... J-5 of the PLAAF The J-5 or F-5, not to be confused with the American-made F-5 Freedom Fighter, is a Chinese-built single-seat jet interceptor and fighter aircraft derived from the Russian MiG-17. ... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The F-5 Freedom Fighter (or Tiger II) was a low cost entry level supersonic fighter aircraft, designed and built by Northrop in the United States, beginning in 1962. ... Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (IATA: TPE, ICAO: RCTP) (Traditional Chinese: 臺灣桃園國際機場; Tongyong Pinyin: Táiwan Táoyuán Gúoji JichÇŽng; formerly known as Chiang Kai-shek International Airport; Traditional Chinese: 中正國際機場; pinyin: Jhōngjhèng GúojÄ« JÄ«chÇŽng; also known simply as Taiwan Airport or Taoyuan Airport), is... Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... An old rotary telephone This article is about telephone technology. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Wing is a term used by different air forces for a unit of command. ... The Ilyushin Il-28 is a jet bomber aircraft that was originally manufactured for the Soviet Air Force and was the USSRs first such aircraft to enter large-scale production. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Shāndōng; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Iksan is a city and major railway junction in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. ... Motto: (Broadly bring benefit to humanity, ) [citation needed] Anthem(s): Aegukga Capital Seoul Largest city Seoul Official language(s) Korean Government Republic  - President Roh Moo-hyun  - Prime Minister Han Myung-sook Establishment    - Gojoseon October 3, 2333 BC (legendary)   - Declaration of Republic March 1, 1919 (de jure)   - Liberation August 15, 1945... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping (Simplified Chinese: 邓小平; Traditional Chinese: 鄧小平; Pinyin: Dèng XiÇŽopíng; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904–February 19, 1997) was a leader in the Communist Party of China (CPC). ... Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國) Chiang Ching-kuo (Chinese: 蔣經國; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang Ching-kuo) (April 271, 1910 - January 13, 1988), Kuomintang politician and leader, was the son of Chiang Kai-shek and held numerous posts in the government of the Republic of China (from 1949 on Taiwan). ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... An F-6 of the Pakistan Air Force The Shenyang J-6 (designated F-6 for export versions) was the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 fighter aircraft. ... Shenyang (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÄ›nyáng, Manchu: Mukden) is the capital city of Liaoning province in Northeast China. ... Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An F-6 of the Pakistan Air Force The Shenyang J-6 (designated F-6 for export versions) was the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 fighter aircraft. ... Yantai (Simplified Chinese: 烟台, Traditional Chinese: 煙台; pinyin: Yāntái) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Shandong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Seoul (Sŏul 서울) ) is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... An F-6 of the Pakistan Air Force The Shenyang J-6 (designated F-6 for export versions) was the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 fighter aircraft. ... Zhangzhou (Chinese: 漳州; pinyin: Zhāngzhōu) is a prefecture-level city, located on the banks of the Xi River in the Fujian province of China, about 55 km (35 mi) west of Xiamen. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... One million (1000000), one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999999 and preceding 1000001. ... The New Taiwan Dollar (新臺幣 or 新台幣; ISO 4217 code TWD; common abbreviation NT$), or simply Taiwan Dollar, is the currency of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jiang Wenhao (蒋文浩) was a PLAAF pilot who defected to Taiwan. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: 解放军空军; Pinyin: JiÄ›fàngjÅ«n KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Wing is a term used by different air forces for a unit of command. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... An F-6 of the Pakistan Air Force The Shenyang J-6 (designated F-6 for export versions) was the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 fighter aircraft. ... Quemoy, Kinmen, or Chinmen (金門, pinyin: Jīnmén, POJ: Kim-mn̂g) (pop. ... Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村; pinyin: HÇŽo BócÅ«n; born July 13, 1919) was Premier of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) from May 30, 1990 to February 10, 1993 and a 4-star general in the ROC Army. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The tael (兩), PY: Liang, was part of the Chinese system of weights and currency. ... KG, Kg or kg may indicate: A Kampfgeschwader, a bomber squadron of the former German Luftwaffe Basketball Player Kevin Garnett An abbreviation for kilogram (always kg) Knight of the Garter, a British decoration Kommanditgesellschaft, German version of a limited partnership Kongo language (ISO 639 alpha-2) An abbreviation for konig... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó KōngjÅ«n) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of Chinas armed forces. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... For Guns N Roses album Chinese Democracy The Chinese democracy movement is a loosely organized movement in the Peoples Republic of China against the Communist Party of China. ... The Unknown Rebel — This famous photo, taken by Associated Press photographer Jeff Widener, depicts a lone protester who single-handedly halted the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour. ... Look up pilot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For Guns N Roses album Chinese Democracy The Chinese democracy movement is a loosely organized movement in the Peoples Republic of China against the Communist Party of China. ... Countries behind the Iron Curtain are shaded red. ... The Bamboo Curtain was the Asian extension of the Iron Curtain. ... See Occident (movement) for the French political movement. ...


Algerian defection:

  • After the defection of the Iraqi Captain Munir Redfa, 3 MiG-21F-13 and at least 6 MiG-17F Algerian pilots were captured by Israel after landing their aircraft at Israeli el-Arish Air Base by mistake, one of the captured Algerian pilot asked and was granted political asylum in the west, while the rest were repatriated.

Egyptian defection: Munir Redfa is an Israeli citizen of Iraqi origin, who defected to Israel in 1966 by flying a MiG 21 belonging to the Iraqi Air Force to Israel. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... MiG-17 at the Central Texas Airshow, USA, May 2003. ...

  • On January 19, 1964, Egyptian pilot Mahmud Abbas Hilmi defected to el-Arish Air Base in Hatzor, in Israel in his Yakovlev Yak-11 trainer.

Iraqi defections: January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Yakovlev Yak-11 (NATO reporting name: Moose, Russian: Як-11) was a trainer aircraft used by the Soviet Air Force and other Soviet-influenced air forces from 1947 until 1962. ...

  • Following Captain Munir Redfa's defection, there were at least two Iraqi pilots defected to Jordan with their MiG-21F-13 jets. Jordan granted them political asylum but returned the aircraft to Iraq.

Syrian defections: 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Munir Redfa is an Israeli citizen of Iraqi origin, who defected to Israel in 1966 by flying a MiG 21 belonging to the Iraqi Air Force to Israel. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... MiG-17 at the Central Texas Airshow, USA, May 2003. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... MiG-17 at the Central Texas Airshow, USA, May 2003. ... Munir Redfa is an Israeli citizen of Iraqi origin, who defected to Israel in 1966 by flying a MiG 21 belonging to the Iraqi Air Force to Israel. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ...


Angolan defection: 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... MiG-17 at the Central Texas Airshow, USA, May 2003. ... Look up July in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... For other uses, see April (disambiguation). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger). ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger). ...

  • In 1989 an Angolan pilot defected with his MiG-21MF to Namibia, where the plane was captured by South African forces (and is now displayed at SAAF Museum, in Waterkloof).

Other defections Iranian defections: 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... Waterkloof (Afrikaans for Water Cliff) is a suburb of the city of Pretoria, South Africa. ...

  • In 1983, Iranian defectors flew a F-4E to Turkey.
  • In 1984, Iranian defectors flew a F-4E to Saudi Arabia.

Most Iranian defections during the mid and final stages of the Iran-Iraq War was the result of a joint CIA and the Foreign Technology Division of the DoD operation that became known under the code-name “Night Harvest”, with the main task to acquire several Iranian fighter aircraft built in the USA and find out what were the Iranians doing in order to maintain their F-4s, F-5s, and F-14s. 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] was a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber produced for the United States military by McDonnell Douglas. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] was a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber produced for the United States military by McDonnell Douglas. ... Combatants Iran Iraq Commanders Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Ali Shamkhani Mostafa Chamran† Saddam Hussein Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength 100,000+ (Plus Civilians, Militias) 100,000+ (Plus Civilians, Militias) Casualties Est. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] was a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber produced for the United States military by McDonnell Douglas. ... The F-5 Freedom Fighter (or Tiger II) was a low cost entry level supersonic fighter aircraft, designed and built by Northrop in the United States, beginning in 1962. ... The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is a supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat variable geometry wing aircraft. ...

  • In August 1986, at least three Iranian pilots defected with their F-4Es.
  • On September 2, 1986, an Iranian F-14A equipped with at least one AIM-54A defected to Iraq. Upon landing, the plane was surrounded by up to 20 US technicians, which took care about the aircraft and the pilot, while the radar interception officer - who opposed the defection - became Iraqi POW. The two F-4E and the F-14A of the defecting Iranians were then flown to Saudi Arabia (but only after their “new” US pilots refused to fly them before they were inspected and repaired by US technicians), and then throughoutly inspected, before being destroyed and burried in the Saudi desert.
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August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] was a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber produced for the United States military by McDonnell Douglas. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (246th in leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Political party defection

The term defection is also used to refer to the departure of a member from a political party to join another political party, typically because of discontent in his existing party. Depending on position of the person, it may be given a different name, such as party switching or crossing the floor. A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... In politics, party switching is any change in party affiliation of a partisan public figure, usually one who is currently holding elected office. ... In politics, crossing the floor is to vote against party lines. ...

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See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Crystallographic defect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1061 words)
Dislocations are linear defects around which some of the atoms of the crystal lattice are misalligned.
The analogy with a stack of paper is apt: if a half a piece of paper is inserted in a stack of paper, the defect in the stack is only noticeable at the edge of the half sheet.
Disinclinations are line defects corresponding to "adding" or "substracting" an angle around a line.
Defect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (185 words)
in materials science, a crystallographic defect is a structural imperfection in a eugfcrystal.
A bug, defect, error, are all examples of failures.
If the sum of the angles exceeds a full circle, then the defect is negative.
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