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Encyclopedia > Def Jam Records
Def Jam Records
Parent company Universal Music Group
Founded 1984
Founder(s) Russell Simmons
Rick Rubin
Distributing label The Island Def Jam Music Group (U.S.)
Genre(s) Hip hop, R&B
Country United States
Web site http://www.defjam.com/

Def Jam Records is an American based hip-hop record label that operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group, which is owned by Universal Music Group. Image File history File links Def Jam Recordings Logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment (see Music Corporation of America), is the largest major label in the record industry. ... Entrepreneur Russell Simmons aka Rush born (October 4, 1957) in Queens, NY, is the co-founder, with Rick Rubin, of the pioneering hip-hop label Def Jam, and is also founder of another label, Russell Simmons Music Group. ... Frederick Jay Rubin (born 1963) is a Jewish-American record producer best known for his work in rap and heavy metal. ... The Island Def Jam Music Group is a record label formed in 1999, when Universal Music Group merged its two daughters, Island Records and Def Jam Records to form a super label. ... Motto: E pluribus unum (1789 to present) (Latin: Out of Many, One) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York, New York Official language(s) None at federal level; English de facto Government • President  â€¢ Vice President Federal republic... Hip hop music (also referred to as rap or rap music) is a style of popular music. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Hip hop music (also referred to as rap or rap music) is a style of popular music. ... A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in producing, manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and sometimes video recordings (especially music videos), on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ... The Island Def Jam Music Group is a record label formed in 1999, when Universal Music Group merged its two daughters, Island Records and Def Jam Records to form a super label. ... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment (see Music Corporation of America), is the largest major label in the record industry. ...

Contents


Company history

Beginnings

Founded by Russell Simmons and Rick Rubin — the first releases on Def Jam Recordings were LL Cool J's "I Need A Beat" and the Beastie Boys' "Rock Hard," both in 1984. The singles sold well, eventually leading to a distribution deal with Columbia/CBS Records the following year. The first full-length album released by Def Jam Recordings was LL Cool J's Radio in December of 1985. Entrepreneur Russell Simmons aka Rush born (October 4, 1957) in Queens, NY, is the co-founder, with Rick Rubin, of the pioneering hip-hop label Def Jam, and is also founder of another label, Russell Simmons Music Group. ... Frederick Jay Rubin (born 1963) is a Jewish-American record producer best known for his work in rap and heavy metal. ... James Todd Smith (born January 14, 1968) is an American hip hop artist better known by his stage name, LL Cool J (Ladies Love Cool James). He is best known for romantic ballads like I Need Love as well as hardcore rap like I Cant Live Without My Radio. ... Beastie Boys; from left to right, Ad-Rock, Mike D, MCA. The Beastie Boys are an American alternative hip-hop music group from New York City (Brooklyn and Manhattan). ... Artist Beastie Boys Genre Hip_Hop Label Def Jam Released 1984 Tracklisting 1. ... Columbia Records is the oldest continually used brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888. ... Radio is an East Coast rap album by hip hop artist LL Cool J, released in 1985 (see 1985 in music). ...


Lyor Cohen became president of Def Jam in 1988, after winning a power struggle with Rubin, who shortly thereafter left the company 1989 to form Def American in 1989. CBS Records, meanwhile, was sold to electronics giant Sony as the decade ended and by 1991 had been was re-christened into Sony Music Entertainment. Lyor Cohen, now CEO of Warner Music, was once head of Island Def Jam, is the son of an Isreali army general. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Def American was a record label which was founded by record producer Rick Rubin after he left Def Jam in 1989. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sony Corporation (Japanese katakana: ソニー) (TYO: 6758 , NYSE: SNE) is a global Japanese consumer electronics, financial services and entertainment corporation based in Tokyo, Japan. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sony Music Entertainment is a major global record label controlled by Sony Corporation. ...


PolyGram

Despite multi-platinum selling releases from LL Cool J., Public Enemy and EPMD, Def Jam ran into severe financial troubles in the early 1990s and was faced with folding. Savior came in 1994, however, when PolyGram purchased Sony's 50% stake in Def Jam Recordings — subsequently bringing the label into their fold. Following PolyGram's acquisition of the company, Def Jam released Warren G's Regulate…G Funk Era, which went triple platinum and effectively revived the label. Public Enemy, also known as PE, are a seminal hip hop group known for their politically charged lyrics and their interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... EPMD was an American hip hop music group from Brentwood, New York, active from 1987 to 1999; one of the prominent acts in East coast hip hop. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... PolyGram was the name from 1972 of the major label recording company started by Philips as a holding company for its music interests in 1945. ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970), more commonly known as Warren G, is an African American West Coast rapper and hip hop producer. ...


Def Jam remained in the black, as its veteran star LL Cool J released his widely successful album Mr. Smith album in 1995. The label later signed a then-teenaged Foxy Brown, whose debut album Ill Na Na became a platinum seller in 1997. The same year, Def Jam struke up a distribution deal Damon Dash's Roc-A-Fella Records, and soared to even greater heights with its central star, Jay-Z as the decade drew to a close. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Foxy Brown (born Inga Marchand on September 6, 1978 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American rapper of Trinidadian descent known for her solo work as well as numerous collaborations and a brief stint as part of hip-hop supergroup The Firm. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Damon Dash (also known as Dame Dash, born May 3, 1971 in New York City, New York) is a label executive; the former CEO and co-founder of Roc-A-Fella Records with Jay-Z and Kareem Biggs Burke. ... Roc-A-Fella Records, LLC. Roc-A-Fella Records is one of the largest United States hip hop/rap record labels. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ...


The Island Def Jam Music Group

PolyGram acquired an additonal 10% in Def Jam Recordings in 1996, further strengthening their ownership of the company. In 1998, PolyGram itself was purchased by Seagrams and absorbed into its Universal Music Group, becoming the largest record label in the world. Following Universal Music Group's buyout of PolyGram, it purchased the remaining interest of Def Jam Recordings, and soon after merged it with Island Records to form The Island Def Jam Music Group. Inspite of the formation of IDJMG, Def Jam (and Island) continued to run as its own label underneath the bigger umbrella. In 1999, Def Jam created an R&B spin-off label called "Def Soul" — which became home to artists like Dru Hill, Kelly Price, and 112. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment (see Music Corporation of America), is the largest major label in the record industry. ... Island Records is a record label that was founded in Jamaica in 1959 by Chris Blackwell. ... The Island Def Jam Music Group is a record label formed in 1999, when Universal Music Group merged its two daughters, Island Records and Def Jam Records to form a super label. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Rhythm and blues (or R&B) was coined as a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Jerry Wexler at Billboard magazine, used to designate upbeat popular music performed by African American artists that combined jazz and blues. ... The cover to Dru Hills 2002 LP, Dru World Order. ... Kelly Price on the cover of her 2003 album Priceless Kelly Price (born April 4, 1973 in Queens, New York) is an African American R&B and soul singer, the flagship female artist on the Def Soul label. ... 112 is also the standard emergency phone number in the European Union and on GSM cellphones, analogous to 911 in the US. Events Imp. ...


Today, The Inc. Records and Disturbing Tha Peace Records are among the independent labels distributed by Def Jam. Roc-A-Fella Records was sold to the company by Dash in 2004, upon his stepping down from the label. Roc-A-Fella co-founder Jay-Z, meanwhile, was subsequently appointed President and CEO of Island Def Jam. The Inc. ... Disturbing Tha Peace (DTP) is a management company and hip hop collective based out of Atlanta, Georgia. ... Roc-A-Fella Records, LLC. Roc-A-Fella Records is one of the largest United States hip hop/rap record labels. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ...


Related articles


This is a list of current and former artists for Def Jam Records or one of its associated labels. ... The Island Def Jam Music Group is a record label formed in 1999, when Universal Music Group merged its two daughters, Island Records and Def Jam Records to form a super label. ... Roc-A-Fella Records, LLC. Roc-A-Fella Records is one of the largest United States hip hop/rap record labels. ... Disturbing Tha Peace (DTP) is a management company and hip hop collective based out of Atlanta, Georgia. ...

See also



  Results from FactBites:
 
Def Jam Records (1984- ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed (384 words)
Def Jam Records, created by hip-hop entrepreneur Russell Simmons, is one of the most successful fl-owned record labels in the history of the United States.
Def Jam early artists such as Public Enemy were aggressive and confrontational and their music reflected that style.
Def Jam continued to expand in the early 1990s, attracting a new generation of rap artists such as West Coast producer/rapper Warren G. In 1999 Simmons sold his controlling interest in Def Jam to Universal Music for $100 million dollars.
Def Jam at AllExperts (320 words)
Def Jam is a hip-hop record label founded in 1984 by Rick Rubin and Russell Simmons including artists such as LL Cool J, Run-DMC and The Beastie Boys.
Def Jam Recordings was distributed by Columbia Records from 1985 to 1994.
Roc-A-Fella Records, The Inc. Records and Disturbing Tha Peace Records are among the independent labels distributed by Def Jam.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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