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Encyclopedia > Deer
Deer
Fossil range: Early Oligocene - Recent
A white-tail deer
A white-tail deer
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Suborder: Ruminantia
Family: Cervidae
Goldfuss, 1820
Subfamilies

Capreolinae/Odocoileinae
Cervinae
Hydropotinae
Muntiacinae
Look up deer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up fawn in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up stag in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Oligocene epoch is a geologic period of time that extends from about 34 million to 23 million years before the present. ... In the Northeast, the white-tailed deer is the primary host for adult blacklegged ticks. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Families  Tragulidae  Moschidae  Cervidae  Giraffidae  Antilocapridae  Bovidae The biological suborder Ruminantia includes many of the well-known large grazing or browsing mammals: among them cattle, goats, sheep, deer, and antelope. ... Georg August Goldfuss (April 18, 1782 - October 2, 1848) was a German palaeontologist. ... Genera Alces Blastocerus Capreolus Hippocamelus Mazama Odocoileus Ozotoceros Pudu Rangifer Capreolinae is a subfamily of deer. ... Subfamilies Odocoilinae Cervinae Hydropotinae Muntiacinae A deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis) is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ...

A deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. A number of broadly similar animals from related families within the order Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates) are often also called deer. Male deer grow and shed new antlers each year, as opposed to antelope, which are in the same order and bear a superficial resemblance to deer physically, but are permanently horned. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ruminantia. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Ungulates (meaning roughly hoofed or hoofed animal) make up several orders of mammals, of which six survive: Artiodactyla: even-toed ungulates, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, antelope, and many others Cetacea: whales and dolphins (which evolved from hoofed land animals) Perissodactyla: odd-toed ungulates such as horses and rhinos Proboscidea: elephants... This article is about the herbivorous mammals. ...

Contents

Etymology

Depending on their species, male deer are called stags, harts, bucks or bulls, and females are called hinds, does or cows. Young deer are called fawns or calves. A group of deer is commonly called a herd. Hart, from Old English heorot ‘deer’, is a term for a stag, particularly a Red Deer stag past its fifth year. It is not commonly used, but Shakespeare makes several references, punning the sound alike "hart" and "heart" for example in Twelfth Night. "The White Hart" and "The Red Hart" are common English pub names, and the county Hertfordshire is named after them. Whinfell Forest once contained a landmark tree called Harthorn[1] Old English redirects here. ... This article is about the species of deer. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Twelfth Night has at least three meanings: Twelfth Night (holiday), celebrated by some Christians Twelfth Night, or What You Will, a comedic play by William Shakespeare Twelfth Night (band), a progressive rock band This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... The Whinfell forest is small area of woodland that lies south east of Penrith in Cumbria and just off the A66 Roman road leading to Appleby in Westmorland. ...


The history of the word deer was originally quite broad in meaning and came to be specialized. In Middle English, der (O.E. dēor) meant a beast or animal of any kind. [2] This general sense gave way to the modern sense by the end of the Middle English period, around 1500. The German word Tier, the Dutch word dier and the Scandinavian words djur/dyr/dýr, cognates of English deer, still have the general sense of "animal." The adjective of relation pertaining to deer is cervine. Etymologies redirects here. ... Specialization, also spelled Specialisation, is an important way to generate propositional knowledge, by applying general knowledge, such as the theory of gravity, to specific instances, such as when I release this apple, it will fall to the floor. Specialization is the opposite of generalization. ... Middle English is the name given by historical linguistics to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the Norman invasion of 1066 and the mid-to-late 15th century, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the... Old English redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages and the East Germanic languages. ... In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun (called the adjectives subject), giving more information about what the noun or pronoun refers to. ...


Habitat


Deers are widely distributed, and hunted, with indigenous representatives in all continents except Antarctica and Australia, though Africa has only one native species confined to the Atlas Mountains in the northwest of the continent, the Red Deer. (The Mouse Deer or Water Chevrotain of African forests is not a true deer; all other animals in Africa resembling deer are antelope).Deers live in a variety of biomes ranging from tundra to the tropical rainforest. While often associated with forests, many deer are ecotone species that live in transitional areas between forests and thickets (for cover) and prairie and savanna (open space). The majority of large deer species inhabit temperate mixed deciduous forest, mountain mixed coniferous forest, tropical seasonal/dry forest, and savanna habitats around the world. Clearing open areas within forests to some extent may actually benefit deer populations by exposing the understory and allowing the types of grasses, weeds, and herbs to grow that deer like to eat. However, adequate forest or brush cover must still be provided for populations to grow and thrive. This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Map showing the location of the Atlas Mountains (colored red) across North Africa The Atlas Mountains (Arabic: ‎) are a mountain range in northwest Africa extending about 2,400 km (1,500 miles) through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, and including The Rock of Gibraltar. ... This article is about the species of deer. ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... For other uses, see Tundra (disambiguation). ... Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests of the world Tropical rainforests are rainforests generally found near the equator. ... For other uses, see Ecotone (disambiguation). ...

Small species such as the brocket deer and pudus of Central and South America, and the muntjacs of Asia occupy dense forests and are less often seen in open spaces. There are also several species of deer that are highly specialized, and live almost exclusively in mountains, grasslands, swamps and "wet" savannas, or riparian corridors surrounded by deserts. Some deer have a circumpolar distribution in both North America and Eurasia. Examples include the reindeer (caribou) that live in Arctic tundra and taiga (boreal forests) and moose that inhabit taiga and adjacent areas.The highest concentration of large deer species in temperate North America lies in the Canadian Rocky Mountain and Columbia Mountain Regions between Alberta and British Columbia where all five North American deer species (White-tailed Deer, Mule deer, Caribou, Elk, and Moose) can be found. This is a region that boasts mountain slopes with diverse types of coniferous and mixed forested areas along with lush alpine meadows. The foothills and river valleys between the mountain ranges provide a mosaic of cropland and deciduous parklands. The aspen parklands north of Calgary also have many lakes and marshes. Elk and Mule Deer are probably the most common animals throughout the region. The caribou live at higher altitudes in the subalpine meadows and alpine tundra areas. The White-tailed Deer have recently expanded their range within the foothills and river valleys of the Canadian Rockies owing to conversion of land to cropland and the clearing of coniferous forests allowing more deciduous vegetation to grow. They often share this riparian habitat with moose, but left the adjacent Great Plains and drier grassland habitats to Elk, American bison, and pronghorn antelope. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 502 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1130 × 1350 pixel, file size: 179 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Deer Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 502 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1130 × 1350 pixel, file size: 179 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Deer Metadata This file contains additional... Binomial name Muntiacus reevesi (Ogilby, 1839) Formosan Reevess Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi; Chinese name: 山羌), or just Reevess Muntjac, is an endemic muntjac species of Taiwan. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species of the Mazama genus found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... The pudu (Pudu pudu), considered to be the worlds smallest deer, is a native of South America. ... Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Caribou redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ...

White-tail deer in Toronto, Canada
White-tail deer in Toronto, Canada
White-tail deer in Dryden, Canada
White-tail deer in Dryden, Canada
Large male Alaskan Reindeer.
Large male Alaskan Reindeer.

The highest concentration of large deer species in temperate Asia occurs in the mixed deciduous forests, mountain coniferous forests, and taiga bordering North Korea, Manchuria (Northeastern China), and the Ussuri Region (Russia). These are among some of the richest deciduous and coniferous forests in the world where one can find Siberian Roe Deer, Sika Deer, Caribou, Elk, and Moose. Just south of this region in China, one can find the unusual Père David's Deer. Deer such as the Sika Deer, Thorold's Deer, Central Asian Red Deer, and Elk have historically been farmed for their antlers by Han Chinese, Turkic peoples, Tungusic peoples, Mongolians, and Koreans. Like the Sami people of Finland and Scandinavia, the Tungusic peoples, Mongolians, and Turkic peoples of Southern Siberia, Northern Mongolia, and the Ussuri Region have also taken to raising semi-domesticated herds of caribou. The highest concentration of large deer species in the tropics occurs in Southern Asia and Southeast Asia in India, Nepal, and at one time, Thailand. Northern India's Indo-Gangetic Plain Region and Nepal's Terai Region consist of tropical seasonal moist deciduous, dry deciduous forests, and both dry and wet savannas that are home to Chital, Hog Deer, Barasingha, Indian Sambar, and Indian Muntjac. Just slightly north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain is the Vale of Kashmir, home to the rare Kashmir Stag, a subspecies of Central Asian Red Deer. The Chao Praya River Valley of Thailand was once primarily tropical seasonal moist deciduous forest and wet savanna that hosted populations of Hog Deer, Schomburgk's Deer (now extinct), Eld's Deer, Indian Sambar, and Indian Muntjac. Today, both the Barasingha and Eld's Deer are endangered or rare. The hog deer populations in Thailand are also rare. Chital and Barasingha live in large herds, and Indian sambar may also be found in large groups. Of all these deer species, hog deer are solitary and have the lowest deer densities. All these deer can coexist in one area because they prefer different types of vegetation for food. These deer also share their habitat with various herbivores such as Asian elephants, various antelope species (such as nilgai, four-horned antelope, blackbuck, and Indian gazelle in India), and wild oxen (such as gaur, banteng, and kouprey). Incidentally, the European deciduous forests and North American deciduous forests (west of the Appalachian Mountains) were historically also shared by both deer species and wild oxen. The mixed deciduous forests and prairies of Europe were once home to European Red Deer, European Roe Deer, Moose, aurochs (forest ox), and wisent (European bison). The mixed deciduous forests and prairies of North America's midwest were once home to white-tailed deer and large herds of Elk and American Bison. Today most of these forest and prairie lands have become converted to cropland. Much of the forest and prairie land west of North America's Appalachian Mountains is part of United States' Midwest Agricultural Region and primarily supports white-tailed deer. The Elk and American bison herds have recently (in the past century) become extinct in these areas with elk and bison reintroduced to some areas. The forests of Europe are also mostly cropland and European Red Deer and European Roe Deer survive only in protected areas. The aurochs is extinct, but is believed to be the ancestor of today's domestic cattle. The wisent almost became extinct, but has survived in captivity and has been reintroduced to some forest reserves in Europe.Australia has six introduced species of deer that have established sustainable wild populations from Acclimatisation Society releases in the 19th Century. These are Fallow Deer, Red Deer, Sambar Deer, Hog Deer, Rusa deer, and Chital Deer. Red Deer introduced into New Zealand in 1851 from English and Scottish stock were domesticated in deer farms by the late 1960s and are common farm animals there now. Seven other species of deer were introduced into New Zealand but none are as widespread as Red Deer.[3]^_^_^popsie^_^_^ Deer from http://www. ... Deer from http://www. ... Caribou--from FWS in public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Caribou--from FWS in public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Caribou redirects here. ... Binomial name Capreolus pygargus Pallas, 1771 Subspecies C. p. ... Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Elaphurus davidianus Milne-Edwards, 1866 Père Davids deer (Elaphurus davidianus, other names: Cerf du Père David, Ciervo del Padre David, and Milu in Chinese (麋鹿)), is a species of deer known only in captivity. ... Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ... Thorolds deer has the scientific name Cervus Albirostris Przewalski. ... Binomial name Cervus affinis New species designate The Central Asian Red Deer (Cervus affinis) (also known as Asian Red Deer and Himalayan (or Tibetan) Red Deer) is one of three species of Red Deer that consist of five known isolated populations (subspecies) of primitive red deer that live in the... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... The term Tungusic peoples is used to describe a peoples speaking a Tungusic languages. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... The Sami people (also Sámi, Saami, Lapps, sometimes also Laplanders) are the indigenous people of Sápmi, which today encompasses parts of northern Sweden, Norway, Finland and the Kola Peninsula of Russia. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... The term Tungusic peoples is used to describe a peoples speaking a Tungusic languages. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... Binomial name (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (or cheetal) deer, also known as the spotted deer or axis deer is a deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, and most of India. ... Binomial name Axis porcinus Zimmermann, 1780 The Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to Myanmar, with a secondary range in southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Cervus duvaucelii (G. Cuvier, 1823) The Barasingha (sometimes spelt Barasinga) is a type of deer, native to India and Nepal. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. ... Binomial name Cervus affinis New species designate The Central Asian Red Deer (Cervus affinis) (also known as Asian Red Deer and Himalayan (or Tibetan) Red Deer) is one of three species of Red Deer that consist of five known isolated populations (subspecies) of primitive red deer that live in the... Binomial name Axis porcinus Zimmermann, 1780 The Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to Myanmar, with a secondary range in southeast Asia. ... what animales and plants are extincted and endanger in Afghanistan? This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Binomial name Cervus eldii (MClelland, 1842) The Elds Deer (Cervus eldii), also called the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is a deer indigenous to Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. ... Binomial name Cervus duvaucelii (G. Cuvier, 1823) The Barasingha (sometimes spelt Barasinga) is a type of deer, native to India and Nepal. ... Binomial name Cervus eldii (MClelland, 1842) The Elds Deer (Cervus eldii), also called the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is a deer indigenous to Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Boselaphus tragocamelus Pall. ... Binomial name Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816 The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. ... For other uses, see Blackbuck (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Bos javanicus dAlton, 1823 The Banteng (Bos javanicus) is an ox that is found in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, and Bali. ... Binomial name Bos sauveli Urbain, 1937 The Kouprey (Bos sauveli also known as Kouproh) is a wild forest dwelling ox found mainly in northern Cambodia but also believed to be found in southern Laos, western Vietnam, and eastern Thailand. ... Binomial name Subspecies Bos primigenius primigenius   (Bojanus, 1827) Bos primigenius namadicus   (Falconer, 1859) Bos primigenius mauretanicus   (Thomas, 1881) See Ur (rune) for the rune. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) A wisent (Å»ubr) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (pronounced ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name Subspecies Bos primigenius primigenius   (Bojanus, 1827) Bos primigenius namadicus   (Falconer, 1859) Bos primigenius mauretanicus   (Thomas, 1881) See Ur (rune) for the rune. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) A wisent (Å»ubr) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (pronounced ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... Alien species redirects here. ... Binomial name Dama dama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... This article is about the species of deer. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... Binomial name Axis porcinus Zimmermann, 1780 The Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to Myanmar, with a secondary range in southeast Asia. ... [[Image:Example. ... Binomial name Axis axis ( Erxleben, 1777) The chital (also spelled cheetal) is a large spotted deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka and most of India. ... A deer farm is a fenced piece of land suitable for grazing that is populated with deer raised for the purpose of hunting tourism or as livestock. ...

Biology

Deer generally have lithe, compact bodies and long, powerful legs suited for rugged woodland terrain. Deer are also excellent swimmers. Deer are ruminants, or cud-chewers, and have a four-chambered stomach. The teeth of deer are adapted to feeding on vegetation, and like other ruminants, they lack upper incisors, instead having a tough pad at the front of their upper jaw. The Chinese water deer and Tufted deer have enlarged upper canine teeth forming sharp tusks, while other species often lack upper canines altogether. The cheek teeth of deer have crescent ridges of enamel, which enable them to grind a wide variety of vegetation.[4] The dental formula for deer is: It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ruminantia. ... Incisors (from Latin incidere, to cut) are the first kind of tooth in heterodont mammals. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Dentition is the development of teeth and their arrangement in the mouth. ...

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3.1.3.3

Nearly all deer have a facial gland in front of each eye. The gland contains a strongly scented pheromone, used to mark its home range. Bucks of a wide range of species open these glands wide when angry or excited. All deer have a liver without a gallbladder. Deer also have a Tapetum lucidum which gives them sufficiently good night vision. Fanning honeybee exposes Nasonov gland (white-at tip of abdomen) releasing pheromone to entice swarm into an empty hive A pheromone (from Greek φέρω phero to bear + ‘ορμόνη hormone) is a chemical that triggers a natural behavioral response in another member of the same species. ... The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body, and is an organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. ... The gallbladder (or cholecyst, sometimes gall bladder) is a pear-shaped organ that can accomodate up to 60 ml of bile (or gall) until the body needs it for digestion. ... Tapetum lucidum in a calf eye, with the retina hanging down. ... Night-vision is seeing in the dark. ...

Female Wapiti nursing young
Female Wapiti nursing young

A doe generally has one or two fawns at a time (triplets, while not unknown, are uncommon). The gestation period is anywhere up to ten months for the European roe deer. Most fawns are born with their fur covered with white spots, though they lose their spots once they get older (excluding the Fallow Deer who keeps its spots for life). In the first twenty minutes of a fawn's life, the fawn begins to take its first steps. Its mother licks it clean until it is almost free of scent, so predators will not find it. Its mother leaves often, and the fawn does not like to be left behind. Sometimes its mother must gently push it down with her foot. The fawn stays hidden in the grass for one week until it is strong enough to walk with its mother. The fawn and its mother stay together for about one year. A male usually never sees his mother again, but females sometimes come back with their own fawns and form small herds. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1800x1200, 770 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Red Deer User:MONGO/Elk (Cervus elaphus) ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1800x1200, 770 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Red Deer User:MONGO/Elk (Cervus elaphus) ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ...

Fawn
Fawn

Deer are selective feeders. They are usually browsers, and primarily feed on leaves. They have small, unspecialized stomachs by ruminant standards, and high nutrition requirements. Rather than attempt to digest vast quantities of low-grade, fibrous food as, for example, sheep and cattle do, deer select easily digestible shoots, young leaves, fresh grasses, soft twigs, fruit, fungi, and lichens. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (968x840, 306 KB) Deer fawn seen in Forests near Desert Lake in southeastern Ontario, Canada. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (968x840, 306 KB) Deer fawn seen in Forests near Desert Lake in southeastern Ontario, Canada. ... A deer and two fawns feeding on some foliage Herbivory is a form of predation in which an organism known as an herbivore, consumes principally autotrophs[1] such as plants, algae and photosynthesizing bacteria. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In anatomy, the stomach is a bean-shaped hollow muscular organ of the gastrointestinal tract involved in the second phase of digestion, following mastication. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ruminantia. ... Species See text. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Genera See: List of Poaceae genera The true grasses are monocot (class Liliopsida) plants of the family Poaceae (formerly Graminae). ... A twig is a small terminal branch section that bears leaves, buds and usually the flowers and fruit of plants. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Divisions Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota The Fungi (singular: fungus) are a large group of organisms ranked as a kingdom within the Domain Eukaryota. ... For other uses, see Lichen (disambiguation). ...


Antlers

With the exception of the Chinese water deer, all male deer have antlers that are shed and regrown each year from a structure called a pedicle. Sometimes a female will have a small stub. The only female deer with antlers are Reindeer (Caribou). Antlers grow as highly vascular spongy tissue covered in a skin called velvet. Before the beginning of a species' mating season, In the Northeast, the white-tailed deer is the primary host for adult blacklegged ticks. ... In the Northeast, the white-tailed deer is the primary host for adult blacklegged ticks. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... For the Poet Laureate of Milwaukee, see Antler (Poet). ... For other uses, see Female (disambiguation). ... Caribou redirects here. ...


The one way that many hunters are able to track main paths that the deer travel on is because of their "rubs". A rub is used to deposit scent from glands near the eye and forehead and physically mark territory.


During the mating season, bucks use their antlers to fight one another for the opportunity to attract mates in a given herd. The two bucks circle each other, bend back their legs, lower their heads, and charge.


Each species has its own characteristic antler structure, e.g. each white-tailed deer antler includes a series of tines sprouting upward from a forward-curving main beam. Mule deer (and black-tailed deer), species within the same genus as the white-tailed deer, instead have bifurcated (or branched) antlers -- that is, the main beam splits into two, each of which may split into two more.[1]


For Wapiti and Red Deer, a stag having 14 points is an "imperial", and a stag having 12 points is a "royal". If the antlers deviate from the species' normal antler structure, the deer is considered a non-typical deer. For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... This article is about the species of deer. ...


Evolution

The earliest fossil deer date from the Oligocene of Europe, and resembled the modern muntjacs. Later species were often larger, with more impressive antlers, and, in many cases, lost of the upper canine teeth. They rapidly spread to the other continents, even for a time occupying much of northern Africa, where they are now almost wholly absent. Some extinct deer had huge antlers, larger than those of any living species. Examples include Eucladoceros, and the giant deer Megaloceros, whose antlers stretched to 3.5 metres across. The Oligocene epoch is a geologic period of time that extends from about 34 million to 23 million years before the present. ... Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Species  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Eucladoceros is an extinct genus of deer. ... Binomial name Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1799) The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct deer that lived in Europe during the Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene epochs. ...


Economic significance

Deer have long had economic significance to humans. Deer meat, for which they are hunted and farmed, is called venison. Deer organ meat is called umble. See humble pie. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 568 pixelsFull resolution (3255 × 2312 pixel, file size: 13. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 568 pixelsFull resolution (3255 × 2312 pixel, file size: 13. ... Frederick in an engraved portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1524 Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (January 17, 1463 – May 5, 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise, was Elector of Saxony (from the House of Wettin) from 1486 to his death. ... Portrait of Lucas Cranach the Elder at age 77 by Lucas Cranach the Younger (1550), at the Uffizi Gallery, Florence Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, 1472 – October 16, 1553) was a German painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ... Leg of venison on apple sauce with dumplings and vegetables Venison is meat of the family Cervidae. ... For the hard rock band of the same name, see Humble Pie (band). ...


Musk, which comes from the gland on the abdomen of musk deer, is used in medicines and perfumes. Deerskin is used for shoes, boots, and gloves, and antlers are made into buttons and knife handles. Moschus moschiferus, Siberian musk deer Musk is the name originally given to a substance with a penetrating odor obtained from a gland of the male musk deer, which is situated between its stomach and genitals. ... The abdomen in a human and an ant. ... The four species of musk deer make up the family Moschidae. ...


The Saami of Scandinavia and the Kola Peninsula of Russia and other nomadic peoples of northern Asia used reindeer for food, clothing, and transport. The Sami people (also Sámi, Saami, Lapps, sometimes also Laplanders) are the indigenous people of Sápmi, which today encompasses parts of northern Sweden, Norway, Finland and the Kola Peninsula of Russia. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Location of Kola south of the Barents Sea. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Caribou redirects here. ...


The caribou is not domesticated or herded as is the case in Europe but is important to the Inuit. Most commercial venison in the United States is imported from New Zealand. Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ...

Nicholas Mavrogenes, Phanariote Prince of Wallachia, riding through Bucharest in a deer−drawn carriage (late 1780s)
Nicholas Mavrogenes, Phanariote Prince of Wallachia, riding through Bucharest in a deer−drawn carriage (late 1780s)

Deer were originally brought to New Zealand by European settlers, and the deer population rose rapidly. This caused great environmental damage and was controlled by hunting and poisoning until the concept of deer farming developed in the 1960s. Deer farms in New Zealand number more than 3,500, with more than 400,000 deer in all. Image File history File links Mavrogheni_trasura_cerbi. ... Image File history File links Mavrogheni_trasura_cerbi. ... Nicholas Mavrogenes Nicholas Mavrogenes (or Mavrogenous; Greek: Νικόλαος Μαυρογένης/Nikolaos Mavrogenis, Romanian: Nicolae Mavrogheni) (d. ... Phanariotes (from Phanar, the chief Greek quarter at Istambul, where the oecumenical patriarchate is situated) were those members of families resident in the Phanar quarter who between the years 1711 and 1821 were appointed voivodes of the Danubian principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia). ... Below is the list of Wallachian rulers, since the first mentioned until the unification with Moldavia in 1859. ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ...


Automobile collisions with deer impose a significant cost on the economy. In the U.S., about 1.5 million deer-vehicle collisions occur each year, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Those accidents cause about 150 deaths and $1.1 billion in property damage annually.[2] The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, often pronounced nit-suh) is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government, part of the Department of Transportation. ...


Taxonomy

Note that the terms indicate the origin of the groups, not their modern distribution: the water deer, for example, is a New World species but is found only in China and Korea. Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... This article is about the Korean civilization. ...


It is thought that the new world group evolved about 5 million years ago in the forests of North America and Siberia, the old world deer in Asia. North American redirects here. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Subfamilies, genera and species

The family Cervidae is organized as follows:

Pudú, the smallest species of deer in the world
Pudú, the smallest species of deer in the world

Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. ... Binomial name Muntiacus reevesi (Ogilby, 1839) Formosan Reevess Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi; Chinese name: 山羌), or just Reevess Muntjac, is an endemic muntjac species of Taiwan. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Crinifrons (Sclater, 1885) The Hairy-fronted muntjac, also known as Black muntjac, lives in Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi and Fujian in South China, also reported in Myanmar. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Feae (Thomas & Doria, 1889) Feas muntjac (also known as Tenasserim muntjac from the region of Myanmar) is a rare species of muntjac living in the Myanmar-Thailand-Laos-China border region. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Atherodes (Groves & Grubb, 1982) The Bornean Yellow Muntjac is restricted to the moist forests of Borneo where it lives alongside the common muntjac. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Rooseveltorum (, ) A single specimen of the Roosevelts Muntjac was presented to the Field Museum in 1929 following a hunting expedition led by Theodore (Jnr) and Kermit Roosevelt. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Gongshanensis (Ma, 1990) The Gongshan muntjac was recently identified by Chinese scientists as a new species of muntjac living in the Gongshan mountains in Yunnan, western China and neighbouring Tibet. ... Binomial name Muntiacus vuquangensis Wemmer et al. ... Binomial name Muntiacus truongsonensis Giao et al. ... Binomial name Muntiacus putaoensis Amato, Egan & Rabinowitz, 1999 The leaf muntjac or leaf deer (Muntiacus putaoensis) is a small species of muntjac. ... Binomial name Elaphodus cephalophus (Milne-Edwards, 1872) The Tufted Deer is a close relative of the muntjac, living somewhat further north over a wide area of central China and northeastern India and Myanmar. ... This article is about the species of deer. ... Binomial name Cervus affinis New species designate The Central Asian Red Deer (Cervus affinis) (also known as Asian Red Deer and Himalayan (or Tibetan) Red Deer) is one of three species of Red Deer that consist of five known isolated populations (subspecies) of primitive red deer that live in the... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Thorolds deer has the scientific name Cervus Albirostris Przewalski. ... Thorolds deer has the scientific name Cervus Albirostris Przewalski. ... Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Cervus duvaucelii (G. Cuvier, 1823) The Barasingha (sometimes spelt Barasinga) is a type of deer, native to India and Nepal. ... what animales and plants are extincted and endanger in Afghanistan? This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cervus eldii (MClelland, 1842) The Elds Deer (Cervus eldii), also called the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is a deer indigenous to Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Cervus eldii (MClelland, 1842) The Elds Deer (Cervus eldii), also called the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is a deer indigenous to Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... Binomial name Cervus timorensis Blainville, 1822 The Rusa Deer or Sunda Sambar, Cervus timorensis, are native to the islands of Java eastwards towards Bali, and Timor in Indonesia. ... [[Image:Example. ... Binomial name Cervus mariannus The Philippine Sambar (Cervus mariannus) is one of three species of deer that is native to the forests of much of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Cervus alfredi Sclater, 1870 The Philippine Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi) is a species of deer that is native to the forests of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Cervus alfredi Sclater, 1870 The Philippine Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi) is a species of deer that is native to the forests of the Philippines. ... Binomial name (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (or cheetal) deer, also known as the spotted deer or axis deer is a deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, and most of India. ... Binomial name Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (or cheetal) deer, also known as the spotted deer or axis deer is a large spotted deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka and most of India. ... Binomial name Axis porcinus Zimmermann, 1780 The Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to Myanmar, with a secondary range in southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Axis calamianensis Huede, 1888 The Calamian Deer, Axis calamianensis also known as Calamian Hog Deer is a species of deer found only in the Calamian Group of Islands of Palawan Province of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Axis kuhlii Müller, 1840 The Bawean Deer, Axis kuhlii also known as Kuhls Hog Deer or Bawean Hog Deer is a species of deer found only in the island of Bawean in Indonesia. ... Binomial name Elaphurus davidianus Milne-Edwards, 1866 Père Davids deer (Elaphurus davidianus, other names: Cerf du Père David, Ciervo del Padre David, and Milu in Chinese (麋鹿)), is a species of deer known only in captivity. ... Binomial name Dama dama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Dama mesopotamica (Brooke,, 1875) The Persian Fallow Deer (Dama mesopotamica) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1799) The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct deer that lived in Europe during the Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene epochs. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (927x695, 123 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Deer Pudú ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (927x695, 123 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Deer Pudú ... The pudú (Pudu spp. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Illiger, 1815) The Marsh Deer, Blastocerus dichotomus, is the largest deer species from South America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pampas Deer, Ozotocerus bezoarticus, is a deer species from South America. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Binomial name Mazama gouazoubyra (Fischer, 1814) The Gray Brocket, Mazama gouazoubyra, is a Brocket Deer species from South America and from Panama. ... The Mazama nana, or Pygmy Brocket Deer, is very small in size. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... The pudú (Pudu spp. ... Binomial name dOrbigny, 1834 The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or North Andean Deer, is a species of deer that ranges across the Northern Andes of Peru and Bolivia. ... Binomial name dOrbigny, 1834 The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or North Andean Deer, is a species of deer that ranges across the Northern Andes of Peru and Bolivia. ... The Chilean Huemul, also known as the South Andean deer, has a stocky, thick, and short-legged body. ... Species Hippocamelus bisulcus Molina, 1782 Hippocamelus antisensis |} The Huemul is an endangered mammal of the Cervidae family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... Binomial name Capreolus pygargus Pallas, 1771 Subspecies C. p. ... Caribou redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ...

Hybrid deer

In Origin of Species (1859) Charles Darwin wrote "Although I do not know of any thoroughly well-authenticated cases of perfectly fertile hybrid animals, I have some reason to believe that the hybrids from Cervulus vaginalis and Reevesii [...] are perfectly fertile." These two varieties of muntjac are currently considered the same species. The 1859 edition of On the Origin of Species First published in 1859, The Origin of Species (full title On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life) by British naturalist Charles Darwin is one of the pivotal... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ...


A number of deer hybrids are bred to improve meat yield in farmed deer. American Elk (or Wapiti) and Red Deer from the Old World can produce fertile offspring in captivity, and were once considered one species. Hybrid offspring, however, must be able to escape and defend themselves against predators, and these hybrid offspring are unable to do so in the wild state. Recent DNA, animal behavior studies, and morphology and antler characteristics have shown there are not one but three species of Red Deer: European Red Deer, Central Asian Red Deer, and American Elk or Wapiti. (The European Elk is a different species and is known as moose in North America.) The hybrids are about 30% more efficient in producing antler by comparing velvet to body weight. Wapiti have been introduced into some European Red Deer herds to improve the Red Deer type, but not always with the intended improvement. This article is about the species of deer. ... Binomial name Cervus affinis New species designate The Central Asian Red Deer (Cervus affinis) (also known as Asian Red Deer and Himalayan (or Tibetan) Red Deer) is one of three species of Red Deer that consist of five known isolated populations (subspecies) of primitive red deer that live in the... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ...


In New Zealand, where deer are introduced species, there are hybrid zones between Red Deer and North American Wapiti populations and also between Red Deer and Sika Deer populations. In New Zealand Red Deer have been artificially hybridized with Pere David Deer in order to create a farmed deer which gives birth in spring. The initial hybrids were created by artificial insemination and back-crossed to Red Deer. However, such hybrid offspring can only survive in captivity free of predators.


In Canada, the farming of European Red Deer and Red Deer hybrids is considered a threat to native Wapiti. In Britain, the introduced Sika Deer is considered a threat to native Red Deer. Initial Sika Deer/Red Deer hybrids occur when young Sika stags expand their range into established red deer areas and have no Sika hinds to mate with. They mate instead with young Red hinds and produce fertile hybrids. These hybrids mate with either Sika or Red Deer (depending which species is prevalent in the area), resulting in mongrelization. Many of the Sika Deer which escaped from British parks were probably already hybrids for this reason. These hybrids do not properly inherit survival strategies and can only survive in either a captive state or when there are no predators.


In captivity, Mule Deer have been mated to White-tail Deer. Both male Mule Deer/female White-tailed Deer and male White-tailed Deer/female Mule Deer matings have produced hybrids. Less than 50% of the hybrid fawns survived their first few months. Hybrids have been reported in the wild but are disadvantaged because they don't properly inherit survival strategies. Mule Deer move with bounding leaps (all 4 hooves hit the ground at once, also called "stotting") to escape predators. Stotting is so specialized that only 100% genetically pure Mule Deer seem able to do it. In captive hybrids, even a one-eighth White-tail/seven-eighths Mule Deer hybrid has an erratic escape behaviour and would be unlikely to survive to breeding age. Hybrids do survive on game ranches where both species are kept and where predators are controlled by man. Escape response, escape reaction, or escape behaviour is a possible reaction in response to stimuli indicative of danger, in particular, it initiates an escape motion of an animal. ...


Impact on popular culture

Heraldry

Deer are represented in heraldry by the stag or hart (or less often by the hind). Stag's heads and antlers also appear as charges. For the Poet Laureate of Milwaukee, see Antler (Poet). ... In heraldry, a charge is an image occupying the field on an escutcheon (or shield). ...


Examples can be found in the arms of Hertfordshire and its county town of Hertford, both examples of canting arms (a heraldic pun). For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... Hertford (standard pronunciations /hɑtֽfəd/ and /hɑֽfəd/; local pronunciation /[h]ɑːʔֽfəd/) is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is in the East Hertfordshire district of that county. ... Queen Mothers funerary hatchment, showing the canting bows and lions of Bowes-Lyon Canting arms is a technique used in European heraldry whereby the name of the individual or community represented in a coat of arms is translated into a visual pun. ... For other uses, see Pun (disambiguation). ...


Several Norwegian municipalities have a stag or stag's head in their arms: Gjemnes, Hitra, Hjartdal and Voss. Gjemnes is a municipality in the county of Møre og Romsdal, Norway. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1617 Administrative centre Hitra Mayor (2003) Egil Hestnes (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 163 685 km² 646 km² 0. ... The municipality Hjartdal in the county of Telemark, Norway, has 1,635 inhabitants as of January 1, 2004. ... County District Municipality NO-1235 Administrative centre Vossevangen Mayor (2003) Bjørn Christensen (Ap) Official language form Nynorsk Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 38 1,806 km² 1,732 km² 0. ...


A deer appears on the arms of the Israeli Postal Authority (see Hebrew Wikipedia page [3]) The word Hebrew most likely means to cross over, referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. ...

Literature and art

Resting Deer. Moche Culture (Peru) Larco Museum Collection
Resting Deer. Moche Culture (Peru) Larco Museum Collection
"Nature and Appearance of Deer, and how they can be hunted with Dogs," taken from "Livre du Roy Modus," created in the 14th century.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Moche civilization (alternately, the Mochica culture, Early Chimu, Pre-Chimu, Proto-Chimu, etc. ... The Larco Museum (Spanish: ) is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. ... Download high resolution version (1457x833, 55 KB)Nature and Appearance of Deer, and how they can be hunted with Dogs. ... Download high resolution version (1457x833, 55 KB)Nature and Appearance of Deer, and how they can be hunted with Dogs. ... For other uses, see Mythology (disambiguation). ... Deer have significant roles in the mythology of various peoples. ... The Golden Hind was an English ship best known for its global circumnavigation between 1577 and 1580, captained by Sir Francis Drake. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A Spanish galleon. ... This article is about the Elizabethan naval commander. ... Fire Bringer is a young adult fantasy novel by David Clement-Davies published in 1999 in the United Kingdom and 2000 in the United States. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Cover of a 1912 edition of the poem, illustrated by Jessie Willcox Smith. ... Caribou redirects here. ... For the cricket meaning, see Sledging (cricket) A sled, sledge or sleigh is a vehicle with runners for sliding instead of wheels for rolling. ... A typical depiction of Santa Claus. ... Old logo from 1985-2006 Walt Disney Pictures refers to several different entities associated with The Walt Disney Company: Walt Disney Pictures, the film banner, was established as a designation in 1983, prior to which Disney films since the death of Walt Disney were released under the name of the... Bambi is a 1942 animated feature produced by Walt Disney and originally released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on August 13, 1942. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... Felix Salten (September 6, 1869 – October 8, 1945) was an Austrian writer. ... Bambi, ein Leben im Walde (Bambi, A Life in the Woods) is a book by Felix Salten, first printed in 1923. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Yearling is a 1938 novel written by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. ... Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1953 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (August 8, 1896 – December 14, 1953) was an American author who lived in remote rural Florida and wrote novels with rural themes and settings. ... The Yearling is a 1946 family film drama made by MGM. It was directed by Clarence Brown and produced by Sidney Franklin. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Saint Hubertus or Hubert (born circa 656 to 658, probably in Toulouse; died May 30, 727 or 728 in Tervuren near Brussels, Belgium), called the Apostle of the Ardennes was the first Bishop of Liège. ... For other uses, see Crucifix (disambiguation). ... Good Friday, also called Holy Friday or Great Friday, is the Friday preceding Easter Sunday. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Magic (Harry Potter). ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... A dementor is an utterly foul fictional being, the worst creature J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter book series has to offer. ... For the American Revolutionary War general, see James Potter. ... Registered Animagus Minerva McGonagall mid transformation In the Harry Potter books, an Animagus is a wizard or witch capable of turning into a particular animal and back at will. ... For the American Revolutionary War general, see James Potter. ... Severus Snape is a fictional character in the Harry Potter book series written by J. K. Rowling. ... Dorés caricature of Münchhausen Karl Friedrich Hieronymus, Freiherr von Münchhausen (11 May 1720 – 22 February 1797) was a German baron who in his youth was sent to serve as page to Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and later joined the Russian military. ... A cherry is both a tree and its fleshy fruit, a type known as a drupe with a single hard pit enclosing the seed. ... For other uses, see Samurai (disambiguation). ... Honda Tadakatsu ) (1548 – December 3, 1610), also called Honda Heihachirō (本多平八郎), was a Japanese general (and later a daimyo) of the late Sengoku through early Edo period, who served Tokugawa Ieyasu. ... Wall scroll painted by Ma Lin in 1246. ... This article is about the book. ... 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See also

Deer Rubs are a common deer scouting sign, sought by big game hunters. ... The Deer Forest is an institution and phenomenon peculiar to the Highlands of Scotland. ... Theodore Roosevelt in 1885 with his highly-decorated deer-skin hunting suit, and Tiffany-carved hunting knife and rifle. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Deer hunting. ... A large male Alaskan Reindeer. ...

References

  1. ^ Magna Britannica et Hibernia
  2. ^ www.bartleby.com
  3. ^ Deer An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966
  4. ^ Cockerill, Rosemary (1984). in Macdonald, D.: The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File, 520-529. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 
  5. ^ The phylogenetic position of the 'giant deer' Megaloceros giganteus. Letter in Nature 438, 850-853 (8 December 2005)
  6. ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

The Larco Museum (Spanish: ) is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. ... Thames & Hudson (also Thames and Hudson and sometimes T&H for brevity) are a publisher, especially of art and illustrated books, founded in 1949 by Walter and Eva Neurath. ...

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Image File history File links Wikispecies-logo. ... Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species (including animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protista). ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Animal Diversity Web (ADW) is an online database that collects the natural history, classification, species characteristics, conservation biology, and distribution information of thousands of species of animals. ... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Camelidae Cervidae Giraffidae Hippopotamidae Moschidae Suidae Tayassuidae Tragulidae Leptochoeridae † Chaeropotamidae † Dichobunidae † Cebochoeridae † Entelodontidae † Anoplotheriidae † Anthracotheriidae † Cainotheriidae † Agriochoeridae † Merycoidodontidae † Leptomerycidae † Protoceratidae † Xiphodontidae † Amphimerycidae † Helohyidae † Gelocidae † Merycodontidae † Dromomerycidae † Raoellidae † Choeropotamidae † Sanitheriidae † The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Families  Tragulidae  Moschidae  Cervidae  Giraffidae  Antilocapridae  Bovidae The biological suborder Ruminantia includes many of the well-known large grazing or browsing mammals: among them cattle, goats, sheep, deer, and antelope. ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest land animal in North America running at speeds up to 54 mph (90 km/h). ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ... Species  Okapia johnstoni  Giraffa camelopardalis The biological family Giraffidae contains just two members, the Giraffe and the Okapi. ... Binomial name (P.L. Sclater, 1901) Range map The Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is a mammal living in the Ituri Rainforest in the north east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in central Africa. ... Binomial name (P.L. Sclater, 1901) Range map The Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is a mammal living in the Ituri Rainforest in the north east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in central Africa. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... The four species of musk deer make up the family Moschidae. ... The four species of musk deer make up the family Moschidae. ... Binomial name Moschus mosciferus Linnaeus, 1758 The Siberian musk deer (Moschus moschiferus) is a musk deer found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia. ... The four species of chevrotain, also known as mouse deer (not to be confused with deer mice, Peromyscus), make up the family Tragulidae. ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. ... Binomial name Muntiacus reevesi (Ogilby, 1839) Formosan Reevess Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi; Chinese name: 山羌), or just Reevess Muntjac, is an endemic muntjac species of Taiwan. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Crinifrons (Sclater, 1885) The Hairy-fronted muntjac, also known as Black muntjac, lives in Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi and Fujian in South China, also reported in Myanmar. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Feae (Thomas & Doria, 1889) Feas muntjac (also known as Tenasserim muntjac from the region of Myanmar) is a rare species of muntjac living in the Myanmar-Thailand-Laos-China border region. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Atherodes (Groves & Grubb, 1982) The Bornean Yellow Muntjac is restricted to the moist forests of Borneo where it lives alongside the common muntjac. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Rooseveltorum (, ) A single specimen of the Roosevelts Muntjac was presented to the Field Museum in 1929 following a hunting expedition led by Theodore (Jnr) and Kermit Roosevelt. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Gongshanensis (Ma, 1990) The Gongshan muntjac was recently identified by Chinese scientists as a new species of muntjac living in the Gongshan mountains in Yunnan, western China and neighbouring Tibet. ... Binomial name Muntiacus vuquangensis Wemmer et al. ... Binomial name Muntiacus truongsonensis Giao et al. ... Binomial name Muntiacus putaoensis Amato, Egan & Rabinowitz, 1999 The leaf muntjac or leaf deer (Muntiacus putaoensis) is a small species of muntjac. ... Binomial name Elaphodus cephalophus (Milne-Edwards, 1872) The Tufted Deer is a close relative of the muntjac, living somewhat further north over a wide area of central China and northeastern India and Myanmar. ... Binomial name Elaphodus cephalophus (Milne-Edwards, 1872) The Tufted Deer is a close relative of the muntjac, living somewhat further north over a wide area of central China and northeastern India and Myanmar. ... species See text. ... This article is about the species of deer. ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Thorolds deer has the scientific name Cervus Albirostris Przewalski. ... Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Cervus duvaucelii (G. Cuvier, 1823) The Barasingha (sometimes spelt Barasinga) is a type of deer, native to India and Nepal. ... Binomial name Cervus eldii (MClelland, 1842) The Elds Deer (Cervus eldii), also called the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is a deer indigenous to Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... [[Image:Example. ... Binomial name Cervus mariannus The Philippine Sambar (Cervus mariannus) is one of three species of deer that is native to the forests of much of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Cervus alfredi Sclater, 1870 The Philippine Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi) is a species of deer that is native to the forests of the Philippines. ... Species Axis axis Axis calamianensis Axis kuhlii Axis porcinus Axis is a genus of deer. ... Binomial name (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (or cheetal) deer, also known as the spotted deer or axis deer is a deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, and most of India. ... Binomial name Axis porcinus Zimmermann, 1780 The Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to Myanmar, with a secondary range in southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Axis calamianensis Huede, 1888 The Calamian Deer, Axis calamianensis also known as Calamian Hog Deer is a species of deer found only in the Calamian Group of Islands of Palawan Province of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Axis kuhlii Müller, 1840 The Bawean Deer, Axis kuhlii also known as Kuhls Hog Deer or Bawean Hog Deer is a species of deer found only in the island of Bawean in Indonesia. ... Binomial name Elaphurus davidianus Milne-Edwards, 1866 Père Davids deer (Elaphurus davidianus, other names: Cerf du Père David, Ciervo del Padre David, and Milu in Chinese (麋鹿)), is a species of deer known only in captivity. ... Binomial name Elaphurus davidianus Milne-Edwards, 1866 Père Davids deer (Elaphurus davidianus, other names: Cerf du Père David, Ciervo del Padre David, and Milu in Chinese (麋鹿)), is a species of deer known only in captivity. ... Binomial name Dama dama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Dama mesopotamica (Brooke,, 1875) The Persian Fallow Deer (Dama mesopotamica) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... Genera Alces Blastocerus Capreolus Hippocamelus Mazama Odocoileus Ozotoceros Pudu Rangifer Capreolinae is a subfamily of deer. ... Binomial name Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, 1780 Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus clavium Odocoileus virginianus leucurus Odocoileus virginianus virginianus The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America and South America far... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Illiger, 1815) The Marsh Deer, Blastocerus dichotomus, is the largest deer species from South America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Illiger, 1815) The Marsh Deer, Blastocerus dichotomus, is the largest deer species from South America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pampas Deer, Ozotocerus bezoarticus, is a deer species from South America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pampas Deer, Ozotocerus bezoarticus, is a deer species from South America. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species of the Mazama genus found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Binomial name Mazama gouazoubyra (Fischer, 1814) The Gray Brocket, Mazama gouazoubyra, is a Brocket Deer species from South America and from Panama. ... The Mazama nana, or Pygmy Brocket Deer, is very small in size. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... The pudú (Pudu spp. ... The pudú (Pudu spp. ... Binomial name dOrbigny, 1834 The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or North Andean Deer, is a species of deer that ranges across the Northern Andes of Peru and Bolivia. ... Species Hippocamelus bisulcus Molina, 1782 Hippocamelus antisensis |} The Huemul is an endangered mammal of the Cervidae family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... Binomial name Capreolus pygargus Pallas, 1771 Subspecies C. p. ... Caribou redirects here. ... Caribou redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Genera Cephalophus Sylvicapra A duiker is any of about 19 small to medium-sized antelope species native to sub-Saharan Africa. ... Genera Cephalophus Sylvicapra A duiker is any of about 19 small to medium-sized antelope species native to sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name True, 1890 Abbotts Duiker (Cephalophus spadix also known as Minde in Swahili) is a large forest dwelling Duiker (small antelope) found only in a couple of scattered enclaves in Tanzania. ... Binomial name Cephalophus adersi Thomas, 1918 The Aders Duiker (Cephalophus adersi also known as Nunga in Swahili, Kunga marara in Kipokomo and Harake in Giriama) is a small forest dwelling Duiker found only on Zanzibar and in a small coastal enclave in Kenya. ... Binomial name Cephalophus dorsalis Gray, 1849 The Bay Duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis also known as the Black-Backed Duiker) is a forest dwelling Duiker found in Gabon, southern Cameroon and northern Congo as well as Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the southern parts of Cote dIvoire, Ghana and Benin. ... Binomial name Cephalophus niger Gray, 1846 Black Duiker (Cephalophus niger also known as Tuba in Dyula) is a forest dwelling Duiker found in the southern parts of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Benin and Nigeria. ... Binomial name Cephalophus monticola Thunberg, 1789 Blue Duiker (Cephalophus monticola) is a small forest dwelling Duiker found in the Central Africa and southern South Africa. ... Harveys Red Duiker Harveys Red Duiker (Cephalophus harveyi) is one of 19 species of duiker found in Africa. ... Binomial name Cephalophus jentinki Thomas, 1892 Jentinks Duiker (Cephalophus jentinki also known as Gidi-Gidi in Krio, and Kaikulowulei in Mende) is a forest dwelling Duiker found in the southern parts of Liberia, south-western Côte dIvoire, and scattered enclaves in Sierra Leone. ... Binomial name Cephalophus maxwellii H. Smith, 1871 Maxwells Duikers (Cephalophus maxwellii), are small antelopes found in western Africa. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: patent nonsense If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Binomial name Cephalophus rufilatus Gray, 1846 The Red-flanked Duiker (Cephalophus rufilatus), is a tiny antelope found in western and central Africa. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Binomial name Cephalophus silvicultor (Afzelius, 1815) The Yellow-backed Duiker (Cephalophus silvicultor), is a antelope found in central and western Africa. ... Binomial name Cephalophus zebra Gray, 1838 The Zebra Duiker (Cephalophus zebra), is a small antelope found in Ivory Coast, and Liberia. ... Binomial name Sylvicapra grimmia (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Duiker. ... Binomial name Sylvicapra grimmia (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Duiker. ... Genera Hippotragus Oryx Addax A grazing antelope is any of the 6 species of antelope that make up the subfamily Hippotraginae in the family Bovidae, which also includes sheep, goats, and cattle. ... Species Hippotragus equinus Hippotragus niger Hippotragus is a genus of antelope. ... Binomial name Hippotragus equinus Desmarest, 1804 The Roan Antelope (Hippotragus equinus) is a grassland antelope found in West, Central,East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Hippotragus niger Harris, 1838 The Sable Antelope (Hippotragus niger) is an antelope that inhabits wooded savannah in East Africa south of Kenya, and in Southern Africa. ... Species Oryx beisa Rüppell, 1835 Oryx dammah Cretzschmar, 1827 Oryx gazella (Linnaeus, 1758) Oryx leucoryx Pallas, 1766 An Oryx is one of three or four large antelope species of the genus Oryx, typically having long straight almost upright or swept back horns. ... Binomial name Oryx beisa Rüppell, 1835 The East African Oryx (Oryx beisa, also known as the Beisa Oryx) found in steppe and semi-desert throughout the Horn of Africa and in parts of Tanzania. ... | color = pink | name = Scimitar Oryx | status = EW | status_system = iucn2. ... Binomial name Oryx gazella (Linnaeus, 1758) The gemsbok or gemsbuck (Oryx gazella) is a large African oryx antelope. ... Binomial name Pallas, 1766 The Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) is a bovid and the smallest member of Oryx genus, native to desert and steppe areas of the Arabian peninsula. ... Binomial name Addax nasomaculatus (Blainville, 1816) The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) is a critically endangered desert antelope that lives in several isolated regions in the Sahara. ... Binomial name Addax nasomaculatus (Blainville, 1816) The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) is a critically endangered desert antelope that lives in several isolated regions in the Sahara. ... Genera Kobus Redunca The subfamily Reduncinae is composed 8 species of antelope all of which dwell in marshes, floodplains or other well-watered areas, including the waterbucks and reedbucks. ... Binomial name Kobus anselli Cotterill, 2005 The Upemba Lechwe Kobus anselli is a species of antelope found only in the Upemba wetlands in the Democratic Republic of Congo. ... Binomial name Kobus ellipsiprymnus (Ogilby, 1833) The Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is an antelope found in Western, Central Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Kobus kob (Erxleben, 1777) The Kob (Kobus kob) is an antelope found across Sub-Saharan West Africa. ... Binomial name Kobus leche Gray, 1850 The Lechwe (Kobus leche) is an antelope found in Okavango Delta of Botswana, the Kafue Flats and Bengwelu Swamps of Zambia, and the very southeast of Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Binomial name Kobus megaceros Fitzingger, 1855 The Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros) is an antelope found in floodplains in southern Sudan. ... Binomial name Kobus vardonii (Livingstone, 1857) The Puku (Kobus vardonii) is an antelope found in wet grasslands in southern Democratic Republic of Congo and in Zambia. ... Species Redunca arundinum Redunca fulvorufula Redunca redunca Reedbuck is a common name for African antelopes from the genus Reducna. ... Binomial name Redunca arundinum (Boddaert, 1785) The Southern Reedbuck (Redunca arundinum) is an antelope, found in Angola, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique and northern South Africa. ... Binomial name Redunca fulvorufula (Boddaert, 1785) The Mountain Reedbuck (Redunca fulvorufula) is an antelope, found in north-eastern South Africa. ... Binomial name Redunca redunca (Pallas, 1767) The Bohor Reedbuck (Redunca redunca) is an antelope native to central Africa, mostly living in grassland areas near water. ... For other uses, see Impala (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Impala (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Impala (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Forster, 1790) The Grey Rhebok or Grey Rhebuck (Pelea capreolus, locally known as the Vaal Rhebok or Vaalribbok) is a species of antelope endemic to South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland. ... Binomial name (Forster, 1790) The Grey Rhebok or Grey Rhebuck (Pelea capreolus, locally known as the Vaal Rhebok or Vaalribbok) is a species of antelope endemic to South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland. ... Binomial name (Forster, 1790) The Grey Rhebok or Grey Rhebuck (Pelea capreolus, locally known as the Vaal Rhebok or Vaalribbok) is a species of antelope endemic to South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland. ... Genera  Beatragus  Damaliscus  Alcelaphus  Sigmoceros  Connochaetes The subfamily Alcelaphinae contains Wildebeest, Hartebeest, Bonteboks and several similar species. ... Binomial name Beatragus hunteri Sclater, 1889 The Hirola (Beatragus hunteri, sometimes Damaliscus hunteri also known as Hunters Haartebeest) is found in arid grassy plains in a pocket on the border between Kenya and Somalia. ... Binomial name Beatragus hunteri Sclater, 1889 The Hirola (Beatragus hunteri, sometimes Damaliscus hunteri also known as Hunters Haartebeest) is found in arid grassy plains in a pocket on the border between Kenya and Somalia. ... Species Damaliscus lunatus Damaliscus pygargus Damaliscus is a genus of antelope in the family Bovidae, subfamily Alcelaphinae. ... Binomial name Damaliscus pygargus Pallas, 1767 The Bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus also the Blesbok) is an antelope found in South Africa and Lesotho. ... Binomial name Alcelaphus buselaphus Pallas, 1766 The Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) is a grassland antelope found in West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Alcelaphus buselaphus Pallas, 1766 The Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) is a grassland antelope found in West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Sigmoceros lichtensteinii Peters, 1849 Lichtensteins Hartebeest (Sigmoceros lichtensteinii) is a savannah and floodplain dwelling antelope found in southern Central Africa. ... Species Connochaetes gnou Connochaetes taurinus The wildebeest (plural, wildebeest or wildebeests), also called the gnu (pronounced or ), is an antelope of the genus Connochaetes. ... Binomial name Connochaetes gnou Fouche, 1823 The Black Wildebeest or White-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) natural populations of this species, endemic to the southern region of Africa, have been almost completely exterminated, but the species has been reintroduced widely, both in private areas and nature reserves throughout most of Lesotho... Binomial name (Burchell, 1823) The Blue Wildebeest is a large ungulate mammal of the genus Connochaetes which grows to 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Genera Capricornis Nemorhaedus Rupicapra Oreamnos Budorcas Ovibos Hemitragus Ammotragus Pseudois Capra Ovis Pantholops A goat antelope is any of the species of mostly medium-sized herbivores that make up the subfamily Caprinae or the single species in subfamily Panthalopinae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Genera See text Antilopinae is a subfamily of Bovidae. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Genera Capricornis Nemorhaedus Rupicapra Oreamnos Budorcas Ovibos Hemitragus Ammotragus Pseudois Capra Ovis Pantholops A goat antelope is any of the species of mostly medium-sized herbivores that make up the subfamily Caprinae or the single species in subfamily Panthalopinae. ... Binomial name Ammotragus lervia Pall. ... Binomial name Ammotragus lervia Pall. ... Binomial name Budorcas taxicolor Hodgson, 1850 The Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) is a goat-antelope found in heavily forested areas of the Eastern Himalayas. ... Binomial name Budorcas taxicolor Hodgson, 1850 The Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) is a goat-antelope found in heavily forested areas of the Eastern Himalayas. ... This article is about the Capra genus of animals and the Goat species. ... Binomial name Capra aegagrus Erxleben, 1777 Subspecies Capra aegagrus aegagrus Capra aegagrus blythi Capra aegagrus chialtanensis Capra aegagrus cretica Capra aegagrus hircus Capra aegagrus turcmenica The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a common type of goat species, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to central Asia and... Binomial name Capra caucasica Güldenstaedt and Pallas, 1783 The West Caucasian Tur (Capra caucasica) is a mountain dwelling goat antelope found only in the western half of the Caucasus Mountain range. ... Binomial name Capra cylindricornis Blyth, 1841 The East Caucasian Tur (Capra cylindricornis) is a mountain dwelling goat antelope found only in the eastern half of the Caucasus Mountains. ... Binomial name Capra falconeri (Wagner, 1839) The Markhor (Capra falconeri) is a goat-antelope found in sparse woodland in the Western Himalayas. ... Binomial name Capra ibex Linnaeus, 1758 The Alpine Ibex or Capra Ibex (is commonly called by its German name, steinbock) is the species of Ibex that lives in the European Alps. ... Binomial name Capra nubiana F. Cuvier, 1825 The Nubian Ibex (Capra ibex nubiana) is a rocky desert dwelling goat antelope found in mountainous areas of Israel, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Egypt and Sudan. ... Binomial name Capra pyrenaica Schinz, 1838 The Iberian or Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica) is a type of ibex that had four subspecies. ... Binomial name Pallas, 1776 The Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica) is a species of ibex that lives in the Central Asia and Northern Asia. ... Binomial name Capra walie Rüppell, 1835 The Walia Ibex (Capra walie) is a species of Ibex that is critically endangered. ... Genus Hemitragus Nilgiritragus Arabitragus Himalayan Tahr Young Himalayan Tahr Tahrs are three species of large ungulates closely related to the wild goat. ... Binomial name Nilgiritragus hylocrius (Ogilby, 1838) The Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) ungulate native to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats range in Tamil Nadu and Kerala states of southernmost India. ... Binomial name Hemitragus jayakari Thomas, 1894 The Arabian tahr (Hemitragus jayakari) is a species of tahr native to Arabia. ... Binomial name Hemitragus jemlahicus (H. Smith, 1826) Himalayan Tahr Young Himalayan Tahr The Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) is a large ungulate and a close relative to the wild goat, with its habitat in the rugged wooded hills and mountain slopes of the Himalaya from northern India to Tibet, They spend... Binomial name Pocock, 1914 The Red Goral (Naemorhedus baileyi) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Bovidae family. ... Binomial name Nemorhaedus crispus Temminck, 1845 The Japanese Serow, or Kamoshika (Nemorhaedus crispus) is a goat-antelope found in dense woodland on Honshu, Japan. ... Binomial name Nemorhaedus goral (Hardwicke, 1825) The Gray Goral, Nemorhaedus goral, is a small, rough-haired, cylindrical-horned ruminant native to the Himalayas. ... Binomial name Capricornis sumatraensis Linnaeus, 1758 The Mainland Serow, Capricornis sumatraensis is an endangered species of mammal. ... Binomial name Taiwan serow (Capricornis swinhoei) is a small bovid live on Taiwan island. ... Rocky Mountain Goat and Mountain Goats redirect here. ... Rocky Mountain Goat and Mountain Goats redirect here. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Ovis ammon (Linnaeus, 1758) The mountain sheep (species Ovis ammon) is the globally endangered wild sheep, which roams the highlands of Central Asia (Himalaya, Tibet, Altay). ... Sheep redirects here. ... Binomial name Shaw, 1804 Synonyms Desmarest Cuvier[1] Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)[2] is one of three species of mountain sheep in North America and Siberia; the other two species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep, and the Siberian Snow sheep Ovis nivicola. ... Binomial name Nelson, 1884 The Dall Sheep (originally Dalls Sheep, sometimes called Thinhorn Sheep), Ovis dalli, is a wild sheep of the mountainous regions of northwest North America, ranging from white to slate brown and having curved yellowish brown horns. ... Binomial name Ovis musimon, Ovis ammon musimon, Ovis orientalis Pallas, 1762 European Mouflon The Mouflon is a species of wild sheep and as such is one of the Caprinae or goat antelopes. It is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern domestic sheep breeds[1]. It... Binomial name Ovis nivicola Eschscholtz, 1829 The snow sheep (Ovis nivicola) is a species of sheep, which comes from the northeast of Siberia. ... Binomial name Ovis vignei Blyth, 1841 The Urial is a medium-sized wild sheep and as such is considered a member of the goat antelope subfamily. ... Binomial name Pseudois nayaur Hodgson, 1833 The bharal or Himalayan blue sheep is a caprid found in the high Himalayas of Nepal, Tibet, China, throughout Northern Pakistan and Kashmir region. ... Binomial name Pseudois shaeferi Haltenorth, 1963 The Dwarf Blue Sheep or Dwarf Bharal Pseudois schaeferi is an endangered species of caprid found in China and Tibet. ... Rupicapra is a genus of the family Bovidae (bovids), which contains two species: Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) Pyrenean Chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica). ... Binomial name Rupicapra pyrenaica (Bonaparte, 1845) The Pyrenean Chamois, (French: Izard or Isard, Spanish Rebeco or Sarrio, Catalan: Isard ) Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica is a Goat antelope that lives in the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains and Apennine Mountains. ... Binomial name Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a large, goat-like animal that lives in the European Alps and Carpathians. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Binomial name Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816 The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. ... Binomial name Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816 The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. ... Binomial name Boselaphus tragocamelus Pall. ... Binomial name Boselaphus tragocamelus Pall. ... Tribes Bovini The Bovini tribe is made up of large to very large grazers, including large animals of great economic significance to humans in Domestic Cattle, Water Buffalo, and the Yak, as well as smaller Asian relatives, and large free-roaming bovids in the African Buffalo and the American Bison. ... Species Bubalus arnee Bubalus depressicornis Bubalus quarlesi Bubalus mindorensis Bubalus is a genus of bovines, the English name of which is buffalo. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The domestic buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo is abundant in Asia, and South America. ... Binomial name Bubalus quarlesi (Ouwens, 1910) Bubalus depressicornis (H. Smith, 1827) There are two species of anoa: the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and the Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). ... Binomial name Bubalus quarlesi (Ouwens, 1910) Bubalus depressicornis (H. Smith, 1827) There are two species of anoa: the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and the Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). ... Binomial name Bubalus mindorensis (Heude, 1888) The Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis; previously Anoa mindorensis), Tamarao or Mindoro Dwarf Buffalo is a bovine endemic to the island of Mindoro in the Philippines. ... Species B. acutifrons † B. aegyptiacus † B. frontalis B. gaurus B. grunniens B. javanicus B. planifrons † B. primigenius † B. sauveli B. taurus Bos is the genus of wild and domestic cattle or oxen. ... Binomial name Bos javanicus dAlton, 1823 The Banteng (Bos javanicus) is an ox that is found in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, and Bali. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... For other uses, see Yak (disambiguation). ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Binomial name Bos sauveli Urbain, 1937 The Kouprey (Bos sauveli also known as Kouproh) is a wild forest dwelling ox found mainly in northern Cambodia but also believed to be found in southern Laos, western Vietnam, and eastern Thailand. ... Binomial name Peter and Feiler, 1994 The Kting Voar, also known as the Khting Vor, Linh Duong, or Snake-eating Cow (Pseudonovibos spiralis) is a bovid mammal reputed to exist in Cambodia and Vietnam. ... Binomial name Peter and Feiler, 1994 The Kting Voar, also known as the Khting Vor, Linh Duong, or Snake-eating Cow (Pseudonovibos spiralis) is a bovid mammal reputed to exist in Cambodia and Vietnam. ... Binomial name Pseudoryx nghetinhensis Dung, Giao, Chinh, Tuoc, Arctander, MacKinnon, 1993 The Saola or Vu Quang ox, also, infrequently, Vu Quang bovid (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis), one of the worlds rarest mammals, is a forest-dwelling bovine found only in Vietnam (Vu Quang Nature Reserve) and in Laos, near the Vietnam... Binomial name Pseudoryx nghetinhensis Dung, Giao, Chinh, Tuoc, Arctander, MacKinnon, 1993 The Saola or Vu Quang ox, also, infrequently, Vu Quang bovid (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis), one of the worlds rarest mammals, is a forest-dwelling bovine found only in Vietnam (Vu Quang Nature Reserve) and in Laos, near the Vietnam... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ... Species †B. antiquus B. bison B. bonasus †B. latifrons †B. occidentalis †B. priscus Bison in winter. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) A wisent (Å»ubr) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (pronounced ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... Species T. spekeii T. angasii T. scriptus T. buxtoni T. imberbis T. strepsiceros T. eurycerus The genus Tragelaphus contains several species of bovine, all of which are reletivly antelope-like. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus spekeii Sclater, 1863 The sitatunga or marshbuck (Tragelaphus spekeii) is a swamp-dwelling antelope found throughout Central Africa centering on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in Botswana and in Zambia. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus angasii Gray, 1849 Male nyala. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas, 1766 The Bushbuck (Traelaphus scriptus) is an antelope that is found in forest and woodland throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus buxtoni Lydekker, 1910 The Mountain Nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni known in Ethiopian as Azagen) is an antelope found in high altitude woodland in a small part of central Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus imberbis (Blyth, 1869) The Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) are forest antelope found in East Africa and (possibly) the southern Arabian Peninsula. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Ogilby, 1837 Binomial name Ogilby, 1837 The Western or Lowland Bongo, Tragelaphus eurycerus eurycerus, is a herbivorous, mostly nocturnal forest ungulate and among the largest of the African forest antelope species. ... Species Taurotragus oryx Taurotragus derbianus Taurotragus is a genus of antelopes, containing two species: the Common Eland, and the Giant Eland. ... Binomial name Taurotragus oryx Pallas, 1766 The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plain antelope found in East and Southern Africa. ... A Giant Eland Binomial name Taurotragus derbianus Gray, 1847 The Giant Eland (Taurotragus derbianus also known as the Derby Eland) is an open forest savannah antelope. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Genera See text Antilopinae is a subfamily of Bovidae. ... The dibatag, or Clarks gazelle, Ammodorcas clarkei, is an antelope found in sandy grasslands of Ethiopia and Somalia. ... The dibatag, or Clarks gazelle, Ammodorcas clarkei, is an antelope found in sandy grasslands of Ethiopia and Somalia. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map For other meanings of Springbok, see Springbok The Springbok (Afrikaans and Dutch: spring = jump; bok = antelope, deer, or goat) (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a small brown and white gazelle that stands about 75 cm high. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map For other meanings of Springbok, see Springbok The Springbok (Afrikaans and Dutch: spring = jump; bok = antelope, deer, or goat) (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a small brown and white gazelle that stands about 75 cm high. ... For other uses, see Blackbuck (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Blackbuck (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Gazella gazella (Pallas, 1766) The Mountain Gazelle (Gazella gazella) is a species of gazelle that is widely but unevenly distributed across the Arabian Peninsula. ... Binomial name Gazella spekei Blyth, 1863 Spekes Gazelle (Gazella spekei) is the smallest of the gazelle species. ... Binomial name Gazella dorcas Linneaus, 1758 The Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas) is not the smallest of the gazelles nor the most common, but it is pretty small and it is pretty common. ... The Saudi Gazelle, or is a species of gazelle. ... Binomial name Gazella bennettii (Sykes, 1831) The Chinkara is a species of gazelle found in South Asia. ... Binomial name Günther, 1884 Male Thompsons gazelle. ... Binomial name (Gray, 1846) The Red-fronted Gazelle (Gazella rufifrons) is a species of gazelle that is widely but unevenly distributed across the middle Africa from Senegal to north-eastern Ethiopia. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1766) Synonyms Nanger dama The Dama Gazelle (Gazella dama), also known as the Addra Gazelle, is a species of gazelle. ... Binomial name Gazella granti Brooke, 1872 Subspecies Gazella granti lacuum Gazella granti granti Gazella granti brighti Gazella granti petersi Gazella granti robertsi Grants Gazelle, Gazella granti, is a species of large, pale, fawn-colored African gazelle with long legs and lyre-shaped horns. ... Binomial name Cretzschmar, 1828 Soemmerrings Gazelle (Gazella soemmerringii) is a gazelle that lives in eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Gazella cuvieri (Ogilby, 1841) Cuviers Gazelle Gazella cuvieri is a species of gazelle from northern Africa. ... Binomial name Gazella leptoceros (F. Cuvier, 1842) The Rhim Gazelle (Gazella leptoceros) is a slender-horned gazelle, most adapted to desert life. ... Binomial name (Güldenstädt, 1780) The Goitered, Black-tailed or Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) is a gazelle found in a large area of central Asia, including part of Iran and southern west Pakistan in the western end of the range, as well as the Gobi desert. ... Binomial name Litocranius walleri (Brooke, 1878) The Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) is an antelope-like animal, closely related to the gazelle, found in East Africa. ... Binomial name Litocranius walleri (Brooke, 1878) The Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) is an antelope-like animal, closely related to the gazelle, found in East Africa. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1777) The Zeren or Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa is a medium-sized antelope native to the steppe and semi-arid regions of Mongolia and adjacent areas of China and southern Siberia. ... Binomial name Procapra picticaudata Hodgson, 1846 The Goa (Procapra picticaudata), also known as the Tibetan Gazelle, is a species of antelope which inhabits the Himalayan region. ... Binomial name Procapra przewalskii Büchner, 1891 Przewalskis Gazelle (Procapra przewalskii) is a member of the Bovide family and is found only in China. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Saiga tatarica Saiga Antelope The Saiga (Saiga tatarica) is an antelope which inhabits a vast area between Kalmykia, Kazakhstan, southern Siberia, and northwestern China. ... Binomial name Saiga tatarica Saiga Antelope The Saiga (Saiga tatarica) is an antelope which inhabits a vast area between Kalmykia, Kazakhstan, southern Siberia, and northwestern China. ... The Tribe Neotragini comprises the dwarf antelopes of Africa: Dorcatragus Beira Dorcatragus megalotis Madoqua Günthers Dik-dik Modoqua guntheri Kirks Dik-dik Madoqua kirkii Silver Dik-dik Madoqua piacentinii Salts Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana Neotragus Batess Pygmy Antelope Neotragus batesi Suni Neotragus moschatus Royal Antelope... Binomial name Dorcatragus megalotis Menges, 1894 The Beira (Dorcatragus megalotis) is a small antelope that inhabits arid regions of Somalia, Djibouti and eastern Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Dorcatragus megalotis Menges, 1894 The Beira (Dorcatragus megalotis) is a small antelope that inhabits arid regions of Somalia, Djibouti and eastern Ethiopia. ... The dik-dik is a small antelope named for the sound it makes when alarmed that lives in the brush of southern and eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Madoqua guntheri (Thomas, 1894) The Günthers Dik-dik (Mandoqua guntheri), is a small antelope found in eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Madoqua kirkii (Günther, 1880) The Kirks Dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii), is a small antelope found in eastern and southwestern Africa. ... Binomial name Madoqua piacentinii (Drake-Brockman, 1911) The Silver Dik-dik (Madoqua piacentinii) is a small antelope found in the Horn of Africa region, mostly coastal Somalia. ... Binomial name Madoqua saltiana Desmarest, 1816 Salts dik-dik (Mandoqua saltiana) is a small antelope found in semi-desert vegetation and arid thornbrush of East Africa. ... Species Neotragus batesi Neotragus moschatus Neotragus pygmaeus Neotragus is a genus of antelope. ... Binomial name Neotragus batesi de Winton, 1903 The Batess Pygmy Antelope (Neotragus batesi)—also known as the Dwarf Antelope or Bates Dwarf Antelope—is a very small antelope live in the moist forest and brush of Central and West Africa. ... Suni (Scientific name: Neotragus moschatus) are the smallest antelopes in the world. ... Binomial name Neotragus pygmaeus L., 1758 The Royal Antelope (Neotragus pygmaeus) is a very small West African antelope, only 25-30 cm tall, and the smallest of all antelopes. ... Binomial name Oreotragus oreotragus (Zimmerman, 1783) The Klipspringer (literally rock jumper in Afrikaans), Oreotragus oreotragus, also known colloquially as a mvundla (from Xhosa umvundla, meaning rabbit), is a small African antelope that lives from the Cape of Good Hope all the way up East Africa and into Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Oreotragus oreotragus (Zimmerman, 1783) The Klipspringer (literally rock jumper in Afrikaans), Oreotragus oreotragus, also known colloquially as a mvundla (from Xhosa umvundla, meaning rabbit), is a small African antelope that lives from the Cape of Good Hope all the way up East Africa and into Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Ourebia ourebi Zimmermann, 1782 // Oribi are graceful slender-legged, long-necked small antelope found in grassland almost throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name Ourebia ourebi Zimmermann, 1782 // Oribi are graceful slender-legged, long-necked small antelope found in grassland almost throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name Raphicerus campestris Thunberg, 1811 The Steenbok (Raphicerus campestris) is a common small antelope of southern and eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Raphicerus melanotis Thunberg, 1811 Southern or Cape Grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis) is a small antelope that inhabits the Western Cape region of South Africa between Albany and the Cedarberg Mountains. ... Families  Suidae  Tayassuidae  Hippopotamidae The Suina contains the earliest and most archaic Artiodactyla. ... Genera Babirusas, Babyrousa Giant forest hogs, Hylochoerus Warthogs, Phacochoerus Bush pigs, Potamochoerus Pigs, Sus Suidae is the biological family to which pigs and their relatives belong. ... Binomial name Babyrousa babyrussa Linnaeus,, 1758 Bizzare 4 tusk babirusa from Indonesian region. ... Binomial name Babyrousa babyrussa Linnaeus,, 1758 Bizzare 4 tusk babirusa from Indonesian region. ... Binomial name Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas, 1904 The Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) is the largest wild member of the pig family Suidae. ... Binomial name Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas, 1904 The Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) is the largest wild member of the pig family Suidae. ... Phacochoerus is a genus of even-toed ungulate in the Suidae family. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1766) This article is about the animal. ... Binomial name Sus salvanius Hodgson, 1847 Pygmy hogs (Sus salvanius) are an endangered species of small wild pig, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan but now only found in Assam. ... Binomial name Sus salvanius Hodgson, 1847 Pygmy hogs (Sus salvanius) are an endangered species of small wild pig, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan but now only found in Assam. ... Binomial name Potamochoerus larvatus (Cuvier, 1822) The Bushpig (Potamochoerus larvatus) is a very hairy member of the pig family that lives in forest thickets, riverine vegetation and reedbeds close to water in Africa. ... Binomial name Potamochoerus porcus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Red River Hog (Potamochoerus porcus) is a wild member of the pig family that lives in the rainforests, mountains and brushes of Africa. ... For other uses, see Pig (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Sus barbatus Müller, 1838 Subspecies Sus barbatus oi Sus barbatus barbatus Sus barbatus ahoenobarbus The Bearded Pig (Wattrash) (Sus barbatus) is a species of pig. ... Binomial name Sus cebifrons Linnaeus, 1758 The Visayan warty pig, Sus cebifrons is a critically endangered species of pig. ... Binomial name Müller & Schlegel, 1843 The Celebes Warty Pig (Sus celebensis), Sulawesi warty pig or Sulawesi Pig, lives on Sulawesi in Indonesia. ... English: Philippine warty pig Filipino: Baboy damo The Philippine warty pig is found in the islands of Luzon, Biliran, Mindoro, Mindanao and Polillo. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Binomial name Müller, 1840 The Javan Pig or Javan Warty Pig (Sus verrucosus) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Suidae family. ... Species Tayassu Tayassu tajacu Tayassu pecari Catagonus Catagonus wagneri The peccaries (also known by its Spanish name, javelina or pecarí) are medium-sized mammals of the family Tayassuidae. ... Binomial name Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795) White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in rainforest, dry forest and chaco scrub. ... Binomial name Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795) White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in rainforest, dry forest and chaco scrub. ... Binomial name Catagonus wagneri Wetzel , 1975 The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. ... Binomial name Catagonus wagneri Wetzel , 1975 The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. ... Binomial name Tayassu tajacu (Linnaeus, 1758) Collared Peccary, Tayassu tajacu, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in many habitats, from dry, Sonoran desert and chaco to deep rainforest. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama guanicoe  Vicugna vicugna  Camelus dromedarius  Camelus bactrianus The four llamas and two camels are camelids: members of the biological family Camelidae, the only family in the suborder Tylopoda. ... Map of the world showing distribution of camelids. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama huonaeus Lama, the modern genus name for a small group of closely allied animals, which, before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, were the only domesticated ungulates of the continent. ... For other uses, see Llama (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Lama guanicoe (Müller, 1776) The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is an elegant, fine-boned camelid animal that stands approximately 1. ... Binomial name (Molina, 1782) The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) is one of 2 wild South American camelids, along with the guanaco, which live in the high alpineous areas of the Andes. ... Binomial name (Molina, 1782) The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) is one of 2 wild South American camelids, along with the guanaco, which live in the high alpineous areas of the Andes. ... This article is about a breed of domesticated ungulates. ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Camelus dromedarius Linnaeus, 1758 Dromedary range The Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) (often referred to simply as the Dromedary) is a large even-toed ungulate native to northern Africa, Greater Middle East area and western India, also the land of east Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Bactrian Camel range The Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia. ... Orders Order: Cetacea Suborders: Suina Tylopoda Ruminantia Family: Hippopotamidae Humpback Whale breaching. ... Genera Hippopotamus Phanourios Hexaprotodon Archaeopotamus Choeropsis Saotherium Hippopotami (colloquially also Hippopotamuses) are the members of the family Hippopotamidae. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758[2] Range map[1] The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ἱπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), often shortened to hippo, is a large, mostly plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other being the Pygmy... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758[2] Range map[1] The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ἱπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), often shortened to hippo, is a large, mostly plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other being the Pygmy... Binomial name Hexaprotodon liberiensis (Morton, 1849) The Pygmy Hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a large mammal native to the forests and swamps of western Africa (the species name, meaning of Liberia, reflects this). ... Binomial name (Morton, 1849)[2] Range map[1] Subspecies C. l. ... In heraldry, a charge is an image occupying the field on an escutcheon (or shield). ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... The winged lion of Mark the Evangelist for centuries has been the national emblem and landmark of Venice (detail from a painting by Vittore Carpaccio, 1516) The lion is a common charge in heraldry. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Rooster (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies see article text Feral Rock Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University Dove redirects here. ... The Polish coat of arms has an eagle as the main subject. ... For other uses, see Pelican (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rook. ... For other uses, see Griffin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Basilisk (disambiguation). ... The biscione as a symbol of Milan, seen here at the Central Station The biscione, together with the Imperial eagle, on the coat of arms of the Duchy of Milan The Biscione (‘large grass snake’), also known as the Vipera (‘viper’ or in Milanese as the Bissa), is a heraldic... Cockatrice A cockatrice is a legendary creature, an ornament in the drama and poetry of the Elizabethans (Breiner). ... For other uses, see Dragon (disambiguation). ... The Enfield is a beast sometimes used in heraldry, said to have the head of a fox, the chest of a greyhound, the body of a lion, the hindquarters and tail of a wolf, and forelegs like an eagles talons. ... For other uses, see Griffin (disambiguation). ... Roman griffon, Turkey The griffin (also spelled gryphon, griffon or gryphin) is a legendary creature with the body of a lion, the head of an eagle and the ears of a horse or a donkey. ... Manticore illustration from The History of Four-footed Beasts (1607) For other uses, see Manticore (disambiguation). ... A martlet is a type of heraldic bird similar to the swallow, but having no feet. ... For other uses, see Griffin (disambiguation). ... For other mythic firebirds, see Fire bird (mythology). ... A 16th-century image of a salamander from M. M. Pattison Muirs The Story of Alchemy and the Beginnings of Chemistry The salamander an amphibian of the order Urodela. ... The gentle and pensive maiden has the power to tame the unicorn, in this fresco in Palazzo Farnese, Rome, probably by Domenichino, ca 1602 For other uses, see Unicorn (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wyvern (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 The Mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus), also known as dolphin fish or dorado, are a species of surface-dwelling fish found in tropical and subtropical waters. ... Species  E. americanus –       grass and redfin pickerels  E. lucius – northern pike  E. masquinongy – muskellunge  E. niger – chain pickerel   – Amur pike Esox Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of freshwater fish, the only member of the pike family (family Esocidae) of order Esociformes. ... Species  E. americanus –       grass and redfin pickerels  E. lucius – northern pike  E. masquinongy – muskellunge  E. niger – chain pickerel   – Amur pike Esox Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of freshwater fish, the only member of the pike family (family Esocidae) of order Esociformes. ... Genera See text. ... For other uses, see Western honey bee and Bee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Toad (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ant (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Serpent (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Deer | The Humane Society of the United States (578 words)
While fl-tailed deer and mule deer are found in the middle and west of the continent, white-tailed deer can be found pretty much everywhere, except for the northern tier of Canada and parts of the far western United States.
Deer are one of the most easily recognized wild animals in North America, and in many places they are the largest type of wildlife people encounter.
Deer are faithful to areas called home ranges, areas that are apparently shared by related females who form matriarchies and that exclude related males after they have reached sexual maturity.
Encyclopedia4U - Deer - Encyclopedia Article (363 words)
Defined strictly, a deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae.
Deer are widely distributed, with representatives in all continents except Australia and Africa.
Deer flesh, for which they are hunted and farmed, is called venison.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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