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Encyclopedia > Deejay

A Deejay (sometimes spelled DJ) is a reggae or dancehall musician who sings and toasts to an instrumental riddim (rhythm). Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... A riddim is a rhythm pattern consisting basically of a drum pattern and a prominent bassline. ...


Deejays are not to be confused with DJs from other music genres like Hip-Hop, where they select and play music. Dancehall/reggae DJs who select riddims to play are called selectors. DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... For other uses, see Hip hop (disambiguation). ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... A riddim is a rhythm pattern consisting basically of a drum pattern and a prominent bassline. ... Selector is the term used for a Reggae DJ (who selects a riddim), in order to distinguish them from Dancehall Deejays and Hip-hop DJs. ...


The term Deejay came about as a result of the act of some selectors (as they were called) of the 60's and 70's such as U-Roy or King Stitch toasting to the "version" side of popular records of the time. The "version" came about when the record company produced the 45 record with the song, the flip side of which had the instrumental to the song. This gave the deejays the chance to make up on-the-fly lyrics to the instrumental music. This occurrence gave rise to deejay toasting and the term has been used in that context ever since. Many famous selectors turned deejays include King Stur Gav, Josie Wales, Charlie Chaplin, and Tony Matterhorn (Deejay of the song "Dutty Wine"). U-Roy (born Ewart Beckford September 21, 1942 in Jones Town, Jamaica, also known as The Originator, Hugh Roy) U-Roys musical career began in 1961 (see 1961 in music) when he began DJing at various sound systems, eventually working with King Tubby. ... For other uses, see Dub. ... 45 is the natural number following 44 and followed by 46. ... Tony Matterhorn is a popular Jamaican dancehall deejay. ... Dutty Wine is a song by Dancehall artist Tony Matterhorn, and the dance of the same name is usually performed by women. ...


See also

Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. ...

External Links

  • Deejay music and links

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Culture is also used to describe songs in which a singer and a deejay join together for a combination over a roots reggae riddim.
Deejays work as the front men for what have come to be called soundsytems (see entry on Soundsystems) and are often at the center of spectacular "clashes" between competing sounds.
A reggae deejay/vocalist calls this out to his band (or deejay) in a live performance situation as a cue to abruptly stop the music in a free-jazz sort of way.
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