FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Decriminalised parking enforcement
Vehicle clamping
Vehicle clamping
Vehicle removal
Vehicle removal

Decriminalised Parking Enforcement (DPE) is the name given in the United Kingdom to the civil enforcement of car parking regulations. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1152, 293 KB) A traffic warden and his assistant attach a wheel-clamp to an illegally parked vehicle. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1152, 293 KB) A traffic warden and his assistant attach a wheel-clamp to an illegally parked vehicle. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (890x752, 200 KB) Summary MINI being lifted on to the back of a tow truck because it was parked illegally. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (890x752, 200 KB) Summary MINI being lifted on to the back of a tow truck because it was parked illegally. ... Parking lot is the American English term that refers to a cleared area that is more or less level and is intended for parking vehicles. ...

Contents


Background

With increasing problems of town centre congestion, and demand for on-street parking, coupled with the pressures on police resources, and the low priority given by some police forces to the enforcement of parking regulations, the Road Traffic Act 1991 permitted local authorities to apply for the legal powers to take over the enforcement of, on-street, as well as off-street, car parking regulations from the police, in return they would be allowed to keep the proceeds. Thus in areas where DPE has been granted, parking offences cease to be criminal offences. There is no single system of local government in the United Kingdom. ...


Without DPE the money collected by the police, from the issue of parking tickets is passed directly to central government. With DPE in place, the local authority retains the income generated from parking penalties to finance parking enforcement and certain other activities such as local transport measures. In addition to enforcing parking restrictions, DPE also gives the local authority the right to charge for on-street parking.


Local authorities adopting DPE generally employ contractors to run their scheme.


The powers granted by DPE to deal with parking offences include:

  • The issue of a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) - a parking fine
  • The immobilisation of the vehicle - usually by clamping - until a release fee is paid
  • The removal of the vehicle from the street

Appeals against council decisions on PCNs can be made to the Parking and Traffic Appeals Service (PATAS) in London, and to the National Parking Adjudication Service (NPAS) in the rest of the UK. These bodies are tribunals established under DPE; appeals against their decisions can generally be made only on points of law, through judicial review. They are not independent of the councils, being funded solely by a fee of 60p per PCN, and being scrutinised by representatives from DPE councils.[1] Denver Boot as used by the Los Angeles Department of Transportation Less secure style of wheel clamp as used in England A wheel clamp (American English: Denver boot, or boot) is a device that is designed to stop vehicles from moving. ... Judicial review is the power of a court to review a law or an official act of a government employee or agent for constitutionality or for the violation of basic principles of justice. ...


Benefits

Claimed benefits for DPE include:

  • Less congestion due to lack of obstruction
  • Higher turnover of parking spaces - thus easier to park
  • Reduced pollution and fuel use due to less circulating traffic and less congestion
  • Safer streets due to less circulating traffic
  • Improved emergency service access due to less obstructed streets

Controversies

Roadside parking restriction sign

Controversies associated with DPE are largely concentrated in the following areas: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1517x1339, 574 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Decriminalised parking enforcement ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1517x1339, 574 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Decriminalised parking enforcement ...

  • Over zealous enforcement of trivial infringements with no discretion exercised, or even the use of corrupt enforcement practices, often arising from the pressures of revenue targets set by enforcement contractors.
  • Representations to the Local Authorities, or their contractor, are routinely rejected with no attempt to address specific points raised.
  • Appeals to the relevant parking appeals body are often not contested by Local Authorities.
  • Conflict of interest issues arise because of the mechanism which allows the local authorities to both make the rules and profit from their enforcement.
  • Specific regulations at specific locations are not made clear enough to drivers.

A conflict of interest is a situation in which someone in a position of trust, such as a lawyer, a politician, or an executive or director of a corporation, has competing professional and/or personal interests. ...

Reform

The summary of an inquiry into parking policy and enforcement by the Transport Committee of the UK House of Commons[2] states: The House of Commons is a component of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also includes the Sovereign and the House of Lords. ...

In addition to the main task of introducing a unified system of parking enforcement in Britain, we have found that the following action is required:

  • Clear performance standards in applying parking restrictions must be established
  • It must be made clearer to drivers what regulations are in force and how compliance is to be achieved
  • Appropriate recruitment, remuneration and training is needed to ensure a professional parking service throughout the country
  • The process for challenging penalty charge notices must be made much more transparent
  • The impact of the parking adjudication service must be increased and its profile heightened
  • Scrutiny of local authority parking departments is woefully inadequate and needs to be strengthened
  • Local authorities must develop parking strategies which meet local objectives fully, focusing particularly on congestion, road safety and accessibility.

References

  • Parking Legislation - A History from the website of the National Parking Adjudication Service for England and Wales
  • London Assembly Inquiry: Decriminalised parking enforcement from the RAC Foundation

External links

  • British Parking Association - Official website of the Professional Association representing organisations in the Parking and Traffic Management Industry
  • UK Parliament Transport Committee - Official website of the committee that examines the expenditure, administration and policy of the UK Department for Transport and its associated bodies

Notes

  1. ^ Transport Committee (2005-09-01). "Memorandum submitted by Neil Herron on behalf of the Metric Martyrs Defence Fund". UK House of Commons.
  2. ^ Transport Committee (2006-06-22). "Transport - Seventh Report: Parking Policy and Enforcement". UK House of Commons.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m