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Encyclopedia > Declarative memory
It has been suggested that Explicit_memory be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)


Declarative memory is the aspect of human memory that stores facts and events. It is so called because it refers to memories that can be consciously discussed, or declared. It applies to standard textbook learning and knowledge, as well memories that can be 'travelled back to' in one's 'mind's eye'. It is contrasted with procedural memory, which applies to skills. Declarative memory is subject to forgetting, but frequently-accessed memories can last indefinitely. Declarative memories are best established by using active recall combined with mnemonic techniques and spaced repetition. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Explicit memory consists of information stored and retrieved explicitly from the external world. ... Memory is the ability of the brain to store, retain, and subsequently recall information. ... Look up Fact in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For other uses, see Fact (disambiguation). ... An event is something that takes place; an occurrence and arbitrary point in time. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A supervised child learning the countries of Asia on the floor of the central hall of the Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois Learning is the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values, through study, experience, or teaching, that causes a change of behavior that is persistent, measurable, and specified or... Knowledge is information of which someone is aware. ... The minds eye (or third eye) is a phrase used to refer to ones ability to see things (such as visions) with the mind. ... Procedural memory, also known as implicit memory, is the long-term memory of skills and procedures, or how to knowledge. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Active recall is a principle of efficient learning, which says that we need to actively stimulate memory in the learning process. ... A mnemonic (AmE [] or BrE []) is a memory aid. ... Spaced repetition is a learning technique in which increasing intervals of time are used between subsequent reviews. ...


Types of declarative memory

There are two types of declarative memory:

Episodic memory
Event memory; memory of a specific moment in time and place
Semantic memory
Fact knowledge independent of time- and place- context


Some people believe that episodic memory and semantic memory are really just one type of memory. However, most believe they are quite different, and indeed distinct. Episodic memory, or autobiographical memory, a sub-category of declarative memory, is the recollection of events. ... Semantic memory refers to the memory of meanings, understandings, and other factual knowledge; in contrast to episodic memory. ...


Neuropsychology

Physically speaking, declarative memory requires the medial temporal lobe, especially the hippocampus and related areas of the cerebral cortex. The famous amnesiac H.M. had great medial temporal structure damage and primarily declarative impairment. The location of the hippocampus in the human brain. ... Location of the cerebral cortex Slice of the cerebral cortex, ca. ... HM (also known as H.M. and Henry M., born in 1926) is an anonymous memory impaired patient that has been widely studied since the late 1950s and has been very important in the development of theories that explain the link between brain function and memory, and in the development...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Memory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2061 words)
Although traditional studies of memory began in the realms of philosophy, the late nineteenth and early twentieth century put memory within the paradigms of cognitive psychology.
Declarative memory can be further sub-divided into semantic memory, which concerns facts taken independent of context; and episodic memory, which concerns information specific to a particular context, such as a time and place.
Autobiographical memory - memory for particular events within one's own life - is generally viewed as either equivalent to, or a subset of, episodic memory.
Declarative memory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (215 words)
Declarative memory is the aspect of human memory that stores facts and events.
Declarative memories are best established by using active recall combined with mnemonic techniques and spaced repetition.
Physically speaking, declarative memory requires the medial temporal lobe, especially the hippocampus and related areas of the cerebral cortex.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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