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Encyclopedia > Declaration of independence

A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. Such places are usually declared from part or all of the territory of another nation or failed nation, or are breakaway territories from within the larger state. Not all Declarations of independences are successful and result in independence for these regions. For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... A territory (from the word terra, meaning land) is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution. ...


Declarations of independence are typically made without the consent of the parent state, and hence are sometimes called unilateral declarations of independence (UDI), particularly by those who question the declarations' validity.


List of Declaration of Independences

Region Declaration Year Date Parent Signatories
United Provinces of South America
(Argentina)
Argentine Declaration of Independence 1816 July 9 Spain Congress of Tucumán
Bangladesh Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence 1971 Pakistan
Belgium Belgian Declaration of Independence 1830 Holland Provisional Government of Belgium
Brazil Brazilian Declaration of Independence 1822 September 7 Portugal Pedro I of Brazil
Central America Central American Declaration of Independence 1821 September 15 Spain
Dominican Republic Dominican Declaration of Independence 1844 February 27 Haiti
East Timor East Timorese Declaration of Independence 1975 November 28 Portugal
Estonia Estonian Declaration of Independence 1918 February 24 Russia Salvation Committee
Finland Finland's Declaration of Independence 1917 December 19 Russia Parliament of Finland
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Declaration of Independence 1973 Portugal
Haiti Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804 January 1 France Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Hungary Hungarian Declaration of Independence 1849 April 14 Austrian Empire
Iceland Icelandic Declaration of Independence 1944 June 17 Denmark
India Indian Declaration of Independence 1947 August 15 United Kingdom
Indonesia Indonesian Declaration of Independence 1945 August 17 Netherlands
Ireland Proclamation of the Irish Republic 1916 April 24 United Kingdom Irish Volunteers
Irish Citizen Army
Ireland Irish Declaration of Independence 1919 January 21 United Kingdom Dáil Éireann
Israel Israeli Declaration of Independence 1948 May 14 United Kingdom Jewish People's Council
Katanga Katangan Declaration of Independence 1960 Congo (Léopoldville)
Korea Korean Declaration of Independence 1919 March 1 Japan
Lithuania Act of Independence of Lithuania 1918 February 16 Germany Council of Lithuania
Lithuania Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania 1990 Soviet Union
Low Countries Oath of Abjuration 1581 July 26 Spain
New Zealand Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand 1835 United Kingdom Māori chiefs
Northern America
(Mexico)
Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America 1813 November 6 Spain Congress of Anáhuac
Norway Norwegian Declaration of Independence 1905 June 7 Sweden and Norway Storting
Palestine Palestinian Declaration of Independence 1988 November 15 Israel Palestinian National Council
Philippines Philippine Declaration of Independence 1898 June 12 Spain Emilio Aguinaldo
Rhodesia Rhodesian Unilateral Declaration of Independence 1965 November 11 United Kingdom Ian Smith
Scotland Declaration of Arbroath 1320 April 6 England Scottish leaders
Somaliland Somaliland Declaration of Independence 1991 Somalia
South Carolina Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union 1860 December 24 United States
Southern Cameroons Southern Cameroons Declaration of Independence 1999 December 31 Cameroon
Texas Texas Declaration of Independence 1836 March 2 Mexico
Northern Cyprus Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 1983 November 15 Cyprus
United States United States Declaration of Independence 1776 July 4 United Kingdom
Việt Nam Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Việt Nam 1945 September 2 Japan Hồ Chí Minh

United Provinces of South America in 1816. ... The Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Congress of Tucumán was the representative assembly of the United Provinces of the River Plate formed in 1816, initially meeting in Tucumán. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about a region in the Netherlands. ... From left to right, Alexandre Gendebien, André Jolly, Charles Rogier, Louis de Potter, Sylvain Van de Weyer, Feuillien de Coppin, Félix de Mérode, Joseph Vanderlinden, Emmanuel van der Linden dHooghvorst The Provisional Government (Dutch: ; French: ) was formed as a revolutionary committee of notables during the Belgian Revolution... The Brazilian Declaration of Independence comprised a series of political events occurred in 1821-1825, most of which involved disputes between colonial Brazil and Portugal regarding the call for independence presented by the colony. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... This is the history of Central America. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Democratic Republic of East Timor, also known officially as Timor Leste is a nation in Southeast Asia, consisting of the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, a political exclave of East Timor situated on the western side of... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Estonian Declaration of Independence[1] 24 February 1918. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Salvation Committee (Estonian: Päästekomitee or Eestimaa Päästmise Komitee) was executive body of Estonian Maapäev that issued Estonian Declaration of Independence. ... The Bolshevist government led by Lenin approve Finlands independence The Finnish declaration of independence was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Eduskunta (in Finnish), or the Riksdag (in Swedish), is the Parliament of Finland. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jean-Jacques Dessalines Jean-Jacques Dessalines (September 20, 1758–October 17, 1806) was a leader of the Haitian Revolution and an Emperor of Haiti (1804–1806 under the name of Jacques I). ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) The Austrian Empire Capital Vienna Language(s) German Hungarian Romanian Czech Slovakian Slovenian Croatian Serbian Italian Polish Ruthenian Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Ausgleich 1867 The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was a modern era successor empire founded... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // There are three prominent events leading up to Indian independence from British Colonial Rule. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The independece declaration announced by Sukarno The Indonesian Declaration of Independence was officially proclaimed at 10. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Proclamation of the Republic, also known as the 1916 Proclamation or Easter Proclamation, was a document issued by the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army during the Easter Rising in Ireland, which began on 24 April 1916. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Irish Volunteers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Irish Citizen Army`s Starry Plough banner. ... The Declaration of Independence was a document adopted by Dáil Éireann, the revolutionary parliament of the self-proclaimed Irish Republic, at its first meeting in the Mansion House, Dublin, on 21st January, 1919. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the current Irish body. ... David Ben Gurion (First Prime Minister of Israel) publicly pronouncing the Declaration of the State of Israel, May 14, 1948. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Vaad Leumi (Hebrew language: ועד לאומי), also known as Jewish National Council of Palestine (JNC) was the main national institution of the yishuv (Jewish community) within the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Country Democratic Republic of the Congo Capital Lubumbashi Largest city Lubumbashi National language Swahili, Tshiluba Land area¹ 496 871 km² Governor Moïse Katumbi Chapwe Population Density 4 125 000 (est. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto (French for Peace - Justice - Work) Anthem Capital Léopoldville Language(s) French (Lingala, Kongo language, Swahili, Tshiluba were national languages) Government Republic President  - 1960-1965 Joseph Kasa-Vubu Prime Minister  - 1960 Patrice Lumumba  - 1961-64 Cyrille Adoula  - 1965 Évariste Kimba Historical era Cold War  - Independence July 1, 1960  - Kasai... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... The nature of the search for Korean independence under the illicit and repressive Japanese occupation period (1910-1945) has a particularly complicated and diverse history. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Facsimile of the Act of February 16 The Act of Independence of Lithuania (Lithuanian: ) or Act of February 16 was signed by the Council of Lithuania on February 16, 1918, proclaiming the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania, governed by democratic principles, with Vilnius as its capital. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Council of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Taryba), or after July 11, 1918, The State Council of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos ValstybÄ—s Taryba) was convened at the Vilnius Conference that took place between September 18 and 23, 1917. ... Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania or Act of March 11 signed by members of Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania, proclaimed re-establishment of Lithuanias independence in March 11 1990. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... It has been suggested that Regents: Low Countries be merged into this article or section. ... The Oath of Abjuration or Plakkaat van Verlatinghe of July 26, 1581, was the formal declaration of independence of the northern Low Countries from the Spanish king, Philip II. This point meant a climax in the Dutch Revolt, a point of no return, in which the Low Countries asserted they... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article discusses the Declaration of 1835. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... The Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America (Acta Solemne de la Declaración de Independencia de la América Septentrional) is the first legal document where the separation of the New Spain with respect to the Spanish rule is proclaimed. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Congress of Chilpancingo (a. ... Postcard with photo of Prince Carl of Denmark, candidate for king. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sweden and Norway 1888 The Union between Sweden and Norway refers to the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union, following the Convention of Moss, on August 14, and the Norwegian constitutional revision of November 4. ... The Storting (Stortinget, literally The Big Thing) is the Norwegian Parliament, and is located in the capital city Oslo. ... ... The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Palestinian National Council, the legislative body of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), in Algiers on 15 November 1988. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the parliament in exile of the Palestinian people. ... The Philippine Declaration of Independence occurred on June 12, 1898 in the Philippines where Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo (later to become the Philippines first Republican President) proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain after the latter was defeated at... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... This article is about the former British colony of Southern Rhodesia, todays Zimbabwe. ... The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) of Rhodesia from the United Kingdom was signed on November 11, 1965 by the Smith administration, whose Rhodesian Front party[1] opposed black majority rule in the then British colony. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Rt Hon Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia, 1964 (official portrait) Ian Douglas Smith GCLM ID (born 8 April 1919) was the Premier of the British Crown Colony of Southern Rhodesia from 13 April 1964 to 11 November 1965, and Prime Minister of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) from 11 November... This article is about the country. ... The Declaration of Arbroath was a declaration of Scottish independence, and set out to confirm Scotlands status as an independent, sovereign state and its use of military action when unjustly attacked. ... Events January 20 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra January 20 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland April 6 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ... For other territories formerly called Somaliland, see Somaliland (disambiguation). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... The Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union was a legal proclamation issued on December 24, 1860 by the government of South Carolina, explaining its reasons for seceding from the United States. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cameroons was a British Mandate territory in West Africa, now divided between Nigeria and Cameroon. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... The Texas Declaration of Independence was the formal declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico in the Texas Revolution. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Eight years after the Turkish Federative State of North Cyprus was proclaimed (in 1975), The UDI of North Cyprus was presented to the Northern Cypriot Parliament in North Nicosia by Turkish Cypriot... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem: Capital Hanoi Largest city Ho Chi Minh City Official languages Vietnamese Government Socialist republic1  -  General Secretary  -  President  -  Prime Minister Independence  -  From China 938   -  From France September 2, 1945   -  Recognized 1954  Area  -  Total 331,689 km² (65th) 128,065 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hồ Chí Minh (Chinese : 胡志明) (help· info) (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ...

Independence without a declaration

In many cases, independence is achieved without a declaration of independence but instead occurs by bilateral agreement. An example of this is the independence of many components of the British Empire, most parts of which achieved independence through negotiation with the United Kingdom government. Australia and Canada, for example, achieved full independence through a series of acts of the respective national parliaments of the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada. One notable example of the importance of a formal declaration is the fact that if Taiwan declared itself independent of the People' s Republic of China, China would use force against Taiwan. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra. ...


The political status of Taiwan remains controversial; the position of many advocates of Taiwan independence has been that since Taiwan has never been a part of the PRC and the governing institutions of the ROC function as an independent and sovereign state, there is therefore no need to formally declare Taiwan independent. However, opponents of Taiwan independence and supporters of Chinese reunification on Taiwan also see no point in a declaration of independence in that they argue that Taiwan is and should be part of a greater cultural entity known as China and a new proposed "Republic of Taiwan" would only bring about a change in name at the cost of an invasion of Taiwan, which it could not afford. Taiwan Strait area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of... Taiwan independence (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: , Pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p ūn-tōng; abbreviated to 台獨, Táidú, Tâi-to̍k) is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan out of the... Chinese (re)unification (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a goal of Chinese nationalism that refers to the reunification of all of Greater China under a single political entity. ... A flag for the proposed independent Taiwan designed in the mid-1990s. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Declaration of Independence: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of ... (848 words)
The text of the Declaration of Independence appears in the Journals of the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776.
A printed copy of the final version of the Declaration of Independence is available in the United States Statutes at Large and Elliot's Debates.
The Declaration of Independence was enacted on July 4, 1776.
Declaration of Independence - MSN Encarta (1244 words)
Declaration of Independence, document in American history used by the 13 British North American colonies to proclaim their independence from Great Britain.
The Declaration of Independence was adopted in final form on July 4, 1776.
For the American colonists, the declaration was an announcement to the rest of the world that the colonies were independent from Great Britain; it also provided a rationale for this action.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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