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Encyclopedia > Declaration of Montreal
Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames.
Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames.

The Declaration of Montreal on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Human Rights is a document adopted in Montreal, Quebec on July 29, 2006 by the International Conference on LGBT Human Rights which formed part of the first World Outgames. The Declaration outlines a number of rights and freedoms pertaining to LGBT people that it is proposed be universally guaranteed. It encompasses all aspects of Human Rights, from the guarantee of fundamental freedoms to the prevention of discrimination against LGBT people in healthcare, education and immigration. The Declaration also addresses various global issues that impinge on the global promotion of LGBT rights. Intended as a starting point in listing the demands of the international LGBT movement, it will ultimately be submitted to the United Nations. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 466 pixel Image in higher resolution (2930 × 1706 pixel, file size: 918 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // Confirmation that original uploader was the taker of the photograph: [1]. (suppr) (actu) 30 juillet 2006 à 19:26 . ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 466 pixel Image in higher resolution (2930 × 1706 pixel, file size: 918 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // Confirmation that original uploader was the taker of the photograph: [1]. (suppr) (actu) 30 juillet 2006 à 19:26 . ... Martina Navrátilová (b. ... Mark Tewksbury (b. ... Nickname: City of Mary Motto: Concordia Salus Coordinates: Country Canada Province Québec Founded 1642 Established 1832  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1] [2]    - City 185. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The 1st World Outgames took place in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from July 26, 2006 to August 5, 2006. ... The 1st World Outgames took place in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from July 26, 2006 to August 5, 2006. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... LGBT social movements is a collective term for a number of movements that share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality and/or gender variance. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...

Contents

Background

The Conference aimed to raise awareness of LGBT rights issues before the international community. Held from July 26 to July 29 immediately prior to the Outgames themselves, more than 1500 deleguates from across the world attended the Conference to particpate in various workshops, making it the largest LGBT rights conference ever held. A number of international experts took part including distinguished jurists, academics, church leaders and human rights activists. The delegates unanimously approved the Declaration.[1] LGBT social movements is a collective term for a number of movements that share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality and/or gender variance. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


Among the keynote speakers to the Conference were:[2]

The Declaration aims to address UN failings in consistently applying its Universal Declaration of Human Rights.[3] A number of fundamental freedoms, including the right to life, are violated in a number of member countries where homosexuality is criminalised. Homosexual acts are punishable by death in nine coutries:[4] Afghanistan, Chechen Republic, Iran, Nigeria, Mauritania, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen.[5] They remain illegal in 72 countries,[6] and are in many cases punishable by imprisonment or corporal punishment. Louise Arbour (born February 10, 1947 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada) is the current UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and a former Supreme Court of Canada Justice. ... The purpose of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights involves the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide through direct contact with individual governments and the provision of technical assistance where appropriate. ... Bishop Robinson The Rt. ... This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ... The Episcopal Diocese of New Hampshire is a diocese in the Episcopal Church of the United States of America (ECUSA). ... The arms of the Episcopal Church are based on the Cross of St George, a symbol of England (mother of world Anglicanism), with a saltire reminiscent of the Cross of St Andrew in the canton in reference to the historical origins of the American episcopate in the Scottish Episcopal Church. ... Claire LHeureux-Dubé (born September 7, 1927) served as a justice on the Supreme Court of Canada from 1987 to 2002. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... Mark Tewksbury (b. ... The 1992 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Gold Medal is an album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... An author is the person who creates a written work, such as a book, story, article or the like. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... Georgina Beyer addresses the International Conference on LGBT Human Rights Georgina Beyer (b 1957) is the worlds first openly transsexual Member of Parliament, currently a list MP for the Labour Party in New Zealand. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Waheed Alli, Baron Alli (born November 16, 1964) is a Muslim businessman and politician in the United Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Asian people. ... In the United Kingdom, Life Peers are appointed members of the Peerage whose titles may not be inherited (those whose titles are inheritable are known as hereditary peers). ... Martina Navratilova (born October 18, 1956, in Prague, Czechoslovakia) is a former World No. ... This is a list of all the female tennis player who have been or are ranked World No. ... A tennis net Tennis is a game played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponents court. ... Gérald Tremblay. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. ... The term right to life is a political term used in controversies over various issues that involve the taking of a life (or what is perceived to be a life). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 79th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th _ est. ... Corporal punishment is the deliberate infliction of pain intended to correct behavior or to punish. ...


Essential rights

The Convention identifies several areas in which action needs to be taken to uphold the essential rights of LGBT people:


Protection against state and private violence

The declaration calls for an end to the death penalty and all violence against LGBT people whether state condoned or by private parties. States are required to take steps to protect LGBT people from all hate crimes. Forced marriages to person of the opposite sex are identified as a particular human rights violations to be combated. Finally, violence against intersexuals, in particular unnecessary surgery to force conformity to rigid models of sexual characterisics, is condemned.[4] The Death of Orpheus In Albrecht Dürers 1494 drawing, the banner hung in the tree reads: Orfeus der erst puseran (Orpheus, the first sodomite). The word puseran(t) derives from the Latin bulgarus from which come also the terms bugger in English and bougre in French. ... A hate crime (bias crime), loosely defined, is a crime committed because of the perpetrators prejudices. ... An intersexual or intersex person (or animal of any unisexual species) is one who is born with genitalia and/or secondary sexual characteristics of indeterminate sex, or which combine features of both sexes. ...


Freedom of expression, assembly and association

Laws which discriminate against LGBT people, such as bans of pride marches, LGBT journalism and registration of non-governmental organisations, are identified as a major stumbling blocks in campaigning for LGBT rights issues. The world community is therefore called upon to guarantee such rights and prevent their neing denied by hostile public authorities.[7] The gay pride or simply pride campaign has three main premises: that people should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity, that sexual diversity is a gift, and that sexual orientation and gender identity are inherent and cannot be intentionally altered. ...


In addition, the international community is asked to take positive steps in promoting such rights. To this end, the Declaration calls for international development aid packages to be conditional on improvements in respecting human rights, including those of LGBT people. Financial aid is sought for groups campaigning for LGBT rights in areas where such people still fear for their lives or personal safety.[6] It has been suggested that Official Development Assistance, Foreign aid, Tied aid, Aid effectiveness, Output-based aid be merged into this article or section. ...


Freedom to engage in consensual same-sex sexual activity

The repeal of all laws preventing consensual same-sex activity is called for.[6]


Freedom from discrimination

LGBT people face discrimination in many aspects of their lives. Governments are called upon to take positive actions to promote LGBT rights to freedom from discrimination in the following areas:


Asylum and immigration rights

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees recognises a right to asylum for those fleeing persecution based on sexual orientation or gender identity. All countries are called upon to do the same. In addition, rights of residence for foreign partners are demanded to be free from discrimination against LGBT people.[8] Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... Right of asylum (or political asylum) is an ancient judicial notion, under which a person persecuted for political opinions or religious beliefs in his or her country may be protected by another sovereign authority, either the Church as in medieval sanctuaries or a foreign country. ...


Family rights

Families are stated to be the most important part of many people's lives. The Declaration requires marriages to be opened up to same-sex couples, all unmarried couples to have similar partnership rights and ensuring equal access for all to every option for parenthood, including adoptions by LGBT people.[9] The examples and perspective in this article or section may not include all significant viewpoints. ... Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live together as a family. ... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by homosexual, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Education healthcare, media and employment

In education, classes on LGBT human rights are sought and schools are required to take action against homophobic bullying. The media are called upon to assist in breaking down stereotypes and to portray LGBT people in a realistic manner. The necessity of access to health care in general and for the specific needs of LGBT people is stressed. In particular funding for sex reassignment surgery is expected to be provided to the same extent that it is for other medically necessary treatments. Finally, religious groups are encouraged to be tolerant towards LGBT people.[9] Homophobia is the fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ... LGBT stereotypes are conventional, formulaic, generalizations, opinions, or images about gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgendered people based on their sexual orientation, or gender identity. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Employment

The Declaration calls for the development of programmes to promote fair chances in employment and business for LGBT people in order for their economic independence to be insured. Governments are asked to lead by example in eliminating such discrimination and in promoting the equality and safety of LGBT people in public sector workplaces.[9] < [[[[math>Insert formula here</math>The public sector is that part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the [[government </math></math></math></math> Direct administration funded through taxation; the delivering organisation generally has no specific requirement to meet commercial...


Global issues in promoting LGBT rights

In order to promote LGBT rights globally, the Declaration requires the international community to engage in a worldwide information campaign and calls upon like-minded NGOs and government to assit in preparing and running such a campaign. Part of this campaign would be to provide education about the prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS among LGBT people and governments are generally encouraged to include LGBT people in their fight against HIV and AIDS.[8] NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. ... This article is about the syndrome. ...


The failure of the United Nations to recognise LGBT rights as human rights is condemned. It is requested that the new UN Human Rights Council adopt LGBT rights as part of its agenda and that the International Gay and Lesbian Association and other LGBT rights organisations be amongst the NGOs that are able to consult with the Council.[8] The United Nations Commission on Human Rights, a commission supervised by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, is composed of representatives from 53 member states, and meets each year in regular session in March/April for six weeks in Geneva. ... The International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 400 lesbian and gay groups from around the world. ...


Implementation

The Montreal borough of Ville-Marie was the first elected body in the world to officially adopt the Declaration in on August 1, 2006,[10] whilst the New Democratic Party became the first political party to do so on September 10, 2006.[11] Accordingly, the NDP's critic for LGBT rights, Bill Siksay, presented a motion in the Canadian House of Commons calling on the Canadian government to abide by the Declaration on September 20, 2006.[12] Ville-Marie is the name of a borough (arrondissement) in the city of Montreal, Quebec. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a progressive social democratic philosophy that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Bill Siksay, British Columbia MP for Burnaby-Douglas William Bill Siksay, MP (born March 11, 1955, in Oshawa, Ontario) is a Canadian politician, the Member of Parliament (MP) who represents the British Columbia riding of Burnaby—Douglas for the New Democratic Party. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


The Declaration has also been adopted by the City Councils of:[13]

Nickname: City of Mary Motto: Concordia Salus Coordinates: Country Canada Province Québec Founded 1642 Established 1832  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1] [2]    - City 185. ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Ciudad Condal (Spanish) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ...

See also

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Declaration of Montreal

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... LGBT social movements is a collective term for a number of movements that share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality and/or gender variance. ... World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Same-sex unions in Europe. ... A Jewish cemetery in France after being defaced by Neo-Nazis. ... Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live together as a family. ... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by homosexual, bisexual, or transgendered people. ... Transsexual people are those who establish a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their birth Gender. ...

References

  1. ^ Gay Games Montreal seen as 1st Class World Success (HTML). A2Mediagroup.com (2006-08-08). Retrieved on 2007-01-28.
  2. ^ International Conference on LGBT Human Rights, and the First World Outgames (HTML). More Light Presbyterians (2006-08-13). Retrieved on 2007-01-29.
  3. ^ L'ONU interpellée (HTML). Radio-Canada (2006-07-28). Retrieved on 2007-02-11.
  4. ^ a b Declaration of Montreal, 1. (a)
  5. ^ The Death Penalty for Homosexual Acts (HTML). ILGA (2000-07-31). Retrieved on 2007-02-05.
  6. ^ a b c Declaration of Montreal, 1. (c)
  7. ^ Declaration of Montreal, 1. (b)
  8. ^ a b c Declaration of Montreal, 2.
  9. ^ a b c Declaration of Montreal, 4. (b)
  10. ^ Declaration of Montreal endorsed by Ville-Marie Borough! (HTML). fugues.com (2006-08-02). Retrieved on 2007-01-29.
  11. ^ NDP formally adopts Declaration of Montreal on LGBT rights (HTML). billsiksay.ca (2006-09-11). Retrieved on 2007-01-28.
  12. ^ Siksay calls for LGBT rights to be adopted (HTML). New Democratic Party (2006-09-21). Retrieved on 2007-01-28.
  13. ^ Declaration of Montreal - Support, endorsements etc. (HTML). Declaration of Montreal website (2006-12-08). Retrieved on 2007-01-29.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 400 lesbian and gay groups from around the world. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... This article is about the date September 11 in general. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Website on the Declaration of Montreal
  • English version of the Declaration of Montreal (PDF)
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