The movement for the independence of Lower Canada (today Quebec) ultimately failed, as it did not result in the creation of an independent nation-state.
...understood that we can no longer suffer these reiterated violations of our rights and patiently witness the insults and the multiplied and recent cruelties of the Government of Low Canada,
WE, in the name of the people of Lower Canada, adoring the decree of the divine providence who allows us to overthrow the government which has ignored the reason for which it was created, and allows us to chose the form of government most likely to establish justice, to ensure domestic peace, to provide for common defense, to promote the general good, and to guarantee to us and our posterity the benefits of civil and religious Liberty,
That beginning to this day, the People of Lower-Canada is EXONERATED from any allegiance to Great Britain, and that all political connections between this power and Lower Canada ceases as of this day.
That Lower Canada shall take a REPUBLICAN form of government and now declares itself, de facto, a REPUBLIC.
That under the free government of Lower Canada, all citizens shall have the same rights; the Indians will cease to be subject to any kind of civil disqualification, and will enjoy the same rights as the other citizens of the state of Lower Canada.
IndependenceCanada is a nation of 33 million inhabitants, occupying almost all of the northern half of the North American continent, and being the second largest country in the world.
Canada's head of state is the monarch, currently Elizabeth II who is styled "Queen of Canada." The day-to-day duties of the head of state are exercised by the Governor General, who is generally a retired politician or other prominent Canadian.
Canada is known for its vast forests and mountain ranges (including the Rocky Mountains) and the animals that reside within them, such as moose, caribou, beavers, polar bears, grizzly bears, and the common loon.
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