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Encyclopedia > Deception Island
Deception Island

Entrance to Deception Island, Livingston Island in the background.
Elevation: 576 m (1,890 feet)
Location: Antarctica
Range:
Coordinates: 62° 58′ 37.2″ S 60° 39′ 0″ E
Type: Caldera
Age of rock:
Last eruption: 1970

Deception Island is an island in the South Shetland Islands off the Antarctic Peninsula in Antarctica. It is notable for having one of the safest harbors in Antarctica, and for being an active volcano, whose eruption in 1970 caused serious damage to the scientific stations there. Entrance to Deception Island, taken January, 2003. ... Livingston Island (62°36′ S 060°30′ W) is 61 km (38 mi) long and from 3 to 32 km (2 to 20 mi) wide, lying between Greenwich and Snow Islands in the South Shetland Islands. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The most general definition of mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Crater Lake, Oregon A caldera is a volcanic feature formed by the collapse of a volcano into itself. ... The geologic time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... This article is about volcanoes. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The South Shetland Islands are a chain of islands in the Southern Ocean about 120 kilometres off the coast of Antarctica. ... Booth Island and Mount Scott flank the narrow Lemaire Channel on the west side of the Antarctic Peninsula. ... This article is about volcanoes. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The island is located at 62 deg 57 min S, 60 deg 36 min W. It is approximately circular, with a diameter of about 12 km (7 mi), and its highest point, Mt Pond, has an elevation of 542 m (1778 ft). The center of the island is a large bay named Port Foster, about 9 km (5.5 mi) long and 6 km (3.6 mi) wide, thus covering most of the middle of the island. The bay has a narrow entrance, just 230 m (754 ft) wide, called Neptunes Bellows. Adding to the hazard is Ravn Rock, which lies 2.5 m (8 ft) below the water in the middle of the channel. Just inside Neptunes Bellows lies the cove Whalers Bay, which is bordered by a large black sand beach. A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, cobble, or even shell along the shoreline of a body of water. ...


Nevertheless, since the early 19th century Deception Island was a favorite refuge from the storms and icebergs of Antarctica. It was first used by sealers, then in 1906 a Norwegian-Chilean whaling company started using Whalers Bay as a base for a factory ship, the Gobernador Bories. Other whaling operations followed suit, and by 1914 there were 13 factory ships based there. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... An iceberg (berg is the German word for mountain) is a large piece of ice that has broken off from a glacier or ice shelf and is floating in open water. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch Whaling is the hunting and killing of whales. ... A mother ship is a vessel or aircraft that carries a smaller vessel or aircraft that operates independently from it. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The station did not actually process whale blubber, that being done on the ships, but instead took the carcasses and boiled them down to extract additional whale oil, using large iron boilers, and storing the results in iron tanks. Blubber is a thick layer of insulating fat found under the skin of cetaceans and various other animals living in extremely cold climates (seals, walruses). ... Whale oil is the oil obtained from the blubber of various species of whales of the genus Balaena, as , Greenland or right whale (northern whale-oil), (southern whale-oil), Balaenoptera longimana, Balaenoptera borealis (Finback oil, Finner whale-oil, Humpback oil). ... A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated under pressure. ...


Whale oil prices dropped in the Great Depression, making the station uneconomic, and it was abandoned in 1931. Advances in factory ships made shore stations for carcass processing unnecessary, and so it was never reoccupied. 45 men were buried in the station's cemetery, but the cemetery was buried in a 1969 eruption, and the only remaining signs are the rusting boilers and tanks. The Great Depression was a massive global economic recession (or depression) that ran from 1929 to 1941. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ...


Other remains at Whalers Bay include an aircraft hangar with a bright orange derelict airplane fuselage outside, and the British scientific station house, with the middle torn out by the mudflows in 1969. An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... Hangars can be used to hold airplanes, airships and helicopters. ... In an aircraft, the fuselage is the main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo. ...


In the 1940s and 1950s, Argentina and the UK contested control of Deception Island with various tit-for-tat removals of each other's flags, and temporary occupation of the island. // Events and trends The 1940s were dominated by World War II, the most destructive armed conflict in history. ... // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the baby-boom from returning...


On February 3, 1944 the British established a permanent base on Deception Island as part of Operation Tabarin, which was occupied until December 5, 1967, when a volcanic eruption forced a temporary withdrawal. It was used again between December 4, 1968 and February 23, 1969, when further volcanic activity caused it to be abandoned. 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... During World War II, Operation Tabarin was a small British expedition launched from the UK in 1943 to the Antarctic to to establish permanently occupied bases. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about volcanoes. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ...


In 1955 Chile inaugurates its station Pedro Aguirre Cerda at Pendulum Cove, to increase the chilean presence in the sector claimed by that nation. 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Term of office: December 25, 1938 – November 25, 1941 (death) Preceded by: Arturo Alessandri Succeeded by: Juan Antonio Ríos Date of birth: February 6, 1879 Place of birth: Los Andes, Chile Date of death: November 25, 1941 Place of death: Santiago, Chile First Lady: Juana Rosa Aguirre Luco Political...


In 1961 Argentina's president Arturo Frondizi visited to show his country's interest. 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Arturo Frondizi Ercoli (October 28, 1908 _ April 18, 1995) was the President of Argentina between 1 May 1958 and 29 March 1962 for the Radical Civic Union. ...


In 1968 a violent volcanic eruption demolished the chilean stations Pedro Aguirre Cerda and Gutierrez Vargas. Term of office: December 25, 1938 – November 25, 1941 (death) Preceded by: Arturo Alessandri Succeeded by: Juan Antonio Ríos Date of birth: February 6, 1879 Place of birth: Los Andes, Chile Date of death: November 25, 1941 Place of death: Santiago, Chile First Lady: Juana Rosa Aguirre Luco Political...


The volcano has mostly taken care of other attempts to maintain permanent facilities, and as of 2000, there were only two scientific stations still in use, both summer-only - Spain has Gabriel de Castilla, and Argentina its Decepcion station. This article is about the year 2000. ...


Ecology

Deception Island has several colonies of chinstrap penguins, and it is possible to make a warm bath by digging into the sands of the beach, so it has become a popular tourist stop in Antarctica. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1776x1168, 1251 KB) Photo Date: January 1962 Photographer: Rear Admiral Harley D. Nygren, NOAA Corps (ret. ... Binomial name Pygoscelis antarctica Forster, 1781 The Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) is a species of penguin which is found in the South Sandwich Islands, Antarctica, the South Orkneys, South Shetland, South Georgia, Bouvet Island, Balleny and Peter I Island. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...


External links

  • 70south - more information on the South Shetland Islands including Deception Island
  • "Steamed Ice and Frosted Lava" Account of a tourist visit to Deception Island
  • British Deception Island station

  Results from FactBites:
 
Deception Island (South Shetland Islands) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (633 words)
Nevertheless, since the early 19th century Deception Island was a favorite refuge from the storms and icebergs of Antarctica.
On February 3, 1944 the British established a permanent base on Deception Island as part of Operation Tabarin, which was occupied until December 5, 1967, when a volcanic eruption forced a temporary withdrawal.
Deception Island has several colonies of chinstrap penguins, and it is possible to make a warm bath by digging into the sands of the beach, so it has become a popular tourist stop in Antarctica.
Deception Pass - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (133 words)
Deception Pass is a narrow pass separating Whidbey Island from Fidalgo Island, in the northwest corner of Washington State.
The pass is bridged by connecting Whidbey Island to the tiny Pass Island with Deception Pass Bridge, and Pass Island to Fidalgo Island with Canoe Pass Bridge.
Deception Pass is a major tourist destination and is noted for its scenic views and fast flowing tide water changes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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