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Encyclopedia > Decane
Decane
Decane
General
Molecular formula C10H22
SMILES CCCCCCCCCC
Molar mass 142.29 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
CAS number [124-18-5]
Properties
Density and phase 0.73 g/ml, liquid
Solubility in water Immiscible
Melting point −30 °C
Boiling point 174 °C
Viscosity 0.92 cP at 20 °C
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
EU classification not listed
NFPA 704

Image File history File links Decane. ... A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES is a specification for unambiguously describing the structure of chemical molecules using short ASCII strings. ... Molar mass is the mass of one mole of a chemical element or chemical compound. ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... In the physical sciences, a phase is a set of states of a macroscopic physical system that have relatively uniform chemical composition and physical properties (i. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Solution. ... Water (H2O, HOH) is the most abundant molecule on Earth, composing 70-75% of the Earths surface as liquid and solid state in addition to being found in the atmosphere as a vapor. ... The melting point of a solid is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid. ... The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which it can change its state from a liquid to a gas throughout the bulk of the liquid at a given pressure. ... The pitch drop experiment at the University of Queensland. ... The poise (P) is the cgs unit of viscosity, 1 P = 1 g·cm-1·s-1 The SI analog is 1 pascal second (Pa·s) = 1 kg·m-1·s-1 = 10 P. It is named after Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille. ... A material safety data sheet or MSDS is a form containing data regarding the properties of a particular substance. ... Council Directive 67/548/EEC of 27 June 1967 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances (as amended) is the main source of European Union law concerning chemical safety. ... NFPA 704 is a standard maintained by the U.S. National Fire Protection Association. ... Image File history File links NFPA_704. ...

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Flash point 46 °C
Autoignition temperature 210 °C
Explosive limits 0.8–5.4%
RTECS number HD6550000
Supplementary data page
Structure and
properties
n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Related alkanes Nonane
Undecane
Related compounds  ?
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)8CH3. The flash point of a flammable liquid is the lowest temperature at which it can form an ignitable mixture with air. ... The autoignition temperature of a substance is the lowest temperature at which a chemical will spontaneously combust in a normal atmosphere, without an external source of ignition, such as a flame or spark. ... The explosive limit of a gas or a vapour, is the limiting concentration (in air) that is needed for the gas to ignite and explode. ... RTECS, also known as Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances, is a database of toxicity information compiled from the open scientific literature that is available for charge. ... The refractive index (or index of refraction) of a material is the factor by which the phase velocity of electromagnetic radiation is slowed in that material, relative to its velocity in a vacuum. ... The dielectric constant εr (represented as or K in some cases) is defined as the ratio: where εs is the static permittivity of the material in question, and ε0 is the vacuum permittivity. ... Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy or Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrophotometry (UV/ VIS) involves the spectroscopy of photons (spectrophotometry). ... IR spectrum of a thin film of liquid ethanol. ... Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy most commonly known as NMR Spectroscopy is the name given to the technique which exploits the magnetic properties of nuclei. ... Basic schematic of mass spectrometry Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique used to measure the mass-to-charge ratio of ions. ... An alkane in organic chemistry is a saturated hydrocarbon without cycles, that is, an acyclic hydrocarbon in which the molecule has the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms and so has no double bonds. ... Nonane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)7CH3. ... Undecane (also known as hendecane) is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)9CH3. ... In chemistry, the standard state of a material is its state at 1 bar (100 kilopascals) and 25 degrees Celsius (298. ... An alkane in organic chemistry is a saturated hydrocarbon without cycles, that is, an acyclic hydrocarbon in which the molecule has the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms and so has no double bonds. ... Hydrocarbons are refined at oil refineries and processed at chemical plants In chemistry, a hydrocarbon is any chemical compound that consists only of the elements carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). ... A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ...


75 isomers of decane exist, all of which are flammable liquids. Decane is one of the components of gasoline (petrol). Like other alkanes, it is nonpolar and therefore will not dissolve in polar liquids such as water. In chemistry, isomers are molecules with the same chemical formula and often with the same kinds of bonds between atoms, but in which the atoms are arranged differently. ... Flammable or Flammability refers to the ease at which a substance will ignite, causing fire or combustion. ... A liquid will assume the shape of its container. ... Gasoline, also called petrol, is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons and enhanced with benzenes to increase octane ratings, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... In chemistry, a nonpolar compound is one that does not have concentrations of positive or negative electric charge. ... A liquid will assume the shape of its container. ... Impact of a drop of water. ...

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See also

[edit]

Higher alkanes can be defined as alkanes having nine or more carbon atoms. ...

External links

  • International Chemical Safety Card 0428
  • Material Safety Data Sheet for Decane
  • CHEMINFO Decane
  • The 75 Isomers of Decane
  • Link page to external chemical sources.

 

Alkanes

Methane
CH4 An alkane in organic chemistry is a saturated hydrocarbon without cycles, that is, an acyclic hydrocarbon in which the molecule has the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms and so has no double bonds. ... The simplest hydrocarbon, methane, is a gas (at standard temperature and pressure (STP)) with a chemical formula of CH4. ...

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Ethane
C2H6 Ethane is a chemical compound with chemical formula C2H6. ...

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Propane
C3H8 Propane is a three-carbon alkane, normally a gas, but compressible to a liquid with inexpensive containers. ...

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Butane
C4H10 Butane, also called n-butane, is the unbranched alkane with four carbon atoms, CH3CH2CH2CH3. ...

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Pentane
C5H12 Pentane (also known as amyl hydride or skellysolve) is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)3CH3. ...

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Hexane
C6H14 Media:Example. ...

Heptane
C7H16 R-phrases , , , , S-phrases , , , , , , , Flash point −4 °C Autoignition temperature 285 °C Explosive limits 1. ...

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Octane
C8H18 R-phrases , , , , S-phrases , , , , , , , Flash point 13 °C Autoignition temperature 220 °C Explosive limits 1. ...

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Nonane
C9H20 Nonane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)7CH3. ...

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Decane
C10H22

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Undecane
C11H24 Undecane (also known as hendecane) is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)9CH3. ...

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Dodecane
C12H26 Dodecane (also known as dihexyl, bihexyl, adakane 12 or duodecane) is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)10CH3, a thick, oily liquid of the paraffin series. ...

 


  Results from FactBites:
 
Keys to Your External Self: SCORPIO Rising--and Decans (2207 words)
First decan (any sign) is 00.00.00 to 9.59.59 - second decan is 10.00.00 to 19.59.59 - third decan is 20.00.00 to 29.59.59.
The rising sign (and its decan) are of great significance in determining your personality, mannerisms, character, mentality, emotions, weeknesses, health and life-pattern, as well as characteristics to cultivate, or correct.
Aiding this determination is the cardinal sub-influence of this first decan, which can help to supply you with the stamina, energy, and drive to persist very actively.
Taurus: The Decans (0 words)
These divisions are known as the "decans" or "decantes" and cover modifications of individual traits, attributed to minor planetary influences, which temper or blend with the ruling influence of the period.
It is important that individuals born under the jurisdiction of this Decan be staunch and steady, pushing the strength of Taurus to its fullest capacity.
The constellation associated with this Decan is Auriga (The Charioteer), a lovely multi-sided grouping which is easy to find in the night sky, due largely to the brightness of its major attribute, Capella the She-Goat Star and her retinue of three little kids.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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